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Case Name Adams & Boyle v. Slatery PB-TN-0008
Docket / Court 3:15-cv-00705 ( M.D. Tenn. )
State/Territory Tennessee
Case Type(s) Public Benefits / Government Services
Special Collection COVID-19 (novel coronavirus)
Planned Parenthood Litigation
Attorney Organization ACLU Chapters (any)
Case Summary
COVID-19 Summary: In light of COVID-19, the Governor of Tennessee issued an executive order limiting "non-emergency" health care procedures, including all abortions except for medication abortion. The plaintiffs amended supplemented their complaint to address the order. The district court enjoined ... read more >
COVID-19 Summary: In light of COVID-19, the Governor of Tennessee issued an executive order limiting "non-emergency" health care procedures, including all abortions except for medication abortion. The plaintiffs amended supplemented their complaint to address the order. The district court enjoined the defendants from enforcing the order on April 17, 2020, and the Sixth Circuit affirmed the injunction on April 24.


This case was filed on June 25, 2015 in the U.S. District Court for the Middle District of Tennessee by three reproductive healthcare providers on behalf of their patients. The complaint alleged that several state restrictions on abortion providers violated the Due Process and Equal Protection clauses of the Fourteenth Amendment. The named defendants were the state Attorney General, the Commissioner of the Tennessee Department of Health, and the President of the Tennessee Board of Medical Examiners. The plaintiffs were represented by the Center for Reproductive Rights, and the case was assigned to Judge Jeffery S. Frensley.

The restrictions in question were 1) the "ASTC Requirement," which required all facilities where abortions are performed to be licensed as ambulatory surgical centers; 2) the "Admitting Privileges Requirement," which required all doctors providing abortions to have hospital admitting privileges, and; 3) the “Delay Requirement,” which required an abortion patient to attend an in-person meeting with a doctor to receive information that could be provided by phone and then delay the abortion for 48 hours after the meeting. The plaintiffs argued that these requirements were medically unnecessary attempts to shutter abortion providers and create unconstitutional barriers to patients seeking abortion care.

On June 26, 2015, the day after filing the complaint, the plaintiffs filed a motion for preliminary injunction to prevent the state from enforcing the restrictions. The court temporarily enjoined the state from enforcing the restrictions that same day. After a hearing on the motion, the court issued a preliminary injunction on August 14, 2015.

On December 16, 2015, the plaintiffs filed a motion to stay the case pending the outcome in Whole Woman's Health v. Cole (a case challenging similar restrictions in Texas) in the Supreme Court. The court granted the motion the following day, and the case was stayed until April 17, 2017. After the Supreme Court issued an opinion in Whole Woman's Health striking down similar restrictions in Texas, the State agreed to drop its defense of the admitting privileges and ASTC requirements and the court permanently blocked the requirements on April 14, 2017. Litigation continued over the waiting period requirement.

After discovery, the case went to trial on September 24, 2019. As of May 13, 2020, the parties are awaiting a ruling.

In response to the COVID-19 public health emergency, Tennessee Governor Bill Lee issued an executive order on April 8, 2020 (EO-25) limiting "non-emergency" health care procedures. This ban included all abortions except for medication abortion, which is only available for people 11 weeks pregnant or fewer. The ACLU, Planned Parenthood, and the Center for Reproductive Rights filed a request on behalf of the plaintiffs to file a supplemental complaint and a motion for a temporary restraining order and/or a preliminary injunction on April 13, 2020. They requested a temporary restraining order blocking implementation of EO-25 as it relates to abortion care. They also requested that the state be blocked from enforcing the delay requirement in light of COVID-19 and alleged that EO-25 violated the plaintiffs’ substantive due process rights under the Fourteenth Amendment. The district court granted the TRO on April 17, 2020, immediately enjoining the defendants from enforcing the order. 2020 WL 1905147.

The defendants appealed (docketed as 20-5408) and requested a stay on the injunction pending appeal. The court denied the stay on April 21, 2020. On April 24, 2020, the Sixth Circuit Court of Appeals affirmed the district court. 2020 WL 1982210. The defendants then petitioned the court for a rehearing en banc. The court denied rehearing on May 14, 2020. As of May 15, 2020 the defendants have not sought Supreme Court review. This case is ongoing.

Alex Moody - 06/20/2020


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Issues and Causes of Action
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Issues
Constitutional Clause
Due Process: Procedural Due Process
Due Process: Substantive Due Process
Equal Protection
Content of Injunction
Preliminary relief granted
Defendant-type
Jurisdiction-wide
General
Abortion
Medical/Mental Health
Reproductive health care (including birth control, abortion, and others)
Plaintiff Type
Non-profit NON-religious organization
Private Plaintiff
Causes of Action 42 U.S.C. § 1983
Defendant(s) Attorney General of Tennesse
Commissioner of the Tennessee Department of Health
President of the Tennessee Board of Medical Examiners
Plaintiff Description Abortion providers in Tennessee on behalf of their patients
Indexed Lawyer Organizations ACLU Chapters (any)
Class action status sought No
Class action status granted No
Filed Pro Se No
Prevailing Party None Yet / None
Public Int. Lawyer Yes
Nature of Relief Preliminary injunction / Temp. restraining order
Source of Relief Litigation
Order Duration 2017 - n/a
Filed 06/25/2015
Case Ongoing Yes
Additional Resources
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Docket(s)
3:15-cv-00705 (M.D. Tenn.)
PB-TN-0008-9000.pdf | Detail
Date: 05/14/2020
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
General Documents
Complaint [ECF# 1]
PB-TN-0008-0001.pdf | Detail
Date: 06/25/2015
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Order [ECF# 14] (M.D. Tenn.)
PB-TN-0008-0002.pdf | Detail
Date: 06/26/2015
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Preliminary Injunction [ECF# 35] (M.D. Tenn.)
PB-TN-0008-0003.pdf | Detail
Date: 08/14/2015
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Partial Judgment on Consent [ECF# 60] (M.D. Tenn.)
PB-TN-0008-0004.pdf | Detail
Date: 04/14/2017
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Expedited Motion to File Supplemental Complaint [ECF# 229]
PB-TN-0008-0005.pdf | Detail
Date: 04/13/2020
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
[Proposed] Supplemental Complaint for Temporary and Injunctive Relief [ECF# 230-1]
PB-TN-0008-0009.pdf | Detail
Date: 04/13/2020
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Plaintiff's Motion for a Temporary Restraining Order and/or Preliminary Injunction [ECF# 231]
PB-TN-0008-0010.pdf | Detail
Date: 04/13/2020
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Memorandum of Law in Support of Motion for Temporary Restraining Order and/or Preliminary Injunction [ECF# 232]
PB-TN-0008-0011.pdf | Detail
Date: 04/13/2020
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Response in Opposition to Plaintiff's Motion for a Temporary Restraining Order and/or Preliminary Injunction [ECF# 240]
PB-TN-0008-0012.pdf | Detail
Date: 04/15/2020
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Reply Memorandum of Law in Further Support of Expedited Motion to File Supplemental Complaint [ECF# 242]
PB-TN-0008-0013.pdf | Detail
Date: 04/16/2020
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Reply in Support of Plaintiffs' Motion for Temporary Restraining Order and/or Preliminary Injunction [ECF# 243]
PB-TN-0008-0014.pdf | Detail
Date: 04/16/2020
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Opinion and Order Granting Plaintiffs' Motion For a Preliminary Injunction [ECF# 244] (2020 WL 1905147) (M.D. Tenn.)
PB-TN-0008-0006.pdf | WESTLAW | Detail
Date: 04/17/2020
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Supplemental Complaint for Temporary Injunctive Relief [ECF# 251]
PB-TN-0008-0015.pdf | Detail
Date: 04/21/2020
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Opinion and Order Denying Defendants' Motion for a Stay Pending Appeal [ECF# 252] (M.D. Tenn.)
PB-TN-0008-0016.pdf | Detail
Date: 04/21/2020
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Opinion [Ct. of App. ECF# 43] (956 F.3d 913)
PB-TN-0008-0007.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 04/24/2020
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Emergency Petition for Rehearsing En Banc and Administrative Stay [Ct. of App. ECF# BL-44]
PB-TN-0008-0008.pdf | Detail
Date: 04/26/2020
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
show all people docs
Judges Frensley, Jeffrey S Court not on record [Magistrate] show/hide docs
PB-TN-0008-9000
Friedman, Bernard A. (E.D. Mich.) show/hide docs
PB-TN-0008-0004 | PB-TN-0008-0006 | PB-TN-0008-0016 | PB-TN-0008-9000
Moore, Karen Nelson (Sixth Circuit) show/hide docs
PB-TN-0008-0007
Sharp, Kevin Hunter (M.D. Tenn.) show/hide docs
PB-TN-0008-0002 | PB-TN-0008-0003
Plaintiff's Lawyers Castelli, Thomas H. (Tennessee) show/hide docs
PB-TN-0008-0005 | PB-TN-0008-0009 | PB-TN-0008-0010 | PB-TN-0008-0011 | PB-TN-0008-0013 | PB-TN-0008-0014 | PB-TN-0008-0015 | PB-TN-0008-9000
Cohen, Melissa A. (New York) show/hide docs
PB-TN-0008-9000
Dell, Michael J. (New York) show/hide docs
PB-TN-0008-0005 | PB-TN-0008-0009 | PB-TN-0008-0010 | PB-TN-0008-0011 | PB-TN-0008-0013 | PB-TN-0008-0014 | PB-TN-0008-0015 | PB-TN-0008-9000
Flynn, Hailey (New York) show/hide docs
PB-TN-0008-9000
Garrison, David W. (Tennessee) show/hide docs
PB-TN-0008-0001 | PB-TN-0008-0005 | PB-TN-0008-0009 | PB-TN-0008-0010 | PB-TN-0008-0011 | PB-TN-0008-0013 | PB-TN-0008-0014 | PB-TN-0008-0015 | PB-TN-0008-9000
Gomez, Madeline (New York) show/hide docs
PB-TN-0008-9000
Hearron, Marc A. (District of Columbia) show/hide docs
PB-TN-0008-9000
Hoge, Catherine (New York) show/hide docs
PB-TN-0008-0009 | PB-TN-0008-0010 | PB-TN-0008-0011 | PB-TN-0008-0013 | PB-TN-0008-0014 | PB-TN-0008-0015 | PB-TN-0008-9000
Jaroslaw, Ilene (New York) show/hide docs
PB-TN-0008-0001 | PB-TN-0008-9000
Jessee, Thomas C. (Tennessee) show/hide docs
PB-TN-0008-0001 | PB-TN-0008-0005 | PB-TN-0008-0009 | PB-TN-0008-0010 | PB-TN-0008-0011 | PB-TN-0008-0013 | PB-TN-0008-0014 | PB-TN-0008-0015 | PB-TN-0008-9000
Katz, Autumn C. (New York) show/hide docs
PB-TN-0008-0005 | PB-TN-0008-0009 | PB-TN-0008-0010 | PB-TN-0008-0011 | PB-TN-0008-0013 | PB-TN-0008-0014 | PB-TN-0008-0015 | PB-TN-0008-9000
Kaye, Julia (New York) show/hide docs
PB-TN-0008-0005 | PB-TN-0008-0009 | PB-TN-0008-0010 | PB-TN-0008-0011 | PB-TN-0008-0013 | PB-TN-0008-0014 | PB-TN-0008-0015 | PB-TN-0008-9000
Keighley, Jennifer (District of Columbia) show/hide docs
PB-TN-0008-9000
Moff, Jason Michael (New York) show/hide docs
PB-TN-0008-0009 | PB-TN-0008-0010 | PB-TN-0008-0011 | PB-TN-0008-0013 | PB-TN-0008-0014 | PB-TN-0008-0015 | PB-TN-0008-9000
Moriarty, Michelle (New York) show/hide docs
PB-TN-0008-0005 | PB-TN-0008-0009 | PB-TN-0008-0010 | PB-TN-0008-0011 | PB-TN-0008-0013 | PB-TN-0008-0014 | PB-TN-0008-0015 | PB-TN-0008-9000
Muniz, Richard (District of Columbia) show/hide docs
PB-TN-0008-9000
Muqaddam, Rabia (New York) show/hide docs
PB-TN-0008-9000
Ratakonda, Maithreyi (New York) show/hide docs
PB-TN-0008-0005 | PB-TN-0008-0009 | PB-TN-0008-0010 | PB-TN-0008-0011 | PB-TN-0008-0013 | PB-TN-0008-0014 | PB-TN-0008-0015 | PB-TN-0008-9000
Scott, Genevieve (New York) show/hide docs
PB-TN-0008-0005 | PB-TN-0008-0009 | PB-TN-0008-0010 | PB-TN-0008-0011 | PB-TN-0008-0013 | PB-TN-0008-0014 | PB-TN-0008-0015 | PB-TN-0008-9000
Tift, Scott P. (Tennessee) show/hide docs
PB-TN-0008-0001 | PB-TN-0008-0005 | PB-TN-0008-0009 | PB-TN-0008-0010 | PB-TN-0008-0011 | PB-TN-0008-0013 | PB-TN-0008-0014 | PB-TN-0008-0015 | PB-TN-0008-9000
Toti, Stephanie (New York) show/hide docs
PB-TN-0008-0001 | PB-TN-0008-9000
Tusiray, Tumir (New York) show/hide docs
PB-TN-0008-0009 | PB-TN-0008-0010 | PB-TN-0008-0011 | PB-TN-0008-0013 | PB-TN-0008-0014 | PB-TN-0008-0015 | PB-TN-0008-9000
Weintraub, Irene (New York) show/hide docs
PB-TN-0008-0009 | PB-TN-0008-0010 | PB-TN-0008-0011 | PB-TN-0008-0013 | PB-TN-0008-0014 | PB-TN-0008-0015 | PB-TN-0008-9000
Defendant's Lawyers Baker, Kathryn A. (Tennessee) show/hide docs
PB-TN-0008-9000
Blumstein, Andree Sophia (Tennessee) show/hide docs
PB-TN-0008-0008
Campbell, Sarah K. (Tennessee) show/hide docs
PB-TN-0008-0008
Cloutier, Matthew Daniel (Tennessee) show/hide docs
PB-TN-0008-0008 | PB-TN-0008-0012 | PB-TN-0008-9000
Hart, Steven Ashley (Tennessee) show/hide docs
PB-TN-0008-0008 | PB-TN-0008-0012 | PB-TN-0008-9000
Meyer, Michael Alan (Tennessee) show/hide docs
PB-TN-0008-9000
Rieger, Alexander Stuart (Tennessee) show/hide docs
PB-TN-0008-0008 | PB-TN-0008-0012 | PB-TN-0008-9000
Seymour, Amber L. (Tennessee) show/hide docs
PB-TN-0008-9000
Sheldon, Sue A. (Tennessee) show/hide docs
PB-TN-0008-9000
Sisco, Lindsay H. (Tennessee) show/hide docs
PB-TN-0008-9000
Slatery, Herbert III (Tennessee) show/hide docs
PB-TN-0008-0012
Smith, Brandon (Tennessee) show/hide docs
PB-TN-0008-0008

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