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Case Name Alabama v. United States Dep't of Commerce PB-AL-0018
Docket / Court 2:18-cv-00772 ( N.D. Ala. )
State/Territory Alabama
Case Type(s) Election/Voting Rights
Public Benefits / Government Services
Case Summary
On May 21, 2018, Alabama and a Representative from its Fifth Congressional District (Morris J. Brooks, Jr.) filed this lawsuit in the U.S. District Court for the Northern District of Alabama. The case was assigned to District Judge R. David Proctor. The plaintiffs sued the United States Department ... read more >
On May 21, 2018, Alabama and a Representative from its Fifth Congressional District (Morris J. Brooks, Jr.) filed this lawsuit in the U.S. District Court for the Northern District of Alabama. The case was assigned to District Judge R. David Proctor. The plaintiffs sued the United States Department of Commerce and its agency, the Bureau of the Census, under the Administrative Procedure Act (APA) and the Declaratory Judgments Act, alleging violations of the APA, the Fourteenth Amendment’s Congressional Apportionment and Electoral College Apportionment Clauses, and the Actual Enumeration Clause of Article I § 2 of the Constitution.

The plaintiffs, represented by the Alabama Attorney General, sought injunctive and declaratory relief. The plaintiffs alleged that the Census Bureau’s policy of including all U.S. residents, regardless of their citizenship status, in the census count totals used for apportioning congressional seats and electoral college votes, was unconstitutional. The plaintiffs specifically alleged that including undocumented individuals in the population count deprived Alabama of its “rightful share of political representation,” because it had fewer undocumented immigrants relative to other states. The state also alleged that counting undocumented individuals violated the Constitution’s provisions governing congressional apportionment and the electoral college, as well as the federal government’s constitutional duty to conduct an “actual enumeration” of the population. The plaintiff claimed that it was harmed when it received less federal funding than other states because of its relatively low level of undocumented immigrants. The plaintiffs further argued that the Bureau’s policy of counting undocumented individuals was “arbitrary and capricious” and “contrary to law” under the Administrative Procedure Act (APA).

On December 13, 2018, two groups - one consisting of the City of San Jose (California), King County (Washington), and the County of Santa Clara (California), and the other consisting of Chicanos Por La Causa and several individuals - were granted permission to intervene. As of February 2019, the parties were briefing the Department of Commerce's motion to dismiss. 

The case is ongoing.

Michael Beech - 02/09/2019


compress summary

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Issues and Causes of Action
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Issues
Defendant-type
Jurisdiction-wide
General
Access to public accommodations - governmental
Funding
Public assistance grants
Public benefits (includes, e.g., in-state tuition, govt. jobs)
Plaintiff Type
State Plaintiff
Voting
Vote dilution
Causes of Action Administrative Procedure Act, 5 U.S.C. §§ 551 et seq.
Declaratory Judgment Act, 28 U.S.C. § 2201
Defendant(s) United States Census Bureau
Plaintiff Description State of Alabama
Class action status sought No
Class action status granted No
Filed Pro Se No
Prevailing Party None Yet / None
Public Int. Lawyer No
Nature of Relief None yet
Source of Relief None yet
Filing Year 2018
Case Ongoing Yes
Additional Resources
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  See this case at CourtListener.com (May provide additional documents and, for active cases, real-time alerts)
  Alabama v. United States Dep’t of Commerce
Brennan Center
Date: February 11, 2019
(Brennan Center)
[ Detail ] [ External Link ]

Docket(s)
2:18-cv-00772 (N.D. Ala.)
PB-AL-0018-9000.pdf | Detail
Date: 02/06/2019
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
General Documents
Complaint [ECF# 1]
PB-AL-0018-0001.pdf | Detail
Date: 05/21/2018
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Memorandum Order Granting Motion to Intervene [ECF# 53] (N.D. Ala.)
PB-AL-0018-0002.pdf | Detail
Date: 12/13/2018
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
show all people docs
Judges Proctor, R. David (N.D. Ala.) show/hide docs
PB-AL-0018-0002 | PB-AL-0018-9000
Plaintiff's Lawyers Brooks, Morris J. Jr. (Alabama) show/hide docs
PB-AL-0018-0001 | PB-AL-0018-9000
Chynoweth, Brad A. (Alabama) show/hide docs
PB-AL-0018-0001 | PB-AL-0018-9000
Davis, James William (Alabama) show/hide docs
PB-AL-0018-0001 | PB-AL-0018-9000
Lacour, Edward Gerard (Alabama) show/hide docs
PB-AL-0018-9000
Marshall, Steven T. (Alabama) show/hide docs
PB-AL-0018-0001 | PB-AL-0018-9000
Palmer, Eric Michael (Alabama) show/hide docs
PB-AL-0018-0001 | PB-AL-0018-9000
Sinclair, Winfield J. (Alabama) show/hide docs
PB-AL-0018-0001 | PB-AL-0018-9000
Defendant's Lawyers Blacksher, James U. (Alabama) show/hide docs
PB-AL-0018-9000
Dolecki, Lauren M. (New York) show/hide docs
PB-AL-0018-9000
Goldstein, Danielle Luce (California) show/hide docs
PB-AL-0018-9000
Gomez Hernandez, Julia Alejandra (California) show/hide docs
PB-AL-0018-9000
Hamid, Jyotin R. (New York) show/hide docs
PB-AL-0018-9000
Hulett, Denise M. (California) show/hide docs
PB-AL-0018-9000
Kusmin, Ryan M. (District of Columbia) show/hide docs
PB-AL-0018-9000
Mujumdar, Anil A. (Alabama) show/hide docs
PB-AL-0018-9000
Quinones, Marcelo (California) show/hide docs
PB-AL-0018-9000
Rosenberg, Ezra (District of Columbia) show/hide docs
PB-AL-0018-9000
Rosenberg, Brad P. (District of Columbia) show/hide docs
PB-AL-0018-9000
Saenz, Thomas A. (California) show/hide docs
PB-AL-0018-9000
Segall, Robert D. (Alabama) show/hide docs
PB-AL-0018-9000
Senteno, Andrea E. (District of Columbia) show/hide docs
PB-AL-0018-9000
Spence, Dorian (District of Columbia) show/hide docs
PB-AL-0018-9000
Still, W Edward (Alabama) show/hide docs
PB-AL-0018-9000
Thurston, Robin Frances (District of Columbia) show/hide docs
PB-AL-0018-9000
Weissglass, Jonathan (California) show/hide docs
PB-AL-0018-9000
Yang, Ming Ming (New York) show/hide docs
PB-AL-0018-9000

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