University of Michigan Law School
Civil Rights Litigation Clearinghouse
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Case Name State of Texas v. Nielsen IM-TX-0049
Docket / Court 1:18-cv-00068 ( S.D. Tex. )
State/Territory Texas
Case Type(s) Immigration and/or the Border
Special Collection Take Care
Case Summary
On May 1, 2018, Texas and six other states brought actions for declaratory and injunctive relief against the United States and various officials in the U.S. District Court for the Southern District of Texas. The plaintiffs, represented by the Office of the Attorney General of Texas, claimed that ... read more >
On May 1, 2018, Texas and six other states brought actions for declaratory and injunctive relief against the United States and various officials in the U.S. District Court for the Southern District of Texas. The plaintiffs, represented by the Office of the Attorney General of Texas, claimed that the Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA) program, created by a 2012 executive action by the Obama Administration, violated the Administrative Procedure Act (APA) and the Take Care Clause of the Constitution. The plaintiffs claimed that the DACA program granted lawful presence to millions of unlawfully present aliens without congressional authorization. They sought to preliminarily enjoin the government from issuing or renewing any DACA permits in the future and to declare that DACA violated the procedural and substantive aspects of the APA.

On May 8, 2018, DACA recipients and state of New Jersey moved to intervene as defendants and Judge Andrew S. Hanen granted the motion on May 15. The defendant then moved to dismiss the case on May 29 without prejudice or transfer the case to the U.S. District Court for the Northern District of California, where a similar case is being litigated. Judge Hanen denied the motion to dismiss on May 30.

The plaintiffs filed an amended complaint on June 25, 2018 and added the state of Kansas and two governors as plaintiffs. The amended complaint maintained the identical allegations and sought the identical reliefs as the original complaint. On July 5, the defendants moved to dismiss for lack of subject matter jurisdiction.

On August 31, Judge Hanen denied the plaintiffs’ request for a preliminary injunction. The court found that the plaintiffs had shown a likelihood of success on the merits of their claim related to both the procedural and substantive aspects of the APA and that they had made a clear showing of irreparable injury. However, the court denied the injunction because it found that the plaintiffs had delayed seeking this relief for years, the balance of private interests fell in favor of denying of the relief, and implementing the relief was contrary to the public interest. The court did not rule on the whether the DACA program violated the Constitution’s Take Care Clause. 328 F. Supp. 3d 662, 740 (S.D. Tex. 2018).

On February 4, 2019, the plaintiffs filed a motion for summary judgment on all counts. In the defendants’ reply, they agreed that the plaintiffs are entitled to summary judgment on their substantive claim under the APA. However, the defendant opposed summary judgment on the procedural claim under the APA and the Take Care Clause claim. The court has not ruled on this motion and the case is ongoing.

Sichun Liu - 03/03/2019


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Issues and Causes of Action
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Issues
Benefit Source
DACA (Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals)
General
Juveniles
Immigration/Border
Deportation - criteria
Deportation - procedure
Undocumented immigrants - rights and duties
Undocumented immigrants - state and local regulation
Plaintiff Type
State Plaintiff
Causes of Action Administrative Procedure Act, 5 U.S.C. §§ 551 et seq.
Defendant(s) The United States
Plaintiff Description Eight states and two governors.
Class action status sought No
Class action status granted No
Filed Pro Se No
Prevailing Party None Yet / None
Public Int. Lawyer No
Nature of Relief None yet
Source of Relief None yet
Filing Year 2018
Case Ongoing Yes
Docket(s)
1:18-cv-00068 (S.D. Tex.)
IM-TX-0049-9000.pdf | Detail
Date: 03/07/2019
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
General Documents
Complaint [ECF# 1]
IM-TX-0049-0001.pdf | Detail
Date: 05/01/2018
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
First Amended Complaint for Declaratory and Injunctive Relief [ECF# 104]
IM-TX-0049-0002.pdf | Detail
Date: 06/25/2018
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Memorandum Opinion and Order [ECF# 318] (328 F.Supp.3d 662) (S.D. Tex.)
IM-TX-0049-0003.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 08/31/2018
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
show all people docs
Judges Hanen, Andrew S. (S.D. Tex.) show/hide docs
IM-TX-0049-0003 | IM-TX-0049-9000
Plaintiff's Lawyers Biggs, Adam Arthur (Texas) show/hide docs
IM-TX-0049-0001 | IM-TX-0049-9000
Bitter, Adam Nicholas (Texas) show/hide docs
IM-TX-0049-9000
Disher, Todd Lawrence (Texas) show/hide docs
IM-TX-0049-0001 | IM-TX-0049-0002 | IM-TX-0049-9000
Moreno, Cristina M (Texas) show/hide docs
IM-TX-0049-9000
Peroyea, Philip T (Texas) show/hide docs
IM-TX-0049-9000
Starr, Brantley D. (Texas) show/hide docs
IM-TX-0049-9000
Toth, Michael C. (Texas) show/hide docs
IM-TX-0049-9000
Defendant's Lawyers Apter, Rachel Wainer (New Jersey) show/hide docs
IM-TX-0049-9000
Avila, Alejandra (Texas) show/hide docs
IM-TX-0049-9000
Dolinsky, Nicholas J (New Jersey) show/hide docs
IM-TX-0049-9000
Garcia, Carlos Moctezuma (Texas) show/hide docs
IM-TX-0049-9000
Goldsmith, Aaron S. (District of Columbia) show/hide docs
IM-TX-0049-9000
Gregory, Katherine Anne (New York) show/hide docs
IM-TX-0049-9000
Hallward-Driemeier, Douglas Harry (District of Columbia) show/hide docs
IM-TX-0049-9000
Herrera, Ernest I (Texas) show/hide docs
IM-TX-0049-9000
Hollander, Jeremy (New Jersey) show/hide docs
IM-TX-0049-9000
Hu, Daniel David (Texas) show/hide docs
IM-TX-0049-9000
Hulett, Denise (California) show/hide docs
IM-TX-0049-9000
Juzdan, Paul H (New York) show/hide docs
IM-TX-0049-9000
Levine, Kenneth S (New Jersey) show/hide docs
IM-TX-0049-9000
Moramarco, Glenn J (New Jersey) show/hide docs
IM-TX-0049-9000
Moreno, Celina Ysela (Texas) show/hide docs
IM-TX-0049-9000
Orta, Priscilla (Illinois) show/hide docs
IM-TX-0049-9000
Perales, Nina (Texas) show/hide docs
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Persyn, Mary Kelly (California) show/hide docs
IM-TX-0049-9000
Robins, Jeffrey S (District of Columbia) show/hide docs
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Salmon, John Paul (Texas) show/hide docs
IM-TX-0049-9000
Shumate, Brett (District of Columbia) show/hide docs
IM-TX-0049-9000
Vito, Ben De (New York) show/hide docs
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Walker, James Joseph (District of Columbia) show/hide docs
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Wallace, Stephen P (Illinois) show/hide docs
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Other Lawyers Alger, Maureen P. (California) show/hide docs
IM-TX-0049-9000
Amend, Andrew W. (New York) show/hide docs
IM-TX-0049-9000
Badlani, Chirag (Illinois) show/hide docs
IM-TX-0049-9000
Bhabha, Ishan K (District of Columbia) show/hide docs
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Brounell, Geoffrey Stuart (New York) show/hide docs
IM-TX-0049-9000
Coston, William D. (District of Columbia) show/hide docs
IM-TX-0049-9000
Davidson, Jeffrey Michael (California) show/hide docs
IM-TX-0049-9000
DeGroote, Jessa (New York) show/hide docs
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Ertas, Alper (California) show/hide docs
IM-TX-0049-9000
Fresco, Michael N. (New York) show/hide docs
IM-TX-0049-9000
Garza, Jose (Texas) show/hide docs
IM-TX-0049-9000
Goldman, Lauren R (New York) show/hide docs
IM-TX-0049-9000
Joseph, Lawrence J (District of Columbia) show/hide docs
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Karanjia, Peter (New York) show/hide docs
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Kolodin, Zachary J. F. (New York) show/hide docs
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Kolodner, Jonathan Samuel (New York) show/hide docs
IM-TX-0049-9000
Leatherbury, Thomas S. (Texas) show/hide docs
IM-TX-0049-9000
Li, Joan Renxin (California) show/hide docs
IM-TX-0049-9000
Lin, Karen (New York) show/hide docs
IM-TX-0049-9000
Lustberg, Lawrence S. (New Jersey) show/hide docs
IM-TX-0049-9000
Lynch, Mark H. (District of Columbia) show/hide docs
IM-TX-0049-9000
McMahon, Michael (Massachusetts) show/hide docs
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Metlitsky, Anton (New York) show/hide docs
IM-TX-0049-9000
Pincus, Andrew J. (District of Columbia) show/hide docs
IM-TX-0049-9000
Ramon, Sofia A (Texas) show/hide docs
IM-TX-0049-9000
Ranlett, Kevin Scott (District of Columbia) show/hide docs
IM-TX-0049-9000
Saad, Martin L. (District of Columbia) show/hide docs
IM-TX-0049-9000
Schlafly, Andrew L. (New Jersey) show/hide docs
IM-TX-0049-9000
Shafiqullah, Hasan (New York) show/hide docs
IM-TX-0049-9000
Shebaya, Sirine (District of Columbia) show/hide docs
IM-TX-0049-9000
Sheikh, Sameer Parvez (District of Columbia) show/hide docs
IM-TX-0049-9000
Sherman, Monique R (California) show/hide docs
IM-TX-0049-9000
Sokoler, Jennifer B (New York) show/hide docs
IM-TX-0049-9000
Yagura, Ryan Ken (California) show/hide docs
IM-TX-0049-9000
Yun, Jennifer J. (District of Columbia) show/hide docs
IM-TX-0049-9000

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