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Case Name United States v. Arpaio PR-AZ-0001
Docket / Court 2:16-cr-01012 ( D. Ariz. )
State/Territory Arizona
Case Type(s) Presidential Authority
Special Collection Take Care
Case Summary
The defendant here, former Maricopa County Sheriff Joseph M. Arpaio (“Sheriff Arpaio”) was referred for criminal contempt on August 19, 2016. The U.S. prosecuted Sheriff Arpaio and obtained a conviction on July 31, 2017. 2017 WL 3268180. On August 25, 2017, President Donald J. Trump pardoned ... read more >
The defendant here, former Maricopa County Sheriff Joseph M. Arpaio (“Sheriff Arpaio”) was referred for criminal contempt on August 19, 2016. The U.S. prosecuted Sheriff Arpaio and obtained a conviction on July 31, 2017. 2017 WL 3268180. On August 25, 2017, President Donald J. Trump pardoned Sheriff Arpaio.

On August 28, 2017, Sheriff Arpaio moved for two forms of relief (1) to dismiss this matter with prejudice, and (2) to vacate the verdict and all other orders in this matter, as well as the sentencing on October 5th. The district court, Judge Susan Bolton, granted Sheriff Arpaio’s first request, and on October 4, 2017, the district court dismissed with prejudice the action for criminal contempt.

The district court denied Sheriff Arpaio’s second request on October 19, 2017. 2017 WL 4839072. The district court denied vacatur and refused to grant “relief beyond dismissal with prejudice.” The court specified that the power to pardon is an executive prerogative of mercy, "not of judicial recordkeeping." The court found that the pardon undoubtedly spared the defendant from any punishment that might otherwise have been imposed, but it did not "revise the historical facts” of this case.

That same day, Sheriff Arpaio filed a timely notice of appeal. The U.S. responded that it “does not intend to defend the district court’s order from October 19, 2017 . . . instead, the government intends to argue, as it did in the district court, that the motion to vacate should have been granted.”

On April 17, 2018 the Ninth Circuit granted a motion to appoint a special prosecutor, finding that "the merits panel of our court that will decide this appeal will not receive the benefit of full briefing and argument unless we appoint a special prosecutor to defend the decision of the district court." 887 F.3d 979. On October 10, 2018, the Ninth Circuit declined to review en banc the earlier decision to appoint a special prosecutor to defend the ruling of a lower court. 906 F.3d 800. On October 15, 2018, the Circuit court appointed a special prosecutor by an order providing that “[t]he special prosecutor will be limited to the functions a government attorney would have performed in connection with Arpaio’s appeal in this Court had the government been willing to perform those functions.”

On January 16, 2019, defendant Arpaio filed a petition for a writ of mandamus for the Supreme Court to appeal the Ninth Circuit's decision.

Abigail DeHart - 03/04/2019


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Issues and Causes of Action
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Issues
Plaintiff Type
U.S. Dept of Justice plaintiff
Special Case Type
Criminal
Defendant(s) Joe Arpaio
Plaintiff Description The United States Department of Justice
Class action status sought No
Class action status granted No
Filed Pro Se No
Prevailing Party Defendant
Public Int. Lawyer No
Nature of Relief Presidential Pardon
Source of Relief Litigation
Filing Year 2016
Case Ongoing Yes
Docket(s)
2:16-cr-01012 (D. Ariz.)
PR-AZ-0001-9000.pdf | Detail
Date: 04/06/2018
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
17-10448 (U.S. Court of Appeals)
PR-AZ-0001-9001.pdf | Detail
Date: 03/01/2019
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
General Documents
Order Re Criminal Contempt [ECF# 1] (D. Ariz.)
PR-AZ-0001-0001.pdf | Detail
Date: 08/19/2016
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Findings of Fact and Conclusion of Law [ECF# 210] (2017 WL 3773012) (D. Ariz.)
PR-AZ-0001-0002.pdf | WESTLAW | Detail
Date: 07/31/2017
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Defendant's Motion for Vacatur and Dismissal with Prejudice [ECF# 220]
PR-AZ-0001-0003.pdf | Detail
Date: 08/28/2017
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
[Proposed] Memorandum of Amici Curiae Certain Members of Congress in Opposition to Defendant's Motion for Vacatur and Dismissal with Prejudice [ECF# 245]
PR-AZ-0001-0004.pdf | Detail
Date: 10/05/2017
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Order [ECF# 251] (2017 WL 4839072) (D. Ariz.)
PR-AZ-0001-0005.pdf | WESTLAW | Detail
Date: 10/19/2017
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
[Proposed] Brief of Amici Curiae in Support of Appointment of Rule 42 Attorney to Prosecute Appeal [ECF# 256]
PR-AZ-0001-0008.pdf | Detail
Date: 11/01/2017
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Order [Ct. of App. ECF# 25] (887 F.3d 979)
PR-AZ-0001-0006.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 04/17/2018
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Order [Ct. of App. ECF# 41] (906 F.3d 800)
PR-AZ-0001-0007.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 10/10/2018
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
show all people docs
Judges Bolton, Susan Ritchie (D. Ariz.) show/hide docs
PR-AZ-0001-0002 | PR-AZ-0001-0005 | PR-AZ-0001-9000 | PR-AZ-0001-9001
Callahan, Consuelo Maria (Ninth Circuit) show/hide docs
PR-AZ-0001-0007
Fletcher, William A. (Ninth Circuit) show/hide docs
PR-AZ-0001-0007
Snow, G. Murray (State Appellate Court, D. Ariz.) show/hide docs
PR-AZ-0001-0001
Tallman, Richard C. (Ninth Circuit, FISCR) show/hide docs
PR-AZ-0001-0006 | PR-AZ-0001-0007
Tashima, Atsushi Wallace (Ninth Circuit, C.D. Cal.) show/hide docs
PR-AZ-0001-0007
Plaintiff's Lawyers Caldwell, Christopher Gerald (California) show/hide docs
PR-AZ-0001-9001
Cataldo, Simon Joseph (District of Columbia) show/hide docs
PR-AZ-0001-9000
Keller, John Dixon (District of Columbia) show/hide docs
PR-AZ-0001-9000 | PR-AZ-0001-9001
Pearce, James I (District of Columbia) show/hide docs
PR-AZ-0001-9001
Salgado, Victor R (District of Columbia) show/hide docs
PR-AZ-0001-9000
Defendant's Lawyers Ackerman, Justin Michael (Arizona) show/hide docs
PR-AZ-0001-9000
Danneman, Dale A (Arizona) show/hide docs
PR-AZ-0001-9000
Goldman, Mark David (Arizona) show/hide docs
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Mayr, Vincent Rene (Arizona) show/hide docs
PR-AZ-0001-9000
McDonald, Andrew Melvin Jr. (Arizona) show/hide docs
PR-AZ-0001-9000
Mitchell, Barry D. (Arizona) show/hide docs
PR-AZ-0001-9000
Popolizio, Joseph John (Arizona) show/hide docs
PR-AZ-0001-9000
Stein, Lee David (Arizona) show/hide docs
PR-AZ-0001-9000
Surdakowski, Jeffrey Sinclair (Arizona) show/hide docs
PR-AZ-0001-9000
Tivorsak, Linda Kim (Arizona) show/hide docs
PR-AZ-0001-9000
Wilenchik, John Douglas (Arizona) show/hide docs
PR-AZ-0001-0003 | PR-AZ-0001-9000 | PR-AZ-0001-9001
Wilenchik, Dennis Ira (Arizona) show/hide docs
PR-AZ-0001-0003 | PR-AZ-0001-9000 | PR-AZ-0001-9001
Other Lawyers Aftergut, Dennis (California) show/hide docs
PR-AZ-0001-0008 | PR-AZ-0001-9000
Bassin, Ian (District of Columbia) show/hide docs
PR-AZ-0001-9000
Bendor, Joshua David R. (Arizona) show/hide docs
PR-AZ-0001-9000
Bowman, Locke E. III (Illinois) show/hide docs
PR-AZ-0001-9000
Cabou, Jean-Jacques (Arizona) show/hide docs
PR-AZ-0001-0008 | PR-AZ-0001-9000 | PR-AZ-0001-9001
Clark, Karen Ann (Arizona) show/hide docs
PR-AZ-0001-9000
Fein, Ronald A (Massachusetts) show/hide docs
PR-AZ-0001-0008 | PR-AZ-0001-9000
Florence, Justin (District of Columbia) show/hide docs
PR-AZ-0001-9000
Foster, Jonathon N (Florida) show/hide docs
PR-AZ-0001-9001
Hammond, Larry A. (Arizona) show/hide docs
PR-AZ-0001-9000
May, Katherine Elizabeth (Arizona) show/hide docs
PR-AZ-0001-9000
Miller, R Bradley (District of Columbia) show/hide docs
PR-AZ-0001-9000 | PR-AZ-0001-9001
Piccarreta, Michael L (Arizona) show/hide docs
PR-AZ-0001-9000
Renne, Louise H. (California) show/hide docs
PR-AZ-0001-9000
Riordan, Dennis P (California) show/hide docs
PR-AZ-0001-9001
Scharff, Spencer Garrett (Arizona) show/hide docs
PR-AZ-0001-0004 | PR-AZ-0001-9000 | PR-AZ-0001-9001
Shapiro, David M. (Illinois) show/hide docs
PR-AZ-0001-0008 | PR-AZ-0001-9000 | PR-AZ-0001-9001
Spector, Phil (Massachusetts) show/hide docs
PR-AZ-0001-9000

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