University of Michigan Law School
Civil Rights Litigation Clearinghouse
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Case Name Pars Equality Center v. Pompeo IM-WA-0040
Docket / Court 2:18-cv-01122 ( W.D. Wash. )
Additional Docket(s) 3:18-cv-07818  [ 18-7818 ]  Northern District of CA (U.S.)
State/Territory Washington
Case Type(s) Immigration and/or the Border
Special Collection Civil Rights Challenges to Trump Immigration Enforcement Orders
Attorney Organization Asian Americans Advancing Justice / AAJC
Council on American-Islamic Relations (CAIR)
National Immigration Law Center
Case Summary
On July 31, 2018, two nonprofit organizations and fifteen individuals filed this class-action lawsuit in the U.S. District Court for the Western District of Washington, challenging the Trump Administration's implementation of the waiver provision of the Travel Ban (Presidential Proclamation No. 9645 ... read more >
On July 31, 2018, two nonprofit organizations and fifteen individuals filed this class-action lawsuit in the U.S. District Court for the Western District of Washington, challenging the Trump Administration's implementation of the waiver provision of the Travel Ban (Presidential Proclamation No. 9645). The Travel Ban indefinitely bans millions of nationals of five Muslim-majority countries from entering the United States. Pars Equality Center and OneAmerica are immigrant and refugee advocacy organizations, and the individual plaintiffs are U.S. citizens, foreign nationals lawfully present in the U.S., and individuals abroad who have been affected by the Travel Ban and the implementation of its waiver provision. The plaintiffs sued the Department of Homeland Security, the Department of State, and U.S. Customs and Border Protection, alleging that the waiver process under the Travel Ban is being implemented in an unduly restrictive manner, violating the Administrative Procedure Act (APA) and the Due Process Clause of the Fifth Amendment. The plaintiffs--represented by private counsel, Asian Americans Advancing Justice, the Council on American-Islamic Relations, the National Immigration Law Center, and the International Refugee Assistance Project--sought declaratory and injunctive relief, as well as attorneys fees and costs. Specifically, the plaintiffs requested that the waiver provision be enjoined, that any agency guidance and policies implementing that provision be vacated and remanded to the agencies, and that the agencies be directed to issue new guidance in conformance with the APA, the Immigration and Nationality Act, and the Constitution. the case was assigned to Judge Benjamin H. Settle.

On August 1, 2018, the plaintiffs notified the court of a related class-action case, Doe v. Trump, challenging the Travel Ban (IM-WA-0030 in this Clearinghouse). The present case was reassigned to Judge James L. Robart, the same judge assigned to Doe v. Trump.

On September 6, 2018, the defendants filed a motion to transfer this case, but the defendants disagreed with the plaintiffs about the relation of this case to Doe v. Trump. Instead, the defendants argued that this case should either be stayed or transferred to the Northern District of California, where another class-action case, Emami, et al. v. Nielsen, et al. was pending (IM-CA-0140 in this Clearinghouse).

On December 12, 2018, the court granted the defendants' motion to transfer this case to the Northern District of California. 2018 WL 6523135. The case was transferred and given a new docket number, 3:18-cv-07818. Judge James Donato was assigned to the case.

On February 20, 2019, the defendants filed a motion to either consolidate this case with the Emami case or stay this case pending the outcome of the proceedings in Emami to avoid duplicative litigation. The plaintiffs opposed the defendants' proposed complete merger of this case with Emami, arguing that such a merger would unnecessarily delay these proceedings further and deprive this case of its independent character.

The court heard oral argument on April 11, 2019, and decided to allow both cases to proceed, with the understanding that the parties would have to communicate so as to prevent any duplicative actions. The parties then proceeded with discovery.

On June 13, 2019, the defendants filed a motion to dismiss the plaintiffs' complaint for failure to state a claim; and, in the alternative, a motion for summary judgment.

The case is ongoing.

Elisabeth Ng - 11/14/2019
Sam Kulhanek - 02/05/2020


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Issues and Causes of Action
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Issues
Constitutional Clause
Due Process
Defendant-type
Jurisdiction-wide
Immigration/Border
Admission - criteria
Admission - procedure
Constitutional rights
Visas - criteria
Visas - procedures
National Origin/Ethnicity
Arab/Afgani/Middle Eastern
Plaintiff Type
Non-profit NON-religious organization
Private Plaintiff
Causes of Action Administrative Procedure Act, 5 U.S.C. ยงยง 551 et seq.
Defendant(s) U.S. Customs and Border Protection
U.S. Department of Homeland Security
U.S. Department of State
Plaintiff Description Pars Equality Center, OneAmerica, and fifteen individuals who are U.S. citizens, foreign nationals lawfully present in the U.S., and individuals abroad who have been affected by the Travel Ban and the implementation of its waiver provision.
Indexed Lawyer Organizations Asian Americans Advancing Justice / AAJC
Council on American-Islamic Relations (CAIR)
National Immigration Law Center
Class action status sought Yes
Class action status granted Pending
Filed Pro Se No
Prevailing Party None Yet / None
Public Int. Lawyer Yes
Nature of Relief None yet
Source of Relief None yet
Filed 07/31/2018
Case Ongoing Yes
Additional Resources
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  See this case at CourtListener.com (May provide additional documents and, for active cases, real-time alerts)
  Implementation of Executive Order 13768, "Enhancing Public Safety in the Interior of the United States
The Washington Post
Date: May 22, 2017
By: Jefferson Sessions (U.S. Department of Justice)
[ Detail ] [ External Link ]

  Re: Implementing the President's Border Security and Immigration Enforcement Improvements Policies (Final, 2/20/2017)
dhs.gov
Date: Feb. 20, 2017
By: DHS Secretary John Kelly (United States Department of Homeland Security)
[ Detail ] [ PDF ] [ External Link ]

  Re: Enforcement of the Immigration Laws to Serve the National Interest (Final, 2/20/2017)
dhs.gov
Date: Feb. 20, 2017
By: DHS Secretary John Kelly (United States Department of Homeland Security)
[ Detail ] [ PDF ] [ External Link ]

  Executive Order 13767: Border Security and Immigration Enforcement Improvements
Federal Register
Date: Jan. 27, 2017
By: President Donald Trump (Office of the President)
Citation: 82 Fed. Reg. Presidential Documents 8793 (Jan. 27, 2017)
[ Detail ] [ PDF ]

  Executive Order 13768: Enhancing Public Safety in the Interior of the United States
Federal Register
Date: Jan. 25, 2017
By: President Donald Trump (Office of the President)
[ Detail ] [ PDF ] [ External Link ]

Docket(s)
2:18-cv-01122-BHS (W.D. Wash.)
IM-WA-0040-9000.pdf | Detail
Date: 01/04/2019
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
3:18-cv-7818 (N.D. Cal.)
IM-WA-0040-9001.pdf | Detail
Date: 10/30/2019
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
General Documents
Class Action Complaint [ECF# 1]
IM-WA-0040-0001.pdf | Detail
Date: 07/31/2018
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Notice of Related Cases [ECF# 39]
IM-WA-0040-0005.pdf | Detail
Date: 08/01/2018
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Joint Status Report [ECF# 68]
IM-WA-0040-0003.pdf | Detail
Date: 10/09/2018
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Order Granting Defendants' Motion to Transfer Venue [ECF# 80] (2018 WL 6523135) (W.D. Wash.)
IM-WA-0040-0004.pdf | WESTLAW | Detail
Date: 12/12/2018
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
show all people docs
Judges Robart, James L. (W.D. Wash.) show/hide docs
IM-WA-0040-0004
Settle, Benjamin Hale (W.D. Wash.) show/hide docs
IM-WA-0040-9000
Plaintiff's Lawyers Asimow, Daniel B. (California) show/hide docs
IM-WA-0040-9001
Billoo, Zahra Aslam (California) show/hide docs
IM-WA-0040-0001 | IM-WA-0040-0003 | IM-WA-0040-0005 | IM-WA-0040-9000 | IM-WA-0040-9001
Espiritu, Nicholas David (California) show/hide docs
IM-WA-0040-0001 | IM-WA-0040-0005 | IM-WA-0040-9000 | IM-WA-0040-9001
Fickes, Aaron J. (Washington) show/hide docs
IM-WA-0040-0001 | IM-WA-0040-0003 | IM-WA-0040-0005 | IM-WA-0040-9000 | IM-WA-0040-9001
Freedman, John A. (District of Columbia) show/hide docs
IM-WA-0040-0001 | IM-WA-0040-0003 | IM-WA-0040-0005 | IM-WA-0040-9000 | IM-WA-0040-9001
Herrera, Kevin L. (Illinois) show/hide docs
IM-WA-0040-9001
Keaney, Melissa S. (California) show/hide docs
IM-WA-0040-0001 | IM-WA-0040-0003 | IM-WA-0040-0005 | IM-WA-0040-9000 | IM-WA-0040-9001
O'Quinn, Dustin J. (Washington) show/hide docs
IM-WA-0040-0001 | IM-WA-0040-0003 | IM-WA-0040-0005 | IM-WA-0040-9000 | IM-WA-0040-9001
Rezaei, Brittney (California) show/hide docs
IM-WA-0040-0001 | IM-WA-0040-0003 | IM-WA-0040-0005 | IM-WA-0040-9000 | IM-WA-0040-9001
Sands, Darin M. (Oregon) show/hide docs
IM-WA-0040-0001 | IM-WA-0040-0003 | IM-WA-0040-0005 | IM-WA-0040-9000 | IM-WA-0040-9001
Sinha, Christina (California) show/hide docs
IM-WA-0040-0001 | IM-WA-0040-0003 | IM-WA-0040-0005 | IM-WA-0040-9000 | IM-WA-0040-9001
Stehlik, Joshua (District of Columbia) show/hide docs
IM-WA-0040-0001 | IM-WA-0040-0003 | IM-WA-0040-9000 | IM-WA-0040-9001
Sung, Esther (California) show/hide docs
IM-WA-0040-0001 | IM-WA-0040-0003 | IM-WA-0040-0005 | IM-WA-0040-9000
Vafaie, Elica S. (California) show/hide docs
IM-WA-0040-0001 | IM-WA-0040-0003 | IM-WA-0040-0005 | IM-WA-0040-9000 | IM-WA-0040-9001
Walder, Jessica (Washington) show/hide docs
IM-WA-0040-0001 | IM-WA-0040-0003 | IM-WA-0040-0005 | IM-WA-0040-9000 | IM-WA-0040-9001
Whalley, Jana (California) show/hide docs
IM-WA-0040-0001 | IM-WA-0040-0005 | IM-WA-0040-9000 | IM-WA-0040-9001
Wolson, Max (District of Columbia) show/hide docs
IM-WA-0040-9001
Yousefzadeh, Babak G. (District of Columbia) show/hide docs
IM-WA-0040-0001 | IM-WA-0040-0003 | IM-WA-0040-0005 | IM-WA-0040-9000 | IM-WA-0040-9001
Defendant's Lawyers Kim, David (District of Columbia) show/hide docs
IM-WA-0040-9001
Martinez, P. Angel (- United States (national) -) show/hide docs
IM-WA-0040-9001
Westwater, Gisela Ann (District of Columbia) show/hide docs
IM-WA-0040-9001
Young, Stacey Ilene (District of Columbia) show/hide docs
IM-WA-0040-9001

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