University of Michigan Law School
Civil Rights Litigation Clearinghouse
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Case Name State of Washington v. United States of America IM-WA-0037
Docket / Court 2:18-cv-00939-RAJ ( W.D. Wash. )
Additional Docket(s) 3:18-cv-01979  [ 18-1979 ]  Southern District of CA (U.S.)
State/Territory Washington
Case Type(s) Immigration and/or the Border
Special Collection Civil Rights Challenges to Trump Immigration Enforcement Orders
Case Summary
On June 26, 2018, a coalition of states filed this complaint in the U.S. District Court for the Western District of Washington against the Trump Administration and its key immigration officials, challenging the Administration’s practice of refusing entry to asylum applicants at the Southwestern ... read more >
On June 26, 2018, a coalition of states filed this complaint in the U.S. District Court for the Western District of Washington against the Trump Administration and its key immigration officials, challenging the Administration’s practice of refusing entry to asylum applicants at the Southwestern border as well as its family separation policy. The states, represented by their attorneys general, include: Washington, California, Maryland, Oregon, New Mexico, New Jersey, Iowa, Illinois, Minnesota, Rhode Island, New York, Vermont, North Carolina, and Delaware; the Commonwealths of Massachusetts, Pennsylvania, and Virginia; and the District of Columbia. The states alleged that they suffered immediate and irreparable injuries to their sovereign, proprietary, and quasi-sovereign interests, and sought relief for substantive and procedural due process violations, equal protection violations, and violations under the Administrative Procedure Act and asylum laws. The case was assigned to Judge Marsha Pechman.

Specifically, the states argued that the Administration’s policies harmed their sovereign and proprietary interests by 1) interfering with their licensing authority and rendering them unable to enforce their own legal mandates and public policy, and 2) burdening their state-funded legal, healthcare, education, and other programs. They also argued that their quasi-sovereign interests in protecting the health and well-being of their residents were harmed by the policy.

On July 11, 2018, the defendants moved to dismiss, transfer, or stay the proceedings pending the resolution of a related class-action lawsuit, Ms. L. v. ICE, which was active in the Southern District of California (IM-CA-0121 in this Clearinghouse). According to the defendants, the plaintiffs wished to engage in “sweeping and burdensome” discovery, duplicative of what was already being conducted in Ms. L. In that case, a class of parents who had been separated from their children had already been certified. Since the class members in Ms. L. included individuals the plaintiff states purported to represent, the defendants claimed that ongoing litigation in the present court would interfere with the orderly administration of that case. The defendants argued first that the court should dismiss the case out of comity, but argued in the alternative that the case should be transferred to the Southern District of California or stayed until the Ms. L. case had further progressed.

On August 8, 2018, Judge Pechman heard oral arguments on the defendants' motion to dismiss, transfer, or stay the proceedings. She ordered the case transferred to the Southern District of California, finding that there was substantial overlap between the states’ claim in this case and the class claim in Ms. L. Judge Pechman noted that the government had much to do in the way of reuniting separated families, and that requiring the government to respond to multiple orders from multiple district courts would only stand in the way of those efforts. 2018 WL 3752220.

The case was transferred to the Southern District of California and given a new docket number, 3:18-cv-1979. It was assigned to Judge Dana M. Sabraw.

On March 18, 2019, the defendants requested that the proceedings in the present case either be bifurcated or held in abeyance. On May 20, Judge Sabraw granted defendants' request to hold this case in abeyance pending the outcome of the proceedings in Ms. L.

The case is ongoing.

Alexandra Gilewicz - 12/04/2018
Sam Kulhanek - 02/05/2020


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Issues and Causes of Action
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Issues
Constitutional Clause
Due Process
Equal Protection
Defendant-type
Jurisdiction-wide
General
Family reunification
Immigration/Border
Asylum - procedure
Family
Causes of Action Administrative Procedure Act, 5 U.S.C. §§ 551 et seq.
Defendant(s) Immigration and Customs Enforcement
Office of Refugee Resettlement
U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services
U.S. Customs and Border Protection
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services
U.S. Department of Homeland Security
Plaintiff Description A coalition of states, including: Washington, California, Maryland, Oregon, New Mexico, New Jersey, Iowa, Illinois, Minnesota, Rhode Island, New York, Vermont, North Carolina, and Delaware; the Commonwealths of Massachusetts, Pennsylvania, and Virginia; and the District of Columbia.
Class action status sought No
Class action status granted No
Filed Pro Se No
Prevailing Party None Yet / None
Public Int. Lawyer No
Nature of Relief None
Source of Relief None yet
Filed 06/26/2018
Case Ongoing Yes
Additional Resources
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  See this case at CourtListener.com (May provide additional documents and, for active cases, real-time alerts)
  Implementation of Executive Order 13768, "Enhancing Public Safety in the Interior of the United States
The Washington Post
Date: May 22, 2017
By: Jefferson Sessions (U.S. Department of Justice)
[ Detail ] [ External Link ]

  Re: Implementing the President's Border Security and Immigration Enforcement Improvements Policies (Final, 2/20/2017)
dhs.gov
Date: Feb. 20, 2017
By: DHS Secretary John Kelly (United States Department of Homeland Security)
[ Detail ] [ PDF ] [ External Link ]

  Re: Enforcement of the Immigration Laws to Serve the National Interest (Final, 2/20/2017)
dhs.gov
Date: Feb. 20, 2017
By: DHS Secretary John Kelly (United States Department of Homeland Security)
[ Detail ] [ PDF ] [ External Link ]

  Executive Order 13767: Border Security and Immigration Enforcement Improvements
Federal Register
Date: Jan. 27, 2017
By: President Donald Trump (Office of the President)
Citation: 82 Fed. Reg. Presidential Documents 8793 (Jan. 27, 2017)
[ Detail ] [ PDF ]

  Executive Order 13768: Enhancing Public Safety in the Interior of the United States
Federal Register
Date: Jan. 25, 2017
By: President Donald Trump (Office of the President)
[ Detail ] [ PDF ] [ External Link ]

Docket(s)
2:18-cv-00939-MJP (W.D. Wash.)
IM-WA-0037-9000.pdf | Detail
Date: 08/27/2018
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
3:18-cv-1979 (S.D. Cal.)
IM-WA-0037-9001.pdf | Detail
Date: 10/18/2019
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
General Documents
Complaint for Declaratory and Injunctive Relief [ECF# 1]
IM-WA-0037-0001.pdf | Detail
Date: 06/26/2018
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Order Granting Defendants' Motion to Transfer Venue [ECF# 88] (2018 WL 3752220) (W.D. Wash.)
IM-WA-0037-0002.pdf | WESTLAW | Detail
Date: 08/08/2018
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
show all people docs
Judges Pechman, Marsha J. (W.D. Wash.) show/hide docs
IM-WA-0037-0002 | IM-WA-0037-9000
Plaintiff's Lawyers Apter, Rachel Wainer (New Jersey) show/hide docs
IM-WA-0037-0001 | IM-WA-0037-9001
Attie, Jessica (New York) show/hide docs
IM-WA-0037-0001
Balderas, Hector (New Mexico) show/hide docs
IM-WA-0037-0001
Battles, Benjamin D. (Vermont) show/hide docs
IM-WA-0037-0001
Becerra, Xavier (California) show/hide docs
IM-WA-0037-0001
Belton, Sarah (California) show/hide docs
IM-WA-0037-0001 | IM-WA-0037-9001
Bender, Robyn R. (District of Columbia) show/hide docs
IM-WA-0037-0001 | IM-WA-0037-9001
Bernhardt, Julia Doyle (Maryland) show/hide docs
IM-WA-0037-0001 | IM-WA-0037-9001
Blake, Nathanael (Iowa) show/hide docs
IM-WA-0037-0001 | IM-WA-0037-9001
Brooks, Angela R. (Massachusetts) show/hide docs
IM-WA-0037-0001 | IM-WA-0037-9001
Clinton, Laura K. (Washington) show/hide docs
IM-WA-0037-0001 | IM-WA-0037-9000 | IM-WA-0037-9001
Crane, Anna (Illinois) show/hide docs
IM-WA-0037-0001
Denn, Matthew P. (Delaware) show/hide docs
IM-WA-0037-0001
Donovan, Thomas J. Jr. (Vermont) show/hide docs
IM-WA-0037-0001
Ferguson, Robert W. (Washington) show/hide docs
IM-WA-0037-0001 | IM-WA-0037-9000 | IM-WA-0037-9001
Fischer, Michael J. (Pennsylvania) show/hide docs
IM-WA-0037-0001
Frosh, Brian E. (Maryland) show/hide docs
IM-WA-0037-0001
Glasgow, Rebecca Ripoli (Washington) show/hide docs
IM-WA-0037-9000 | IM-WA-0037-9001
Goldman, Jonathan Scott (Pennsylvania) show/hide docs
IM-WA-0037-0001
Goldstein, Aaron R. (Delaware) show/hide docs
IM-WA-0037-0001
Grewal, Gurbir S. (New Jersey) show/hide docs
IM-WA-0037-0001
Healey, Maura T. (Massachusetts) show/hide docs
IM-WA-0037-0001
Heintz, Tera Marie (Washington) show/hide docs
IM-WA-0037-9001
Herring, Mark R. (Virginia) show/hide docs
IM-WA-0037-0001
Heytens, Toby J. (Virginia) show/hide docs
IM-WA-0037-0001
Huyser, Alethea M. (Minnesota) show/hide docs
IM-WA-0037-0001 | IM-WA-0037-9001
Kallen, Michelle S. (Virginia) show/hide docs
IM-WA-0037-9001
Kaplan, Scott J. (Oregon) show/hide docs
IM-WA-0037-0001 | IM-WA-0037-9000 | IM-WA-0037-9001
Kilmartin, Peter F. (Rhode Island) show/hide docs
IM-WA-0037-0001
Kirshon, Ilona (Delaware) show/hide docs
IM-WA-0037-0001 | IM-WA-0037-9001
Lin, Megan (Washington) show/hide docs
IM-WA-0037-0001 | IM-WA-0037-9000 | IM-WA-0037-9001
Lyons, David J. (Delaware) show/hide docs
IM-WA-0037-0001
Madigan, Lisa (Illinois) show/hide docs
IM-WA-0037-0001
Maestas, Tania (New Mexico) show/hide docs
IM-WA-0037-0001 | IM-WA-0037-9001
Martin, Matthew J. (Illinois) show/hide docs
IM-WA-0037-0001 | IM-WA-0037-9001
McGuire, Matthew R. (Virginia) show/hide docs
IM-WA-0037-0001
Medoway, Melissa (New Jersey) show/hide docs
IM-WA-0037-9001
Melody, Colleen (Washington) show/hide docs
IM-WA-0037-0001 | IM-WA-0037-9000 | IM-WA-0037-9001
Miller, Thomas J. (Iowa) show/hide docs
IM-WA-0037-0001
Nadeau, Genevieve (Massachusetts) show/hide docs
IM-WA-0037-0001 | IM-WA-0037-9001
Nannery, Valerie M (District of Columbia) show/hide docs
IM-WA-0037-0001 | IM-WA-0037-9001
Narasimhan, Sripriya (North Carolina) show/hide docs
IM-WA-0037-0001
Newman, Michael L. (California) show/hide docs
IM-WA-0037-0001
Palma-Solana, Vilma R (California) show/hide docs
IM-WA-0037-9001
Park, Ryan Y. (North Carolina) show/hide docs
IM-WA-0037-0001
Purcell, Noah Guzzo (Washington) show/hide docs
IM-WA-0037-0001 | IM-WA-0037-9000 | IM-WA-0037-9001
Racine, Karl A. (District of Columbia) show/hide docs
IM-WA-0037-0001
Reyneveld, Sarah M (Washington) show/hide docs
IM-WA-0037-9001
Roach, Adam D. (Rhode Island) show/hide docs
IM-WA-0037-0001
Rosado, Lourdes Maria (New York) show/hide docs
IM-WA-0037-0001
Roseman, Krenice M. (Illinois) show/hide docs
IM-WA-0037-0001
Rosenblum, Ellen F. (Oregon) show/hide docs
IM-WA-0037-0001
Shapiro, Joshua D. (Pennsylvania) show/hide docs
IM-WA-0037-0001
Singh, Jasleen K (California) show/hide docs
IM-WA-0037-9001
Slager, Susan E. (California) show/hide docs
IM-WA-0037-0001
Snyder, Adam Dean (Maryland) show/hide docs
IM-WA-0037-0001 | IM-WA-0037-9001
Stein, Josh (North Carolina) show/hide docs
IM-WA-0037-0001
Swanson, Lori (Minnesota) show/hide docs
IM-WA-0037-0001
Tabbert, Leah (Minnesota) show/hide docs
IM-WA-0037-9001
Taylor, Abigail B. (Massachusetts) show/hide docs
IM-WA-0037-0001 | IM-WA-0037-9001
Thompson, Julio A. (Vermont) show/hide docs
IM-WA-0037-0001
Toson, Lilia (New York) show/hide docs
IM-WA-0037-0001
Trasande, Nancy Milagros (New York) show/hide docs
IM-WA-0037-9001
Underwood, Barbara D. (New York) show/hide docs
IM-WA-0037-0001
VanDam, Jeff (Illinois) show/hide docs
IM-WA-0037-0001 | IM-WA-0037-9001
Witherspoon, Jeanne (Illinois) show/hide docs
IM-WA-0037-0001
Defendant's Lawyers Fabian, Sarah B. (District of Columbia) show/hide docs
IM-WA-0037-9001
Flentje, August E. (District of Columbia) show/hide docs
IM-WA-0037-9001
Gray, Kathryne M. (District of Columbia) show/hide docs
IM-WA-0037-9001
Murley, Nicole N. (District of Columbia) show/hide docs
IM-WA-0037-9000 | IM-WA-0037-9001
Press, Joshua S. (District of Columbia) show/hide docs
IM-WA-0037-9001

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