University of Michigan Law School
Civil Rights Litigation Clearinghouse
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Case Name Flores v. Stanford CJ-NY-0014
Docket / Court 7:18-cv-02468 ( S.D.N.Y. )
State/Territory New York
Case Type(s) Criminal Justice (Other)
Case Summary
On March 20, 2018, several inmates filed a class action lawsuit in the U.S. District Court for the Southern District of New York. The plaintiffs sued the Commissioners of the New York State Board of Parole under 42 U.S.C §1983. The plaintiffs, represented by private counsel, claimed the New York ... read more >
On March 20, 2018, several inmates filed a class action lawsuit in the U.S. District Court for the Southern District of New York. The plaintiffs sued the Commissioners of the New York State Board of Parole under 42 U.S.C §1983. The plaintiffs, represented by private counsel, claimed the New York State Board of Parole violated their Eighth and Fourteenth Amendment rights by repeatedly denying their parole applications. The plaintiffs sought declaratory and injunctive relief. The case was assigned to Judge Vincent L. Briccetti.

Specifically, the complaint alleged repeated instances where individual plaintiffs who were sentenced to prison for crimes committed as juveniles were denied parole arbitrarily. The complaint alleged that the New York State Board of Parole cherry-picked instances of misconduct to justify denying parole instead of reviewing parole applications holistically. In one instance, the Board allegedly relied on a single misbehavior from twenty years ago as a reason to deny parole to an inmate. This denial occurred even though the inmate had earned a master's degree while incarcerated, had been commended by local prison officials for helping to rehabilitate other prisoners, had low likelihood of recidivism, and had no instances of misconduct while in prison. The impact of these denials was that inmates, who had been sentenced for varying ranges of time, had their sentences extended beyond when they were supposed to be paroled.

On March 23, 2018, plaintiffs filed a motion to certify their class for the lawsuit. Judge Briccetti denied their motion without prejudice on April 26, 2018, as being premature. Plaintiffs filed a motion for preliminary injunction seeking to force the commissioners to review all of the application materials for an upcoming May Parole hearing on April 19, 2018. Judge Briccetti denied the motion and gave his reasoning verbally at a May 15 hearing.

On June 22, 2018, defendants filed a motion to dismiss for failure to state a claim upon which relief can be granted and on qualified immunity grounds. Shortly afterwards, the court, on its own motion, allowed plaintiffs to file an amended complaint, which was filed on July 18. This amended complaint added six more named plaintiffs. On August 3, 2018, defendants filed a motion to dismiss the second amended complaint and filed their briefs on the matter during the end of November 2018. The court has yet to rule on the motion to dismiss.

Raul Noguera-McElroy - 02/01/2019


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Issues and Causes of Action
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Issues
Constitutional Clause
Cruel and Unusual Punishment
Due Process
Defendant-type
Corrections
Jurisdiction-wide
General
Juveniles
Parole grant/revocation
Plaintiff Type
State Plaintiff
Causes of Action 42 U.S.C. § 1983
Defendant(s) Chairwoman of the New York State Board of Parole
Plaintiff Description Plaintiffs are inmates in the state of New York who are filing a class action for being arbitrarily denied parole by the New York State Board of Parole.
Class action status sought Yes
Class action status granted No
Filed Pro Se No
Prevailing Party None Yet / None
Public Int. Lawyer No
Nature of Relief None yet
Source of Relief Litigation
Filing Year 2018
Case Ongoing Yes
Docket(s)
7:18-cv-02468 (S.D.N.Y.)
CJ-NY-0014-9000.pdf | Detail
Date: 03/20/2018
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
General Documents
Complaint [ECF# 1]
CJ-NY-0014-0001.pdf | Detail
Date: 03/20/2018
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Order Denying Preliminary Injunction [ECF# 89] (S.D.N.Y.)
CJ-NY-0014-0002.pdf | Detail
Date: 05/15/2018
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Second Amended Complaint [ECF# 110]
CJ-NY-0014-0003.pdf | Detail
Date: 09/25/2018
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Judges Briccetti, Vincent Louis (S.D.N.Y.)
CJ-NY-0014-0002 | CJ-NY-0014-9000
Plaintiff's Lawyers Gilbert, Avery Phillips (New York)
CJ-NY-0014-0001 | CJ-NY-0014-0003 | CJ-NY-0014-9000
Hernandez, Damaris (New York)
CJ-NY-0014-0001 | CJ-NY-0014-0003 | CJ-NY-0014-9000
Kohler−Hausmann, Issa (Connecticut)
CJ-NY-0014-0001 | CJ-NY-0014-0003 | CJ-NY-0014-9000
Ryan, Antony L. (New York)
CJ-NY-0014-0003 | CJ-NY-0014-9000
Defendant's Lawyers Harben, Jeb (New York)
CJ-NY-0014-9000
Stabile, Daniel T. (New York)
CJ-NY-0014-9000

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