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Civil Rights Litigation Clearinghouse
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Case Name Calderon Jimenez v. Nielsen IM-MA-0015
Docket / Court 1:18-cv-10225-MLW ( D. Mass. )
State/Territory Massachusetts
Case Type(s) Immigration and/or the Border
Attorney Organization ACLU Chapters (any)
Case Summary
On February 5, 2018, an undocumented immigrant who was married to a U.S. citizen filed this suit in the U.S. District Court for the District of Massachusetts. The case was assigned to Judge Mark L. Wolf. The plaintiff sued the United States and Suffolk County under 28 U.S.C. §§ 2241, the ... read more >
On February 5, 2018, an undocumented immigrant who was married to a U.S. citizen filed this suit in the U.S. District Court for the District of Massachusetts. The case was assigned to Judge Mark L. Wolf. The plaintiff sued the United States and Suffolk County under 28 U.S.C. §§ 2241, the Administrative Procedure Act (APA), and the Immigration and Nationality Act (INA). The plaintiff had been unexpectedly arrested by Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) in January 2018 after going to an interview with her husband as part of the process of her becoming a lawful permanent resident. She was now being detained, without having had notice or a hearing, and in danger of being deported under a 2002 removal order. In addition to claiming that ICE’s actions violated the INA and APA, the plaintiff alleged that her arrest and detainment violated her due process rights under the Fourteenth Amendment. The plaintiff, represented by the American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU) of Massachusetts and private counsel, sought habeas and injunctive relief.

On February 6, 2018, the court ordered the parties to meet and attempt to settle the dispute by February 12. The parties met but were unable to reach an agreement. On February 13, 2018, the defendants released the plaintiff from custody, granted her a three-month stay of removal, and filed a motion for an extension of time to respond to the complaint. With the plaintiff released, the defendants stated that they planned to have the case dismissed for mootness.

Judge Wolf was not convinced that the defendants’ compliance with the plaintiff’s demands actually mooted the case because the court could not be sure that the defendants would not simply arrest plaintiff again if the case were closed. On February 15, the court granted the motion for an extension of time. However, it also ordered that the parties confer again to discuss what, if anything, needed to be litigated and that the defendants file an affidavit that contained details surrounding the plaintiff’s detainment and release.

On March 27, 2018, the defendants filed a motion to dismiss, claiming that the case was now moot and that the plaintiff had no due process right to stay in the United States while she sought permanent resident status.

April 10, 2018, the plaintiff filed an amended complaint, adding her husband and four other couples, each made up of one U.S. citizen and one non-citizen immigrant in danger of removal. The five couples sought injunctive relief on behalf of a class of all couples like them. They also asked that one plaintiff, who was currently detained by ICE, be released or granted habeas relief. In response, the defendants filed a motion to dismiss on April 23 with similar arguments as their motion to dismiss the initial complaint.

On April 30, 2018, the plaintiffs moved for class certification. The proposed class would consist of any U.S. citizen and his or her noncitizen spouse who (1) had a final order of removal and had not been departed from the U.S. under that order; (2) was the beneficiary of a pending or approved I-130, Petition for Alien Relative, filed by the U.S. citizen spouse; (3) was not “ineligible” for a provisional waiver under 8 C.F.R. § 212.7(e)(4)(i) or (vi); and (4) was within the jurisdiction of Boston ICE-ERO field office.

On May 8, 2018, during a hearing, the court ruled that the one detained plaintiff was being held unconstitutionally. On June 11, the court issued an order granting habeas relief, holding that the court should decide whether she should be detained. The order did not any any other issues pending in the case.

The June 11 order was the most recent entry in the docket as of June 2018. The case is ongoing.

Rebecca Strauss - 06/14/2018


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Issues and Causes of Action
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Issues
Constitutional Clause
Due Process
Content of Injunction
Preliminary relief granted
Defendant-type
Jurisdiction-wide
Discrimination-basis
Immigration status
General
Confinement/isolation
Family reunification
Habeas Corpus
Marriage
Over/Unlawful Detention
Placement in detention facilities
Immigration/Border
Asylum - criteria
Asylum - procedure
Deportation - criteria
Deportation - procedure
Detention - criteria
Detention - procedures
Family
ICE/DHS/INS raid
Immigration lawyers
Status/Classification
U.S. citizenship - acquiring
Plaintiff Type
Private Plaintiff
Special Case Type
Habeas
Causes of Action Administrative Procedure Act, 5 U.S.C. §§ 551 et seq.
Habeas Corpus, 28 U.S.C. §§ 2241-2253; 2254; 2255
Immigration and Nationality Act (INA), 8 U.S.C. §§ 1101 et seq.
Defendant(s) Suffolk County
United States of America
Plaintiff Description Five married couples, each of which was made up of one U.S. citizen and one noncitizen immigrant
Indexed Lawyer Organizations ACLU Chapters (any)
Class action status sought Yes
Class action status granted Pending
Filed Pro Se No
Prevailing Party Plaintiff
Public Int. Lawyer Yes
Nature of Relief Habeas relief
Source of Relief Litigation
Filing Year 2018
Case Ongoing Yes
Docket(s)
1:18-cv-10225 (D. Mass.)
IM-MA-0015-9000.pdf | Detail
Date: 06/11/2018
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
General Documents
Petition for Writ of Habeas Corpus Under 28 U.S.C. § 2241 [ECF# 1]
IM-MA-0015-0002.pdf | Detail
Date: 02/05/2018
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Memorandum and Order [ECF# 17] (2018 WL 910716) (D. Mass.)
IM-MA-0015-0003.pdf | WESTLAW | Detail
Date: 02/15/2018
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Amended Class Action Complaint and Petition for Writ of Habeas Corpus Under 28 U.S.C. § 2241 [ECF# 27]
IM-MA-0015-0001.pdf | Detail
Date: 04/10/2018
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Memorandum and Order [ECF# 95] (2018 WL 2899733) (D. Mass.)
IM-MA-0015-0004.pdf | WESTLAW | Detail
Date: 06/11/2018
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Judges Wolf, Mark Lawrence (D. Mass.)
IM-MA-0015-0003 | IM-MA-0015-0004 | IM-MA-0015-9000
Plaintiff's Lawyers Cox, Jonathan A. (Massachusetts)
IM-MA-0015-0001 | IM-MA-0015-9000
Gillespie, Kathleen M. (Massachusetts)
IM-MA-0015-0001 | IM-MA-0015-9000
Lafaille, Adriana (Massachusetts)
IM-MA-0015-0001 | IM-MA-0015-0002 | IM-MA-0015-9000
McCullough, Colleen M. (Massachusetts)
IM-MA-0015-9000
Provazza, Stephen Nicholas (Massachusetts)
IM-MA-0015-0001 | IM-MA-0015-9000
Prussia, Kevin S. (Massachusetts)
IM-MA-0015-0001 | IM-MA-0015-9000
Segal, Matthew (Massachusetts)
IM-MA-0015-0001 | IM-MA-0015-0002 | IM-MA-0015-9000
Sewall, Michaela P. (Massachusetts)
IM-MA-0015-9000
Defendant's Lawyers Larakers, Mary (District of Columbia)
IM-MA-0015-9000
Piemonte-Stacy, Eve (Massachusetts)
IM-MA-0015-9000
Weintraub, J. Max (District of Columbia)
IM-MA-0015-9000

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