University of Michigan Law School
Civil Rights Litigation Clearinghouse
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Case Name Dallas County v. Student Non-Violent Coordinating Committee VR-AL-0265
Docket / Court 3388-64 ( S.D. Ala. )
State/Territory Alabama
Case Type(s) Election/Voting Rights
Special Collection Selma and early civil rights enforcement
Attorney Organization NAACP Legal Defense Fund
Case Summary
This case is part of the Clearinghouse Special Collection on the events and litigation leading up to and surrounding the famous Selma-to-Montgomery marches of 1965.

Prior to this suit, pro-segregation Judge Albert Hare of Alabama's state court for Dallas County, where Selma was located, ... read more >
This case is part of the Clearinghouse Special Collection on the events and litigation leading up to and surrounding the famous Selma-to-Montgomery marches of 1965.

Prior to this suit, pro-segregation Judge Albert Hare of Alabama's state court for Dallas County, where Selma was located, issued an injunction on July 9, 1964 effectively making it unlawful to conduct large public protests or gather to discuss and plan civil rights activism. Specifically, the injunction made the following activities unlawful: (1) assembly of three or more people in a public place for the purposes of discussing "violation of law" or that otherwise impaired the use of roads, (2) meetings or activities intended to impede or obstruct "the administration of justice or the orderly function of government," (3) activities intended to impede law enforcement officials from exercising their duties, and (4) conduct otherwise against law enforcement officers. The injunction thus made it difficult for civil rights activists and organizations to continue to conduct their activities in Selma.

The injunction was issued after officials from Dallas County and the City of Selma initiated the proceedings against various civil rights organizations and activists, including the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC), the Southern Christian Leadership Council (SCLC), and the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP). State officials sought an injunction in state court based on a complaint and exhibits shown to Judge Hare but never actually filed.

On July 13, 1964, the civil rights entities removed the injunction to the U.S. District Court for the Southern District of Alabama. There, they moved to dissolve the injunction while the state officials moved to remand the case back to state court. The civil rights entities argued that the injunction violated the Civil Rights Act, as well as the First, Fifth, and Fourteenth Amendments. The federal court denied remand and dissolved the injunction on April 16, 1965.

The case is closed. We have limited access to case records and information, and we will update this page if more become available.

Virginia Weeks - 04/14/2018


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Issues and Causes of Action
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Issues
Constitutional Clause
Due Process
Equal Protection
Right to travel
Discrimination-basis
Race discrimination
General
Test or device
Voting
Voting access
Plaintiff Type
State Plaintiff
Race
Black
Voting
Election administration
Voter qualifications
Voter registration rules
Causes of Action Civil Rights Act of 1957/1960, 42 U.S.C. § 1971
Defendant(s) National Association for the Advancement of Colored People
Southern Christian Leadership Conference
Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee
Plaintiff Description Civil rights organizations and activitists
Indexed Lawyer Organizations NAACP Legal Defense Fund
Class action status sought No
Class action status granted No
Filed Pro Se No
Prevailing Party Defendant
Public Int. Lawyer Yes
Nature of Relief Injunction dissolved
Source of Relief Litigation
Order Duration 1964 - 1965
Filing Year 1964
Case Closing Year 1965
Case Ongoing No
Docket(s)
3388-64 (S.D. Ala.)
VR-AL-0265-9000.pdf | Detail
Date: 04/19/1965
General Documents
No documents currently in the collection
Plaintiff's Lawyers Gayle, T. G. (Alabama)
VR-AL-0265-9000
McLeod, Blanchard (Alabama)
VR-AL-0265-9000
Pitts, W. McLean (Alabama)
VR-AL-0265-9000
Smith, Royal Randolph (Alabama)
VR-AL-0265-9000
Wilkinson, J. E. Jr. (Alabama)
VR-AL-0265-9000
Defendant's Lawyers Aronson, Henry M. (Connecticut)
VR-AL-0265-9000
Eskridge, Chauncey (Illinois)
VR-AL-0265-9000
Greenberg, Jack (New York)
VR-AL-0265-9000
Hall, Peter A. (Alabama)
VR-AL-0265-9000

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