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Case Name Communities United v. Chicago PN-IL-0023
Docket / Court 1:17-cv-07151 ( N.D. Ill. )
State/Territory Illinois
Case Type(s) Policing
Attorney Organization ACLU Chapters (any)
Case Summary
On October 4, 2017, five organizations serving Black and Latino communities in Chicago (the ACLU of Illinois, Communities United, Community Renewal Society, Next Steps, and ONE Northside), filed this lawsuit in the United States Northern District of Illinois. The plaintiffs sued the City of Chicago ... read more >
On October 4, 2017, five organizations serving Black and Latino communities in Chicago (the ACLU of Illinois, Communities United, Community Renewal Society, Next Steps, and ONE Northside), filed this lawsuit in the United States Northern District of Illinois. The plaintiffs sued the City of Chicago under 42 U.S.C. §1983, the Americans with Disabilities Act, Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act, and Illinois state law, seeking declaratory and injunctive relief. Based on findings from a Department of Justice investigation, the plaintiffs claimed that the Chicago Police Department engaged in a pattern and practice of unreasonable force, particularly against Black individuals, Latinos, and individuals with disabilities. Furthermore, the plaintiffs alleged that a lack of policy, guidance, and oversight of foot pursuits continued to encourage the unnecessary use of force. They argued that these practices violated the Fourth and Fourteenth Amendments to the United States Constitution, the ADA, the Rehabilitation Act, and the Illinois Civil Rights Law.

This lawsuit resulted from a Department of Justice investigation that was opened in 2015 and that concluded with a published report in January 2017. The investigation's purpose was to determine if the Chicago Police Department was engaging in a pattern or practice of unlawful conduct and, if so, what systemic deficiencies or practices might be causing this pattern or practice. The investigation was jointly conducted by the Civil Rights Division, Special Litigation Section, and the United States Attorney for the Northern District of Illinois.

The investigation was opened in the aftermath of the release of a video showing a White Chicago officer fatally shooting a Black teenager, Laquan McDonald, that caused protests around the city. Relatedly, Chicago experienced a surge in shootings and homicides in the year following the killing. According to the report, ninety-six percent of CPD’s shooting victims and 97% of those tased were Black or Latino. People with disabilities were acutely affected. This included individuals with mental illness or intellectual or developmental disabilities, and also deaf individuals. Black and Latino people with disabilities face an overwhelming risk. The investigation concluded that CPD officers were inadequately trained and did not know how to de-escalate situations.

The case was assigned to Elaine Bucklo. On January 24, 2018, the defendants filed a motion to dismiss, claiming that the court lacked subject matter jurisdiction to hear the case, that the claims were moot because the defendants had changed their policies, and that the plaintiffs had failed to state a claim on which relief could be granted. Judge Bucklo has yet to rule on the motion, and the parties have continued to engage in discovery.


Nili Blanck - 05/14/2018


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Issues and Causes of Action
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Issues
Constitutional Clause
Unreasonable search and seizure
Defendant-type
Law-enforcement
Disability
disability, unspecified
Discrimination-basis
Disability (inc. reasonable accommodations)
Race discrimination
General
Aggressive behavior
Assault/abuse by staff
Disparate Impact
Disparate Treatment
Excessive force
Failure to discipline
Failure to supervise
Failure to train
Improper treatment of mentally ill suspects
Inadequate citizen complaint investigations and procedures
Incident/accident reporting & investigations
Juveniles
Over/Unlawful Detention
Pattern or Practice
Racial profiling
Search policies
Mental Disability
Mental Illness, Unspecified
National Origin/Ethnicity
Hispanic
Plaintiff Type
Non-profit NON-religious organization
Race
Black
Causes of Action 42 U.S.C. § 1983
Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA), 42 U.S.C. §§ 12111 et seq.
State law
Defendant(s) City of Chicago
Plaintiff Description Organizations serving and representing Black and Latino communities in Chicago.
Indexed Lawyer Organizations ACLU Chapters (any)
Class action status sought No
Class action status granted No
Filed Pro Se No
Prevailing Party None Yet / None
Public Int. Lawyer Yes
Nature of Relief None yet
Source of Relief None yet
Filing Year 2017
Case Ongoing Yes
Docket(s)
1:17-cv-7151 (N.D. Ill.)
PN-IL-0023-9000.pdf | Detail
Date: 07/23/2018
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
General Documents
Complaint [ECF# 1]
PN-IL-0023-0001.pdf | Detail
Date: 10/04/2017
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Investigation of the Chicago Police Department [ECF# 1-1]
PN-IL-0023-0002.pdf | Detail
Date: 10/04/2017
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Amended Complaint [ECF# 28]
PN-IL-0023-0003.pdf | Detail
Date: 11/28/2017
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Judges Bucklo, Elaine E. (N.D. Ill.)
PN-IL-0023-9000
Plaintiff's Lawyers Antholt, Amanda C. (Illinois)
PN-IL-0023-0001 | PN-IL-0023-0003 | PN-IL-0023-9000
Bennett, Allyson Roz (California)
PN-IL-0023-9000
Krelkamp, Jacob Samuel (California)
PN-IL-0023-9000
Miller, Laura J. (Illinois)
PN-IL-0023-0001 | PN-IL-0023-0003 | PN-IL-0023-9000
Miller, Lindsay Stark (Illinois)
PN-IL-0023-0001 | PN-IL-0023-0003 | PN-IL-0023-9000
Murphy, Rachel Yayoi (Illinois)
PN-IL-0023-0001 | PN-IL-0023-0003 | PN-IL-0023-9000
Muse, Kathryn Hunt (Illinois)
PN-IL-0023-0001 | PN-IL-0023-0003 | PN-IL-0023-9000
Phillips, Bradley S. (California)
PN-IL-0023-9000
Sheley, Karen A (Illinois)
PN-IL-0023-0001 | PN-IL-0023-0003 | PN-IL-0023-9000
Taylor, Barry Charlton (Illinois)
PN-IL-0023-0001 | PN-IL-0023-0003 | PN-IL-0023-9000
Defendant's Lawyers Babbitt, Elizabeth Erin (Illinois)
PN-IL-0023-9000
Jackson, Heather Ann (Illinois)
PN-IL-0023-9000
Schaller, Rachel L. (Illinois)
PN-IL-0023-9000
Schieber, Jeffrey M (Illinois)
PN-IL-0023-9000
Slagel, Allan T. (Illinois)
PN-IL-0023-9000

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