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Case Name Universal Muslim Association of America v. Trump IM-DC-0027
Docket / Court 1:17-cv-00537 ( D.D.C. )
State/Territory District of Columbia
Case Type(s) Immigration and/or the Border
Special Collection Civil Rights Challenges to Trump Refugee/Visa Order
Case Summary
On March 24, 2017, the Universal Muslim Association of America (UMAA) and two individual Yemenis filed this lawsuit against President Donald Trump in a challenge to his Mar. 6, 2017 Executive Order (EO) barring legal immigrants and refugees from seven majority-Muslim countries from entering the US ... read more >
On March 24, 2017, the Universal Muslim Association of America (UMAA) and two individual Yemenis filed this lawsuit against President Donald Trump in a challenge to his Mar. 6, 2017 Executive Order (EO) barring legal immigrants and refugees from seven majority-Muslim countries from entering the US and barring Syrian refugees indefinitely. The complaint sought declaratory and injunctive relief, arguing that the EO subjected the plaintiffs and all Muslims residing in the U.S. to "hostile treatment under the law and...stigma upon them based on their religious affiliation." The complaint was filed in the United States District Court for the District of Columbia. Additionally, the plaintiffs filed a motion for a temporary restraining order and preliminary injunction in conjunction with the complaint.

Specifically, the complaint argued that the EO--which was a second, narrower version of an EO previously issued on the same topic, but rescinded under court pressure by the President--discriminated on the basis of religion and national origin, in violation of the First Amendment Establishment Clause and Fifth Amendment equal protection rights. UMAA further argued that the EO violated the First Amendment Free Speech clause, the Immigration and Nationality Act, and the Administrative Procedure Act.

According to the complaint, the Universal Muslim Association of America is a nonprofit organization whose membership constitutes the largest organization of Shi'a Muslims in the U.S. UMAA seeks to build mutual understanding between Shi'a Muslims and their fellow Americans, while encouraging its members to be active in their communities. The EO prevented the organization from conducting its activities. Specifically, UMAA complained it was unable to bring speakers and paying attendees from abroad for its upcoming national convention. Moreover, UMAA's members were harmed in various ways, including in their ability to visit their countries of origin or obtain visas for their family members living in one of the nations targeted by the EO.

The two individual plaintiffs were Yemeni nationals residing in the U.S. under asylum status. In the wake of civil war in Yemen resulting in tens of thousands of deaths, the plaintiffs, who are a family, came to the U.S. on visas. However, they could not afford to bring two of their five children. While in the U.S., the plaintiffs applied for visas for their two children, who fled to Djibouti for safety while awaiting their visa interviews. Without further financing, the children will be forced to return to Yemen in the absence of visas.

The case was assigned to Judge Tanya S. Chutkan and marked as related to Pars Equality Center v. Trump (No. 1:17-cv-00255).

The plaintiffs filed an amended complaint on Apr. 11.

Judge Chutkan heard evidence and argument on the preliminary injunction between April 18 and 21. After additional briefing, on May 11, Judge Chutkan stayed resolution of plaintiffs' motion for a preliminary injunction. The court found that plaintiffs could not show that they faced irreparable harm, citing the two nationwide injunctions that are currently in effect from two separate cases, available here and here. However, on Jun. 2, the government filed an emergency motion to stay the proceedings pending Supreme Court review of those two cases. The court granted the motion to stay and denied without prejudice the motion for PI on Jun. 20, arguing that in light of the "substantial overlap between the legal issues present here and those that the Supreme Court," the stay is "the most appropriate path for conserving the court’s resources and adjudicating these cases in the most efficient manner possible."

Meanwhile, on May 1, the two doe plaintiffs voluntarily dismissed their claims. However, the dismissal only applied to those two plaintiffs and did not affect Universal Muslim's pending claim.

The case is ongoing, though currently stayed.

Virginia Weeks - 03/27/2017
Virginia Weeks - 06/21/2017
Jamie Kessler - 05/12/2017


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Issues and Causes of Action
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Issues
Constitutional Clause
Equal Protection
Establishment Clause
Freedom of speech/association
Discrimination-basis
Immigration status
National origin discrimination
Religion discrimination
General
Disparate Treatment
Family reunification
Terrorism/Post 9-11 issues
Immigration/Border
Admission - criteria
Admission - procedure
Asylum - criteria
Asylum - procedure
Constitutional rights
Family
Temporary visitors
Visas - criteria
Visas - procedures
National Origin/Ethnicity
Arab/Afgani/Middle Eastern
Plaintiff Type
Non-profit religious organization
Private Plaintiff
Causes of Action Administrative Procedure Act, 5 U.S.C. §§ 551 et seq.
Declaratory Judgment Act, 28 U.S.C. § 2201
Immigration and Nationality Act (INA), 8 U.S.C. §§ 1101 et seq.
Defendant(s) United States
Plaintiff Description Universal Muslim Association of America and two Yemeni nationals residing in the U.S. under asylum status
Class action status sought No
Class action status granted No
Prevailing Party None Yet / None
Public Int. Lawyer No
Nature of Relief None yet
Source of Relief None yet
Form of Settlement Voluntary Dismissal
Case Ongoing Yes
Case Listing IM-DC-0026 : Pars Equality Center v. Trump (D.D.C.)
Additional Resources
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  Presidential Executive Order on Resuming the United States Refugee Admissions Program with Enhanced Vetting Capabilities
White House
Date: Oct. 24, 2017
By: United States (United States)
[ Detail ] [ External Link ]

  Presidential Proclamation Enhancing Vetting Capabilities and Processes for Detecting Attempted Entry Into the United States by Terrorists or Other Public-Safety Threats
www.whitehouse.gov
Date: Sep. 24, 2017
By: President Donald Trump (Office of the President)
[ Detail ] [ External Link ]

  Implementing Executive Order 13780 Following Supreme Court Ruling -- Guidance to Visa-Adjudicating Posts
Reuters
Date: Jun. 28, 2017
By: U.S. Department of State
[ Detail ] [ PDF ] [ External Link ]

  Presidential Memorandum for the Secretary of State, the Attorney General, the Secretary of Homeland Security, and the Director of National Intelligence
The White House
Date: Jun. 14, 2017
By: Donald Trump (White House)
[ Detail ] [ External Link ]

  Executive Order Protecting The Nation From Foreign Terrorist Entry Into The United States
Date: Mar. 6, 2017
By: President Donald Trump (President of the United States)
[ Detail ] [ External Link ]

  Memorandum to the Acting Secretary of State, the Acting Attorney General, and the Secretary of Homeland Security
The White House
Date: Feb. 1, 2017
By: Donald F. McGahn II, Counsel to the President (The White House)
[ Detail ] [ PDF ] [ External Link ]

  Statement by Acting Attorney General Sally Yates
https://www.nytimes.com/
Date: 1/30/2017
By: Acting Attorney General Sally Yates (Department of Justice)
[ Detail ] [ PDF ] [ External Link ]

  Statement By Secretary John Kelly on the Entry of Lawful Permanent Residents into the United States
https://www.dhs.gov/
Date: 1/29/2017
By: DHS Secretary John Kelly (Department of Homeland Security)
Citation: https://www.dhs.gov/news/2017/01/29/statement-secretary-john-kelly-entry-lawful-permanent-residents-united-states
[ Detail ] [ PDF ] [ External Link ]

  OLC Memo Re: Proposed Executive Order Entitled "Protecting the Nation from Foreign Terrorist Entry into the United States"
Date: Jan. 27, 2017
By: Curtis Gannon (U.S. Department of Justice, Office of Legal Counsel)
[ Detail ] [ PDF ] [ External Link ]

  Executive Order: Protecting the Nation from Foreign Terrorist Entry into the United States
Federal Register
Date: Jan. 27, 2017
By: President Donald Trump (Office of the President)
[ Detail ] [ PDF ] [ External Link ]

  SUMMARY:The Nationwide Perez-Fuñez Permanent Injunction Provisions for Unaccompanied Children in DHS Custody
www.nilc.org
Date: June 2014
By: National Immigration Law Center (National Immigration Law Center)
[ Detail ] [ External Link ]

Docket(s)
1:17-cv-537 (D.D.C.)
IM-DC-0027-9000.pdf | Detail
Date: 06/20/2017
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
General Documents
Notice of Designation of Related Civil Cases Pending in This or Any Other United States Court [ECF# 12]
IM-DC-0027-0009.pdf | Detail
Date: 03/24/2017
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Complaint for Declaratory and Injunctive Relief
IM-DC-0027-0001.pdf | External Link | Detail
Date: 03/27/2017
Plaintiffs' Motion for a Temporary Restraining Order and Preliminary Injunction [ECF# 11]
IM-DC-0027-0008.pdf | Detail
Date: 03/27/2017
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Defendants' Memorandum of Law in Opposition to Plaintiffs' Motion for Preliminary Injunction [ECF# 31]
IM-DC-0027-0011.pdf | Detail
Date: 04/10/2017
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Amended Complaint for Declaratory and Injunctive Relief [ECF# 32]
IM-DC-0027-0012.pdf | Detail
Date: 04/11/2017
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Declaration of David J. Weiner in Support of Plaintiffs' Complaint for Declaratory and Injunctive Relief and Motion for Temporary Restraining Order and Preliminary Injunction [ECF# 33]
IM-DC-0027-0013.pdf | Detail
Date: 04/11/2017
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Declaration of David J. Weiner in Support of Plaintiffs' Complaint for Declaratory and Injunctive Relief and Motion for Temporary Restraining Order and Preliminary Injunction [ECF# 34]
IM-DC-0027-0014.pdf | Detail
Date: 04/11/2017
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Declaration of David J. Weiner in Support of Plaintiffs' Complaint for Declaratory and Injunctive Relief and Motion for Temporary Restraining Order and Preliminary Injunction [ECF# 35]
IM-DC-0027-0015.pdf | Detail
Date: 04/11/2017
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Declaration of Professor Lila Abu-Lughod [ECF# 36]
IM-DC-0027-0016.pdf | Detail
Date: 04/11/2017
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Reply Memorandum in Support of Plaintiffs' Motion for Preliminary Injunction [ECF# 38]
IM-DC-0027-0017.pdf | Detail
Date: 04/17/2017
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Supplemental Declaration of the Universal Muslim Association of America, Inc. in Support of the Plaintiffs' Motion for a Preliminary Injunction [ECF# 41]
IM-DC-0027-0019.pdf | Detail
Date: 04/18/2017
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Plaintiffs' Joint Supplemental Brief in Support of Motions for Preliminary Injunction [ECF# 42]
IM-DC-0027-0020.pdf | Detail
Date: 04/27/2017
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Doe Plaintiffs' Notice of Voluntary Dismissal [ECF# 44]
IM-DC-0027-0021.pdf | Detail
Date: 05/01/2017
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Defendants' Response to Plaintiffs' Joint Supplemental Brief Regarding Preliminary Relief [ECF# 45]
IM-DC-0027-0022.pdf | Detail
Date: 05/02/2017
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Order of Partial Dismissal [ECF# 46] (D.D.C.)
IM-DC-0027-0023.pdf | Detail
Date: 05/03/2017
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Plaintiffs' Joint Supplemental Reply Brief in Support of Motions for Preliminary Injunction [ECF# 47]
IM-DC-0027-0024.pdf | Detail
Date: 05/05/2017
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Order [Temporarily Staying Resolution of Plaintiffs' Motion for Preliminary Injunction [ECF# 48] (D.D.C.)
IM-DC-0027-0025.pdf | Detail
Date: 05/11/2017
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Defendants' Emergency Motion to Stay Proceedings Pending Supreme Court Review [ECF# 51]
IM-DC-0027-0026.pdf | Detail
Date: 06/02/2017
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Plaintiffs' Opposition to Defendants' Emergency Motion to Stay Proceedings Pending Supreme Court Review [ECF# 52]
IM-DC-0027-0027.pdf | Detail
Date: 06/07/2017
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Defendants' Consolidated Reply Memorandum in Support of Emergency Motion to Stay Proceedings Pending Supreme Court Review [ECF# 53]
IM-DC-0027-0028.pdf | Detail
Date: 06/14/2017
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Order [granting motions to stay proceedings] [ECF# 54] (D.D.C.)
IM-DC-0027-0029.pdf | Detail
Date: 06/20/2017
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Judges Chutkan, Tanya Sue (D.D.C.)
IM-DC-0027-0023 | IM-DC-0027-0025 | IM-DC-0027-0029 | IM-DC-0027-9000
Plaintiff's Lawyers Bergman, Andrew D. (Texas)
IM-DC-0027-0001 | IM-DC-0027-0008 | IM-DC-0027-0012 | IM-DC-0027-0017 | IM-DC-0027-0020 | IM-DC-0027-0021 | IM-DC-0027-0027 | IM-DC-0027-9000
Blanchard, Charles (Arizona)
IM-DC-0027-0001 | IM-DC-0027-0008 | IM-DC-0027-0012 | IM-DC-0027-0017 | IM-DC-0027-0020 | IM-DC-0027-0021 | IM-DC-0027-0027 | IM-DC-0027-9000
Boyd, Adrienne D. (Colorado)
IM-DC-0027-0024
Clarke, Kristen M. (District of Columbia)
IM-DC-0027-0024
Dillingham, Emily Newhouse (Illinois)
IM-DC-0027-0001 | IM-DC-0027-0008 | IM-DC-0027-0012 | IM-DC-0027-0017 | IM-DC-0027-0020 | IM-DC-0027-0021 | IM-DC-0027-0027 | IM-DC-0027-9000
Freedman, John A. (District of Columbia)
IM-DC-0027-0020
Friedman, Amelia (District of Columbia)
IM-DC-0027-0024
Gelfand, Kimberly (New York)
IM-DC-0027-0001 | IM-DC-0027-0008 | IM-DC-0027-0012 | IM-DC-0027-0017
Gersch, David P. (District of Columbia)
IM-DC-0027-0020
Gillers, Gillian (Georgia)
IM-DC-0027-0001 | IM-DC-0027-0008 | IM-DC-0027-0012 | IM-DC-0027-0017 | IM-DC-0027-0021 | IM-DC-0027-0024 | IM-DC-0027-0027 | IM-DC-0027-9000
Girard, Bradley (District of Columbia)
IM-DC-0027-0001 | IM-DC-0027-0008 | IM-DC-0027-0012 | IM-DC-0027-0017 | IM-DC-0027-0021 | IM-DC-0027-0024 | IM-DC-0027-0027
Graunke, Kristi L. (Georgia)
IM-DC-0027-0001 | IM-DC-0027-0008 | IM-DC-0027-0012 | IM-DC-0027-0017 | IM-DC-0027-0021 | IM-DC-0027-0024 | IM-DC-0027-0027 | IM-DC-0027-9000
Greenbaum, Jon M. (District of Columbia)
IM-DC-0027-0024
Hu, Susan Shanke (New York)
IM-DC-0027-0020
Huq, Aziz (California)
IM-DC-0027-0008 | IM-DC-0027-0012 | IM-DC-0027-0017 | IM-DC-0027-0020 | IM-DC-0027-0021 | IM-DC-0027-0027 | IM-DC-0027-9000
Johnson, Amanda (District of Columbia)
IM-DC-0027-0008
Jones, Robert Stanton (District of Columbia)
IM-DC-0027-0020
Katskee, Richard B. (District of Columbia)
IM-DC-0027-0001 | IM-DC-0027-0008 | IM-DC-0027-0012 | IM-DC-0027-0017 | IM-DC-0027-0021 | IM-DC-0027-0024 | IM-DC-0027-0027
Mehri, Cyrus (District of Columbia)
IM-DC-0027-0024
Odell, Christopher M. (Texas)
IM-DC-0027-0020
Pei, Sally L. (District of Columbia)
IM-DC-0027-0020
Perkins, Nancy L. (District of Columbia)
IM-DC-0027-0020
Schechter, Ronald A. (District of Columbia)
IM-DC-0027-0020
Sherwood, Amanda J. (District of Columbia)
IM-DC-0027-0012 | IM-DC-0027-0017 | IM-DC-0027-0020 | IM-DC-0027-0021 | IM-DC-0027-0027
Smith, Johnathan James (California)
IM-DC-0027-0001 | IM-DC-0027-0008 | IM-DC-0027-0012 | IM-DC-0027-0017 | IM-DC-0027-0020 | IM-DC-0027-0021 | IM-DC-0027-0027 | IM-DC-0027-9000
Tabriz, Sonia (District of Columbia)
IM-DC-0027-0020
Tsu, Naomi Ruth (Georgia)
IM-DC-0027-0001 | IM-DC-0027-0008 | IM-DC-0027-0012 | IM-DC-0027-0017 | IM-DC-0027-0021 | IM-DC-0027-0024 | IM-DC-0027-0027 | IM-DC-0027-9000
Wasik, Joanna K. (District of Columbia)
IM-DC-0027-0024
Weiner, Robert N. (District of Columbia)
IM-DC-0027-0020
Weiner, David J. (District of Columbia)
IM-DC-0027-0001 | IM-DC-0027-0008 | IM-DC-0027-0009 | IM-DC-0027-0012 | IM-DC-0027-0013 | IM-DC-0027-0014 | IM-DC-0027-0015 | IM-DC-0027-0017 | IM-DC-0027-0020 | IM-DC-0027-0021 | IM-DC-0027-0027 | IM-DC-0027-9000
Wirth, Stephen K. (District of Columbia)
IM-DC-0027-0020
Witten, Samuel (District of Columbia)
IM-DC-0027-0020
Defendant's Lawyers Bennett, Michelle Renee (District of Columbia)
IM-DC-0027-0011 | IM-DC-0027-0022 | IM-DC-0027-0026 | IM-DC-0027-0028
Garg, Arjun (District of Columbia)
IM-DC-0027-0011 | IM-DC-0027-0022 | IM-DC-0027-0028
Phillips, Channing D (District of Columbia)
IM-DC-0027-0011 | IM-DC-0027-0022 | IM-DC-0027-0026 | IM-DC-0027-0028
Readler, Chad A. (District of Columbia)
IM-DC-0027-0011 | IM-DC-0027-0022 | IM-DC-0027-0026 | IM-DC-0027-0028
Rosenberg, Brad P. (District of Columbia)
IM-DC-0027-0011 | IM-DC-0027-0022 | IM-DC-0027-0026 | IM-DC-0027-0028 | IM-DC-0027-9000
Schwei, Daniel (District of Columbia)
IM-DC-0027-0011 | IM-DC-0027-0022 | IM-DC-0027-0026 | IM-DC-0027-0028 | IM-DC-0027-9000
Tyler, John Russell (District of Columbia)
IM-DC-0027-0011 | IM-DC-0027-0022 | IM-DC-0027-0026 | IM-DC-0027-0028

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