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Case Name Universal Muslim Association of America v. Trump IM-DC-0027
Docket / Court 1:17-cv-00537 ( D.D.C. )
State/Territory District of Columbia
Case Type(s) Immigration and/or the Border
Special Collection Trump Travel Ban Challenges
Attorney Organization Muslim Advocates
Southern Poverty Law Center
Case Summary
On March 24, 2017, the Universal Muslim Association of America (UMAA) and two individual Yemenis filed this lawsuit in the U.S. District Court for the District of Columbia in a challenge to President Trump’s March 6, 2017, Executive Order barring legal immigrants and refugees from seven majority- ... read more >
On March 24, 2017, the Universal Muslim Association of America (UMAA) and two individual Yemenis filed this lawsuit in the U.S. District Court for the District of Columbia in a challenge to President Trump’s March 6, 2017, Executive Order barring legal immigrants and refugees from seven majority-Muslim countries from entering the US and barring Syrian refugees indefinitely. The March 6 order was the second of four 2017 executive orders issued by President Trump that placed restrictions on people who sought to travel from a number of majority Muslim countries into the U.S. and is referred to as EO-2 below and in other entries in this collection.

According to the complaint, UMAA is a nonprofit organization whose membership constitutes the largest organization of Shi'a Muslims in the US. UMAA seeks to build mutual understanding between Shi'a Muslims and their fellow Americans, while encouraging its members to be active in their communities. The complaint alleged that EO-2 prevented the organization from conducting its activities. Specifically, UMAA complained that it was unable to bring speakers and paying attendees from abroad for its national convention. Moreover, UMAA's members were harmed in various ways, including in their ability to visit their countries of origin or obtain visas for their family members living in one of the nations targeted by EO-2.

The two individual plaintiffs were Yemeni nationals residing in the U.S. under asylum status. In the wake of the civil war in Yemen resulting in tens of thousands of deaths, the plaintiffs, who are a family, came to the U.S. on visas. However, they could not afford to bring two of their five children. While in the US, the plaintiffs applied for visas for their two children, who fled to Djibouti for safety while awaiting their visa interviews. Without further financing, the children would be forced to return to Yemen in the absence of visas.

The complaint sought declaratory and injunctive relief, arguing that EO-2 subjected the plaintiffs and all Muslims residing in the U.S. to "hostile treatment under the law and...stigma upon them based on their religious affiliation." In addition to the complaint, the plaintiffs filed a motion for a temporary restraining order and preliminary injunction. The plaintiffs were represented by counsel from Muslim Advocates, Americans United for Separation of Church and State, the Southern Poverty Law Center, and a private law firm. The complaint named President Trump (in his official capacity), the Department of Homeland Security, U.S. Customs and Border Patrol, the State Department, and the Department of Justice as defendants.

Specifically, the complaint argued that EO-2 discriminated on the basis of religion and national origin, in violation of the First Amendment Establishment Clause and Fifth Amendment equal protection rights. UMAA further argued that the EO violated the First Amendment Free Speech clause, the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. §§ 1101 et seq.), and the Administrative Procedure Act (5 U.S.C. §§ 551 et seq.).

The case was assigned to Judge Tanya S. Chutkan and marked as related to Pars Equality Center v. Trump (No. 1:17-cv-00255).

The plaintiffs filed an amended complaint on April 11, 2017.

District Judge Chutkan heard arguments on the preliminary injunction between April 18 and 21, 2017. After additional briefing, on May 11, 2017, Judge Chutkan stayed resolution of plaintiffs' motion for a preliminary injunction. The court found that plaintiffs could not show that they faced the kind of “imminent and certain” irreparable harm necessary for a court to grant a preliminary injunction because of the fact that the two nationwide injunctions were already in effect as a result of related litigation in Hawaii v. Trump and IRAP v. Trump . However, on June 2, the government filed an emergency motion to stay the proceedings pending Supreme Court review of Hawaii and IRAP . The court granted the stay and denied, without prejudice, the motion for preliminary injunction on June 20.

On May 1, 2017, the two individual plaintiffs voluntarily dismissed their claims after their children were able to travel to the United States, leaving only UMAA's claim pending.

On June 2, 2017, the defendants filed a motion to stay proceedings pending the Supreme Court's decision to grant a writ of certiorari in IRAP. On June 20, 2017, Judge Chutkan entered an order staying the proceedings until the Supreme Court reached a final decision. While the Supreme Court dismissed that appeal as moot on October 10, 2017, see IRAP, 138 S. Ct. 353 (2017), litigation continued in the lower courts.

On April 5, 2018, the court administratively closed this case, noting that the parties could file a motion following the resolution of other cases addressing President Trump's executive orders.

Joe Biden won the 2020 Presidential election and revoked the executive orders at issue in this case on Inauguration Day (January 20, 2021). As a result, the plaintiffs filed a notice of voluntary dismissal on March 29, 2021. District Judge Chutkan ordered the case dismissed without prejudice on April 1, 2021.

Virginia Weeks - 03/27/2017
Virginia Weeks - 06/21/2017
Jamie Kessler - 04/09/2018
Caitlin Kierum - 03/21/2020
Esteban Woo Kee - 07/23/2021


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Issues and Causes of Action
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Issues
Constitutional Clause
Equal Protection
Establishment Clause
Freedom of speech/association
Defendant-type
Jurisdiction-wide
Law-enforcement
Discrimination-basis
Immigration status
National origin discrimination
Religion discrimination
General
Disparate Treatment
Family reunification
Terrorism/Post 9-11 issues
Immigration/Border
Admission - criteria
Admission - procedure
Asylum - criteria
Asylum - procedure
Constitutional rights
Family Separation
Refugees
Temporary visitors
Visas - criteria
Visas - procedures
National Origin/Ethnicity
Arab/Afgani/Middle Eastern
Plaintiff Type
Non-profit religious organization
Private Plaintiff
Causes of Action Administrative Procedure Act, 5 U.S.C. §§ 551 et seq.
Declaratory Judgment Act, 28 U.S.C. § 2201
Immigration and Nationality Act (INA), 8 U.S.C. §§ 1101 et seq.
Defendant(s) Department of Homeland Security
Department of Justice
Department of State
U.S. Customs and Border Protection
United States
Plaintiff Description Universal Muslim Association of America and two Yemeni nationals residing in the U.S. under asylum status
Indexed Lawyer Organizations Muslim Advocates
Southern Poverty Law Center
Class action status sought No
Class action status outcome Not sought
Filed Pro Se No
Prevailing Party None Yet / None
Public Int. Lawyer Yes
Nature of Relief None
Source of Relief None
Filed 03/24/2017
Case Closing Year 2021
Case Ongoing No
Case Listing IM-DC-0026 : Pars Equality Center v. Trump (D.D.C.)
Additional Resources
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  See this case at CourtListener.com (May provide additional documents and, for active cases, real-time alerts)
  Proclamation 10141 of January 20, 2021: Ending Discriminatory Bans on Entry to the United States
Federal Register
Date: Jan. 20, 2021
By: President Joseph R. Biden (Office of the President)
[ Detail ] [ PDF ] [ External Link ]

  Presidential Executive Order on Resuming the United States Refugee Admissions Program with Enhanced Vetting Capabilities
Federal Register
Date: Oct. 24, 2017
By: United States
[ Detail ] [ External Link ]

  Presidential Proclamation Enhancing Vetting Capabilities and Processes for Detecting Attempted Entry Into the United States by Terrorists or Other Public-Safety Threats
Federal Register
Date: Sep. 24, 2017
By: President Donald Trump (Office of the President)
[ Detail ] [ External Link ]

  Presidential Memorandum for the Secretary of State, the Attorney General, the Secretary of Homeland Security, and the Director of National Intelligence
Date: Jun. 14, 2017
By: Donald Trump (White House)
[ Detail ] [ PDF ] [ External Link ]

  Executive Order Protecting The Nation From Foreign Terrorist Entry Into The United States
Federal Register
Date: Mar. 6, 2017
By: President Donald Trump (President of the United States)
[ Detail ] [ External Link ]

  Memorandum to the Acting Secretary of State, the Acting Attorney General, and the Secretary of Homeland Security
The White House
Date: Feb. 1, 2017
By: Donald F. McGahn II, Counsel to the President (The White House)
[ Detail ] [ PDF ] [ External Link ]

  Statement by Acting Attorney General Sally Yates
https://www.nytimes.com/
Date: 1/30/2017
By: Acting Attorney General Sally Yates (Department of Justice)
[ Detail ] [ PDF ] [ External Link ]

  Statement By Secretary John Kelly on the Entry of Lawful Permanent Residents into the United States
https://www.dhs.gov/
Date: 1/29/2017
By: DHS Secretary John Kelly (Department of Homeland Security)
Citation: https://www.dhs.gov/news/2017/01/29/statement-secretary-john-kelly-entry-lawful-permanent-residents-united-states
[ Detail ] [ PDF ] [ External Link ]

  Executive Order: Protecting the Nation from Foreign Terrorist Entry into the United States
Federal Register
Date: Jan. 27, 2017
By: President Donald Trump (Office of the President)
[ Detail ] [ PDF ] [ External Link ]

Court Docket(s)
D.D.C.
04/01/2021
1:17-cv-537
IM-DC-0027-9000.pdf | Detail
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
General Documents
D.D.C.
03/24/2017
Notice of Designation of Related Civil Cases Pending in This or Any Other United States Court [ECF# 12]
IM-DC-0027-0009.pdf | Detail
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
D.D.C.
03/27/2017
Complaint for Declaratory and Injunctive Relief [ECF# 10]
IM-DC-0027-0001.pdf | External Link | Detail
D.D.C.
03/27/2017
Plaintiffs' Motion for a Temporary Restraining Order and Preliminary Injunction [ECF# 11]
IM-DC-0027-0008.pdf | Detail
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
D.D.C.
04/10/2017
Defendants' Memorandum of Law in Opposition to Plaintiffs' Motion for Preliminary Injunction [ECF# 31]
IM-DC-0027-0011.pdf | Detail
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
D.D.C.
04/11/2017
Amended Complaint for Declaratory and Injunctive Relief [ECF# 32]
IM-DC-0027-0012.pdf | Detail
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
D.D.C.
04/11/2017
Declaration of David J. Weiner in Support of Plaintiffs' Complaint for Declaratory and Injunctive Relief and Motion for Temporary Restraining Order and Preliminary Injunction [ECF# 33]
IM-DC-0027-0013.pdf | Detail
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
D.D.C.
04/11/2017
Declaration of David J. Weiner in Support of Plaintiffs' Complaint for Declaratory and Injunctive Relief and Motion for Temporary Restraining Order and Preliminary Injunction [ECF# 34]
IM-DC-0027-0014.pdf | Detail
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
D.D.C.
04/11/2017
Declaration of David J. Weiner in Support of Plaintiffs' Complaint for Declaratory and Injunctive Relief and Motion for Temporary Restraining Order and Preliminary Injunction [ECF# 35]
IM-DC-0027-0015.pdf | Detail
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
D.D.C.
04/11/2017
Declaration of Professor Lila Abu-Lughod [ECF# 36]
IM-DC-0027-0016.pdf | Detail
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
D.D.C.
04/17/2017
Reply Memorandum in Support of Plaintiffs' Motion for Preliminary Injunction [ECF# 38]
IM-DC-0027-0017.pdf | Detail
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
D.D.C.
04/18/2017
Supplemental Declaration of the Universal Muslim Association of America, Inc. in Support of the Plaintiffs' Motion for a Preliminary Injunction [ECF# 41]
IM-DC-0027-0019.pdf | Detail
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
D.D.C.
04/27/2017
Plaintiffs' Joint Supplemental Brief in Support of Motions for Preliminary Injunction [ECF# 42]
IM-DC-0027-0020.pdf | Detail
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
D.D.C.
05/01/2017
Doe Plaintiffs' Notice of Voluntary Dismissal [ECF# 44]
IM-DC-0027-0021.pdf | Detail
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
D.D.C.
05/02/2017
Defendants' Response to Plaintiffs' Joint Supplemental Brief Regarding Preliminary Relief [ECF# 45]
IM-DC-0027-0022.pdf | Detail
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
D.D.C.
05/05/2017
Plaintiffs' Joint Supplemental Reply Brief in Support of Motions for Preliminary Injunction [ECF# 47]
IM-DC-0027-0024.pdf | Detail
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
D.D.C.
05/11/2017
Order [Temporarily Staying Resolution of Plaintiffs' Motion for Preliminary Injunction [ECF# 48]
IM-DC-0027-0025.pdf | Detail
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
D.D.C.
06/02/2017
Defendants' Emergency Motion to Stay Proceedings Pending Supreme Court Review [ECF# 51]
IM-DC-0027-0026.pdf | Detail
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
D.D.C.
06/07/2017
Plaintiffs' Opposition to Defendants' Emergency Motion to Stay Proceedings Pending Supreme Court Review [ECF# 52]
IM-DC-0027-0027.pdf | Detail
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
D.D.C.
06/14/2017
Defendants' Consolidated Reply Memorandum in Support of Emergency Motion to Stay Proceedings Pending Supreme Court Review [ECF# 53]
IM-DC-0027-0028.pdf | Detail
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
D.D.C.
06/20/2017
Order [granting motions to stay proceedings] [ECF# 54]
IM-DC-0027-0029.pdf | Detail
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
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Judges Chutkan, Tanya Sue (D.D.C.) show/hide docs
IM-DC-0027-0025 | IM-DC-0027-0029 | IM-DC-0027-9000
Plaintiff's Lawyers Bergman, Andrew D. (Texas) show/hide docs
IM-DC-0027-0001 | IM-DC-0027-0008 | IM-DC-0027-0012 | IM-DC-0027-0017 | IM-DC-0027-0020 | IM-DC-0027-0021 | IM-DC-0027-0027 | IM-DC-0027-9000
Blanchard, Charles (Arizona) show/hide docs
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Boyd, Adrienne D. (Colorado) show/hide docs
IM-DC-0027-0024
Clarke, Kristen M. (District of Columbia) show/hide docs
IM-DC-0027-0024
Dillingham, Emily Newhouse (Illinois) show/hide docs
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Freedman, John A. (District of Columbia) show/hide docs
IM-DC-0027-0020
Friedman, Amelia (District of Columbia) show/hide docs
IM-DC-0027-0024
Gelfand, Kimberly (New York) show/hide docs
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Gersch, David P. (District of Columbia) show/hide docs
IM-DC-0027-0020
Gillers, Gillian (Georgia) show/hide docs
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Girard, Bradley (District of Columbia) show/hide docs
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Graunke, Kristi L. (Georgia) show/hide docs
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Greenbaum, Jon M. (District of Columbia) show/hide docs
IM-DC-0027-0024
Hu, Susan Shanke (New York) show/hide docs
IM-DC-0027-0020
Huq, Aziz (California) show/hide docs
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Johnson, Amanda (District of Columbia) show/hide docs
IM-DC-0027-0008
Jones, Robert Stanton (District of Columbia) show/hide docs
IM-DC-0027-0020
Katskee, Richard B. (District of Columbia) show/hide docs
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Mehri, Cyrus (District of Columbia) show/hide docs
IM-DC-0027-0024
Odell, Christopher M. (Texas) show/hide docs
IM-DC-0027-0020
Pei, Sally L. (District of Columbia) show/hide docs
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Perkins, Nancy L. (District of Columbia) show/hide docs
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Schechter, Ronald A. (District of Columbia) show/hide docs
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Sherwood, Amanda J. (District of Columbia) show/hide docs
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Smith, Johnathan James (California) show/hide docs
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Tabriz, Sonia (District of Columbia) show/hide docs
IM-DC-0027-0020
Tsu, Naomi Ruth (Georgia) show/hide docs
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Wasik, Joanna K. (District of Columbia) show/hide docs
IM-DC-0027-0024
Weiner, Robert N. (District of Columbia) show/hide docs
IM-DC-0027-0020
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Wirth, Stephen K. (District of Columbia) show/hide docs
IM-DC-0027-0020
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IM-DC-0027-0020
Defendant's Lawyers Bennett, Michelle Renee (District of Columbia) show/hide docs
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Schwei, Daniel (District of Columbia) show/hide docs
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Tyler, John Russell (District of Columbia) show/hide docs
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