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Case Name Planned Parenthood of Greater Ohio v. Hodges PB-OH-0010
Docket / Court 1:16-cv-00539-MRB ( S.D. Ohio )
State/Territory Ohio
Case Type(s) Public Benefits / Government Services
Special Collection Planned Parenthood Litigation
Case Summary
On May 11, 2016, Planned Parenthood of Greater Ohio and Planned Parenthood of Southwest Ohio filed this lawsuit in the U.S. Court for the Southern District of Ohio. The plaintiffs sued the Ohio Department of Health under 42 U.S.C. § 1983. The plaintiffs, represented by private counsel, asked the ... read more >
On May 11, 2016, Planned Parenthood of Greater Ohio and Planned Parenthood of Southwest Ohio filed this lawsuit in the U.S. Court for the Southern District of Ohio. The plaintiffs sued the Ohio Department of Health under 42 U.S.C. § 1983. The plaintiffs, represented by private counsel, asked the court for declaratory and injunctive relief to enjoin the defendants from cutting off the plaintiffs' access to state and federal funding.

The plaintiffs claimed that on February 21, 2016, Ohio Governor John Kasich signed a law to bar Ohio Planned Parenthoods from receiving government funding for non-abortion services and programs. The plaintiffs claimed that the funding in question was necessary for vital health and education services used by the men, women, and teenagers of Ohio. Specifically, the plaintiffs claimed that the law violated the First Amendment, and the Due Process and Equal Protection Clauses of the Fourteenth Amendment by denying funding in retaliation for the plaintiffs' constitutionally protected advocacy for abortion rights.

On May 23, 2016, Judge Barrett granted the plaintiffs' motion for a temporary restraining order to enjoin the defendants from cutting off funding until June 6, 2016. He held in abeyance the plaintiffs' motion for preliminary injunction. For the next few months both parties carried out discovery. 188 F.Supp.3d 684.

On August 12, 2016, Judge Barrett granted the plaintiffs' motions for preliminary and permanent injunctions. The court found that the law in question did violate the plaintiffs' First Amendment and Fourteenth Amendment Due Process rights. Judge Barrett permanently enjoined the defendants from enforcing the law against the plaintiffs and other similarly situated. 2016 WL 10333130.

On September 6, 2016, the defendants appealed to the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Sixth Circuit. On April 18, 2018, a unanimous panel of the Sixth Circuit (Circuit Judges Helene N. White, Eugene E. Siler, Jr., and Eric L. Clay) affirmed the district court’s grant of plaintiffs’ motions for judgment on the merits and for a permanent injunction. 888 F.3d 224.

However, the full court of the Sixth Circuit then voted for a rehearing en banc. On March 13, 2019, Circuit Judge Jeffrey S. Sutton, writing for the full court, reversed the district court’s judgment and remanded the case for further proceedings. The court found that the plaintiffs did not have a due process right to perform abortions. Furthermore, the court found no evidence that the ban posed an undue burden on a woman’s right to abortion. Although the plaintiffs argued that it had no obligation to establish an undue burden because the funding condition itself was unconstitutional, the court rejected that argument because the plaintiffs—who were providers, not women—did not possess the constitutional right to perform abortion; since there was no constitutional right, there was no unconstitutional condition. Circuit Judge White, who wrote the opinion for the April 2018 panel, dissented. 917 F.3d 908.

The case is still ongoing in the district court.

Gabriela Hybel - 03/03/2017
Lisa Limb - 03/21/2019


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Issues and Causes of Action
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Issues
Benefit Source
Medicaid
Constitutional Clause
Due Process
Equal Protection
Freedom of speech/association
Defendant-type
Jurisdiction-wide
General
Abortion
Funding
Public benefits (includes, e.g., in-state tuition, govt. jobs)
Medical/Mental Health
Reproductive health care (including birth control, abortion, and others)
Plaintiff Type
Non-profit NON-religious organization
Type of Facility
Non-government non-profit
Causes of Action 42 U.S.C. § 1983
Defendant(s) Ohio Department of Health
Plaintiff Description Planned Parenthood of Greater Ohio and Planned Parenthood of Southwest Ohio
Class action status sought No
Class action status granted No
Filed Pro Se No
Prevailing Party Defendant
Public Int. Lawyer Yes
Nature of Relief None yet
Source of Relief Litigation
Filing Year 2016
Case Ongoing Yes
Additional Resources
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Docket(s)
1:16-cv-00539-MRB (S.D. Ohio)
PB-OH-0010-9000.pdf | Detail
Date: 03/13/2019
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
General Documents
Complaint for Injunctive and Declaratory Relief [ECF# 1]
PB-OH-0010-0001.pdf | Detail
Date: 05/11/2016
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Opinion & Order [ECF# 19] (188 F.Supp.3d 684) (S.D. Ohio)
PB-OH-0010-0002.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 05/23/2016
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Opinion & Order [ECF# 60] (2016 WL 4264341) (S.D. Ohio)
PB-OH-0010-0003.pdf | WESTLAW | Detail
Date: 08/12/2016
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Opinion (6th Circuit Panel) [Ct. of App. ECF# 66]
PB-OH-0010-0004.pdf | Detail
Date: 04/18/2018
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Opinion (6th Circuit En Banc) [Ct. of App. ECF# 72]
PB-OH-0010-0005.pdf | Detail
Date: 03/12/2019
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
show all people docs
Judges Barrett, Michael Ryan (S.D. Ohio) show/hide docs
PB-OH-0010-0002 | PB-OH-0010-0003 | PB-OH-0010-9000
Batchelder, Alice Moore (N.D. Ohio, Sixth Circuit) show/hide docs
PB-OH-0010-0005
Bush, John Kenneth (Sixth Circuit) show/hide docs
PB-OH-0010-0005
Clay, Eric L. (Sixth Circuit) show/hide docs
PB-OH-0010-0004 | PB-OH-0010-0005
Cook, Deborah L. (Sixth Circuit) show/hide docs
PB-OH-0010-0005
Donald, Bernice Bouie (W.D. Tenn., Sixth Circuit) show/hide docs
PB-OH-0010-0005
Gibbons, Julia Smith (W.D. Tenn., Sixth Circuit) show/hide docs
PB-OH-0010-0005
Griffin, Richard Allen (Sixth Circuit) show/hide docs
PB-OH-0010-0005
Kethledge, Raymond M. (Sixth Circuit) show/hide docs
PB-OH-0010-0005
Larsen, Joan Louise (Sixth Circuit) show/hide docs
PB-OH-0010-0005
Moore, Karen Nelson (Sixth Circuit) show/hide docs
PB-OH-0010-0005
Nalbandian, John Baylor (Sixth Circuit) show/hide docs
PB-OH-0010-0005
Siler, Eugene Edward Jr. (E.D. Ky., W.D. Ky., Sixth Circuit) show/hide docs
PB-OH-0010-0004 | PB-OH-0010-0005
Stranch, Jane Branstetter (Sixth Circuit) show/hide docs
PB-OH-0010-0005
Sutton, Jeffrey S. (Sixth Circuit) show/hide docs
PB-OH-0010-0005
Thapar, Amul Roger (E.D. Ky., Sixth Circuit) show/hide docs
PB-OH-0010-0005
White, Helene N. (Sixth Circuit) show/hide docs
PB-OH-0010-0004 | PB-OH-0010-0005
Plaintiff's Lawyers Branch, Jennifer L. (Ohio) show/hide docs
PB-OH-0010-0001 | PB-OH-0010-9000
Diamond, Michelle Nicole (New York) show/hide docs
PB-OH-0010-9000
Flaxman, Carrie Y. (District of Columbia) show/hide docs
PB-OH-0010-0001 | PB-OH-0010-9000
Gerhardstein, Alphonse A. (Ohio) show/hide docs
PB-OH-0010-0001 | PB-OH-0010-9000
Krasnoff, Helene T. (District of Columbia) show/hide docs
PB-OH-0010-0001 | PB-OH-0010-9000
Parker, Kimberly (District of Columbia) show/hide docs
PB-OH-0010-0001 | PB-OH-0010-9000
Schoenfeld, Alan E. (New York) show/hide docs
PB-OH-0010-0001 | PB-OH-0010-9000
Simon, Stephanie N. (New York) show/hide docs
PB-OH-0010-9000
Sprangers, John Barrow (District of Columbia) show/hide docs
PB-OH-0010-9000
Wolfson, Paul R. Q. (Illinois) show/hide docs
PB-OH-0010-0001 | PB-OH-0010-9000
Defendant's Lawyers Carwile, Tiffany L. (Ohio) show/hide docs
PB-OH-0010-9000
Florez, Michael Gerard (Ohio) show/hide docs
PB-OH-0010-9000
Friedmann, Roger Edward (Ohio) show/hide docs
PB-OH-0010-9000
Richardson, Ryan L (Ohio) show/hide docs
PB-OH-0010-9000
Sears, Pamela J. (Ohio) show/hide docs
PB-OH-0010-9000
Voigt, Steven T. (Ohio) show/hide docs
PB-OH-0010-9000

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