University of Michigan Law School
Civil Rights Litigation Clearinghouse
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Case Name City and County of San Francisco v. Trump IM-CA-0085
Docket / Court 3:17-cv-00485-WHO ( N.D. Cal. )
State/Territory California
Case Type(s) Immigration
Presidential Authority
Special Collection Civil Rights Challenges to Trump Immigration Enforcement Orders
Case Summary
This action, filed by the City of San Francisco on Jan. 31, 2017, challenges President Trump’s Jan. 25, 2017 Executive Order on immigration enforcement, which threatens to withhold federal funds from "sanctuary ... read more >
This action, filed by the City of San Francisco on Jan. 31, 2017, challenges President Trump’s Jan. 25, 2017 Executive Order on immigration enforcement, which threatens to withhold federal funds from "sanctuary jurisdictions" and take enforcement action against any locality that impedes the federal government's immigration law. The City filed its complaint in the U.S. District Court for the Northern District of California.

The complaint argued that this issue was one of "state sovereignty and a local government’s autonomy to devote resources to local priorities and to control the exercise of its own police powers, rather than being forced to carry out the agenda of the Federal government." The City alleged that the executive order violated the Tenth Amendment. The complaint addresses 8 U.S.C. § 1373, which provides that a local government entity cannot prohibit or restrict communication between government entities or officials and the Immigrant and Naturalization Service. After asserting its compliance with the statute, the complaint alleged that the U.S. had begun to designate noncompliant cities as sanctuary cities and that San Francisco had been designated as such. The complaint asserted that § 1373 unconstitutionally regulates states and that San Francisco stood to be harmed by the executive order.

The complaint sought declaratory and injunctive relief. Specifically, plaintiffs asked for a declaration that San Francisco complies with 8 U.S.C. § 1373, that 8 U.S.C. § 1373(a) violates the Tenth Amendment, and that the executive order's enforcement directive violates the Tenth Amendment.

The case was initially assigned to Magistrate Judge Donna Ryu, but on Feb. 10, Judge William Orrick granted a motion to relate this case to County of Santa Clara v. Trump (3:17-cv-00485), IM-CA-0089 in this Clearinghouse, and reassigned this case to himself.

On Feb. 27, the plaintiff filed their First Amended Complaint. The Amended Complaint added that San Francisco seeks declaratory relief that EO's funding restrictions violate the Tenth Amendment, the Spending Clause, and Article I, sec. 1 of the Constitution.

On Mar. 8, plaintiffs filed a motion for a preliminary injunction. In the motion, plaintiffs request that the court enter a nationwide preliminary injunction prohibiting defendants from enforcing the executive order. Plaintiffs also seek to enjoin defendants from taking any action that declares San Francisco a sanctuary city, thereby making the city ineligible for federal funds. The defendants filed their opposition on Mar. 22.

On Mar. 23, the city of Richmond moved to relate this case to Richmond v. Trump (Case No. 3:17-cv-01535-SK), which was filed on Mar. 21 in the same court. The court granted the motion on Mar. 23.

The case is ongoing.

Virginia Weeks - 03/02/2017
Jamie Kessler - 03/09/2017
Virginia Weeks - 03/27/2017


compress summary

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Issues and Causes of Action
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Issues
General
Terrorism/Post 9-11 issues
Plaintiff Type
City/County Plaintiff
Causes of Action Declaratory Judgment Act, 28 U.S.C. § 2201
Defendant(s) United States
Plaintiff Description City of San Francisco
Indexed Lawyer Organizations None on record
Class action status sought No
Class action status granted No
Prevailing Party None Yet / None
Public Int. Lawyer Yes
Nature of Relief None yet
Source of Relief None yet
Form of Settlement None on record
Order Duration not on record
Case Closing Year n/a
Case Ongoing Yes
Case Listing IM-CA-0089 : County of Santa Clara v. Trump (N.D. Cal.)
IM-CA-0090 : City of Richmond v. Trump (N.D. Cal.)
Additional Resources
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Links Executive Order 13767: Border Security and Immigration Enforcement Improvements
Federal Register
Written: Jan. 27, 2017
By: President Donald Trump (Office of the President)
[ Detail ] [ PDF ]

  Executive Order 13768: Enhancing Public Safety in the Interior of the United States
Federal Register
Written: Jan. 25, 2017
By: President Donald Trump (Office of the President)
[ Detail ] [ PDF ] [ External Link ]

  Re: Enforcement of the Immigration Laws to Serve the National Interest (Final, 2/20/2017)
dhs.gov
Written: Feb. 20, 2017
By: DHS Secretary John Kelly (United States Department of Homeland Security)
[ Detail ] [ PDF ] [ External Link ]

  Re: Implementing the President's Border Security and Immigration Enforcement Improvements Policies (Final, 2/20/2017)
dhs.gov
Written: Feb. 20, 2017
By: DHS Secretary John Kelly (United States Department of Homeland Security)
[ Detail ] [ PDF ] [ External Link ]

Docket(s)
4:17-cv-00485-DMR (N.D. Cal.) 03/20/2017
IM-CA-0085-9000.pdf | Detail
PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
General Documents
[ECF #1] Complaint for Declaratory and Injunctive Relief 01/31/2017
IM-CA-0085-0001.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
[ECF #11] Administrative Motion to Consider Whether Cases Should Be Related Pursuant to N.D. Cal. Civil L.R. 3-12(B) 02/07/2017
IM-CA-0085-0002.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
[ECF #12] Statement of Support Regarding Santa Clara's Administrative Motion to Consider Whether Cases Should Be Related 02/07/2017
IM-CA-0085-0003.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
[ECF #18] Defendants' Statement of Support Regarding Administrative Motion to Consider Whether Cases Should Be Related 02/10/2017
IM-CA-0085-0004.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
[ECF #19] Related Case Order 02/10/2017 (N.D. Cal.)
IM-CA-0085-0005.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
[ECF #20] First Amended Complaint for Declaratory and Injunctive Relief 02/27/2017
IM-CA-0085-0006.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
[ECF #21] City and County of San Francisco's Notice of Motion and Motion for Preliminary Injunction; Memorandum of Points and Authorities in Support Thereof 03/08/2017
IM-CA-0085-0007.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
[ECF #22] Declaration of Ben Rosenfield in Support of City and County of San Francisco's Motion for Preliminary Injunction 03/08/2017
IM-CA-0085-0008.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
[ECF #23] Declaration of Melissa Whitehouse in Support of City and County of San Francisco's Motion for Preliminary Injunction 03/08/2017
IM-CA-0085-0009.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
[ECF #24] Declaration of Sheriff Vicki Hennessy in Support of City and County of San Francisco's Motion for Preliminary Injunction 03/08/2017
IM-CA-0085-0010.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
[ECF #25] Declaration of Commander Peter Walsh in Support of City and County of San Francisco's Motion for Preliminary Injunction 03/08/2017
IM-CA-0085-0011.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
[ECF #26] Declaration of Tomas Aragon, MD, PhD, in Support of City and County of San Francisco's Motion for Preliminary Injunction 03/08/2017
IM-CA-0085-0012.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
[ECF #27] Declaration of Colleen Chawla in Support of City and County of San Francisco's Motion for Preliminary Injunction 03/08/2017
IM-CA-0085-0013.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
[ECF #28] Declaration of Sara J. Eisenberg in Support of City and County of San Francisco's Motion for Preliminary Injunction 03/08/2017
IM-CA-0085-0014.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
[ECF #29] Request for Judicial Notice in Support of City and County of San Francisco's Motion for Preliminary Injunction 03/08/2017
IM-CA-0085-0015.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
[ECF #30] Letter to the Court Re: CCSG v. Trump, et al.; Case No. 3:17-CV-00485-WHO [requesting guidance for amicus procedures] 03/20/2017
IM-CA-0085-0016.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
[ECF #31] Order Regarding Amicus Briefing 03/21/2017 (N.D. Cal.)
IM-CA-0085-0017.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
[ECF #33] [Proposed] Brief Amici Curiae (and Administrative Motion for Leave to File Brief Amici Curiae Supporting Plaintiff) 03/22/2017
IM-CA-0085-0018.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
[ECF #34] Stipulation and [Proposed] Order 03/22/2017
IM-CA-0085-0019.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
[ECF #36] Amici Curiae Brief of Professors of Constitutional Law, Administrative Law, and Immigration Law in Support of Plaintiffs’ Motions for Preliminary Injunction (and Administrative Motion for Leave to File) 03/22/2017
IM-CA-0085-0020.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
[ECF #38] Brief of Amicus Curiae Southern Poverty Law Center and Other Amici in Support of County of Santa Clara and City and County of San Francisco’s Motions for Preliminary Injunction (and motion for leave to file) 03/22/2017
IM-CA-0085-0021.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
[ECF #39] Brief of Amici Curiae Technology Companies in Support of Plaintiffs' Motions for Preliminary Injunction (and motion for leave to file) 03/22/2017
IM-CA-0085-0022.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
[ECF #40] Brief of Amici Curiae California Cities and Counties – County of Alameda, City of Berkeley, City of Davis, City of East Palo Alto, City of Fremont, County of Marin, County of Monterey, City of Mountain View, City of Oakland (...) 03/22/2017
IM-CA-0085-0023.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
[ECF #41] Proposed Brief for Tahirih Justice Center, Et Al. as Amici Curiae in Support of Plaintiffs’ Motions for Preliminary Injunctions (and motion for leave to file) 03/22/2017
IM-CA-0085-0024.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
[ECF #43] Administrative Motion of City of Richmond to Consider Whether Cases Should Be Related Pursuant to Civil L.R. 3-12(B) and Notice of Related Case Pursuant to Civil Local Rule 3-13 03/23/2017
IM-CA-0085-0025.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
[ECF #47] Brief of Amicus Curiae the International Municipal Lawyers Association in Support of Plaintiff City and County of San Francisco's Motion for Preliminary Injunction (and motion for leave to file) 03/23/2017
IM-CA-0085-0026.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
[ECF #52] Statement of Support Regarding City of Richmond's Administrative Motion to Consider Whether Cases Should Be Related 03/24/2017
IM-CA-0085-0027.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
[ECF #53] Related Case Order 03/24/2017 (N.D. Cal.)
IM-CA-0085-0028.pdf | Detail
Document Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Judges Orrick, William Horsley III (N.D. Cal.)
IM-CA-0085-0005 | IM-CA-0085-0017 | IM-CA-0085-0028 | IM-CA-0085-9000
Ryu, Donna Miae Court not on record [Magistrate]
IM-CA-0085-9000
Monitors/Masters None on record
Plaintiff's Lawyers Eisenberg, Sara J. (California)
IM-CA-0085-0001 | IM-CA-0085-0003 | IM-CA-0085-0006 | IM-CA-0085-0007 | IM-CA-0085-0019 | IM-CA-0085-0027 | IM-CA-0085-9000
Flynn, Robert Michael (California)
IM-CA-0085-0003
Flynn, Ronald P. (California)
IM-CA-0085-0006 | IM-CA-0085-0007 | IM-CA-0085-0019 | IM-CA-0085-0027 | IM-CA-0085-9000
Gupta, Neha (California)
IM-CA-0085-0003 | IM-CA-0085-0006 | IM-CA-0085-0007 | IM-CA-0085-0019 | IM-CA-0085-0027
Herrera, Dennis J. (California)
IM-CA-0085-0001 | IM-CA-0085-0003 | IM-CA-0085-0006 | IM-CA-0085-0007 | IM-CA-0085-0016 | IM-CA-0085-0019 | IM-CA-0085-0027
Lee, Matthew S. (California)
IM-CA-0085-0003 | IM-CA-0085-0006 | IM-CA-0085-0019 | IM-CA-0085-0027
Lee, Mollie M. (California)
IM-CA-0085-0001 | IM-CA-0085-0003 | IM-CA-0085-0006 | IM-CA-0085-0007 | IM-CA-0085-0016 | IM-CA-0085-0019 | IM-CA-0085-9000
Mere, Yvonne Rosil (California)
IM-CA-0085-0003 | IM-CA-0085-0006 | IM-CA-0085-0007 | IM-CA-0085-0019 | IM-CA-0085-0027 | IM-CA-0085-9000
Smith, Jesse C. (California)
IM-CA-0085-0003 | IM-CA-0085-0006 | IM-CA-0085-0007 | IM-CA-0085-0019 | IM-CA-0085-0027
Steeley, Tara M. (California)
IM-CA-0085-0006 | IM-CA-0085-0007 | IM-CA-0085-0019 | IM-CA-0085-0027
Van Aken, Christine (California)
IM-CA-0085-0003 | IM-CA-0085-0006 | IM-CA-0085-0007 | IM-CA-0085-0019 | IM-CA-0085-0027
Defendant's Lawyers Readler, Chad A. (District of Columbia)
IM-CA-0085-0004 | IM-CA-0085-0019
Simpson, W. Scott (District of Columbia)
IM-CA-0085-0004 | IM-CA-0085-0019 | IM-CA-0085-9000
Stretch, Brian (District of Columbia)
IM-CA-0085-0004 | IM-CA-0085-0019
Tyler, John Russell (District of Columbia)
IM-CA-0085-0004 | IM-CA-0085-0019
Other Lawyers Artiga-Purcell, Jose Camilo (California)
IM-CA-0085-0025
Baker, Andrew H. (California)
IM-CA-0085-0018
Benedict, Adriana Lee (California)
IM-CA-0085-0002
Bergeron, Claire M. (District of Columbia)
IM-CA-0085-0024
Berner, Nicole (District of Columbia)
IM-CA-0085-0018
Burrichter, Christopher S. (California)
IM-CA-0085-0021
Carroll, Catherine M.A. (District of Columbia)
IM-CA-0085-0024
Chatterjee, Neel (California)
IM-CA-0085-0026
Cotchett, Joseph W. (California)
IM-CA-0085-0025
Fineman, Nancy L. (California)
IM-CA-0085-0025
Fritz, Kathryn J. (California)
IM-CA-0085-0022
Gertner, Leo (District of Columbia)
IM-CA-0085-0018
Goldberg, Nicholas Samuel (California)
IM-CA-0085-0002
Goldstein, Danielle Luce (California)
IM-CA-0085-0002
Goodmiller, Bruce Reed (California)
IM-CA-0085-0025
Gorelick, Jamie S. (District of Columbia)
IM-CA-0085-0024
Hansen, Greta Suzanne (California)
IM-CA-0085-0002
Harris, Cody Shawn (California)
IM-CA-0085-0002 | IM-CA-0085-9000
Holtzman, Jonathan V. (California)
IM-CA-0085-0023
Hyde, Hayes P. (California)
IM-CA-0085-0026
Keker, John Watkins (California)
IM-CA-0085-0002
Li, Jun (California)
IM-CA-0085-0020
Lin, James (California)
IM-CA-0085-0026
Magaziner, Fred T. (California)
IM-CA-0085-0021
Malkani, Latika (California)
IM-CA-0085-0018
McClellan, Nathan M. (California)
IM-CA-0085-0021
Menz, Sheila E. (District of Columbia)
IM-CA-0085-0024
Narayan, Kavita Kandala (California)
IM-CA-0085-0002
Premo, Patrick E. (California)
IM-CA-0085-0022
Prestel, Claire (District of Columbia)
IM-CA-0085-0018
Purcell, Annasara G. (Washington)
IM-CA-0085-0022
Purcell, Daniel Edward (California)
IM-CA-0085-0002
Reider, Nicholas A. (California)
IM-CA-0085-0026
Renne, Louise H. (California)
IM-CA-0085-0023
Rhea, Meghan (California)
IM-CA-0085-0022
Ross, Linda M. (California)
IM-CA-0085-0023
Schuman, Brett M. (California)
IM-CA-0085-0026
Serrano, Lawrence Javier (California)
IM-CA-0085-0002
Siegel, Jonathan H. (California)
IM-CA-0085-0018
Smith, Deborah L. (District of Columbia)
IM-CA-0085-0018
Sokol, William A. (California)
IM-CA-0085-0018
Sommovilla, Rachel Hanna (California)
IM-CA-0085-0025
Spiegel, Julia Blau (California)
IM-CA-0085-0002
Summer, Alexandra P. (California)
IM-CA-0085-0025
Van Nest, Robert A. (California)
IM-CA-0085-0002
Williams, James R. (California)
IM-CA-0085-0002
Winner, Sonya (California)
IM-CA-0085-0020
Zimmerman, Mitchell (California)
IM-CA-0085-0022

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