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Case Name Whitford v. Gill VR-WI-0018
Docket / Court 3:15-cv-00421-bbc ( W.D. Wis. )
Additional Docket(s) 16-1161  [ 16-1161 ]  U.S. Supreme Court
State/Territory Wisconsin
Case Type(s) Election/Voting Rights
Speech and Religious Freedom
Attorney Organization Lawyers Comm. for Civil Rights Under Law
Case Summary
On July 8, 2015, 12 registered Democratic voters in Wisconsin filed this lawsuit in the U.S. District Court for the Western District of Wisconsin. The plaintiffs sued the Wisconsin Government Accountability Board under 42 U.S.C. §§ 1983 and 1988, claiming violations of their First and Fourteenth ... read more >
On July 8, 2015, 12 registered Democratic voters in Wisconsin filed this lawsuit in the U.S. District Court for the Western District of Wisconsin. The plaintiffs sued the Wisconsin Government Accountability Board under 42 U.S.C. §§ 1983 and 1988, claiming violations of their First and Fourteenth Amendment rights. Represented by the Chicago Lawyers’ Committee for Civil Rights Under Law and by private counsel, the plaintiffs sought a declaration that the districting plan created by Wisconsin Act 43 was unconstitutional, an injunction prohibiting state and local elections officials from using the districting plan in any election. They requested that if the Legislature and Governor did not pass a constitutional districting plan in a timely manner, that the court create a plan that would meet the requirements of the United States and Wisconsin Constitutions. The case was assigned to Judge Barbara B. Crabb. Because 28 U.S.C. § 2284 requires that federal court challenges to state legislative apportionment be heard before a three-judge panel, Judge Crabb was joined by Judge Kenneth F. Ripple of the Seventh Circuit, and Judge William Griesbach of the Eastern District of Wisconsin.

The plaintiffs alleged that the 2012 districting plan, created by Wisconsin Act 43, created partisan gerrymandered districts for the purpose of helping the Republican Party win a majority of seats in the State Assembly. Although Republican candidates received less than 49% of votes in the next election, they won nearly 61% of seats in the Legislature. The plaintiffs further alleged that the Republican leadership in the Legislature had created the districting plan in complete secrecy: they created the plan away from the State Capital, they allowed only Republican legislators to participate in the process, and they required all legislators who participated to sign secrecy agreements. Until the plan was presented to the entire Legislature and quickly passed into law, the only members of the Legislature who were aware of its contents were Republican legislators and the private counsel who had been contracted (paid by State funds) to create the plan.

On July 8, 2015, the plaintiffs sought an order enjoining the implementation of the gerrymandered districts for the 2016 election. The defendants’ motion to dismiss the complaint was denied by the three-judge panel on December 17, 2015. The panel found that although the plaintiffs faced “significant challenges in prevailing on their claims,” the complaint was nonetheless sufficient to state a claim and that under the Supreme Court’s precedent in Davis v. Bandemer, the claim was justiciable. 151 F.Supp.3d 918.

The defendants later filed a motion for summary judgment, which the panel denied on April 7, 2016, because there were “factual disputes regarding the validity of plaintiffs’ proposed measurement for determining the existence of constitutional violation.” 180 F.Supp.3d 583.

On November 21, 2016, in a 116-page 2-1 decision, the panel held that Wisconsin Act 43 was unconstitutional. It found that Act 43 was passed with an intent to dilute the electoral strength of Democractic voters, and that it had achieved its intended discriminatory effect, unexplained by any geographical or other rational consideration. Under the plan, it would be difficult for Democratic voters “to translate their votes into legislative seats”; the plan ensured a Republican majority in the Assembly (the lower house of the Wisconsin Legislature). Judge Griesbach dissented, disagreeing that proof of intent to act for a political purpose was a significant part of any gerrymandering test; similarly, he disagreed that the plaintiffs’ proposed “efficiency gap” concept was a judicially manageable standard. 218 F.Supp.3d 837.

In its November 2016 ruling, the court deferred ruling on an appropriate remedy and asked parties to brief the issue. After the parties submitted their briefs, the court ordered the following remedial plan on January 27, 2017: the court ordered the Legislature to enact a new redistricting map that the Governor would be charged with approving by November 1, 2017. It found that contrary to the plaintiffs’ request, it was unnecessary for the court to involve itself in creating a districting map. Further, in anticipation of the defendants’ appeal to the Supreme Court, the court found that the proposed remedy afforded “the Legislature ample time to enact a plan contingent on the Supreme Court’s affirmance of our judgment. While it allows the defendants and the candidates to make plans for the November 2018 election only on a contingent basis, at least they will be able to prepare for that contingency in the context of a concrete alternate map.” The court entered judgment in favor of the plaintiffs that day and ordered the case dismissed.

On February 22, 2017, the court amended its judgment to retain jurisdiction as to the remedial plan, so that it could grant an adequate remedy in the event of legislative impasse. On February 24, 2017 the defendants appealed to the United States Supreme Court.

At issue before the Supreme Court was:
  1. Whether the district court had the authority to consider a statewide challenge to Wisconsin’s redistricting plan rather than requiring a district-by-district analysis;
  2. whether Wisconsin’s redistricting plan was impermissible partisan gerrymandering despite complying with standard redistricting principles;
  3. whether the district court’s partisan gerrymandering test was proper;
  4. whether the defendants could present additional evidence showing that they would have prevailed under the district court’s test after the court announced the test; and
  5. whether partisan gerrymandering claims were justiciable.
On June 19, the Supreme Court stayed the judgment of the district court, pending appeal. After the parties and numerous parties submitted amicus briefs, the Court heard oral arguments on October 3, 2017. On June 18, 2018, the Court vacated the district court’s ruling and remanded the case to the district court for further proceedings. 138 S.Ct. 1916. The Court found that the plaintiffs’ allegations that the redistricting plan caused them to suffer statewide harm to their interests in their collective representation in the state legislature and in influencing the legislature’s overall composition and policymaking did not support Article III standing. Further, the Court found that evidence of an efficiency gap did not address the effect that a gerrymander had on the votes of particular citizens (which is also required for Article III standing). The Court remanded to the district court to allow the plaintiffs to present evidence of a “burden on their individual votes.”

Judge Crabb withdrew without explanation on August 2, 2018, and was replaced by Judge James D. Peterson. The plaintiffs filed an amended complaint on Sept. 14, 2018. On October 4, 2018 the Wisconsin State Assembly filed a motion to intervene as defendants; the motion was granted on November 13, 2018.

Shortly after, the defendants filed a motion to dismiss and a motion to stay the case because of two ongoing partisan gerrymandering cases, Rucho v. Common Cause and Lamone v. Benisek in the Supreme Court. The motion to dismiss was denied without prejudice, but the stay was granted on January 23, 2019. The court allowed discovery to proceed, but it delayed trial and any decision on the merits until after the Supreme Court reached a decision in the two other cases.

On May 3, 2019, the district court granted a motion to compel discovery, ordering the Wisconsin State Assembly Speaker to attend a scheduled deposition. 331 F.R.D. 375. The Speaker appealed to the Seventh Circuit, which stayed the district court’s order pending resolution of the appeal.

The Court decided Lamone and Rucho on June 27, 2019, holding that legislative redistricting is a political question that is not justiciable in federal courts. This ruling made it clear that the district court in this case did not have jurisdiction to hear the Wisconsin voters’ claims; the plaintiffs therefore moved to dismiss their claims the following day, on June 28. The court dismissed the case without prejudice on July 2, 2019, awarding statutory costs to the defendants.

However, the court reversed the award of costs on August 22, also denying the defendants’ motion for attorneys’ fees. 402 F. Supp. 3d 529. Because the case was dismissed for lack of jurisdiction, and it clearly had not been a frivolous lawsuit (the court had originally ruled in favor of the plaintiffs, and the Supreme Court had allowed the litigation to proceed before later foreclosing the district court’s subject-matter jurisdiction), the court found that it would be most just for each party to bear its own costs.

The case is closed.

Rachel Barr - 01/27/2017
Virginia Weeks - 11/05/2017
Abigail DeHart - 03/30/2019
Gregory Marsh - 08/05/2020


compress summary

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Issues and Causes of Action
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Issues
Constitutional Clause
Equal Protection
Freedom of speech/association
Defendant-type
Jurisdiction-wide
General
Voting
Plaintiff Type
Private Plaintiff
Voting
Redistricting/district composition
Vote dilution
Causes of Action 42 U.S.C. § 1983
Declaratory Judgment Act, 28 U.S.C. § 2201
State law
Defendant(s) Wisconsin Government Accountability Board
Plaintiff Description Registered Democratic voters in Wisconsin
Indexed Lawyer Organizations Lawyers Comm. for Civil Rights Under Law
Class action status sought No
Class action status granted No
Filed Pro Se No
Prevailing Party Defendant
Public Int. Lawyer Yes
Nature of Relief None
Source of Relief None
Filed 07/08/2015
Case Closing Year 2019
Case Ongoing No
Additional Resources
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  See this case at CourtListener.com (May provide additional documents and, for active cases, real-time alerts)
  Gill v. Whitford
Campaign Legal Center
Date: Oct. 10, 2017
By: Campaign Legal Center
[ Detail ] [ External Link ]

Docket(s)
3:15-cv-00421-bbc (W.D. Wis.)
VR-WI-0018-9000.pdf | Detail
Date: 08/22/2019
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
General Documents
Complaint [ECF# 1]
VR-WI-0018-0001.pdf | Detail
Date: 07/08/2015
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Complaint Exhibits [ECF# 1-1]
VR-WI-0018-0005.pdf | Detail
Date: 07/08/2015
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Opinion and Order [Motion to Dismiss] [ECF# 43] (151 F.Supp.3d 918) (W.D. Wis.)
VR-WI-0018-0002.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 12/17/2015
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Opinion and Order [Motion for Summary Judgment, Motion in Limine] [ECF# 94] (180 F.Supp.3d 583) (W.D. Wis.)
VR-WI-0018-0003.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 04/07/2016
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Opinion and Order (218 F.Supp.3d 837) (W.D. Wis.)
VR-WI-0018-0004.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 11/21/2016
Opinion and Order [ECF# 182] (W.D. Wis.)
VR-WI-0018-0006.pdf | Detail
Date: 01/27/2017
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Brief of the Wisconsin Institute For Law and Liberty as Amicus Curiae In Support of Appellants
VR-WI-0018-0007.pdf | External Link | Detail
Date: 04/24/2017
Source: Supreme Court website
Brief For the States of Texas et al. As Amici Curiae In Support of Appellants
VR-WI-0018-0008.pdf | External Link | Detail
Date: 04/24/2017
Source: Supreme Court website
Brief For Amici Curiae Wisconsin State Senate and Wisconsin State Assembly In Support of Appellants
VR-WI-0018-0009.pdf | External Link | Detail
Date: 04/24/2017
Source: Supreme Court website
Brief of Amici Curiae Judicial Watch, Inc. and Allied Educational Foundation In Support of Appellants
VR-WI-0018-0010.pdf | External Link | Detail
Date: 04/24/2017
Source: Supreme Court website
Brief of Amici Curiae the Republican National Committee and the National Republican Congressional Committee In Support of Appellants
VR-WI-0018-0011.pdf | External Link | Detail
Date: 04/24/2017
Source: Supreme Court website
Motion to Affirm
VR-WI-0018-0060.pdf | External Link | Detail
Date: 05/08/2017
Source: Supreme Court website
Brief Opposing Motion to Affirm
VR-WI-0018-0061.pdf | External Link | Detail
Date: 05/18/2017
Source: Supreme Court website
Brief For Appellants
VR-WI-0018-0062.pdf | External Link | Detail
Date: 07/28/2017
Source: Supreme Court website
Brief of Amicus Curiae Republican National Committee In Support of Appellants
VR-WI-0018-0012.pdf | External Link | Detail
Date: 08/03/2017
Source: Supreme Court website
Brief of Amici Curiae Judicial Watch, Inc. and Allied Educational Foundation In Support of Appellants
VR-WI-0018-0013.pdf | External Link | Detail
Date: 08/03/2017
Source: Supreme Court website
Brief of Amici Curiae Tennessee State Senators In Support of Appellants
VR-WI-0018-0014.pdf | External Link | Detail
Date: 08/03/2017
Source: Supreme Court website
Brief of the Wisconsin Institute For Law & Liberty as Amicus Curiae In Support of Appellants
VR-WI-0018-0015.pdf | External Link | Detail
Date: 08/04/2017
Source: Supreme Court website
Brief of Amici Curiae the Majority Leader and Temporary President of the New York State Senate and Members of the Majority Coalition In Support of the Appellants
VR-WI-0018-0016.pdf | External Link | Detail
Date: 08/04/2017
Source: Supreme Court website
Brief For the States of Texas, et al. As Amici Curiae In Support of Appellants
VR-WI-0018-0017.pdf | External Link | Detail
Date: 08/04/2017
Source: Supreme Court website
Brief For Amici Curiae Wisconsin State Senate and Wisconsin State Assembly In Support of Appellants
VR-WI-0018-0018.pdf | External Link | Detail
Date: 08/04/2017
Source: Supreme Court website
Brief of Amicus Curiae Southeastern Legal Foundation In Support of Appellants
VR-WI-0018-0019.pdf | External Link | Detail
Date: 08/04/2017
Source: Supreme Court website
Brief of Amicus Curiae the Legacy Foundation In Support of Appellants
VR-WI-0018-0020.pdf | External Link | Detail
Date: 08/04/2017
Source: Supreme Court website
Brief of Republican State Leadership Committee As Amicus Curiae In Support of Appellants
VR-WI-0018-0021.pdf | External Link | Detail
Date: 08/04/2017
Source: Supreme Court website
Brief of Amicus Curiae the National Republican Congressional Committee in Support of Appellants
VR-WI-0018-0022.pdf | External Link | Detail
Date: 08/04/2017
Source: Supreme Court website
Brief For Amicus Curiae Wisconsin Manufacturers & Commerce In Support of Appellants
VR-WI-0018-0023.pdf | External Link | Detail
Date: 08/04/2017
Source: Supreme Court website
Brief of the Plaintiffs In the Maryland Redistricting Litigation, Benisek v. Lamone (Formerly Shapiro v. McManus) As Amici Curiae Supporting Neither Party
VR-WI-0018-0024.pdf | External Link | Detail
Date: 08/04/2017
Source: Supreme Court website
Brief of the American Civil Rights Union and the Public Interest Legal Foundation as Amici Curiae in Support of Appellants
VR-WI-0018-0025.pdf | External Link | Detail
Date: 08/04/2017
Source: Supreme Court website
Brief of Eric McGhee As Amicus Curiae In Support of Neither Party
VR-WI-0018-0026.pdf | External Link | Detail
Date: 08/10/2017
Source: Supreme Court website
Brief of Bernard Grofman and Ronald Keith Gaddie As Amici Curiae In Support of Neither Party
VR-WI-0018-0027.pdf | External Link | Detail
Date: 08/10/2017
Source: Supreme Court website
Brief For Appellees
VR-WI-0018-0063.pdf | External Link | Detail
Date: 08/28/2017
Source: Supreme Court website
Brief of Heather K. Gerken, et al. As Amici Curiae In Support of Appellees
VR-WI-0018-0028.pdf | External Link | Detail
Date: 08/30/2017
Source: Supreme Court website
Brief For Amicus Curiae Eric S. Lander In Support of Appellees
VR-WI-0018-0029.pdf | External Link | Detail
Date: 08/31/2017
Source: Supreme Court website
Brief For Amici Curiae American Jewish Committee, et al. In Support of Appellees
VR-WI-0018-0030.pdf | External Link | Detail
Date: 09/01/2017
Source: Supreme Court website
Brief of the American Civil Liberties Union, et al. As Amici Curiae, In Support of Appellees
VR-WI-0018-0031.pdf | External Link | Detail
Date: 09/01/2017
Source: Supreme Court website
Brief of Amici Curiae NAACP Legal Defense & Educational Fund, Inc. et al. In Support of Appellees
VR-WI-0018-0032.pdf | External Link | Detail
Date: 09/01/2017
Source: Supreme Court website
Brief of 44 Election Law, Scientific Evidence, and Empirical Legal Scholars As Amici Curiae In Support of Appellees
VR-WI-0018-0033.pdf | External Link | Detail
Date: 09/01/2017
Source: Supreme Court website
Brief of Colleagues of Professor Norman Dorsen As Amici Curiae In Support of Appellees
VR-WI-0018-0034.pdf | External Link | Detail
Date: 09/01/2017
Source: Supreme Court website
Brief of Amici Curiae Political Science Professors In Support of Appellees and Affirmance
VR-WI-0018-0035.pdf | External Link | Detail
Date: 09/05/2017
Source: Supreme Court website
Brief of Professor D. Theodore Rave As Amicus Curiae In Support of Appellees
VR-WI-0018-0036.pdf | External Link | Detail
Date: 09/05/2017
Source: Supreme Court website
Brief of Political Geography Scholars As Amici Curiae In Support of Appellees
VR-WI-0018-0037.pdf | External Link | Detail
Date: 09/05/2017
Source: Supreme Court website
Brief For the Brennan Center For Justice at N.Y.U. School of Law As Amicus Curiae In Support of Appellees
VR-WI-0018-0038.pdf | External Link | Detail
Date: 09/05/2017
Source: Supreme Court website
Brief of Amici Curiae Law Professors In Support of Appellees
VR-WI-0018-0039.pdf | External Link | Detail
Date: 09/05/2017
Source: Supreme Court website
Brief of Senators John McCain and Sheldon Whitehouse In Support of Appellees
VR-WI-0018-0040.pdf | External Link | Detail
Date: 09/05/2017
Source: Supreme Court website
Brief of Amici Curiae Historians In Support of Appellees
VR-WI-0018-0041.pdf | External Link | Detail
Date: 09/05/2017
Source: Supreme Court website
Brief of Republican Statewide Officials As Amici Curiae In Support of Appellees
VR-WI-0018-0042.pdf | External Link | Detail
Date: 09/05/2017
Source: Supreme Court website
Brief For the States of Oregon, et al. As Amici Curiae In Support of Appellees
VR-WI-0018-0043.pdf | External Link | Detail
Date: 09/05/2017
Source: Supreme Court website
Brief of Amici Curiae League of Conservation Voters et al. In Support of Appellees
VR-WI-0018-0044.pdf | External Link | Detail
Date: 09/05/2017
Source: Supreme Court website
Brief For Amicus Curiae Center For Media and Democracy In Support of Appellees
VR-WI-0018-0045.pdf | External Link | Detail
Date: 09/05/2017
Source: Supreme Court website
Brief of the Georgia State Conference of the NAACP et al. As Amici Curiae In Support of Appellees
VR-WI-0018-0046.pdf | External Link | Detail
Date: 09/05/2017
Source: Supreme Court website
Brief of California Citizens Redistricting Commission and FairDistricts Now, Inc. As Amici Curiae In SUpport of Appellees
VR-WI-0018-0047.pdf | External Link | Detail
Date: 09/05/2017
Source: Supreme Court website
Brief of Amici Curiae Represent.Us and Richard Painter In Support of Appellees
VR-WI-0018-0048.pdf | External Link | Detail
Date: 09/05/2017
Source: Supreme Court website
Brief For Constitutional Law Professors As Amici Curiae In Support of Appellees
VR-WI-0018-0049.pdf | External Link | Detail
Date: 09/05/2017
Source: Supreme Court website
Brief of Current Members of Congress and Bipartisan Former Members of Congress As Amici Curiae In Support of Appellees
VR-WI-0018-0050.pdf | External Link | Detail
Date: 09/05/2017
Source: Supreme Court website
Brief For Amici Curiae Bipartisan Group of 65 Current and Former State Legislators In Support of Appellees
VR-WI-0018-0051.pdf | External Link | Detail
Date: 09/05/2017
Source: Supreme Court website
Brief of Common Cause As Amicus Curiae In Support of Appellees
VR-WI-0018-0052.pdf | External Link | Detail
Date: 09/05/2017
Source: Supreme Court website
Brief of the League of Women Voters As Amicus Curiae In Support of Appellees
VR-WI-0018-0053.pdf | External Link | Detail
Date: 09/05/2017
Source: Supreme Court website
Brief Fairvote and One Nation One Vote As Amici Curiae In Support of Appellees
VR-WI-0018-0054.pdf | External Link | Detail
Date: 09/05/2017
Source: Supreme Court website
Brief of Amici Curiae Election Law and Constitutional Law Scholars In Support of Appellees
VR-WI-0018-0055.pdf | External Link | Detail
Date: 09/05/2017
Source: Supreme Court website
Brief of International Municipal Lawyers Association, et al. As Amici Curiae In Support of Appellees
VR-WI-0018-0056.pdf | External Link | Detail
Date: 09/05/2017
Source: Supreme Court website
Brief For Bipartisan Group of Current and Former Members of Congress As Amici Curiae In Support of Appellees
VR-WI-0018-0057.pdf | External Link | Detail
Date: 09/05/2017
Source: Supreme Court website
Brief of Amicus Curiae David Boyle In Support of Appellees
VR-WI-0018-0058.pdf | External Link | Detail
Date: 09/05/2017
Source: Supreme Court website
Brief of Robin Best, et al. As Amici Curiae In Support of Appellees
VR-WI-0018-0059.pdf | External Link | Detail
Date: 09/05/2017
Source: Supreme Court website
Reply Brief For Appellants
VR-WI-0018-0064.pdf | External Link | Detail
Date: 09/15/2017
Source: Supreme Court website
Supreme Court Opinion (138 S.Ct. 1916 / 201 L.Ed.2d 313)
VR-WI-0018-0065.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 06/18/2018
Source: Supreme Court website
Amended Complaint [ECF# 201]
VR-WI-0018-0066.pdf | Detail
Date: 09/14/2018
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Expert report of Jowei Chen, Ph.D. [ECF# 221]
VR-WI-0018-0067.pdf | Detail
Date: 10/26/2018
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Expert Report of Kenneth R. Mayer, Ph.D [ECF# 222]
VR-WI-0018-0068.pdf | Detail
Date: 10/26/2018
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Opinion and Order [ECF# 243] (2019 WL 294800) (W.D. Wis.)
VR-WI-0018-0069.pdf | WESTLAW | Detail
Date: 01/23/2019
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Opinion and Order [ECF# 318] (W.D. Wis.)
VR-WI-0018-0070.pdf | Detail
Date: 07/02/2019
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Opinion v. Order [ECF# 347] (402 F.Supp.3d 529) (W.D. Wis.)
VR-WI-0018-0071.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 08/22/2019
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
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Judges Alito, Samuel A. Jr. (Third Circuit, SCOTUS) show/hide docs
VR-WI-0018-0065
Breyer, Stephen Gerald (First Circuit, SCOTUS) show/hide docs
VR-WI-0018-0065
Crabb, Barbara Brandriff (W.D. Wis.) show/hide docs
VR-WI-0018-0002 | VR-WI-0018-0003 | VR-WI-0018-0006
Crocker, Stephen L. (W.D. Wis.) [Magistrate] show/hide docs
VR-WI-0018-9000
Ginsburg, Ruth Bader (D.C. Circuit, SCOTUS) show/hide docs
VR-WI-0018-0065
Gorsuch, Neil M. (Tenth Circuit, SCOTUS) show/hide docs
VR-WI-0018-0065
Griesbach, William C. (E.D. Wis.) show/hide docs
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Kagan, Elena (SCOTUS) show/hide docs
VR-WI-0018-0065
Kennedy, Anthony McLeod (Ninth Circuit, SCOTUS) show/hide docs
VR-WI-0018-0065
Peterson, James Donald (W.D. Wis.) show/hide docs
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Ripple, Kenneth Francis (Seventh Circuit) show/hide docs
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Roberts, John Glover Jr. (D.C. Circuit, SCOTUS) show/hide docs
VR-WI-0018-0065
Sotomayor, Sonia (S.D.N.Y., Second Circuit, SCOTUS) show/hide docs
VR-WI-0018-0065
Thomas, Clarence (D.C. Circuit, SCOTUS) show/hide docs
VR-WI-0018-0065
Monitors/Masters Mayer, Kenneth R. (Wisconsin) show/hide docs
VR-WI-0018-0068
Plaintiff's Lawyers Amunson, Jessica Ring (District of Columbia) show/hide docs
VR-WI-0018-0060 | VR-WI-0018-0063
Earle, Peter (Wisconsin) show/hide docs
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Gaber, Mark P. (District of Columbia) show/hide docs
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Greenwood, Ruth Merewyn (Illinois) show/hide docs
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Harless, Annabelle Elizabeth (Illinois) show/hide docs
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Hebert, J. Gerald (District of Columbia) show/hide docs
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Lang, Danielle (District of Columbia) show/hide docs
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Odorizzi, Michelle L. (Illinois) show/hide docs
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Pines, Lester A. (Wisconsin) show/hide docs
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Poland, Douglas Maynard (Wisconsin) show/hide docs
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Smith, Paul M. (District of Columbia) show/hide docs
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Stephanopoulos, Nicholas Odysseas (Illinois) show/hide docs
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Strauss, Paul Leonard (Illinois) show/hide docs
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Defendant's Lawyers Ackerman, Joshua (Illinois) show/hide docs
VR-WI-0018-9000
Berg, Luke N. (Wisconsin) show/hide docs
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Kawski, Clayton P. (Wisconsin) show/hide docs
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Keckhaver, Karla Z. (Wisconsin) show/hide docs
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Keenan, Brian P. (Wisconsin) show/hide docs
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Leroy, Kevin M. (Wisconsin) show/hide docs
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Meehan, Taylor A. R. (Illinois) show/hide docs
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Miller, Amy C. (Wisconsin) show/hide docs
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Schimel, Brad D. (Wisconsin) show/hide docs
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Tseytlin, Misha (Wisconsin) show/hide docs
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Walsh, Ryan J. (Wisconsin) show/hide docs
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VR-WI-0018-0025
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VR-WI-0018-0032
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VR-WI-0018-0027
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VR-WI-0018-0043
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VR-WI-0018-0043
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VR-WI-0018-0052
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VR-WI-0018-0027
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VR-WI-0018-0048
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VR-WI-0018-0058
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VR-WI-0018-0021
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VR-WI-0018-0008
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VR-WI-0018-0059
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VR-WI-0018-0026
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VR-WI-0018-0040
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VR-WI-0018-0057
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VR-WI-0018-0033
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VR-WI-0018-0043
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VR-WI-0018-0046
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VR-WI-0018-0048
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VR-WI-0018-0031
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VR-WI-0018-0023
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VR-WI-0018-0056
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VR-WI-0018-0023
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VR-WI-0018-0056
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VR-WI-0018-0057
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VR-WI-0018-0043
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VR-WI-0018-0042
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VR-WI-0018-0034
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VR-WI-0018-0031
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VR-WI-0018-0026
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VR-WI-0018-0048
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