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Civil Rights Litigation Clearinghouse
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Case Name White v. City of Pine Lawn CJ-MO-0013
Docket / Court 14SL-CC04194 ( State Court )
State/Territory Missouri
Case Type(s) Criminal Justice (Other)
Special Collection Fines/Fees/Bail Reform (Criminalization of poverty)
Attorney Organization ArchCity Defenders
Case Summary
On December 8, 2014, an individual assessed a warrant recall fee by the City of Pine Line, Missouri filed this class action on behalf of herself and all others similarly situation in the Circuit Court of St. Louis County. The plaintiffs sued the City of Pine Lawn under state law. The plaintiffs, ... read more >
On December 8, 2014, an individual assessed a warrant recall fee by the City of Pine Line, Missouri filed this class action on behalf of herself and all others similarly situation in the Circuit Court of St. Louis County. The plaintiffs sued the City of Pine Lawn under state law. The plaintiffs, represented by ArchCity Defenders, sought declaratory relief, injunctive relief, compensatory damages, punitive damages, disgorgement, and attorneys' fees. The plaintiffs alleged that the City of Pine Lawn violated state law by mandating fees to recall warrants and that the fees were implemented deceptively and recklessly with the sole intention of generating profit. This case was assigned to Judge Ellen Ribaudo.

The plaintiffs sought to certify a class composed of citizens who paid warrant fees to the City and citizens who had pending fees with the City. The plaintiffs alleged that the warrant fee was prohibited by state law since it was not specifically enumerated as one of the proper fees to be charged by municipal courts. They also contended that the City had unjustly enriched itself by profiting from the illegal fees. The plaintiffs claimed that the City knew or had reason to know the fees were illegal. Thus, the fees were assessed recklessly and negligently. The complaint noted that the fees created financial and personal burdens for the plaintiffs. They created distrust in the community by leading to increased financial stress and incarceration for its residents.

On July 17, 2015, the plaintiffs’ first amended class action petition was approved. The parties voluntarily dismissed this case at a settlement conference on December 28, 2016 and the Court issued an order of dismissal without prejudice on January 26, 2017. We have no additional information about the settlement agreement.

This case is now closed.

Salvatore Mancina - 02/12/2017
Hannah Greenhouse - 03/20/2019


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Issues and Causes of Action
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Issues
Defendant-type
Jurisdiction-wide
Law-enforcement
General
Courts
Fines/Fees/Bail/Bond
Plaintiff Type
Private Plaintiff
Causes of Action State law
Defendant(s) City of Pine Lawn, Missouri
Plaintiff Description Persons who were assessed warrant recall fees or had pending warrant recall fees by the city of Pine Lawn, Missouri.
Indexed Lawyer Organizations ArchCity Defenders
Class action status sought Yes
Class action status granted Yes
Filed Pro Se No
Prevailing Party Unknown
Public Int. Lawyer Yes
Nature of Relief Unknown
Source of Relief Settlement
Form of Settlement Voluntary Dismissal
Filing Year 2014
Case Closing Year 2015
Case Ongoing No
Docket(s)
14SL-CC04194 (U.S. Court of Appeals)
CJ-MO-0013-9000.pdf | Detail
Date: 12/08/2014
Source: State Court Website
General Documents
Class Action Petition
CJ-MO-0013-0001.pdf | Detail
Date: 12/01/2014
Source: Plaintiffs' counsel
show all people docs
Judges Ribaudo, Ellen H. Court not on record show/hide docs
CJ-MO-0013-9000
Plaintiff's Lawyers Ammann, John J. (Missouri) show/hide docs
CJ-MO-0013-0001 | CJ-MO-0013-9000
Campbell, John E. (Missouri) show/hide docs
CJ-MO-0013-0001
Campbell, Alicia (Missouri) show/hide docs
CJ-MO-0013-0001 | CJ-MO-0013-9000
Carroll, Nathaniel R. (Missouri) show/hide docs
CJ-MO-0013-9000
Hanlon, Stephen F (District of Columbia) show/hide docs
CJ-MO-0013-0001
Harvey, Thomas B. (Missouri) show/hide docs
CJ-MO-0013-0001
McAnnar, John D. (Missouri) show/hide docs
CJ-MO-0013-0001
Roediger, Brendan D. (Missouri) show/hide docs
CJ-MO-0013-0001
Vieth, Erich (Missouri) show/hide docs
CJ-MO-0013-0001 | CJ-MO-0013-9000
Voss, Michael-John (Missouri) show/hide docs
CJ-MO-0013-0001 | CJ-MO-0013-9000
Defendant's Lawyers Smith, Donnell (Missouri) show/hide docs
CJ-MO-0013-9000

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