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Case Name O'Donnell v. Harris County CJ-TX-0010
Docket / Court 4:16-cv-01414 ( S.D. Tex. )
Additional Docket(s) 4:16-cv-01436  [ 16-1436 ]
State/Territory Texas
Case Type(s) Criminal Justice (Other)
Special Collection Fines/Fees/Bail Reform (Criminalization of poverty)
Post-WalMart decisions on class certification
Attorney Organization Civil Rights Corps
Equal Justice Under Law
Case Summary
On May 19, 2016, a 22-year-old detainee filed this class action suit in the U.S. District Court for the Southern District of Texas under 42 U.S.C. § 1983 against Harris County, Texas and the Harris County Sheriff's Department. The plaintiff, represented by Equal Justice Under Law, claimed that the ... read more >
On May 19, 2016, a 22-year-old detainee filed this class action suit in the U.S. District Court for the Southern District of Texas under 42 U.S.C. § 1983 against Harris County, Texas and the Harris County Sheriff's Department. The plaintiff, represented by Equal Justice Under Law, claimed that the bail system violated the Equal Protection and Due Process Clauses of the Constitution. Specifically, the plaintiff claimed that after being arrested on May 18, 2016, for driving with an invalid license, she was detained in the Harris County Jail because she couldn't afford the $2,500 bail. This amount was set according to a predetermined bail schedule that did not consider the plaintiff's individualized circumstances. Moreover, the plaintiff alleged that she was told by Harris County Sheriff's deputies to not speak at her 60-second hearing, and pursuant to Harris County’s policies and practices, no inquiry was made into her ability to pay when the hearing officer found probable cause for her arrest.

The plaintiff sought declaratory and monetary relief, as well as an injunction preventing the defendants from using money bail to detain any person without procedures, including inquiry into the person's ability to pay the amount set. The plaintiff also sought a temporary restraining order for the release of herself and similarly situated individuals and requiring that they be given proper bail hearings. The case was assigned to U.S. District Judge Lee H. Rosenthal.

On May 23, 2016, the plaintiff was released from Harris County custody, so she withdrew the motion for the temporary restraining order.

Following a conference before Judge Lee H. Rosenthal on August 26, 2016, the plaintiff filed an amended complaint on September 1, 2016, which joined her case with other plaintiffs who had initiated similar suits and added Harris County judges to the suit as defendants in both their personal and professional capacities.

On December 16, Judge Rosenthal denied in part and granted in part the defendants' motions to dismiss, and then denied rehearing on March 1, 2017. She granted the motion to dismiss the personal-capacity claims against the Sheriff and the County Judges. She also granted the motion to dismiss the official-capacity claims against the Hearing Officers. She denied the motions to dismiss the official-capacity claims against the Sheriff and the County Judges and the motion to dismiss the claims against Harris County. The court held that the Judges and Sheriff could be sued in their official capacities for the policies they promulgated in their positions. Moreover, the court found that the judges lacked immunity from injunctive and declaratory relief while acting administratively. 227 F. Supp. 3d 706,

She set a preliminary injunction and class certification hearing for March 2017; the hearing lasted eight days, spread out between March 6 and March 23. On April 28, Judge Rosenthal certified a class consisting of "misdemeanor arrestees who are detained by Harris County . . . for whom a secured financial condition of release has been set and who cannot pay the amount necessary for release on the secured money bail because of indigence.”

On the same day, Judge Rosenthal entered a preliminary injunction, holding that the plaintiffs had met their burden of showing a likelihood of success on the merits of their claims that Harris County did not supply safeguards to protect the due process rights and equal protection rights of indigent misdemeanor arrestees. She held that Harris county had an essentially de facto policy of imposing bail in misdemeanor cases without regard to a defendant’s ability to pay or the likelihood of nonappearance or new arrests. She enjoined Harris County Judges and Sheriffs from detaining misdemeanor defendants who cannot afford bail and who would otherwise be eligible for release. She also set a maximum detention time of 24 hours between arrest and a hearing on a defendant’s ability to pay. Judge Rosenthal denied a stay pending appeal without prejudice that same day. 2017 WL 1735453

Harris County appealed to the Fifth Circuit on June 12, 2017. Several states, professional bondsmen, the Cato Institute, the ABA, Department of Justice and law enforcement officials, and a number of other organizations filed amicus curiae briefs.

On February 14, the Fifth Circuit (Judge Edith B. Clement) issued an opinion largely affirming the district court’s decision. However, it disagreed as to three points. First, the Fifth Circuit determined that the district court’s definition of the plaintiff’s liberty interest protected by due process was too broad. Second, the Fifth Circuit found that the Sheriff could not be sued under § 1983 because the Sheriff lacked power over the bail system (Originally, the court had dismissed the claim against the Sheriff but this was overturned on panel rehearing because the defendants had not moved to dismiss). And third, the Fifth Circuit vacated the injunction as overly broad. Instead, the Fifth Circuit suggested that an appropriate equitable remedy would require the County to make case-by-case determinations and provide notice, an opportunity to be heard and submit evidence within 48 hours of arrest, and a reasoned decision by an impartial decision maker. 882 F.3d 528; 892 F.3d 147

On June 29, 2018, Judge Rosenthal granted an amended preliminary injunction, adopting the Fifth Circuit’s suggestion of a 48 hour window between arrest and an individual hearing. She also narrowed the scope of her original injunction, applying it only to misdemeanor detainees whom local law had already determined to be eligible for release on a personal bond and who are subject to no other basis for detention. 321 F. Supp. 3d 763. On August 14, the Fifth Circuit stayed the injunction pending appeal. 900 F.3d 220,

In November of 2018, 15 of the 16 Harris County judges who had been named in the original suit lost their reelection bids. In the election, a historic 17 African American women were elected as Harris County judges, including the first LGBTQ African American ever elected to a judgeship in Harris County.

The new judges were substituted as parties in the suit. On January 7, 2019, all of the Harris County judges agreed to drop the appeal of the preliminary injunction and began to work with the plaintiffs to amend the law regarding bail schedules in Harris County. On February 1, the Court approved an amended rule submitted by both parties which required the prompt release of all misdemeanor arrestees on a personal bond except for certain more serious offenses and guaranteed a bail hearing within 48 hours for those not released on bond.

The parties then proceeded to negotiate a settlement and consent decree, which they submitted to the court on July 25, 2019. Several parties, including the Harris County Deputies’ Organization (the police union), the Professional Bondsmen of Harris County and the Harris County District Attorney filed briefs opposing all or part of the consent decree.

On November 21, 2019, Judge Rosenthal approved the consent decree and settlement. The consent decree required Harris County to make major reforms to its bail program, including implementation of and training on the amended hearing rules as well as a requirement that a Hearing Officer must find by clear and convincing evidence that an arrestee can pay a bail amount before imposing it as a release condition. It also increased funding to provide representation for all misdemeanor arrestees at their bail hearings. And it required the development of a website that misdemeanor arrestees could use to access their court dates, times and location in order to reduce non-appearance. In addition, Harris County agreed to pay nearly $4 million in attorney’s fees to the plaintiff’s attorneys. 2019 WL 6219933

The court retained jurisdiction to enforce the consent decree. The consent decree provided for supervision by an independent monitor set to last for a total of seven years, subject to extension if any defendants are unable to substantially comply with the consent decree during years six and seven. The consent decree remains in force.

MJ Koo - 01/28/2017
- 06/28/2017
Chelsea Rinnig - 03/25/2018
Jonah Feitelson - 02/21/2020


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Issues and Causes of Action
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Issues
Constitutional Clause
Due Process
Due Process: Procedural Due Process
Equal Protection
Content of Injunction
Preliminary relief granted
Defendant-type
Jurisdiction-wide
General
Bail/Bond
Commitment procedure
Fines/Fees/Bail/Bond
Over/Unlawful Detention
Pattern or Practice
Placement in detention facilities
Plaintiff Type
Non-profit NON-religious organization
Private Plaintiff
Causes of Action 42 U.S.C. § 1983
Declaratory Judgment Act, 28 U.S.C. § 2201
Defendant(s) Harris County Judges
Plaintiff Description "[M]isdemeanor arrestees who are detained by Harris County . . . for whom a secured financial condition of release has been set and who cannot pay the amount necessary for release on the secured money bail because of indigence"
Indexed Lawyer Organizations Civil Rights Corps
Equal Justice Under Law
Class action status sought Yes
Class action status granted Yes
Filed Pro Se No
Prevailing Party Plaintiff
Public Int. Lawyer Yes
Nature of Relief Preliminary injunction / Temp. restraining order
Injunction / Injunctive-like Settlement
Source of Relief Litigation
Settlement
Form of Settlement Court Approved Settlement or Consent Decree
Order Duration 2019 - 2026
Filed 05/19/2016
Case Ongoing Yes
Case Listing CJ-TX-0016 : Russell v. Harris County, TX (S.D. Tex.)
Additional Resources
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Docket(s)
4:16-cv-1414 (S.D. Tex.)
CJ-TX-0010-9000.pdf | Detail
Date: 02/03/2020
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
General Documents
Motion for Temporary Restraining Order and Preliminary Injunction [ECF# 1]
CJ-TX-0010-0001.pdf | Detail
Date: 05/19/2016
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Class Action Complaint [ECF# 3]
CJ-TX-0010-0002.pdf | Detail
Date: 05/19/2016
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
First Amended Class Action Complaint [ECF# 54]
CJ-TX-0010-0003.pdf | Detail
Date: 09/01/2016
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Memorandum and Opinion [ECF# 125] (227 F.Supp.3d 706) (S.D. Tex.)
CJ-TX-0010-0005.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 12/16/2016
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Memorandum and Opinion [ECF# 201] (2017 WL 784899) (S.D. Tex.)
CJ-TX-0010-0007.pdf | WESTLAW | Detail
Date: 03/01/2017
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Memorandum and Opinion Setting Out Findings of Fact and Conclusions of Law [ECF# 302] (2017 WL 1735456) (S.D. Tex.)
CJ-TX-0010-0006.pdf | WESTLAW | Detail
Date: 04/28/2017
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Memorandum and Order Certifying a Rule 23(b)(2) Class [ECF# 303] (2017 WL 1542457) (S.D. Tex.)
CJ-TX-0010-0008.pdf | WESTLAW | Detail
Date: 04/28/2017
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Order of Preliminary Injunction [ECF# 304] (2017 WL 1735453) (S.D. Tex.)
CJ-TX-0010-0009.pdf | WESTLAW | Detail
Date: 04/28/2017
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Order on Contigent Motion to Stay [ECF# 305] (S.D. Tex.)
CJ-TX-0010-0010.pdf | Detail
Date: 04/28/2017
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Brief of Amici Curiae Current and Former District and State's Attorneys, State Attorneys General, United States Attorneys, Assistant United States Attorneys, and Department of Justice Officials, In Support of Plaintiffs-Appellees [Ct. of App. ECF# 00514107922]
CJ-TX-0010-0013.pdf | Detail
Date: 08/08/2017
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Brief of the Cato Institute As Amicus Curiae in Support of Plaintiff-Appellee [Ct. of App. ECF# 00514108112]
CJ-TX-0010-0015.pdf | Detail
Date: 08/09/2017
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Brief Amicus Curiae Of the Constitutional Accountability Center In Support of the Plaintiffs-Appellees and Affirmance [Ct. of App. ECF# 00514108295]
CJ-TX-0010-0021.pdf | Detail
Date: 08/09/2017
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Amicus Curiae Brief of Hon. Darrell W. Jordan, Harris County Criminal Court At Law No. 16, In Support of Appellees and Affirmance [Ct. of App. ECF# 00514108750]
CJ-TX-0010-0018.pdf | Detail
Date: 08/09/2017
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Brief of Law-Enforcement and Corrections Officials As Amici Curiae In Support of Appellees [Ct. of App. ECF# 00514109264]
CJ-TX-0010-0011.pdf | Detail
Date: 08/09/2017
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Brief Of Amici Curiae Texas Public Policy Foundation and R Street Institute [Ct. of App. ECF# 00514109492]
CJ-TX-0010-0020.pdf | Detail
Date: 08/09/2017
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Brief of Conference of Chief Justices As Amici Curiae In Support of Neither Party [Ct. of App. ECF# 00514109764]
CJ-TX-0010-0012.pdf | Detail
Date: 08/09/2017
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Brief of Amici Curiae National Association of Pretrial Services Agencies, et al. In Support of Plaintiffs-Appellees [Ct. of App. ECF# 00514109896]
CJ-TX-0010-0017.pdf | Detail
Date: 08/09/2017
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Brief For American Bar Association As Amicus Curiae In Support of Plaintiffs-Appellees and Affirmance [Ct. of App. ECF# 00514109926]
CJ-TX-0010-0014.pdf | Detail
Date: 08/09/2017
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Brief For Texas Baptists Christian Life Commission, Texas Catholic Conference of Bishops, and Clergy and Religious Leaders As Amici Curiae In Support of Plaintiffs-Appellees [Ct. of App. ECF# 00514109963]
CJ-TX-0010-0016.pdf | Detail
Date: 08/09/2017
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Motion For Leave to File Amicus Curiae Brief In Support of Plaintiffs-Appellees and Affirmation [Ct. of App. ECF# 00514109995]
CJ-TX-0010-0019.pdf | Detail
Date: 08/09/2017
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Brief For the ACLU Foundation, ACLU of Texas, Lawyers' Committee for Civil Rights Under Law, and the Southern Poverty Law Center as Amici Curiae in Support of Appellees [Ct. of App. ECF# 00514110671]
CJ-TX-0010-0022.pdf | Detail
Date: 08/10/2017
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Opinion [USCA 5th Circuit] [Ct. of App. ECF# 00514347556] (882 F.3d 528)
CJ-TX-0010-0023.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 02/14/2018
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
On Petition for Rehearing [Ct. of App. ECF# 231] (892 F.3d 147)
CJ-TX-0010-0028.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 06/01/2018
Source: Westlaw
Memorandum and Opinion [ECF# 426] (321 F.Supp.3d 763) (S.D. Tex.)
CJ-TX-0010-0026.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 06/29/2018
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Memorandum and Opinion Approving the Proposed Consent Decree and Settlement Agreement and Granting the Motion to Authorize Compensation of Class Counsel [ECF# 707] (2019 WL 6219933) (S.D. Tex.)
CJ-TX-0010-0024.pdf | WESTLAW | Detail
Date: 11/21/2019
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Consent Decree [ECF# 708] (S.D. Tex.)
CJ-TX-0010-0025.pdf | Detail
Date: 11/21/2019
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
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Judges Clement, Edith Brown (E.D. La., Fifth Circuit) show/hide docs
CJ-TX-0010-0023 | CJ-TX-0010-0028
Haynes, Catharina (Fifth Circuit) show/hide docs
CJ-TX-0010-0023
Prado, Edward Charles (W.D. Tex., Fifth Circuit) show/hide docs
CJ-TX-0010-0023
Rosenthal, Lee Hyman (S.D. Tex.) show/hide docs
CJ-TX-0010-0005 | CJ-TX-0010-0006 | CJ-TX-0010-0007 | CJ-TX-0010-0008 | CJ-TX-0010-0009 | CJ-TX-0010-0010 | CJ-TX-0010-0024 | CJ-TX-0010-0025 | CJ-TX-0010-0026 | CJ-TX-0010-9000
Plaintiff's Lawyers Bernhardt, Rebecca (Texas) show/hide docs
CJ-TX-0010-0003 | CJ-TX-0010-9000
Gerstein, Charles L. (District of Columbia) show/hide docs
CJ-TX-0010-9000
Gervais, Michael (New York) show/hide docs
CJ-TX-0010-9000
Karakatsanis, Alec (District of Columbia) show/hide docs
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Manne, Neal S. (Texas) show/hide docs
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Pringle, Susanne Ashley (Texas) show/hide docs
CJ-TX-0010-0003 | CJ-TX-0010-9000
Rossi, Elizabeth Anne (District of Columbia) show/hide docs
CJ-TX-0010-0001 | CJ-TX-0010-0002 | CJ-TX-0010-0003 | CJ-TX-0010-9000
Salinas, Alejandra C. (Texas) show/hide docs
CJ-TX-0010-9000
White, Lexie Giselle (Texas) show/hide docs
CJ-TX-0010-0001 | CJ-TX-0010-0002 | CJ-TX-0010-0003 | CJ-TX-0010-9000
Zuniga, Krisina Janaye (Texas) show/hide docs
CJ-TX-0010-9000
Defendant's Lawyers Barnes, Brian W (District of Columbia) show/hide docs
CJ-TX-0010-9000
Cooper, Charles Justin (District of Columbia) show/hide docs
CJ-TX-0010-9000
Correro, Mark Anthony (Texas) show/hide docs
CJ-TX-0010-9000
David, Katharine Davenport (Texas) show/hide docs
CJ-TX-0010-9000
Falk, Sheryl Anne (Texas) show/hide docs
CJ-TX-0010-9000
Fleming, Michael P (Texas) show/hide docs
CJ-TX-0010-9000
Fogler, Murray (Texas) show/hide docs
CJ-TX-0010-0011 | CJ-TX-0010-9000
Good, Kenneth Wayne (Texas) show/hide docs
CJ-TX-0010-9000
Green, Robert Lawrence III (Texas) show/hide docs
CJ-TX-0010-9000
Hedge, Laura Beckman (Texas) show/hide docs
CJ-TX-0010-9000
Hull, Michael Robert (Texas) show/hide docs
CJ-TX-0010-9000
Jiminez, Victoria Lynn (Texas) show/hide docs
CJ-TX-0010-9000
Keville, John R. (Texas) show/hide docs
CJ-TX-0010-9000
Kirk, Michael W. (District of Columbia) show/hide docs
CJ-TX-0010-9000
Marra, William C. (District of Columbia) show/hide docs
CJ-TX-0010-9000
McGuire, Daniel D (Texas) show/hide docs
CJ-TX-0010-9000
Morgan, Philip James (Texas) show/hide docs
CJ-TX-0010-9000
Moss, Nicole J. (District of Columbia) show/hide docs
CJ-TX-0010-9000
Munisteri, James G. (Texas) show/hide docs
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O'Neill, John Ellis (Texas) show/hide docs
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Spinks, Melissa Lynn (Texas) show/hide docs
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Stafford, Michael A. (Texas) show/hide docs
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Stone, Corinne (Texas) show/hide docs
CJ-TX-0010-9000
Van Fleet, G. Allan (Texas) show/hide docs
CJ-TX-0010-0018 | CJ-TX-0010-9000
Vinson, Celena Cavazos (Texas) show/hide docs
CJ-TX-0010-9000
Other Lawyers Armbruster, Robert Anthony (Texas) show/hide docs
CJ-TX-0010-9000
Biggs, Adam Arthur (Texas) show/hide docs
CJ-TX-0010-9000
Braden, Myesha (District of Columbia) show/hide docs
CJ-TX-0010-0022
Brooke, Samuel (Alabama) show/hide docs
CJ-TX-0010-0022
Buskey, Brandon (New York) show/hide docs
CJ-TX-0010-0022
Caplan, Jared B. (Texas) show/hide docs
CJ-TX-0010-0017
Clement, Paul D. (District of Columbia) show/hide docs
CJ-TX-0010-9000
DeBorde, Nicole (Texas) show/hide docs
CJ-TX-0010-0019
Durfee, Scott Anthony (Texas) show/hide docs
CJ-TX-0010-9000
Ellis, Rodney (Texas) show/hide docs
CJ-TX-0010-9000
Foster, Lisa A. (District of Columbia) show/hide docs
CJ-TX-0010-0011
Friedman, Robert (District of Columbia) show/hide docs
CJ-TX-0010-0013
Gans, David H. (District of Columbia) show/hide docs
CJ-TX-0010-0021
Geltzer, Joshua A. (District of Columbia) show/hide docs
CJ-TX-0010-0013
Goldschmidt, Peter A. (California) show/hide docs
CJ-TX-0010-0014
Goldstein, Katherine R. (New York) show/hide docs
CJ-TX-0010-0019
Gorod, Brianne J. (District of Columbia) show/hide docs
CJ-TX-0010-0021
Green, Jeffrey T. (District of Columbia) show/hide docs
CJ-TX-0010-0020
Greenbaum, Jon M. (District of Columbia) show/hide docs
CJ-TX-0010-0022
Harrison, Lindsay C (District of Columbia) show/hide docs
CJ-TX-0010-0014
Henneke, Robert (Texas) show/hide docs
CJ-TX-0010-0020
Hill, J Marcus (Texas) show/hide docs
CJ-TX-0010-9000
Himmel, Janet M. (Texas) show/hide docs
CJ-TX-0010-0012
Jernigan-Johnson, Jessica (Tennessee) show/hide docs
CJ-TX-0010-0017
Kammerman, Joseph J. (New York) show/hide docs
CJ-TX-0010-0019
Kase, Kathryn M. (Texas) show/hide docs
CJ-TX-0010-9000
Kaufmann, Michael E. (New York) show/hide docs
CJ-TX-0010-0019
Kerlin, Paul M. (District of Columbia) show/hide docs
CJ-TX-0010-0016
Keys, Fred A Jr (Arizona) show/hide docs
CJ-TX-0010-9000
Klein, Linda A. (Illinois) show/hide docs
CJ-TX-0010-0014
Lanier, W Mark (Texas) show/hide docs
CJ-TX-0010-9000
Lawrence, Andrew C. (District of Columbia) show/hide docs
CJ-TX-0010-9000
Loss-Eaton, Tobias S. (District of Columbia) show/hide docs
CJ-TX-0010-0020
Magenheim, Alan N (Texas) show/hide docs
CJ-TX-0010-9000
Marcus, Jonathan L. (District of Columbia) show/hide docs
CJ-TX-0010-0016
McAloon, David W. (District of Columbia) show/hide docs
CJ-TX-0010-0020
McCord, Mary B. (District of Columbia) show/hide docs
CJ-TX-0010-0013
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CJ-TX-0010-0012
Michel, Christopher G. (District of Columbia) show/hide docs
CJ-TX-0010-9000
Ogg, Kimbra Kathryn (Texas) show/hide docs
CJ-TX-0010-9000
Pennell, Kevin R (Texas) show/hide docs
CJ-TX-0010-9000
Phillips, Thomas R. (Texas) show/hide docs
CJ-TX-0010-0012
Phillips, Carter G (District of Columbia) show/hide docs
CJ-TX-0010-0020
Phillips, Bradley S. (California) show/hide docs
CJ-TX-0010-0011
Pomeranz, Michael Leo (District of Columbia) show/hide docs
CJ-TX-0010-0016
Roark, Mary Margaret (Texas) show/hide docs
CJ-TX-0010-0012
Robertson, Brad (Alabama) show/hide docs
CJ-TX-0010-0017
Saldivar, Edgar (Texas) show/hide docs
CJ-TX-0010-0022
Segura, Andre (Texas) show/hide docs
CJ-TX-0010-0022
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CJ-TX-0010-0015
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CJ-TX-0010-0017
Signorelli-Cassady, Grace C. (Illinois) show/hide docs
CJ-TX-0010-0014
Stoger, Jonathan S (Texas) show/hide docs
CJ-TX-0010-9000
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CJ-TX-0010-0016
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CJ-TX-0010-0022
Trujillo-Jamison, Kenneth M. (California) show/hide docs
CJ-TX-0010-0011
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CJ-TX-0010-0019
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CJ-TX-0010-0022
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CJ-TX-0010-0022
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CJ-TX-0010-0021
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CJ-TX-0010-0012

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