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Case Name Braggs v. Dunn PC-AL-0035
Docket / Court 2:14-cv-00601 ( M.D. Ala. )
State/Territory Alabama
Case Type(s) Prison Conditions
Special Collection Post-PLRA enforceable consent decrees
Attorney Organization Southern Poverty Law Center
Case Summary
On June 17, 2014, disabled prisoners and the Alabama Disabilities Advocacy Program (ADAP) filed this class action lawsuit under 42 U.S.C. § 1983 in the U.S. District Court for the Middle District of Alabama, alleging that the Alabama Department of Corrections (ADOC) violated the Americans with ... read more >
On June 17, 2014, disabled prisoners and the Alabama Disabilities Advocacy Program (ADAP) filed this class action lawsuit under 42 U.S.C. § 1983 in the U.S. District Court for the Middle District of Alabama, alleging that the Alabama Department of Corrections (ADOC) violated the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA), 42 U.S.C. §§ 12111 et seq., including the ADA Amendment Acts of 2008, 42 U.S.C. § 12001, and § 504 of the Rehabilitation Act. Represented by Southern Poverty Law Center, ADAP, and private counsel, the plaintiffs alleged constitutionally inadequate medical care, inadequate mental health treatment and deprivation of due process prior to involuntarily medicating prisoners.

On September 8, 2015 order, the district court (Judge Myron H. Thompson) bifurcated the issues into two phases: Phase 1 would include the trial of issues brought under the Acts and non-mental health claims; and Phase 2 would include just mental health issues.

On March 15, 2016, after two years of extensive discovery, the parties submitted a joint motion for class action settlement, resolving all Phase 1 litigation. The court conducted a hearing on the motion on March 17, 2016.

On May 26, 2016, the parties jointly stipulated to the amended agreement. On June 13, 2016, the preliminary settlement approval order provisionally certified the putative Phase 1 class. The court found that the named plaintiffs have standing and preliminarily certified the putative Phase 1 class, defined as "any current or future inmate in the physical custody of the Alabama Department of Corrections who has a disability as defined in 42 U.S.C. § 12012 and 29 U.S.C. § 705(9)(B), excluding those inmates whose disabilities relate solely to or arise from mental disease, illness, or defect." See the Preliminary Settlement Approval Order.

In June 2016, the parties engaged in mediation with Magistrate Judge John Ott to negotiate the remaining claims. Discovery and settlement negotiations proceeded. On August 19, 2016, the plaintiffs moved to certify Phase II class.

On September 9, 2016, the district court (Judge Myron H. Thompson) approved the final settlement agreement in a consent decree. The agreement required the ADOC to:
  • evaluate all facilities that house disabled prisoners and identify necessary changes.
  • provide reasonable accommodations for disabled prisoners to access the programs.
  • perform initial screening for disabilities and a physical examination; test new prisoners for intellectual and developmental disabilities; and re-evaluate for changes in disability status.
  • not increase a prisoner's security level solely based upon a disability, but have discretion to lower a level based upon a disability.
  • provide auxiliary aids and services to prisoners with hearing and vision impairments.
  • designate employees, create plans, and run drills to evacuate disabled prisoners in the event of an emergency
  • implement a procedure for prisoners' requests for accommodations and appeals of denials and an ADA coordinator for each of its facilities to handle ADA requests, process appeals, produce monthly reports, and assess compliance.
  • provide initial and annual ADA training to correctional officers and enhanced training to ADA coordinators
  • create a quality-assurance program including audits of the identification of disabled prisoners and of accommodation requests.
The agreement also contains the following provisions related to implementation:
  • The ADAP will monitor the ADOC's compliance with the consent decree, and will be entitled to access relevant documents and to conduct interviews with prisoners and staff. The ADAP will prepare quarterly reports and recommendations on the ADOC's compliance.
  • Claims that the ADOC is not in compliance must be resolved in arbitration.
  • This consent decree will terminate after six years if no extension is granted.
  • The ADOC will pay attorneys' fees and costs of $1.25 million plus additional fees.


On September 23, 2016, defendants moved for summary judgment on the individual plaintiff's Phase 2 claims, which was granted in part and denied in part by the court in November of 2016. The district court dismissed six individual plaintiffs' claims as moot for their transfer or release from a jail moots the individual claim for relief. The court decided to proceed with trial regarding mental-health Eighth Amendment claims and involuntary-medication due-process claims. 2016 WL 6949598 (M.D. Ala. 2016).

On September 28, 2016, the plaintiffs filed a fifth amended complaint, alleging that overcrowding of ADOC facilities was continuing to lead to rapid contagion, and that custodial understaffing led to prisoners missing medical appointments.

On November 25, 2016, the district court granted summary judgment to ADAP on the issue of its associational standing under the Protection and Advocacy for Individuals with Mental Illness Act (PAIMI), 42 U.S.C. § 10805; therefore, the court said, ADAP could bring the mental-health care Phase 2A claims. See Dunn v. Dunn, 2016 WL 6949585 (M.D. Ala. 2016). On the same day, the district court certified two classes: (1) a class of all persons with a serious mental-health disorder or illness who are now, or will in the future be, subject to defendants' mental-health care policies and practices in ADOC facilities; and (2) a class of all persons with a serious mental-health disorder or illness who are now, or will in the future be, subject to defendants' formal involuntary-medication policies and practices. See Clearinghouse document PC-AL-0035-0021 below or here.

Trial for Phase 2A was held in January 2017. On January 11, 2017, the Parties mutually agreed to the Settlement Agreement of Phase 2A Mental Health ADA Claims.

On January 19, 2017, the district court (Judge Thompson) issued a temporary restraining order, to remain in effect until the court finally approved or rejected the parties' Phase 2 settlement agreement. The order required the ADOC to provide adaptive behavior and life skills training for prisoners with intellectual disability, prisoners who meet IQ prong and the adaptive behavior standard, and any other prisoner whom ADOC determines would substantially benefit from training. Those prisoners will be assigned a Case Manager to evaluate program courses on decision making, stress management, communication skill building, risk taking consequences, self-help, accessing prison services, and prison rules. See Clearinghouse document PC-AL-0035-0023 below or here

On March 31, 2017, the parties submitted a joint status report regarding due process claims. This process was being reformed to be more informative and efficient under the supervision of U.S. Magistrate Judge Gray Borden as of January 26, 2018.

On April 20, 2017, Judge Ott ordered mediation on the involuntary medication claims as part of Phase 2A, which resulted in an opinion and order on May 11, 2017. This preliminarily approved the settlement agreement. The court also provisionally certified the injunctive-relief settlement class composed of "all persons with a serious mental health disorder or illness who are now, or will in the future be, subject to defendants' formal involuntary medication policies and practices."

In early May 2017, prisoners at the facility sent a letter to Judge Thompson requesting notice of the ongoing litigation because the information was not being shared with them, but also highlighting other complaints on the process from their perspective. On May 12, 2017, Judge Thompson ordered that counsel for both plaintiffs and defendants look into the matter and file a joint report of their findings by May 26, 2017. This report is not available online.

On June 27, Judge Thompson issued a 302-page opinion and order on the Phase 2A Eighth Amendment claim, concluding that the "horrendously inadequate" mental health resources for prisoners violated the constitutional prohibition against cruel and unusual punishment. As reported in The Atlantic , the trial included testimony from a prisoner who was not receiving adequate mental health treatment and after becoming agitated during testimony, had to be coaxed back to the stand from the judge's chambers. At the time, Judge Thompson was concerned, and had ordered a full report on his mental condition and steps taken to address it. Sadly, the prisoner committed suicide ten days after his testimony and before measures were taken. In his opinion, Judge Thompson noted, "Without question, Wallace's testimony and the tragic event that followed darkly draped all the subsequent testimony like a pall." Noting the ongoing failures of ADOC to provide adequate mental-health care, Judge Thompson writes, "They could have taken this action in 2015, after the first meeting on suicides, or in 2016, after the second meeting, rather than waiting until January 2017. By that time, twelve more people, including a plaintiff in this lawsuit, had committed suicide."

The legal reasoning of the opinion covers the serious mental-health needs of the prisoners, actual harm and the substantial risks of serious harm posed by inadequate care, the deliberate indifference of ADOC toward its prisoners, and ADOC's ongoing violation of the Eight Amendment requiring intervention by the court. Judge Thompson rejected the defendants' argument of state immunity to liability of ongoing constitutional violations. The defendants' arguments against their liability, that requiring state expenditures to remedy prison conditions would violate the Eleventh Amendment and that someone else's cooperation was required to remedy the conditions, were also rejected by the court.

The conclusion lists out the specific failures of ADOC's mental-health care system as:
  • (1) Failing to identify prisoners with serious mental-health needs and to classify their needs properly;
  • (2) Failing to provide individualized treatment plans to prisoners with serious mental-health needs;
  • (3) Failing to provide psychotherapy by qualified and properly supervised mental-health staff and with adequate frequency and sound confidentiality;
  • (4) Providing insufficient out-of-cell time and treatment to those who need residential treatment; and failing to provide hospital-level care to those who need it;
  • (5) Failing to identify suicide risks adequately and providing inadequate treatment and monitoring to those who are suicidal, engaging in self-harm, or otherwise undergoing a mental-health crisis;
  • (6) Imposing disciplinary sanctions on mentally ill prisoners for symptoms of their mental illness, and imposing disciplinary sanctions without regard for the impact of sanctions on prisoners' mental health;
  • (7) Placing seriously mentally ill prisoners in segregation without extenuating circumstances and for prolonged periods of time; placing prisoners with serious mental-health needs in segregation without adequate consideration of the impact of segregation on mental health; and providing inadequate treatment and monitoring in segregation.


The opinion noted that persistent and severe shortages of mental-health staff and chronic and significant overcrowding are the overarching issues that contribute to the inadequacies in the healthcare of prisoners. Emphasizing the "severity and urgency of the need for mental-health care," Judge Thompson said that the proposed relief must be both immediate and long term and ordered the parties to meet to discuss a remedy.

On June 28, 2017, Judge Thompson issued an approval order for the Phase 2A ADA settlement. This order certified the injunctive relief class, overruled the objections to the settlement agreement, entered the settlement agreement as a consent decree, lifted the temporary restraining order, appointed Judge John Ott as the arbitrator as part of part VII of the consent decree, granted the Plaintiffs' motion for attorneys' fees, and ordered the parties to submit a plan for providing notice to members of the plaintiff class on the consent decree. Judge Thompson emphasized that, to the extent possible, the accommodation-request, grievance, and arbitration processes should be made accessible and understandable for a person of limited education. Plaintiffs were also awarded fees of $12,000 per year to monitor the settlement over six years. This agreement was updated per an order on July 13, 2017 and was submitted, and approved July 25, 2017. Class certification was denied as moot with regards to the Phase 2A ADA claim.

On July 13, 2017, Judge Thompson ordered that the parties file joint litigation status reports on the first Monday of January, April, July, and October of each year to keep track of how the litigation is progressing.

Judge Thompson issued a final approval order for the involuntary medication settlement on September 6, 2017. He issued a consent decree on the same day. The order overruled objections to the settlement agreement; approved the settlement agreement; appointed U.S. Magistrate Judge Ott as mediator pursuant to §16 of the consent decree; granted Plaintiff's motion for attorney's fees; dismissed, with prejudice, any and all claims by plaintiff Quang Bui regarding involuntary medication; and ordered that the parties submit a plan for providing notice to the class members of the consent decree and their rights under it. The notice of settlement should describe in laypersons' terms the policy and procedure regarding involuntary-medication, and the process for challenging a violation of the policy which requires an involuntary-medication order before using force or coercion to administer medication to a prisoner. The final approval opinion for the involuntary medication settlement was issued on November 27, 2017.

On November 1, 2017, Judge Gray M. Borden was assigned to the case, and Judge Terry F. Moorer was no longer assigned as a referral judge. Regarding the issue of understaffing for both correctional and mental health, Judge Thompson ordered the parties to engage in mediation with Judge Ott on December 18, 2017.

Judge Thompson ordered that counsel for all parties file a joint report on the status of heat sensitivity experiences by prisoners taking psychotropic medication on January 29, 2018. In this order, Judge Thompson requested counsel explain whether prisoners still risk suffering from overheating due to lack of air conditioning and what progress has been made to remedy the situation.

Seemingly exasperated with the defendants' arguments, Judge Thompson issued an order on February 2, 2018 stating, "[b]ecause the court presumes that the defendants are not attempting to relitigate liability at the remedial stage," the defendants, by February 5, 2018, must point out the sections in the liability opinion that limited its liability findings to only six facilities. The court noted that the defendants' proposed remedial plan, pretrial brief, statements during a nine-day evidentiary hearing on understaffing, and statements during post-trial oral arguments all maintained the proposed remedy for understaffing would apply to all ADOC's major facilities with the exception of Tutwiler.

On February 8, 2018, Judge Thompson issued an order to defendants after reviewing plaintiffs' evidence of ADOC holding approximately 20 prisoners with serious mental illness in segregation housing units for periods of more than 30 days between February 1, 2017 and January 31, 2018, including several for significantly longer periods. The order required defendants to review the prisoners listed in plaintiff's exhibit and (1) confirm that each prisoner has been removed from segregation, give the date of removal, and explain where the prisoner has been moved to, or (2) explain why the prisoner is in segregation, include the dates the prisoner has been in segregation, and the dates of any crisis or medical or mental-health related placements during that period. The report is not available.

On February 9, 2018, plaintiffs made an emergency motion for a preliminary injunction requiring the immediate closure of the segregation units at Bibb Correctional Facility, one of ADOC's fifteen prisons. This was following a recommendation from several of plaintiffs' experts from January 20, 2017 and in response to lack of progress in addressing deficiencies over the following year despite the court's liability opinion. These deficiencies include placing people with mental illness in segregation, correctional officers not completing their rounds as required, mental-health rounds were insufficient, and out-of-cell time was not provided to prisoners housed in segregation. Judge Thompson denied this motion on February 12, 2018.

On February 16, 2018, Judge Thompson ordered defendants to produce a list of prisoners in segregation along with their mental-health code each week on Monday.

After repeated motions by plaintiffs regarding defendants' failure to comply with their remedial plan for understaffing, Judge Thompson issued an order, judgment, and decree that Commissioner Dunn and Associate Commissioner of Health Services Naglich are enjoined and restrained from failing to comply with their remedial plan on February 20, 2018.

On March 1, 2018, Judge Thompson issued an order to the parties that they report to the court by March 19, 2018 on (1) issues they are "confident" they can reach an agreement on, (2) issues they are "hopeful" they can reach an agreement on, and (3) issues they "do not anticipate" being able to agree on.

As of March 7, 2018, the litigation is ongoing.

Soojin Cha - 07/04/2016
Susie Choi - 03/21/2017
Kaley Hanenkrat - 03/06/2018


compress summary

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Issues and Causes of Action
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Issues
Constitutional Clause
Cruel and Unusual Punishment
Due Process
Content of Injunction
Develop anti-discrimination policy
Discrimination Prohibition
Goals and Timekeeping
Implement complaint/dispute resolution process
Monitor/Master
Monitoring
Preliminary relief granted
Provide antidiscrimination training
Recordkeeping
Reporting
Training
Defendant-type
Corrections
Disability
disability, unspecified
Hearing impairment
Mental impairment
Mobility impairment
Visual impairment
Discrimination-basis
Disability (inc. reasonable accommodations)
General
Conditions of confinement
Failure to train
Fire safety
Grievance Procedures
Incident/accident reporting & investigations
Informed consent/involuntary medication
Restraints : physical
Sanitation / living conditions
Solitary confinement/Supermax (conditions or process)
Staff (number, training, qualifications, wages)
Medical/Mental Health
Intellectual disability/mental illness dual diagnosis
Intellectual/Developmental Disability
Medical care, general
Medical care, unspecified
Mental health care, general
Mental health care, unspecified
Vision care
Plaintiff Type
Private Plaintiff
Type of Facility
Government-run
Causes of Action 42 U.S.C. § 1983
Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA), 42 U.S.C. §§ 12111 et seq.
Protection and Advocacy for Individuals with Mental Illness (PAIMI) Act, 42 U.S.C. § 10801
Section 504 (Rehabilitation Act), 29 U.S.C. § 701
Defendant(s) Alabama Department of Corrections
Plaintiff Description Plaintiffs are individuals and advocacy organization for disabled persons in Alabama.
Indexed Lawyer Organizations Southern Poverty Law Center
Class action status sought Yes
Class action status granted Yes
Prevailing Party Plaintiff
Public Int. Lawyer Yes
Nature of Relief Preliminary injunction / Temp. restraining order
Attorneys fees
Injunction / Injunctive-like Settlement
Source of Relief Settlement
Form of Settlement Court Approved Settlement or Consent Decree
Order Duration 2016 - n/a
Case Ongoing Yes
Case Listing PC-AL-0036 : Duke v. Dunn (N.D. Ala.)
Additional Resources
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  Cruel Confinement: Abuse, Discrimination and Death Within Alabama's Prisons
Date: Jun. 4, 2014
(Southern Poverty Law Center )
[ Detail ] [ External Link ]

  Civil Rights Injunctions Over Time: A Case Study of Jail and Prison Court Orders
N.Y.U. Law Review
Date: May 2006
By: Margo Schlanger (Washington University Faculty)
Citation: 81 N.Y.U. L. Rev. 550 (2006)
[ Detail ] [ PDF ] [ External Link ]

  Judicial Policy Making and the Modern State: How the Courts Reformed America's Prisons
Book
Date: Jan. 1, 1998
By: Malcolm M. Feeley & Edward Rubin (UC Berkeley Boalt Hall School of Law & Vanderbilt School of Law Faculty Faculty)
Citation: (1998)
[ Detail ]

Docket(s)
14-cv-00601 (M.D. Ala.)
PC-AL-0035-9000.pdf | Detail
Date: 03/24/2017
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
General Documents
Complaint [ECF# 1]
PC-AL-0035-0001.pdf | Detail
Date: 06/17/2014
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Order [re: Motion to Compel] [ECF# 133] (M.D. Ala.)
PC-AL-0035-0002.pdf | Detail
Date: 04/08/2015
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Third Amended Complaint [ECF# 210]
PC-AL-0035-0003.pdf | Detail
Date: 06/25/2015
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Opinion and Order [ECF# 223] (2015 WL 4661318) (M.D. Ala.)
PC-AL-0035-0004.pdf | WESTLAW | Detail
Date: 07/27/2015
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
New Scheduling Order [ECF# 239] (M.D. Ala.)
PC-AL-0035-0005.pdf | Detail
Date: 09/08/2015
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Order and Opinion [ECF# 258] (2015 WL 5833885) (M.D. Ala.)
PC-AL-0035-0006.pdf | WESTLAW | Detail
Date: 10/06/2015
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Opinion and Order [ECF# 318] (2016 WL 324990) (M.D. Ala.)
PC-AL-0035-0007.pdf | WESTLAW | Detail
Date: 01/27/2016
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Opinion and Order [ECF# 322] (M.D. Ala.)
PC-AL-0035-0008.pdf | Detail
Date: 01/28/2016
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Joint Motion for Settlement Agreement [ECF# 376]
PC-AL-0035-0009.pdf | Detail
Date: 03/15/2016
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Settlement Agreement [ECF# 376-1]
PC-AL-0035-0010.pdf | Detail
Date: 03/15/2016
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Plaintiff's Response to 499 Order [ECF# 508]
PC-AL-0035-0011.pdf | Detail
Date: 05/25/2016
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Amended Settlement Agreement [ECF# 518]
PC-AL-0035-0012.pdf | Detail
Date: 05/26/2016
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Preliminary Settlement Approval Order [ECF# 532] (M.D. Ala.)
PC-AL-0035-0013.pdf | Detail
Date: 06/13/2016
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
First Supplemental Briefing Order [ECF# 534] (M.D. Ala.)
PC-AL-0035-0014.pdf | Detail
Date: 06/14/2016
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Second Supplemental Briefing Order [ECF# 539] (M.D. Ala.)
PC-AL-0035-0015.pdf | Detail
Date: 06/20/2016
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Jointly Prepared Status Report [ECF# 544]
PC-AL-0035-0016.pdf | Detail
Date: 06/24/2016
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Phase 1 Final Settlement Approval Opinion and Order [ECF# 727] (95 Fed.R.Serv.3d 1247) (M.D. Ala.)
PC-AL-0035-0020.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 09/09/2016
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Fifth Amended Complaint [ECF# 805]
PC-AL-0035-0019.pdf | Detail
Date: 09/28/2016
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Phase 2A ADAP Summary Judgment Opinion [ECF# 1009] (2016 WL 6949585) (M.D. Ala.)
PC-AL-0035-0017.pdf | WESTLAW | Detail
Date: 11/25/2016
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Phase 2A Individual Plaintiffs Summary Judgment Opinion [ECF# 1011] (2016 WL 6949598) (M.D. Ala.)
PC-AL-0035-0018.pdf | WESTLAW | Detail
Date: 11/25/2016
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Phase 2A Class Certification Opinion [ECF# 1013] (317 F.R.D. 634) (M.D. Ala.)
PC-AL-0035-0021.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 11/25/2016
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Temporary Restraining Order Regarding Settlement Phase 2A Mental Health ADA Claims [ECF# 1124] (M.D. Ala.)
PC-AL-0035-0023.pdf | Detail
Date: 01/19/2017
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Phase 2A Opinion and Order Preliminarily Approving ADA Mental Health Settlement Agreement [ECF# 1129] (M.D. Ala.)
PC-AL-0035-0022.pdf | Detail
Date: 02/22/2017
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Liability Opinion and Order as to Phase 2A Eighth Amendment Claim [ECF# 1285] (257 F.Supp.3d 1171) (M.D. Ala.)
PC-AL-0035-0024.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 06/27/2017
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Consent Decree Concerning Mental Health Claims Arising Under the Americans with Disabilities Act and §504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973, and Resolving the Phase 2A Trial of these Proceedings [ECF# 1291] (M.D. Ala.)
PC-AL-0035-0025.pdf | Detail
Date: 06/28/2017
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Phase 2A ADA Final Settlement Approval Opinion [ECF# 1311] (321 F.R.D. 653) (M.D. Ala.)
PC-AL-0035-0026.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 07/25/2017
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Phase 2A Involuntary medication Consent Decree [ECF# 1354] (M.D. Ala.)
PC-AL-0035-0027.pdf | Detail
Date: 09/06/2017
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Phase 2A Involuntary-Medication Settlement Final Approval Opinion [ECF# 1486] (2017 WL 5665334) (M.D. Ala.)
PC-AL-0035-0028.pdf | WESTLAW | Detail
Date: 11/27/2017
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Amended Order (Replacing Doc. No. 1601) [ECF# 1603] (M.D. Ala.)
PC-AL-0035-0029.pdf | Detail
Date: 02/08/2018
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Plaintiffs' Emergency Motion for a Temporary Restraining Order or a Preliminary Injunction Requiring the Immediate Closure of Bibb Correctional Facility's Segregation Units [ECF# 1614]
PC-AL-0035-0030.pdf | Detail
Date: 02/09/2018
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Judges Moorer, Terry F. (M.D. Ala.)
PC-AL-0035-0002 | PC-AL-0035-9000
Thompson, Myron Herbert (M.D. Ala., N.D. Ala.)
PC-AL-0035-0004 | PC-AL-0035-0005 | PC-AL-0035-0006 | PC-AL-0035-0007 | PC-AL-0035-0008 | PC-AL-0035-0013 | PC-AL-0035-0014 | PC-AL-0035-0015 | PC-AL-0035-0017 | PC-AL-0035-0018 | PC-AL-0035-0020 | PC-AL-0035-0021 | PC-AL-0035-0022 | PC-AL-0035-0023 | PC-AL-0035-0024 | PC-AL-0035-0025 | PC-AL-0035-0026 | PC-AL-0035-0027 | PC-AL-0035-0028 | PC-AL-0035-0029 | PC-AL-0035-9000
Plaintiff's Lawyers Baxter, Glenn Nelson (Alabama)
PC-AL-0035-0019 | PC-AL-0035-0030
Blocker, Jonathan (Alabama)
PC-AL-0035-0030
Borden, Lisa Wright (Alabama)
PC-AL-0035-0019 | PC-AL-0035-0030 | PC-AL-0035-9000
Brownstein, Rhonda C. (Alabama)
PC-AL-0035-0001 | PC-AL-0035-0003 | PC-AL-0035-0009 | PC-AL-0035-0010 | PC-AL-0035-0019 | PC-AL-0035-0030 | PC-AL-0035-9000
Cho, Eunice (Georgia)
PC-AL-0035-0001 | PC-AL-0035-0003 | PC-AL-0035-0009 | PC-AL-0035-0010 | PC-AL-0035-0019 | PC-AL-0035-9000
Clotfelter, Patricia (Alabama)
PC-AL-0035-0001 | PC-AL-0035-0003 | PC-AL-0035-0009 | PC-AL-0035-0010 | PC-AL-0035-0019 | PC-AL-0035-0030 | PC-AL-0035-9000
Cohen, J. Richard (Alabama)
PC-AL-0035-0001 | PC-AL-0035-0003 | PC-AL-0035-0009 | PC-AL-0035-0010 | PC-AL-0035-9000
Debrosse, Diandra S. (Alabama)
PC-AL-0035-0019 | PC-AL-0035-0030
Evenson, Rebekah B. (California)
PC-AL-0035-0001 | PC-AL-0035-0003 | PC-AL-0035-0009 | PC-AL-0035-0010 | PC-AL-0035-9000
Graham, Grace (Alabama)
PC-AL-0035-0030
Hackney, James Patrick (Alabama)
PC-AL-0035-0001 | PC-AL-0035-0003 | PC-AL-0035-0009 | PC-AL-0035-0010 | PC-AL-0035-0019 | PC-AL-0035-9000
Hardy, Alison (California)
PC-AL-0035-0001 | PC-AL-0035-0003 | PC-AL-0035-0009 | PC-AL-0035-0010 | PC-AL-0035-9000
Haskell, Miriam Fahsi (Florida)
PC-AL-0035-0001 | PC-AL-0035-0003 | PC-AL-0035-0009 | PC-AL-0035-0010 | PC-AL-0035-0019 | PC-AL-0035-9000
Howard, Ebony G. (Alabama)
PC-AL-0035-0001 | PC-AL-0035-0003 | PC-AL-0035-0009 | PC-AL-0035-0010 | PC-AL-0035-0019 | PC-AL-0035-9000
Kendrick, Corene (New York)
PC-AL-0035-0001 | PC-AL-0035-0003 | PC-AL-0035-0009 | PC-AL-0035-0010 | PC-AL-0035-9000
McCrary, Latasha Lanette (Alabama)
PC-AL-0035-0001 | PC-AL-0035-0003 | PC-AL-0035-0009 | PC-AL-0035-0010 | PC-AL-0035-0019 | PC-AL-0035-0030 | PC-AL-0035-9000
Menschel, Brooke (Alabama)
PC-AL-0035-0001 | PC-AL-0035-0003 | PC-AL-0035-0009 | PC-AL-0035-0010 | PC-AL-0035-0019 | PC-AL-0035-9000
Morris, Maria V. (Alabama)
PC-AL-0035-0001 | PC-AL-0035-0003 | PC-AL-0035-0009 | PC-AL-0035-0010 | PC-AL-0035-0011 | PC-AL-0035-0012 | PC-AL-0035-0016 | PC-AL-0035-0019 | PC-AL-0035-0030 | PC-AL-0035-9000
Mujumdar, Anil A. (Alabama)
PC-AL-0035-0019 | PC-AL-0035-0030
Norman, Sara Linda (California)
PC-AL-0035-0001 | PC-AL-0035-0003 | PC-AL-0035-0009 | PC-AL-0035-0010 | PC-AL-0035-9000
Osorno, Jaqueline (Alabama)
PC-AL-0035-0019
Restrepo, Valentina (Alabama)
PC-AL-0035-0001 | PC-AL-0035-0003 | PC-AL-0035-0009 | PC-AL-0035-0010 | PC-AL-0035-9000
Rosen, Brent L. (Alabama)
PC-AL-0035-0001 | PC-AL-0035-0003 | PC-AL-0035-0009 | PC-AL-0035-0010 | PC-AL-0035-9000
Sandley, Caitlin J. (Alabama)
PC-AL-0035-0030
Somerville, William G III (Alabama)
PC-AL-0035-0001 | PC-AL-0035-0003 | PC-AL-0035-0009 | PC-AL-0035-0010 | PC-AL-0035-0019 | PC-AL-0035-0030 | PC-AL-0035-9000
Specter, Donald H. (California)
PC-AL-0035-0001 | PC-AL-0035-0003 | PC-AL-0035-0009 | PC-AL-0035-0010 | PC-AL-0035-9000
Van Der Pol, William Jr. (Alabama)
PC-AL-0035-0001 | PC-AL-0035-0003 | PC-AL-0035-0009 | PC-AL-0035-0010 | PC-AL-0035-0019 | PC-AL-0035-0030 | PC-AL-0035-9000
Walsh, Andrew Philip (Alabama)
PC-AL-0035-0001 | PC-AL-0035-0003 | PC-AL-0035-0009 | PC-AL-0035-0010 | PC-AL-0035-0019 | PC-AL-0035-0030 | PC-AL-0035-9000
Zarzaur, Gregory M. (Alabama)
PC-AL-0035-0019 | PC-AL-0035-0030
Defendant's Lawyers Addison, Alyce Robertson (Alabama)
PC-AL-0035-0009 | PC-AL-0035-0010 | PC-AL-0035-9000
Boyd, David R. (Alabama)
PC-AL-0035-0009 | PC-AL-0035-0010 | PC-AL-0035-0012 | PC-AL-0035-9000
Coleman, Bryan Arthur (Alabama)
PC-AL-0035-0009 | PC-AL-0035-0010 | PC-AL-0035-9000
Corhern, Steven C. (Alabama)
PC-AL-0035-0009 | PC-AL-0035-0010 | PC-AL-0035-9000
Dorr, Luther Maxwell Jr. (Alabama)
PC-AL-0035-9000
Edwards, Michael Leon (Alabama)
PC-AL-0035-0009 | PC-AL-0035-0010 | PC-AL-0035-9000
Getty, John Eric (Alabama)
PC-AL-0035-0009 | PC-AL-0035-0010 | PC-AL-0035-9000
Greggs, Mitchell D. (Alabama)
PC-AL-0035-0009 | PC-AL-0035-0010 | PC-AL-0035-9000
Han, Susan Nettles (Alabama)
PC-AL-0035-0009 | PC-AL-0035-0010 | PC-AL-0035-9000
Hill, Anne A. (Alabama)
PC-AL-0035-0009 | PC-AL-0035-0010 | PC-AL-0035-9000
Lunsford, William R. (Alabama)
PC-AL-0035-0009 | PC-AL-0035-0010 | PC-AL-0035-0016 | PC-AL-0035-9000
Marler, Melissa K. (Alabama)
PC-AL-0035-0009 | PC-AL-0035-0010 | PC-AL-0035-9000
McAdory, Janine McKinnon (Alabama)
PC-AL-0035-9000
McKinnon, Janine A. (Alabama)
PC-AL-0035-0009 | PC-AL-0035-0010 | PC-AL-0035-9000
Moltz, Evan Patrick (Alabama)
PC-AL-0035-0009 | PC-AL-0035-0010 | PC-AL-0035-9000
Naramore, John W. (Alabama)
PC-AL-0035-0009 | PC-AL-0035-0010 | PC-AL-0035-9000
Reeves, Matthew (Alabama)
PC-AL-0035-0009 | PC-AL-0035-0010 | PC-AL-0035-9000
Rogers, Stephen C. (Alabama)
PC-AL-0035-0009 | PC-AL-0035-0010 | PC-AL-0035-9000
Sees, Elizabeth A. (Alabama)
PC-AL-0035-0009 | PC-AL-0035-0010 | PC-AL-0035-9000
Shah, Mitesh (Alabama)
PC-AL-0035-0009 | PC-AL-0035-0010 | PC-AL-0035-9000
Smith, John Garland (Alabama)
PC-AL-0035-0009 | PC-AL-0035-0010 | PC-AL-0035-0012 | PC-AL-0035-9000
Stewart, Joseph Gordon Jr. (Alabama)
PC-AL-0035-0009 | PC-AL-0035-0010 | PC-AL-0035-9000

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