University of Michigan Law School
Civil Rights Litigation Clearinghouse
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Case Name Kennedy v. City of Biloxi CJ-MS-0004
Docket / Court 1:15-cv-00348 ( S.D. Miss. )
State/Territory Mississippi
Case Type(s) Criminal Justice (Other)
Special Collection Fines/Fees/Bail Reform (Criminalization of poverty)
Attorney Organization ACLU Chapters (any)
Case Summary
Case summary not yet recorded

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Issues and Causes of Action
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Constitutional Clause
Due Process
Equal Protection
Content of Injunction
Pattern or Practice
Placement in detention facilities
Plaintiff Type
Private Plaintiff
Causes of Action 42 U.S.C. ยง 1983
Defendant(s) City of Biloxi, MI
Plaintiff Description Persons incarcerated for unpaid fines and fees stemming from traffic violations and misdemeanors.
Indexed Lawyer Organizations ACLU Chapters (any)
Class action status sought Yes
Class action status granted Yes
Filed Pro Se No
Prevailing Party Plaintiff
Public Int. Lawyer Yes
Nature of Relief Damages
Injunction / Injunctive-like Settlement
Source of Relief Settlement
Form of Settlement Private Settlement Agreement
Order Duration 2016 - 2019
Filing Year 2015
Case Ongoing Yes
Additional Resources
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  It's All About the Money, Money, Money: Criminalizing Poverty
Date: Nov. 19, 2018
By: Nusrat J. Choudhury, Lisa Foster, Danielle Elyce Hirsch (American Bar Association)
Citation: It's All About the Money, Money, Money: Criminalizing Poverty, American Bar Association, (March 8, 2016),
[ Detail ] [ PDF ] [ External Link ]

1:15-cv-00348-HSO-JCG (S.D. Miss.)
CJ-MS-0004-9000.pdf | Detail
Date: 09/13/2016
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
General Documents
Complaint [ECF# 1]
CJ-MS-0004-0001.pdf | Detail
Date: 10/21/2015
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Final Stipulated Settlement Agreement
CJ-MS-0004-0003.pdf | External Link | Detail
Date: 03/15/2016
Source: ACLU
Status Report on Stipulated Settlement Agreement [ECF# 30]
CJ-MS-0004-0002.pdf | Detail
Date: 09/13/2016
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Judges Gargiulo, John C. Court not on record [Magistrate]
Ozerden, Halil Suleyman (S.D. Miss.)
Plaintiff's Lawyers Choudhury, Nusrat Jahan (New York)
CJ-MS-0004-0001 | CJ-MS-0004-0003 | CJ-MS-0004-9000
Irvin, Charles Baron (Mississippi)
CJ-MS-0004-0001 | CJ-MS-0004-9000
Parker, Dennis D. (New York)
Simon, Anthony R (Mississippi)
CJ-MS-0004-0001 | CJ-MS-0004-9000
Teeuwissen, Pieter (Mississippi)
CJ-MS-0004-0001 | CJ-MS-0004-9000
Defendant's Lawyers Blessey, Gerlad H. (Mississippi)
CJ-MS-0004-0002 | CJ-MS-0004-0003 | CJ-MS-0004-9000
Gunn, Corban (Mississippi)
CJ-MS-0004-0003 | CJ-MS-0004-9000
Jackson, Michael Leon (Alabama)
Logsdon, Larry Stephen (Alabama)
McKnight, Thomas A. Jr. (Alabama)
Steel, Tere R. (Mississippi)

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