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Case Name Johnson v. O'Brien and Bullington v. Moreland JC-MO-0010
Docket / Court 76-210 C (3) ( E.D. Mo. )
Additional Docket(s) 79-650-C(4)  [ 79-650 ]
State/Territory Missouri
Case Type(s) Jail Conditions
Special Collection Strip Search Cases
Case Summary
On May 30, 1979, Robert Burlington, a pre-trial detainee at St. Louis County Jail in Clayton, Missouri, filed a lawsuit in the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Missouri against St. Louis County officials regarding conditions at the jail. The lawsuit was filed on behalf of ... read more >
On May 30, 1979, Robert Burlington, a pre-trial detainee at St. Louis County Jail in Clayton, Missouri, filed a lawsuit in the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Missouri against St. Louis County officials regarding conditions at the jail. The lawsuit was filed on behalf of all pre-trial detainees at the St. Louis County Jail. Burlington filed the lawsuit pro se.

In 1980, this case was consolidated with a previous lawsuit filed in 1976. That lawsuit, Johnson v. O'Brien, resulted in a December 30, 1977, order by District Judge John Nangle. Johnson v. O'Brien, 445 F. Supp. 122 (E.D. Mo. 1977). Judge Nangle ordered St. Louis County to complete renovations and alterations of the jail within one year from the date of the order. These renovations were to result in larger living areas for inmates. The district court also enjoined the number of inmates who could be housed at the jail prior to the renovations. The court ordered the jail to improve medical care, conduct a daily medical survey of inmates, allow inmates to clean their living areas and launder their clothes, and allow regular visitation. Judge Nangle's 1980 consolidation of the two cases aimed to determine the defendants' compliance with the 1977 order.

Mr. Burlington's initial pleading was a petition for temporary injunction. He claimed that jail officials were violating his First and Fourteenth Amendment Rights by not allowing him access to periodicals he received in the mail. In August 1979, other inmates petitioned the court to participate in the lawsuit and claimed numerous other constitutional violations, including overcrowding, unsanitary conditions, lack of recreation, denial of visitation rights, and inadequate medical care. An amended complaint was filed after the plaintiffs obtained representation by private attorneys, incorporating many of the inmates' claims. In February 1980, the district court approved the case as a class action, adopting a January 10, 1980, recommendation to that effect by U.S. Magistrate David D. Noce. Magistrate Judge Williams S. Bahn conducted a review of jail conditions, including a personal visit to the jail, and stated in an unpublished July 1980, order that he had determined that, in most areas, the jail was in compliance with the previous order. There was overcrowding and the facility lacked a proper library, however.

The parties subsequently came to agreement on many of the issues in the complaints. Their stipulation, dated August 12, 1983, reaffirmed the Johnson v. O'Brien order and set out the defendants' agreement to implement population limits, provide additional material in the law library, cease conducting strip searches in connection with visitation privileges, and segregate pre-trial detainees under the age of sixteen years. Judge Nangle ordered the stipulation posted in the jail. Litigation continued concerning attorneys' fees, with the two appointed counsel for plaintiffs receiving fee awards of $25,000 and $12,500, respectively, pursuant to Judge Nangle's November 29, 1983, unpublished order.

On August 2, 1993, due to flooding at another jail and the subsequent transfer of inmates to the St. Louis County Jail, the district court temporarily lifted the population limits in the jail. This emergency order was terminated on March 29, 1994, upon the defendants' request, by an unpublished order by District Judge Edward L. Filippine. The docket does not indicate any further litigation in this case.

Angela Heverling - 06/06/2007

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Issues and Causes of Action
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Constitutional Clause
Due Process
Freedom of speech/association
Crowding / caseload
Pre-PLRA Population Cap
Assault/abuse by residents/inmates/students
Food service / nutrition / hydration
Law library access
Recreation / Exercise
Sanitation / living conditions
Strip search policy
Medical/Mental Health
Medical care, general
Type of Facility
Causes of Action 42 U.S.C. ยง 1983
Defendant(s) St. Louis County
Plaintiff Description Pre-trial detainees at the St. Louis County Jail
Class action status sought Yes
Class action status granted Yes
Filed Pro Se Yes
Prevailing Party Plaintiff
Public Int. Lawyer No
Nature of Relief Injunction / Injunctive-like Settlement
Source of Relief Settlement
Order Duration 1977 - n/a
Filed 1976
Case Ongoing No
Case Listing JC-MO-0012 : Bruce v. St. Louis County Dept. of Social Services (State Court)
JC-MO-0011 : Bullington v. Moreland (State Court)
Additional Resources
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  Jail Strip-Search Cases: Patterns and Participants
Date: Spring 2008
By: Margo Schlanger (Washington University in St. Louis Faculty)
Citation: 71 Law & Contemp. Problems 65 (2008)
[ Detail ] [ External Link ]

  Defendant Compliance In Public Law Litigation: A Case Study of Bullington v. Moreland
Date: Dec. 9, 2004
By: Andrea Ebreck (Washington University Law Student)
[ Detail ] [ PDF ]

79-650 (E.D. Mo.)
JC-MO-0010-9000.pdf | Detail
Date: 03/29/1994
General Documents
Attachment 4: Daily Sick Call Roster
JC-MO-0010-0003.pdf | Detail
Inmate Regulations
JC-MO-0010-0063.pdf | Detail
Attachment 6: Inmate Rights at Institution Discipline Committee Hearing
JC-MO-0010-0005.pdf | Detail
Date: 08/25/1975
Attachment 5: Volunteer Schedule February 23-27, 1976
JC-MO-0010-0004.pdf | Detail
Date: 02/23/1976
Attachment 3: St. Louis County Jail Inmate Regulations
JC-MO-0010-0002.pdf | Detail
Date: 03/18/1976
Attachment 7: Improvement of Welfare Facilities - Annex
JC-MO-0010-0006.pdf | Detail
Date: 04/23/1976
Attachment 1: Housing System, St. Louis County Jail
JC-MO-0010-0001.pdf | Detail
Date: 04/30/1976
Source: Papers of Margo Schlanger
Attachment 8: Contract for Service By/In a Nonfederal Facility
JC-MO-0010-0007.pdf | Detail
Date: 12/08/1976
U.S. Postal Service Regulations
JC-MO-0010-0061.pdf | Detail
Date: 08/04/1977
Judgment and Order (E.D. Mo.)
JC-MO-0010-0008.pdf | Detail
Date: 12/30/1977
Judgment and Order (445 F.Supp. 122) (E.D. Mo.)
JC-MO-0010-0070.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 12/30/1977
Source: Google Scholar
JC-MO-0010-0012.pdf | Detail
Date: 05/09/1979
Motion for Leave to Proceed in Forma Pauperis
JC-MO-0010-0010.pdf | Detail
Date: 05/21/1979
Plaintiff's Brief in Support of Petition for Temporary Injunction
JC-MO-0010-0009.pdf | Detail
Date: 05/30/1979
Supplemental Brief to Petition for Temporary Injunction
JC-MO-0010-0011.pdf | Detail
Date: 05/30/1979
Petition for Temporary Injunction
JC-MO-0010-0015.pdf | Detail
Date: 05/30/1979
JC-MO-0010-0013.pdf | Detail
Date: 05/31/1979
Defendants' Motion to Dismiss
JC-MO-0010-0014.pdf | Detail
Date: 07/23/1979
Inmates Requests for Participation in Class Action
JC-MO-0010-0016.pdf | Detail
Date: 08/23/1979
Amended Complaint for Declaratory Judgment, Injunctive Relief, and Other Appropriate Relief
JC-MO-0010-0017.pdf | Detail
Date: 08/31/1979
Motion for Intervention
JC-MO-0010-0018.pdf | Detail
Date: 09/04/1979
Motion for Joinder of Parties
JC-MO-0010-0019.pdf | Detail
Date: 09/04/1979
Order (E.D. Mo.)
JC-MO-0010-0020.pdf | Detail
Date: 10/05/1979
Order (E.D. Mo.)
JC-MO-0010-0021.pdf | Detail
Date: 10/05/1979
Order (E.D. Mo.)
JC-MO-0010-0022.pdf | Detail
Date: 10/05/1979
Motion of Defendants to Dismiss Amended Complaint
JC-MO-0010-0023.pdf | Detail
Date: 10/30/1979
Brief of Defendants in Support of Defendants Motion to Dismiss Complaint
JC-MO-0010-0065.pdf | Detail
Date: 10/30/1979
Plaintiffs' Response to Defendants' Motion to Dismiss Complaint
JC-MO-0010-0024.pdf | Detail
Date: 11/19/1979
Verified Motion for the Court to Appoint a Stenotype Reporter
JC-MO-0010-0025.pdf | Detail
Date: 11/19/1979
Plaintiffs' Request for Production of Documents Directed to Defendant
JC-MO-0010-0026.pdf | Detail
Date: 11/19/1979
Plaintiffs' Interrogatories Directed to Defendants
JC-MO-0010-0027.pdf | Detail
Date: 11/19/1979
JC-MO-0010-0059.pdf | Detail
Date: 12/04/1979
In Re: Bullington v. Moreland
JC-MO-0010-0028.pdf | Detail
Date: 12/21/1979
Motion to Amend
JC-MO-0010-0029.pdf | Detail
Date: 01/01/1980
Report and Recommendation of United States Magistrate (E.D. Mo.)
JC-MO-0010-0030.pdf | Detail
Date: 01/10/1980
Stipulation of Fact
JC-MO-0010-0031.pdf | Detail
Date: 01/10/1980
JC-MO-0010-0032.pdf | Detail
Date: 02/11/1980
Order (E.D. Mo.)
JC-MO-0010-0034.pdf | Detail
Date: 02/21/1980
Order (E.D. Mo.)
JC-MO-0010-0035.pdf | Detail
Date: 02/21/1980
Department of Justice Services Response to Alleged Conditions
JC-MO-0010-0062.pdf | Detail
Date: 03/05/1980
Answer to Plaintiffs' Amended Complaint for Declaratory Judgment, Injunctive Relief, and Other Appropriate Relief
JC-MO-0010-0036.pdf | Detail
Date: 03/28/1980
Order (E.D. Mo.)
JC-MO-0010-0037.pdf | Detail
Date: 09/18/1980
Memorandum (E.D. Mo.)
JC-MO-0010-0038.pdf | Detail
Date: 09/18/1980
JC-MO-0010-0039.pdf | Detail
Date: 10/03/1980
Motion to Withdraw
JC-MO-0010-0040.pdf | Detail
Date: 11/26/1980
Order (E.D. Mo.)
JC-MO-0010-0042.pdf | Detail
Date: 12/05/1980
Order (E.D. Mo.)
JC-MO-0010-0043.pdf | Detail
Date: 12/11/1980
Order (E.D. Mo.)
JC-MO-0010-0064.pdf | Detail
Date: 12/11/1980
Compliance of John P. Emde with Order of December 11, 1980
JC-MO-0010-0041.pdf | Detail
Date: 12/29/1980
Compliance of James L. Thomas with Order of December 11, 1980
JC-MO-0010-0044.pdf | Detail
Date: 01/02/1981
Magistrate's Review and Recommendation (E.D. Mo.)
JC-MO-0010-0045.pdf | Detail
Date: 07/23/1981
Response of Plaintiffs to Report of United States Magistrate's Review and Recommendation
JC-MO-0010-0046.pdf | Detail
Date: 08/24/1981
Defendants' Objections to Review and Recommendation of Magistrate
JC-MO-0010-0066.pdf | Detail
Date: 10/21/1981
Order (E.D. Mo.)
JC-MO-0010-0047.pdf | Detail
Date: 12/10/1981
Stipulation of the Parties
JC-MO-0010-0069.pdf | Detail
Date: 03/01/1983
Magistrate's Memorandum (E.D. Mo.)
JC-MO-0010-0048.pdf | Detail
Date: 06/21/1983
Magistrate's Memorandum
JC-MO-0010-0067.pdf | Detail
Date: 06/21/1983
Magistrate's Recommendation (E.D. Mo.)
JC-MO-0010-0049.pdf | Detail
Date: 06/22/1983
Order (E.D. Mo.)
JC-MO-0010-0052.pdf | Detail
Date: 06/22/1983
Magistrate's Recommendation
JC-MO-0010-0068.pdf | Detail
Date: 06/28/1983
JC-MO-0010-0051.pdf | Detail
Date: 06/30/1983
Stipulation of the Parties
JC-MO-0010-0050.pdf | Detail
Date: 08/12/1983
Affidavit of Edward Moreland
JC-MO-0010-0054.pdf | Detail
Date: 08/12/1983
Memorandum (E.D. Mo.)
JC-MO-0010-0055.pdf | Detail
Date: 08/30/1983
Order (E.D. Mo.)
JC-MO-0010-0056.pdf | Detail
Date: 08/30/1983
Application and Petition of John P. Emde for Allowance of Attorneys Fees
JC-MO-0010-0057.pdf | Detail
Date: 09/21/1983
Order and Memorandum (E.D. Mo.)
JC-MO-0010-0058.pdf | Detail
Date: 11/29/1983
Order (E.D. Mo.)
JC-MO-0010-0053.pdf | Detail
Date: 08/13/1993
Motion to Terminate Emegency Order
JC-MO-0010-0060.pdf | Detail
Date: 03/29/1994
show all people docs
Judges Bahn, William S. (E.D. Mo.) show/hide docs
JC-MO-0010-0042 | JC-MO-0010-0043 | JC-MO-0010-0045 | JC-MO-0010-0048 | JC-MO-0010-0049 | JC-MO-0010-0064 | JC-MO-0010-0067 | JC-MO-0010-0068
Filippine, Edward Louis (E.D. Mo.) show/hide docs
JC-MO-0010-0020 | JC-MO-0010-0021 | JC-MO-0010-0022 | JC-MO-0010-0053 | JC-MO-0010-0060
Nangle, John Francis (E.D. Mo.) show/hide docs
JC-MO-0010-0008 | JC-MO-0010-0032 | JC-MO-0010-0034 | JC-MO-0010-0035 | JC-MO-0010-0037 | JC-MO-0010-0038 | JC-MO-0010-0047 | JC-MO-0010-0052 | JC-MO-0010-0056 | JC-MO-0010-0058 | JC-MO-0010-0070
Monitors/Masters Noce, David D. (Missouri) show/hide docs
Plaintiff's Lawyers Thomas, James L. (Missouri) show/hide docs
JC-MO-0010-0017 | JC-MO-0010-0018 | JC-MO-0010-0019 | JC-MO-0010-0024 | JC-MO-0010-0025 | JC-MO-0010-0026 | JC-MO-0010-0027 | JC-MO-0010-0031 | JC-MO-0010-0044 | JC-MO-0010-0046 | JC-MO-0010-0050 | JC-MO-0010-0069 | JC-MO-0010-9000
Defendant's Lawyers Buckley, Eugene K. (Missouri) show/hide docs
Ross, John Andrew (Missouri) show/hide docs
Shuman, Michael A. (Missouri) show/hide docs
JC-MO-0010-0060 | JC-MO-0010-9000
Wehrle, Thomas W. (Missouri) show/hide docs
JC-MO-0010-0014 | JC-MO-0010-0036 | JC-MO-0010-0050 | JC-MO-0010-0054 | JC-MO-0010-0065 | JC-MO-0010-0066 | JC-MO-0010-0069 | JC-MO-0010-0070 | JC-MO-0010-9000
Weyerich, Donald J. (Missouri) show/hide docs
JC-MO-0010-0014 | JC-MO-0010-0023 | JC-MO-0010-0031 | JC-MO-0010-0036 | JC-MO-0010-0050 | JC-MO-0010-0054 | JC-MO-0010-0065 | JC-MO-0010-0066 | JC-MO-0010-0069 | JC-MO-0010-0070 | JC-MO-0010-9000
Other Lawyers Emde, John P. (Missouri) show/hide docs
JC-MO-0010-0041 | JC-MO-0010-0046 | JC-MO-0010-0050 | JC-MO-0010-0057 | JC-MO-0010-0069 | JC-MO-0010-0070 | JC-MO-0010-9000

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