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Case Name Perez v. City of Chicago PN-IL-0015
Docket / Court 13-cv-4531 ( N.D. Ill. )
State/Territory Illinois
Case Type(s) Policing
Case Summary
On June 20, 2013, a man who had been arrested and detained in Chicago’s Homan Square detention center filed this lawsuit in the U.S. District Court for the Northern District of Illinois. The plaintiff sued the City of Chicago and Chicago police officers under 42 U.S.C. § 1983. Represented by a ... read more >
On June 20, 2013, a man who had been arrested and detained in Chicago’s Homan Square detention center filed this lawsuit in the U.S. District Court for the Northern District of Illinois. The plaintiff sued the City of Chicago and Chicago police officers under 42 U.S.C. § 1983. Represented by a private firm, the plaintiff asked the court for compensatory and punitive damages. The plaintiff claimed that the City of Chicago and the individual police officers violated his Fourth and Fourteenth Amendment rights. He alleged that they subjected him to secret arrest and excessive force, tortured and sodomized him, and prevented from calling an attorney. The plaintiff claimed that after being questioned and detained without being able to contact an attorney, he was taken to Homan Square, a police warehouse that was not a normal police station, where he was threatened and tortured.

On September 2, 2015, the court (Magistrate Judge Mary M. Rowland) granted the plaintiff's motion to file a second amended complaint. 2015 WL 5163165. On October 5, 2015, the plaintiff filed a second amended complaint that included additional plaintiffs and a request for class certification. The plaintiffs asked for injunctive and declaratory relief in addition to monetary damages, bringing the same claims as the original complaint: they alleged that they had been subjected to unconstitutional police practices at Homan square. The class members claimed that the city of Chicago and the Chicago police department violated their Fourth and Fourteenth amendment rights by subjecting them to excessive force and secret arrests, without making a public record of their arrest or allowing them to contact an attorney. The plaintiffs alleged that the Chicago Police Department used Homan Square to hold citizens “incommunicado”—that is, without the formal processing procedures or acknowledgment of the detention—so that police could interrogate citizens and coerce them to cooperate with investigations. The class plaintiffs brought a § 1983 "secret arrest" class claim for alleged policies and practices—including secretly detaining citizens at places like Homan Square, interrogating citizens without advising them of their Miranda rights, attempting to coerce false confessions, denying contact with attorneys or family, and refusing access to food, water, and restrooms—that violated the First and Fourth Amendments. Two of the new named plaintiffs brought a claim for deprivations of adequate accommodations, alleging policies and practices of detaining citizens overnight without providing them minimally adequate accommodations for sleeping. The second amended complaint also included individual claims for excessive force, failure to intervene in excessive force, state law claims, and an indemnification claim against the City.

On January 16, 2016, Magistrate Judge Rowland granted the discovery motion from the plaintiffs to inspect the Homan Square facilities where the detainees were kept. This area included detainee cells, bathrooms, bullpen holding cells and interview/interrogation rooms. The plaintiff was also permitted to perform testing in these areas on suspected blood and human excrement.

The defendants filed a motion to dismiss on December 18, 2015 on the basis that two of the plaintiffs were time-barred and another plaintiff failed to state a viable claim. On February 15, 2016, the intervenor plaintiff from Mann v. Ramaglia filed a motion to consolidate his case with this one. On March 24, 2016, Judge Mary M. Rowland granted part and denied part of the motion. She directed that pre-trial proceedings be coordinated in this case and Mann v. Ramaglia under her supervision.

On August 26, 2016, Judge Rowland granted the City's motion to dismiss as to some of the named plaintiffs' claims, finding them time barred or failing to state a claim upon which relief could be granted. 2016 WL 4493425. On February 1, 2017, the plaintiffs filed a third amended complaint with three named plaintiffs, which asserted the same substantive claims seeking to reform the procedures that allowed police to hold arrestees "incommunicado" and in inhumane conditions in order to "squeeze" information out of them.

The parties engaged in consolidated discovery in this case and Mann v. Ramaglia for the next year and a half. On September 8, 2017, Judge Rowland granted the plaintiffs' request to include Chicago Mayor Rahm Emanuel and members of his staff in the City's email search. 2017 WL 3970592.

Following a July 17, 2018 status hearing, the court reported that the plaintiffs had submitted a settlement demand to the defendants. The parties agreed at an August 28, 2018 status hearing that a settlement conference could be productive, but it was unclear whether one of the named plaintiffs would participate, which the City and the court agreed would render settlement unproductive. At a September 28, 2018 status hearing, it was established that the named plaintiff would participate in a settlement conference tentatively set for November 14, 2018. While moving toward a settlement conference the parties were reportedly at odds over whether this would be a class-wide or individual settlement.

After the November 2018 status hearing, Judge Rowland stayed class discovery until the class plaintiffs had filed a motion to certify class. For Perez, the individual plaintiff, Judge Rowland set February 28, 2019 as a non-negotiable and non-continuable date for the close of fact discovery. At this point, the judge's frustration with this plaintiff became apparent from her management of his case, including additional non-continuable deadlines and written admonition of his attorney.

After the scheduled close of discovery for the individual plaintiff's case, the parties continued into a period of contentious expert discovery. The parties brought several disputes to the judge during this time, including: 1) Defendants' claiming that they had never agreed to a motion the plaintiff filed as an agreed motion; 2) Defendants' motions to bar plaintiff from disclosing any expert witnesses/strike individual experts and; 3) sanctions on the plaintiff for failing to comply with Rule 26(a).

The class plaintiffs filed their motion to certify the class on March 5, 2019. They sought certification for two classes:
Class I (Detainee and Arrestee Class): All natural persons detained or arrested by
a Chicago Police Officer where no public record of the detainment or arrest was
created within a reasonable amount of time from the initial detainment (Plaintiffs
suggest one hour from the initial detainment) and where no court order existed at
the time of arrest or detainment sealing or otherwise making the detainment or
arrest confidential, beginning on a date two years prior to the filing of this
Complaint to the present.
Class II (Future Detainees and Arrestees Class): All persons who may in the
future be subject to the secret arrests Described in Class One.

The court denied the motion for class certification on December 27, 2019. After a status conference in January 2020, all of the involved parties agreed to participate in settlement conferences. An initial conference was scheduled for May 20, 2020, but due to the COVID-19 public health emergency this was postponed for an indeterminate amount of time. As of May 27, 2020, the parties have been encouraged to engage in settlement negotiations outside of court. This case is ongoing.

Kat Brausch - 04/03/2016
Sarah McDonald - 10/14/2018
Alex Moody - 05/27/2020

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Issues and Causes of Action
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Constitutional Clause
Cruel and Unusual Punishment
Due Process
Conditions of confinement
Excessive force
Over/Unlawful Detention
Pattern or Practice
Plaintiff Type
Private Plaintiff
Causes of Action 42 U.S.C. § 1983
State law
Defendant(s) City of Chicago
Plaintiff Description Individuals who had been secretly detained by the Chicago Police Department at the police warehouse at Homan Square
Class action status sought Yes
Class action status granted Pending
Filed Pro Se No
Prevailing Party None Yet / None
Public Int. Lawyer No
Nature of Relief None yet
Source of Relief None yet
Filed 06/20/2013
Case Ongoing Yes
Case Listing PN-IL-0012 : Mann v. Ramaglia (N.D. Ill.)
Additional Resources
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  See this case at (May provide additional documents and, for active cases, real-time alerts)
Court Docket(s)
N.D. Ill.
PN-IL-0015-9000.pdf | Detail
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
General Documents
N.D. Ill.
Complaint [ECF# 1]
PN-IL-0015-0001.pdf | Detail
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
N.D. Ill.
Second Amended Complaint [ECF# 132]
PN-IL-0015-0002.pdf | Detail
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
N.D. Ill.
Plaintiffs' Motion for Intervention, Reassignment or Consolidation of Related Cases [ECF# 166]
PN-IL-0015-0003.pdf | Detail
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
N.D. Ill.
Memorandum Order and Order [ECF# 186]
PN-IL-0015-0005.pdf | Detail
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
N.D. Ill.
Third Amended Complaint [ECF# 202]
PN-IL-0015-0006.pdf | Detail
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
N.D. Ill.
Memorandum Opinion and Order [ECF# 330] (2019 WL 7290848)
PN-IL-0015-0007.pdf | WESTLAW | Detail
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
show all people docs
Judges Brown, Geraldine Soat (N.D. Ill.) [Magistrate] show/hide docs
Dow, Robert Michael Jr. (N.D. Ill.) show/hide docs
PN-IL-0015-0005 | PN-IL-0015-0007 | PN-IL-0015-9000
Plaintiff's Lawyers Alyea, Michelle A. (Illinois) show/hide docs
Brigham, Phillip Aaron (Illinois) show/hide docs
Combs, Cathleen M. (Illinois) show/hide docs
PN-IL-0015-0002 | PN-IL-0015-0006 | PN-IL-0015-9000
DeCaro, Dennis J. (Illinois) show/hide docs
PN-IL-0015-0001 | PN-IL-0015-9000
Edelman, Daniel A. (Illinois) show/hide docs
PN-IL-0015-0002 | PN-IL-0015-0006 | PN-IL-0015-9000
Epstein, Jason R. (Illinois) show/hide docs
Erickson, Jon F. (Illinois) show/hide docs
Gelsomino, Sarah Jeanette (Illinois) show/hide docs
Hill, Anthony William (Illinois) show/hide docs
Kamin, Scott T. (Illinois) show/hide docs
Latturner, James O. (Illinois) show/hide docs
PN-IL-0015-0002 | PN-IL-0015-0006 | PN-IL-0015-9000
Maisuria, Ronak P. (Illinois) show/hide docs
Miller, Cassandra P. (Illinois) show/hide docs
PN-IL-0015-0002 | PN-IL-0015-0006 | PN-IL-0015-9000
Ohri, Shubra (Illinois) show/hide docs
Oppenheimer, Michael D. (Illinois) show/hide docs
Taylor, G. Flint (Illinois) show/hide docs
PN-IL-0015-0003 | PN-IL-0015-9000
Taylor, Flint Jr (Illinois) show/hide docs
Defendant's Lawyers Beck, Gregory M (Illinois) show/hide docs
Cazares, Jorge V. (Illinois) show/hide docs
Chavira, Iris Y (Illinois) show/hide docs
Cifonelli, Jonathan Booker (Illinois) show/hide docs
Coleman, Khara Aisha Ashanti (Illinois) show/hide docs
PN-IL-0015-9000 | PN-IL-0015-9000
Dixon, Matthew P. (Illinois) show/hide docs
Doi, Kathryn M. (Illinois) show/hide docs
Gowin, Lindsay Wilson (Illinois) show/hide docs
Hanford, Elizabeth Kathryn (Illinois) show/hide docs
Jones, Walter Jr. (Illinois) show/hide docs
Kabacinski, Bret Anthony (Illinois) show/hide docs
Marx, Jason Michael (Illinois) show/hide docs
Shoffner, Robin Denise (Illinois) show/hide docs
Steiner, Rachel C. (Illinois) show/hide docs
Yurchich, Jordan F (Illinois) show/hide docs

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