University of Michigan Law School
Civil Rights Litigation Clearinghouse
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Case Name Parrish v. Alabama Department of Corrections JC-AL-0008
Docket / Court 3:79-cv-00301-JFG ( N.D. Ala. )
State/Territory Alabama
Case Type(s) Jail Conditions
Prison Conditions
Case Summary
On March 21, 1979, inmates filed a lawsuit under 42 U.S.C. § 1983 in the U.S. District Court for the Northern District of Alabama, against jail officials of Lauderdale County, alleging unconstitutional conditions of confinement. On November 29, 1982, the court (Judge Junius Foy Guin Jr.) entered ... read more >
On March 21, 1979, inmates filed a lawsuit under 42 U.S.C. § 1983 in the U.S. District Court for the Northern District of Alabama, against jail officials of Lauderdale County, alleging unconstitutional conditions of confinement. On November 29, 1982, the court (Judge Junius Foy Guin Jr.) entered an injunction prohibiting the defendants from housing state prisoners in the Lauderdale County Jail for more than 30 days, in order to alleviate overcrowding and associated health problems at the jail. In 1991, the Governor of Alabama and corrections officials were held in contempt for violating the injunction, and in 1993, Lauderdale County constructed a new jail. On July 2, 1997, the Alabama Department of Corrections (DOC) moved to terminate the injunction under the Prison Litigation Reform Act (PLRA). The district court (Judge Guin) denied the motion and the DOC appealed. On September 28, 1998, the Eleventh Circuit Court of Appeals (Judge James Edmondson) found that the evidence was insufficient to prove that a current and ongoing violation of a federal right existed (there was no evidence that the new jail was overcrowded) and therefore remanded the case, ordering that the injunction be terminated. Parrish v. Alabama Department of Corrections, 156 F.3d 1128 (11th Cir. 1998). On November 3, 1998, the district court (Judge Guin) ordered that the injunction be terminated pursuant to the mandate of the Eleventh Circuit. The clerks office marked the case closed on January 21, 1999.

Jaclyn Adams - 03/17/2006


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Issues and Causes of Action
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Issues
Crowding
Crowding / caseload
General
Totality of conditions
Plaintiff Type
Private Plaintiff
Type of Facility
Government-run
Causes of Action 42 U.S.C. § 1983
Defendant(s) Lauderdale County Commission
Plaintiff Description Prisoners of the Alabama Department of Corrections
Class action status sought Unknown
Class action status granted Unknown
Prevailing Party Plaintiff
Public Int. Lawyer Unknown
Nature of Relief Unknown
Source of Relief Unknown
Order Duration 1994 - 2001
Case Closing Year 1999
Case Ongoing No
Additional Resources
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  Bravo v. Board of Commissioners of Dona Ana County
http://www.bazelon.org/
Date: 2017
By: The Bazelon Center (The Bazelon Center)
[ Detail ] [ External Link ]

Docket(s)
79-cv-00301-JFG (N.D. Ala.)
JC-AL-0008-9000.pdf | Detail
Date: 01/21/1999
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
General Documents
Opinion (757 F.2d 285)
JC-AL-0008-0002.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 03/06/1985
Reported Opinion (156 F.3d 1128)
JC-AL-0008-0001.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 09/28/1998
Source: Google Scholar
Judges Edmondson, James Larry Court not on record
JC-AL-0008-0001
Guin, Junius Foy Jr. Court not on record
JC-AL-0008-9000
Defendant's Lawyers Butler, Albert Sims (Alabama)
JC-AL-0008-0001 | JC-AL-0008-9000
Byrne, Alice Ann (Alabama)
JC-AL-0008-0001 | JC-AL-0008-9000
Leonard, Ellen Ruth (Alabama)
JC-AL-0008-0001 | JC-AL-0008-9000
Pryor, William Holcombe Jr. (Alabama)
JC-AL-0008-0001 | JC-AL-0008-9000
Smith, Christopher A. (Alabama)
JC-AL-0008-0001 | JC-AL-0008-9000

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