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Case Name Lacy v. Dart DR-IL-0005
Docket / Court 1:14-cv-06259 ( N.D. Ill. )
State/Territory Illinois
Case Type(s) Disability Rights-Pub. Accom.
Case Summary
On August 14, 2014, a wheelchair using detainee filed this suit in the U.S. District Court for the Northern District of Illinois against Cook County, Illinois under the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) and the ... read more >
On August 14, 2014, a wheelchair using detainee filed this suit in the U.S. District Court for the Northern District of Illinois against Cook County, Illinois under the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) and the Rehabilitation Act, and against two Cook County correctional officers in their individual capacities under 42 U.S.C. §1983. The plaintiff, represented by private counsel, claimed deprivation by the County of rights secured under the ADA and the Rehabilitation Act, and alleged excessive force by the correctional officers.

Shortly thereafter, the plaintiff, now joined by three additional wheelchair using detainees, filed an amended complaint. A fifth named plaintiff was later added. The plaintiffs, individually and on behalf of a putative class of Cook County inmates, sought preliminary and permanent injunctive relief and damages. The plaintiffs complained that, during their monthly trips from the jail to one of the six local courthouses, the County subjected them to numerous ADA and Rehabilitation Act violations, including inadequate van transport and holding cell accommodations, severely limited and unequal access to lavatory facilities, and non-ADA compliant wheelchair ramps.

On September 17, 2104, the plaintiffs filed a motion for preliminary injunction, which the Court (Judge Robert W. Gettleman) consolidated with a trial on the merits on December 18, 2014. Over the next five months, the Court conducted extensive evidentiary hearings, in which the County introduced status reports detailing their efforts and plans to achieve compliance with the ADA and the Rehabilitation Act. Plaintiffs contended that these plans were incomplete, and therefore not sufficient to overcome the need for injunctive relief.

On April 30, 2015, the Court granted the plaintiffs' motion for class certification, defining the class as all Cook County Jail detainees who have been assigned and currently use a wheelchair. On May 27, 2015, the Court denied the defendants' motion to sever the excessive force claim by the original plaintiff against the two correctional officers. The plaintiffs then moved for partial summary judgment on Jul. 8 on the issue of "liability on their individual damage claims for violations of the [ADA]." The defendants moved for summary judgment on Sept. 4. The parties filed a stipulated dismissal on Sept. 24 of four of the individual defendants, leaving Sheriff Dart and Cook County as the defendants.

On Oct. 8, 2015, the court granted in part and denied in part the plaintiffs' motion for preliminary injunction, though it treated the injunction as a permanent one in light of procedural developments. The court found that the plaintiffs' rights under the ADA had been violated in the past with respect to courthouse ramps and bathrooms, and as such they were entitled to injunctive relief. However, the defendants should be given the opportunity to propose changes that better accord with the specific circumstances at issue. The court also denied the plaintiffs' request for declaratory judgment, arguing that evidence of past ADA violations does not entitle them to declaration of present violations.

On Nov. 19, the court granted the plaintiffs' motion for partial summary judgment and denied the defendants' motion for summary judgment. The court found that the defendants had been "on notice of the need to provide accommodations for
wheelchair-using detainees attending court at the six courthouses as early as 1999." The court argued that not providing the requisite aid was a "deliberate decision" that constituted the "intentional discrimination" necessary to recover damages for discrimination under the ADA.

The plaintiffs moved for supplemental injunctive relief twice. On Jan. 7, 2016, they requested that the Maywood Courthouse bathrooms be brought in compliance with the ADA. On May 4, they so requested for the Bridgeview Courthouse.

The parties progressed toward trial. On May 12, 2016, the court severed and dismissed without prejudice the plaintiffs' claims alleging statutory violations other than those pertaining "to transportation, ramps, and bathroom facilities before during and after court appearances at the Cook County Jail."

On May 7, 2017, the court granted supplemental injunctive relief as to the Maywood Courthouse but denied it as to the Bridgeview Courthouse. The court found that the privacy screens in the Maywood bathrooms are not appropriately spaced, that the defendants had intended and had a responsibility to adjust the screens to make them compliant, and that it was technically feasible for them to do so. The court further found that the Bridgeview bathrooms had been appropriately adjusted in all but one aspect, but that full compliance was technically infeasible as to that final aspect. The court argued that the defendants had provided reasonable accommodations in response to the technical difficulty, rendering them compliant with the ADA.

The defendants appealed the injunctions on May 31, and the plaintiffs cross-appealed the supplemental injunction on June 9. On Sept. 12, the court stayed further proceedings pending the appeal.

The case is ongoing in the Seventh Circuit.

Robert Lake - 06/04/2015
Virginia Weeks - 10/05/2017


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Issues and Causes of Action
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Issues
Constitutional Clause
Due Process
Defendant-type
Corrections
Disability
Mobility impairment
Discrimination-area
Accommodation / Leave
Discrimination-basis
Disability (inc. reasonable accommodations)
General
Bathrooms
Buildings
Reasonable Accommodations
Transportation
Plaintiff Type
Private Plaintiff
Type of Facility
Government-run
Causes of Action 42 U.S.C. § 1983
Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA), 42 U.S.C. §§ 12111 et seq.
Section 504 (Rehabilitation Act), 29 U.S.C. § 701
Defendant(s) Cook County, Illinois
Plaintiff Description Five wheelchair using detainees at the Cook Country Jail in Illinois, individually and on behalf of class of other wheelchair using inmates.
Class action status sought Yes
Class action status granted Yes
Prevailing Party Plaintiff
Public Int. Lawyer No
Nature of Relief Injunction / Injunctive-like Settlement
Source of Relief Litigation
Case Ongoing Yes
Additional Resources
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  Pierce County v. Washington
www.bazelon.org
Date: 2017
By: The Bazelon Center (The Bazelon Center)
[ Detail ] [ External Link ]

  Bravo v. Board of Commissioners of Dona Ana County
http://www.bazelon.org/
Date: 2017
By: The Bazelon Center (The Bazelon Center)
[ Detail ] [ External Link ]

  Montgomery Public Schools
http://www.bazelon.org
Date: 2017
By: The Bazelon Center (The Bazelon Center)
[ Detail ] [ External Link ]

  Missouri P&A and Scaletty v. Carnahan
http://www.bazelon.org/missouri-pa-and-scaletty-v-carnahan/
Date: 2017
By: The Bazelon Center (The Bazelon Center)
[ Detail ] [ External Link ]

Docket(s)
1:14-cv-6259 (N.D. Ill.)
DR-IL-0005-9000.pdf | Detail
Date: 09/12/2017
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
General Documents
Complaint [ECF# 1]
DR-IL-0005-0001.pdf | Detail
Date: 08/14/2014
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Amended Complaint [ECF# 9]
DR-IL-0005-0002.pdf | Detail
Date: 08/26/2014
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Amendment to Complaint [ECF# 84]
DR-IL-0005-0003.pdf | Detail
Date: 01/13/2015
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Memorandum Opinion and Order [ECF# 142] (2105 WL 1995576) (N.D. Ill.)
DR-IL-0005-0004.pdf | WESTLAW | Detail
Date: 04/30/2015
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Memorandum Opinion and Order [ECF# 203] (2015 WL 5921810) (N.D. Ill.)
DR-IL-0005-0005.pdf | WESTLAW | Detail
Date: 10/08/2015
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Memorandum Opinion and Order [ECF# 218] (2015 WL 7351752) (N.D. Ill.)
DR-IL-0005-0006.pdf | WESTLAW | Detail
Date: 11/19/2015
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Order [ECF# 368] (N.D. Ill.)
DR-IL-0005-0007.pdf | Detail
Date: 05/02/2017
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Judges Gettleman, Robert William (N.D. Ill.)
DR-IL-0005-0004 | DR-IL-0005-0005 | DR-IL-0005-0006 | DR-IL-0005-0007 | DR-IL-0005-9000
Plaintiff's Lawyers Flaxman, Kenneth N. (Illinois)
DR-IL-0005-0001 | DR-IL-0005-0002 | DR-IL-0005-0003 | DR-IL-0005-9000
Flaxman, Joel A. (Illinois)
DR-IL-0005-9000
Morrissey, Thomas Gerard (Illinois)
DR-IL-0005-0001 | DR-IL-0005-0002 | DR-IL-0005-0003 | DR-IL-0005-9000
Morrissey, Patrick William (Illinois)
DR-IL-0005-0001 | DR-IL-0005-0002 | DR-IL-0005-9000
Defendant's Lawyers Cargie, Thomas E. (Illinois)
DR-IL-0005-9000
Carroll, Jacqueline B. (Illinois)
DR-IL-0005-9000
Casey, Brian M. (Illinois)
DR-IL-0005-9000
Castiglione, Nicolas Paul (Illinois)
DR-IL-0005-9000
Chandler, James J. (Illinois)
DR-IL-0005-9000
Condron, David Richard (Illinois)
DR-IL-0005-9000
Cummings, Nicholas E. (Illinois)
DR-IL-0005-9000
Gallagher, Michael L. (Illinois)
DR-IL-0005-9000
Hannon, Maureen O'Donoghue (Illinois)
DR-IL-0005-9000
Power, John M. (Illinois)
DR-IL-0005-9000
Sorich, Michael Jude (Illinois)
DR-IL-0005-9000
Zebelian, Adam Miel (Illinois)
DR-IL-0005-9000
Zecchin, Anthony E. (Illinois)
DR-IL-0005-9000

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