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Case Name United States v. Consolidated City of Jacksonville EE-FL-0163
Docket / Court 3:12-cv-00451 ( M.D. Fla. )
State/Territory Florida
Case Type(s) Equal Employment
Attorney Organization Lawyers Comm. for Civil Rights Under Law
U.S. Dept. of Justice Civil Rights Division
Case Summary
On April 23, 2012, the United States on behalf of black firefighters filed a lawsuit in the U.S. District Court for the Middle District of Florida, under Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and against the Consolidated City of Jacksonville, FL and the union representing its firefighters. The ... read more >
On April 23, 2012, the United States on behalf of black firefighters filed a lawsuit in the U.S. District Court for the Middle District of Florida, under Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and against the Consolidated City of Jacksonville, FL and the union representing its firefighters. The plaintiffs sought declaratory and injunctive relief as well as monetary compensation, alleging that the Jacksonville Fire and Rescue Department's practice of testing to screen and select candidates for promotion had a disparate impact on black firefighters.

On April 30, 2013, the NAACP and Jacksonville Brotherhood of Firefighters filed a complaint in intervention, echoing the claims and allegations of the United States while adding to the action several named plaintiffs and a class of Black Firefighters who tested for and were denied promotion while the testing practice was in place.

The District Court (Judge Timothy J. Corrigan) denied the plaintiff's motion for preliminary injunction on December 27, 2013. In their motion, the U.S. asked that the Jacksonville Fire Department be required to set aside five slots from the next round of promotions following the November 2013 test for those fire suppression captain candidates allegedly discriminated against on the 2004 and 2008 test administrations. The court denied the motion because the remedy offered did not correlate to the severity of the alleged injury, it would be difficult for the city to administer, and the plaintiffs had not established that they were likely to succeed on the merits of their case.

On June 9, 2015, the court granted partial summary judgment for the plaintiff finding the plaintiff successfully established a prima facie case of disparate impact, which enabled the parties to engage in additional phases of discovery. 2015 WL 3618367. Over the next eighteen months, the parties participated in discovery. The plaintiff amended the complaint three times, the latest of which was filed on November 28, 2016.

On January 13, 2017, the parties notified the court that they had reached a tentative settlement and requested the case be removed from the trial calendar. After months of completing prerequisites for a settlement agreement, a fairness hearing took place on December 19, 2018. Judge Corrigan approved the agreement in a consent decree on February 5, 2019. The settlement included total payments of $4.9M in individual relief to classmembers and creation of new promotion examinations. The agreement also awarded attorneys' fees to counsel for the NAACP in the event it took over monitoring and enforcement of the decree from the U.S. The decree was set to remain in effect for the duration of settlement payments; fulfillment of the defendant's obligation to create the promotion positions; and completion of the second regular test administration of the new promotion procedure. The consent decree included details on this procedure and the promotion positions.

The court held a second fairness hearing in May 23, 2019 and in June the court directed the parties to proceed with administration of individual relief.

The case is ongoing as the consent decree is under enforcement.

Benjamin St. Pierre - 10/15/2014
Cade Boland - 11/11/2017
Maddie McFee - 11/25/2019


compress summary

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Issues and Causes of Action
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Issues
Content of Injunction
Follow recruitment, hiring, or promotion protocols
Monitoring
Promotion
Defendant-type
Fire
Discrimination-area
Promotion
Testing
Discrimination-basis
Race discrimination
General
Disparate Impact
Pattern or Practice
Plaintiff Type
Private Plaintiff
U.S. Dept of Justice plaintiff
Race
Black
Causes of Action Title VII (including PDA), 42 U.S.C. ยง 2000e
Defendant(s) Jacksonville Associaton of Firefighters, Local 122
Jacksonville Fire and Rescue Department
Plaintiff Description United States on behalf of black Firefighters in the city of Jacksonville, FL
Indexed Lawyer Organizations Lawyers Comm. for Civil Rights Under Law
U.S. Dept. of Justice Civil Rights Division
Class action status sought Yes
Class action status granted Yes
Filed Pro Se No
Prevailing Party Plaintiff
Public Int. Lawyer Yes
Nature of Relief Damages
Injunction / Injunctive-like Settlement
Source of Relief Settlement
None yet
Form of Settlement Court Approved Settlement or Consent Decree
Order Duration 2019 - n/a
Filed 04/23/2012
Case Ongoing Yes
Case Listing EE-FL-0160 : NAACP Jacksonville Branch v. Consolidated City of Jacksonville (M.D. Fla.)
Additional Resources
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Docket(s)
3:12−cv−00451 (M.D. Fla.)
EE-FL-0163-9001.pdf | Detail
Date: 08/22/2019
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
General Documents
Complaint [ECF# 1]
EE-FL-0163-0001.pdf | Detail
Date: 04/23/2012
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Complaint in Intervention [ECF# 53]
EE-FL-0163-0002.pdf | Detail
Date: 04/30/2013
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Order Denying Motion for Preliminary Injunction [ECF# 103] (2013 WL 6844399) (M.D. Fla.)
EE-FL-0163-0003.pdf | WESTLAW | Detail
Date: 12/27/2013
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Consent Decree [ECF# 393] (M.D. Fla.)
EE-FL-0163-0004.pdf | Detail
Date: 02/05/2019
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
show all people docs
Judges Corrigan, Timothy J. (M.D. Fla.) show/hide docs
EE-FL-0163-0003 | EE-FL-0163-0004 | EE-FL-0163-9001
Richardson, Monte C. (M.D. Fla.) [Magistrate] show/hide docs
EE-FL-0163-9001
Plaintiff's Lawyers Adelstein, Jay (District of Columbia) show/hide docs
EE-FL-0163-0001 | EE-FL-0163-9001
Anglade, Woody (District of Columbia) show/hide docs
EE-FL-0163-9001
Blustein, Benjamin Jay (District of Columbia) show/hide docs
EE-FL-0163-0004 | EE-FL-0163-9001
Dolkart, Jane L. (District of Columbia) show/hide docs
EE-FL-0163-0002 | EE-FL-0163-9001
Doolittle, Kristen L (Florida) show/hide docs
EE-FL-0163-0002 | EE-FL-0163-0004 | EE-FL-0163-9001
Kelley, Mateya (District of Columbia) show/hide docs
EE-FL-0163-9001
Kennebrew, Delora L. (District of Columbia) show/hide docs
EE-FL-0163-0001 | EE-FL-0163-0004 | EE-FL-0163-9001
Libman, Robert S (District of Columbia) show/hide docs
EE-FL-0163-0004 | EE-FL-0163-9001
McClain, Ray (District of Columbia) show/hide docs
EE-FL-0163-0002 | EE-FL-0163-9001
McEntire, Brian Glen (District of Columbia) show/hide docs
EE-FL-0163-0004 | EE-FL-0163-9001
Monteiro, Jeremy (District of Columbia) show/hide docs
EE-FL-0163-0004 | EE-FL-0163-9001
O'neill, Robert E (District of Columbia) show/hide docs
EE-FL-0163-0001
Perez, Thomas E. (District of Columbia) show/hide docs
EE-FL-0163-0001
Pettis, Yohance Asim (Florida) show/hide docs
EE-FL-0163-0001 | EE-FL-0163-9001
Ruiz, Hector F. (District of Columbia) show/hide docs
EE-FL-0163-0001 | EE-FL-0163-0004 | EE-FL-0163-9001
Stegeby, Erik Kenneth (Florida) show/hide docs
EE-FL-0163-0001 | EE-FL-0163-9001
Tejani, Sharyn A. (District of Columbia) show/hide docs
EE-FL-0163-0001 | EE-FL-0163-0004 | EE-FL-0163-9001
Defendant's Lawyers Bilik, Robert Eric (Florida) show/hide docs
EE-FL-0163-9001
Deem, Christopher B (Florida) show/hide docs
EE-FL-0163-9001
Donnelly, Paul Andrew (Florida) show/hide docs
EE-FL-0163-0004 | EE-FL-0163-9001
Feinstein, Joshua Isaac (New York) show/hide docs
EE-FL-0163-9001
Feiser, Craig D. (Florida) show/hide docs
EE-FL-0163-9001
Laquidara, Cindy A (Florida) show/hide docs
EE-FL-0163-9001
Mairs, Rita Marie (Florida) show/hide docs
EE-FL-0163-9001
Mirando, Carol (Florida) show/hide docs
EE-FL-0163-9001
Phillips, Jon Robert (Florida) show/hide docs
EE-FL-0163-0004 | EE-FL-0163-9001
Pinkstaff, Tiffiny Douglas (Florida) show/hide docs
EE-FL-0163-9001
Powell, Stephen J (Florida) show/hide docs
EE-FL-0163-9001
Rottmann, Emily Yandle (Florida) show/hide docs
EE-FL-0163-9001
Safi, Tiffiny Douglass (Florida) show/hide docs
EE-FL-0163-9001
Sullivan, James Haddon III (Florida) show/hide docs
EE-FL-0163-9001
Teodorescu, Adina (Florida) show/hide docs
EE-FL-0163-9001
Yoon, Jung (Florida) show/hide docs
EE-FL-0163-9001
Other Lawyers Bishop, Christy (Ohio) show/hide docs
EE-FL-0163-9001
Elfvin, Bruce B (Ohio) show/hide docs
EE-FL-0163-0004 | EE-FL-0163-9001
Foslid, Kristen Marie (Florida) show/hide docs
EE-FL-0163-9001
Henrichsen, Neil L (Florida) show/hide docs
EE-FL-0163-9001
Thompson, Dennis (Ohio) show/hide docs
EE-FL-0163-9001
Weisberg, Robert E. (Florida) show/hide docs
EE-FL-0163-0004 | EE-FL-0163-9001

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