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Case Name Barrow v. Washington City Board of Education SD-NC-0010
Docket / Court 561 ( E.D.N.C. )
State/Territory North Carolina
Case Type(s) School Desegregation
Attorney Organization NAACP Legal Defense Fund
Case Summary
On September 11, 1964, the plaintiffs filed this school desegregation case in the U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of North Carolina. The plaintiffs, African-American school children by and through their parents, sued the defendant Washington City Board of Education to enjoin the ... read more >
On September 11, 1964, the plaintiffs filed this school desegregation case in the U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of North Carolina. The plaintiffs, African-American school children by and through their parents, sued the defendant Washington City Board of Education to enjoin the operation of a segregated school system. They were represented by, among others, Jack Greenberg and Derrick A. Bell (for the NAACP Legal Defense Fund).

On January 27, 1965, the district court (Judge John Larkins) entered a consent decree. By 1966 the plaintiffs requested additional relief. On September 6, 1967, the district court issued an opinion requiring the Board to take further steps to desegregate for the 1967-68 school year, including on student and faculty assignment and on reporting integration statistics. Through early 1968, the defendant Board submitted various amendments to its desegregation plan. On July 24, 1968, Judge Larkins issued an order declaring that the school system had achieved unitary status. The case was ultimately dismissed on January 18, 1972.

Greg Margolis - 02/28/2017


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Issues and Causes of Action
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Issues
Constitutional Clause
Equal Protection
Content of Injunction
Discrimination Prohibition
Other requirements regarding hiring, promotion, retention
Preliminary relief granted
Reporting
Student assignment
Defendant-type
Elementary/Secondary School
Discrimination-basis
Race discrimination
General
Disparate Treatment
Education
Racial segregation
Plaintiff Type
Private Plaintiff
Race
Black
Type of Facility
Government-run
Causes of Action 42 U.S.C. ยง 1983
Defendant(s) Washington City
Plaintiff Description African-American minor school children by and through their parents
Indexed Lawyer Organizations NAACP Legal Defense Fund
Class action status sought Yes
Class action status granted Yes
Prevailing Party Plaintiff
Public Int. Lawyer Yes
Nature of Relief Injunction / Injunctive-like Settlement
Source of Relief Litigation
Settlement
Form of Settlement Court Approved Settlement or Consent Decree
Order Duration 1965 - 1968
Case Ongoing No
Docket(s)
561-CIVIL (E.D.N.C.)
SD-NC-0010-9000.pdf | Detail
Date: 01/18/1972
Source: Pro Publica
General Documents
No documents currently in the collection
Plaintiff's Lawyers Bell, Derrick A. Jr. (North Carolina)
SD-NC-0010-9000
Chambers, Julius LeVonne (New York)
SD-NC-0010-9000
Greenberg, Jack (New York)
SD-NC-0010-9000
Pearson, C. O. (North Carolina)
SD-NC-0010-9000
Defendant's Lawyers Rodman, Edward N. (North Carolina)
SD-NC-0010-9000

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