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Case Name United States of America v. Caldwell Parish School Board SD-LA-0003
Docket / Court 3:71-cv-16751-RGJ-KLH ( W.D. La. )
State/Territory Louisiana
Case Type(s) School Desegregation
Attorney Organization U.S. Dept. of Justice Civil Rights Division
Case Summary
This school desegregation case was brought in the U.S. District Court for the Western District of Louisiana in 1971. The United States, as plaintiff, sued the Caldwell Parish School Board to enjoin the operation of a segregated school system. The case lasted until 2011 when the district court ... read more >
This school desegregation case was brought in the U.S. District Court for the Western District of Louisiana in 1971. The United States, as plaintiff, sued the Caldwell Parish School Board to enjoin the operation of a segregated school system. The case lasted until 2011 when the district court concluded that the school system had achieved unitary status.

On May 11, 1971, the plaintiffs filed this action and by June 8, the parties had agreed to a desegregation plan. The district court (Judge Benjamin Dawkins, Jr. and later Judge Thomas Stagg) remained involved through the 1970s, 80s, and 90s, with the parties filing bi-annual reports on the school system's desegregation efforts. On August 5, 2002, the district court entered an additional consent decree -- this one covering extracurricular activities, special education and faculty hiring. The court also rezoned two areas of the school district to achieve the necessary racial balance at two elementary schools. After the decree, the Parish continued its filing of annual reports until 2011 when the parties began the process of moving for dismissal. On July 5, 2011, the district court (Chief Judge Robert James, who had been on the case since at least 2008) concluded that the Parish had achieved unitary status and was, as a matter of law, integrated.

Note: There are no published opinions in this case. The full docket and the declaration of unitary status are available as case docs.

Greg Margolis - 02/25/2017


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Issues and Causes of Action
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Issues
Constitutional Clause
Equal Protection
Content of Injunction
Busing
Discrimination Prohibition
Monitor/Master
Preliminary relief granted
Student assignment
Defendant-type
Elementary/Secondary School
Discrimination-basis
Race discrimination
General
Disparate Treatment
Education
Racial segregation
School/University Facilities
Plaintiff Type
U.S. Dept of Justice plaintiff
Race
Black
Type of Facility
Government-run
Causes of Action Title IV, Civil Rights Act of 1964, 42 U.S.C. ยง 2000c et seq.
Defendant(s) Caldwell Parish
Plaintiff Description The United States
Indexed Lawyer Organizations U.S. Dept. of Justice Civil Rights Division
Class action status sought No
Class action status granted No
Prevailing Party Plaintiff
Public Int. Lawyer No
Nature of Relief Injunction / Injunctive-like Settlement
Source of Relief Litigation
Settlement
Form of Settlement Court Approved Settlement or Consent Decree
Order Duration 1971 - 2011
Case Ongoing No
Docket(s)
71-16571 (W.D. La.)
SD-LA-0003-9000.pdf | Detail
Date: 02/17/2006
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
3:71-cv-16751-RGJ-KLH (W.D. La.)
SD-LA-0003-9001.pdf | Detail
Date: 08/04/2011
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
General Documents
Agreed Order of Dismissal [ECF# 25] (W.D. La.)
SD-LA-0003-0001.pdf | Detail
Date: 07/05/2011
Source: Pro Publica
Judges Hayes, Karen L. (W.D. La.) [Magistrate]
SD-LA-0003-9001
James, Robert Gillespie (W.D. La.)
SD-LA-0003-9000 | SD-LA-0003-9001
Plaintiff's Lawyers Carter, Geoffrey (District of Columbia)
SD-LA-0003-9001
Landsberg, Brian K. (District of Columbia)
SD-LA-0003-9000
Marshall, Franz (District of Columbia)
SD-LA-0003-9001
Mitchell, John N. (District of Columbia)
SD-LA-0003-9000
Murphy, Nicholas U. (District of Columbia)
SD-LA-0003-9001
Perez, Thomas E. (District of Columbia)
SD-LA-0003-0001
Vincent, Katherine (Louisiana)
SD-LA-0003-9001
Walter, Donald Ellsworth (Louisiana)
SD-LA-0003-9000
Defendant's Lawyers Duke, Carl B. Jr. (Louisiana)
SD-LA-0003-9001
Evans, Iley H. (Louisiana)
SD-LA-0003-9001
Guice, Jon K (Louisiana)
SD-LA-0003-9001
Hammonds, Robert L. (Louisiana)
SD-LA-0003-0001 | SD-LA-0003-9001

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