University of Michigan Law School
Civil Rights Litigation Clearinghouse
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Case Name Gibson v. Himes PB-OH-0006
Docket / Court 1:14-cv-00347-MRB ( S.D. Ohio )
State/Territory Ohio
Case Type(s) Public Benefits / Government Services
Special Collection Same-Sex Marriage
Case Summary
On April 30, 2014, six same-sex couples filed a lawsuit in the Southern District of Ohio U.S. District Court against the State of Ohio. The plaintiffs, represented by private counsel, sought a declaration that Ohio laws banning same-sex marriage were in violation of the Constitution, an injunction ... read more >
On April 30, 2014, six same-sex couples filed a lawsuit in the Southern District of Ohio U.S. District Court against the State of Ohio. The plaintiffs, represented by private counsel, sought a declaration that Ohio laws banning same-sex marriage were in violation of the Constitution, an injunction against enforcing the ban, and an award of compensation for attorney's fees and costs.

Specifically, the plaintiffs alleged that their rights to due process and equal protection had been abridged. The plaintiffs also alleged that they suffered harm by being denied tax and employment benefits that are available to different-sex couples, along with the social stigma of not being allowed to marry.

On April 30, 2014, the plaintiffs filed a motion for a temporary restraining order and a preliminary injunction. The plaintiffs then filed a motion for a permanent injunction and declaratory relief on June 28, 2014. However, once the Supreme Court ruled in Obergefell v. Hodges that same-sex couples may exercise the fundamental right to marry in all states, 135 S.Ct. 2584 (2015), (PB-OH-0003 in this Clearinghouse), District Judge Michael R. Barrett entered a final judgment and declaratory judgment that the Ohio laws at issue violate the Fourteenth Amendment of the U.S. Constitution on May 27, 2016. The Court permanently enjoined the defendants from enforcing the state laws. The case is now closed.

Megan Dolan - 06/19/2014
Eva Richardson - 01/07/2019


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Issues and Causes of Action
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Issues
Affected Gender
Female
Male
Constitutional Clause
Due Process
Equal Protection
Content of Injunction
Discrimination Prohibition
Defendant-type
Jurisdiction-wide
Discrimination-basis
Sex discrimination
Sexual orientatation
General
Gay/lesbian/transgender
Marriage
Plaintiff Type
Private Plaintiff
Causes of Action 42 U.S.C. ยง 1983
Defendant(s) State of Ohio
Plaintiff Description The plaintiffs consist of six same-sex couples who are denied the right to marry in the state of Ohio.
Class action status sought No
Class action status granted No
Filed Pro Se No
Prevailing Party Plaintiff
Public Int. Lawyer No
Nature of Relief Declaratory Judgment
Attorneys fees
Injunction / Injunctive-like Settlement
Source of Relief Litigation
Order Duration 2014 - n/a
Filing Year 2014
Case Closing Year 2014
Case Ongoing No
Additional Resources
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Docket(s)
1:14-cv-00347-MRB (S.D. Ohio)
PB-OH-0006-9000.pdf | Detail
Date: 05/27/2016
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
General Documents
Verified Complaint for Temporary Restraining Order and Declaratory and Injunctive Relief [ECF# 1]
PB-OH-0006-0001.pdf | Detail
Date: 04/30/2014
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Final Judgment and Declaratory Judgment and Permanent Injunction [ECF# 27] (S.D. Ohio)
PB-OH-0006-0002.pdf | Detail
Date: 05/27/2016
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
show all people docs
Judges Barrett, Michael Ryan (S.D. Ohio) show/hide docs
PB-OH-0006-0002 | PB-OH-0006-9000
Plaintiff's Lawyers Branch, Jennifer L. (Ohio) show/hide docs
PB-OH-0006-0001 | PB-OH-0006-9000
Gerhardstein, Alphonse A. (Ohio) show/hide docs
PB-OH-0006-0001 | PB-OH-0006-9000
Martin, Jacklyn Gonzalez (Ohio) show/hide docs
PB-OH-0006-0001 | PB-OH-0006-9000
Meeks, Lisa T. (Ohio) show/hide docs
PB-OH-0006-0001 | PB-OH-0006-9000
Defendant's Lawyers Harper, James Warren (Ohio) show/hide docs
PB-OH-0006-9000
Keller, Zachary Paul (Ohio) show/hide docs
PB-OH-0006-9000
Stevenson, David T. (Ohio) show/hide docs
PB-OH-0006-9000

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