University of Michigan Law School
Civil Rights Litigation Clearinghouse
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Case Name Hard v. Bentley PB-AL-0004
Docket / Court 2:13-CV-00922 ( M.D. Ala. )
State/Territory Alabama
Case Type(s) Public Benefits / Government Services
Special Collection Same-Sex Marriage
Attorney Organization Southern Poverty Law Center
Case Summary
Case summary not yet recorded

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Issues and Causes of Action
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Issues
Affected Gender
Female
Male
Constitutional Clause
Due Process
Equal Protection
Defendant-type
Jurisdiction-wide
Discrimination-basis
Sex discrimination
Sexual orientatation
General
Gay/lesbian/transgender
Marriage
Public benefits (includes, e.g., in-state tuition, govt. jobs)
Plaintiff Type
Private Plaintiff
Causes of Action 42 U.S.C. ยง 1983
Declaratory Judgment Act, 28 U.S.C. § 2201
Defendant(s) State of Alabama
Plaintiff Description The plaintiff was a citizen of Alabama whose husband was killed in an automobile accident and who wished to be recognized as the surviving spouse.
Indexed Lawyer Organizations Southern Poverty Law Center
Class action status sought No
Class action status granted No
Prevailing Party Plaintiff
Public Int. Lawyer Yes
Nature of Relief Declaratory Judgment
Injunction / Injunctive-like Settlement
Source of Relief Litigation
Form of Settlement Confession of Judgment
Case Ongoing No
Docket(s)
2:13-cv-922 (M.D. Ala.)
PB-AL-0004-9001.pdf | Detail
Date: 06/29/2016
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
General Documents
Complaint for Declaratory and Injunctive Relief [ECF# 1]
PB-AL-0004-0001.pdf | Detail
Date: 12/16/2013
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Order [Granting motion to intervene] [ECF# 75] (M.D. Ala.)
PB-AL-0004-0002.pdf | Detail
Date: 02/24/2015
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Memorandum Opinion and Order [Granting Governor Bentley's motion to dismiss] [ECF# 76] (2015 WL 1043159) (M.D. Ala.)
PB-AL-0004-0003.pdf | WESTLAW | Detail
Date: 03/10/2015
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Judges Walker, Susan Russ (M.D. Ala.) [Magistrate]
PB-AL-0004-9001
Watkins, William Keith (M.D. Ala.)
PB-AL-0004-0002 | PB-AL-0004-0003 | PB-AL-0004-9001
Plaintiff's Lawyers Dinielli, David Carter (Alabama)
PB-AL-0004-0001 | PB-AL-0004-9001
Wolfe, Samuel (Alabama)
PB-AL-0004-0001 | PB-AL-0004-9001
Defendant's Lawyers Byrne, David Bryson Jr. (Alabama)
PB-AL-0004-9001
Davis, James William (Alabama)
PB-AL-0004-9001
Howell, Laura Elizabeth (Alabama)
PB-AL-0004-9001
Kidd, Matthew (Alabama)
PB-AL-0004-9001
Means, Tyrone Carlton (Alabama)
PB-AL-0004-9001
Morrison, Duane Richard (Alabama)
PB-AL-0004-9001
Smith, Gabriel Joseph (Alabama)
PB-AL-0004-9001

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