University of Michigan Law School
Civil Rights Litigation Clearinghouse
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Case Name Collins v. Schoonfield JC-MD-0001
Docket / Court 71-500-H ( D. Md. )
State/Territory Maryland
Case Type(s) Jail Conditions
Case Summary
In 1971, eight pre-trial detainees filed a complaint against the Wardens of Baltimore City Jail and members of the Board of the jail. All plaintiffs sought equitable relief and all but one sought damages as well. The Maryland District Court (Judge Frank Kaufman) granted class certification and ... read more >
In 1971, eight pre-trial detainees filed a complaint against the Wardens of Baltimore City Jail and members of the Board of the jail. All plaintiffs sought equitable relief and all but one sought damages as well. The Maryland District Court (Judge Frank Kaufman) granted class certification and separated the equitable issues from the issues as to damages. The court addressed eleven equitable issues, including solitary confinement procedures, punishment for constitutionally protected behavior, procedural due process, mail censorship, medical conditions, food, non-legal visitation and phone calls, practices adversely affecting trial preparation and effective representation by counsel, books, religious freedom, and equal protection. In 1972, the court issued interim decrees, ordering defendants to abate their unconstitutional practices in accordance with the court's findings regarding the eleven issues. Collins v. Schoonfield, 344 F. Supp 257 (D. Md. 1972).

At a separate trial in 1972 a different judge (Judge Harvey) heard the issues regarding damages. Five plaintiffs complained that their time in solitary confinement constituted excessive and cruel and unusual punishment and violated their due process rights. The court found in favor of the defendants on all issues. Collins v. Schoonfield, 363 F. Supp. 1152 (D. Md. 1973).

There is no docket available for this case on PACER, and therefore our information ends with the last reported decision in 1973.

Lauren Cutson - 05/19/2005


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Issues and Causes of Action
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Issues
General
Access to lawyers or judicial system
Disciplinary procedures
Disciplinary segregation
Food service / nutrition / hydration
Law library access
Library (non-law) access
Phone
Religious programs / policies
Visiting
Medical/Mental Health
Medical care, general
Type of Facility
Government-run
Causes of Action 42 U.S.C. ยง 1983
Defendant(s) City of Baltimore
Plaintiff Description pre-trial detainees in the Baltimore City Jail
Class action status sought Yes
Class action status granted Yes
Prevailing Party Plaintiff
Public Int. Lawyer Unknown
Nature of Relief Damages
Injunction / Injunctive-like Settlement
Source of Relief Litigation
Order Duration 1971 - 1973
Case Ongoing No reason to think so
Case Listing PC-MD-0006 : Duvall v. Glendening (D. Md.)
Additional Resources
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  Bravo v. Board of Commissioners of Dona Ana County
http://www.bazelon.org/
Date: 2017
By: The Bazelon Center (The Bazelon Center)
[ Detail ] [ External Link ]

  After Decision: Implementation of Judicial Decrees in Correctional Settings (Part V: A Case Study of Collins v. Schoonfield)
Date: Oct. 1, 1977
By: M. Kay Harris (Temple)
[ Detail ] [ PDF ]

  After Decision: Implementation of Judicial Decrees in Correctional Settings
Date: Oct. 1, 1977
By: M. Kay Harris & Dudley P. Spiller (Temple University)
Citation: (1977)
[ Detail ] [ PDF ]

  Prospecting for Prospective Relief: The Story of Seeking Compliance with a Federal Court Decree Mandating Humane Conditions of Confinement in the Baltimore City Jail
By: Frank M. Dunbaugh
Citation: 70 Prison J. 57 (1990)
[ Detail ]

Docket(s)
No docket sheet currently in the collection
General Documents
Reported Opinion (344 F.Supp. 257) (D. Md.)
JC-MD-0001-0002.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 05/15/1972
Source: Google Scholar
Reported Opinion (363 F.Supp. 1152) (D. Md.)
JC-MD-0001-0001.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 09/18/1973
Source: Google Scholar
Judges Harvey, Alexander II (D. Md.)
JC-MD-0001-0001
Kaufman, Frank Albert (D. Md.)
JC-MD-0001-0002
Plaintiff's Lawyers Bass, Stanley A. (New York)
JC-MD-0001-0002
Coshnear, Lawrence B. (Maryland)
JC-MD-0001-0001
Elder, Michael S. (Maryland)
JC-MD-0001-0001 | JC-MD-0001-0002
Matera, Joseph A. (Maryland)
JC-MD-0001-0002
Millemann, Michael A. (Maryland)
JC-MD-0001-0002
Morgan, Charles F. (Maryland)
JC-MD-0001-0001
Sachs, Stephen H. (Maryland)
JC-MD-0001-0002
West, Luther C. (Maryland)
JC-MD-0001-0002
Defendant's Lawyers Caplan, Hilary D. (Maryland)
JC-MD-0001-0001 | JC-MD-0001-0002
Chlan, Charles E. (Maryland)
JC-MD-0001-0001 | JC-MD-0001-0002
Hartman, Ambrose T. (Maryland)
JC-MD-0001-0001 | JC-MD-0001-0002
Hughes, William (Maryland)
JC-MD-0001-0001 | JC-MD-0001-0002
Lewis, Neil J. (Maryland)
JC-MD-0001-0001 | JC-MD-0001-0002
ODoherty, Patrick A. (Maryland)
JC-MD-0001-0001 | JC-MD-0001-0002
Russell, George L. Jr. (Maryland)
JC-MD-0001-0001 | JC-MD-0001-0002
Sugar, Carol S. (Maryland)
JC-MD-0001-0001 | JC-MD-0001-0002

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