University of Michigan Law School
Civil Rights Litigation Clearinghouse
new search
view search results
page permalink
Case Name United States v. East Haven PN-CT-0001
Docket / Court 3:12-cv-1652-AWT ( D. Conn. )
State/Territory Connecticut
Case Type(s) Immigration and/or the Border
Policing
Attorney Organization U.S. Dept. of Justice Civil Rights Division
Case Summary
On November 20, 2012, the United States of America filed this lawsuit in the U.S. District Court for the District of Connecticut. The plaintiff sued the Town of East Haven and the East Haven Board of Police Commissioners under 42 U.S.C. § 14141. The Department of Justice asked the court for (1) a ... read more >
On November 20, 2012, the United States of America filed this lawsuit in the U.S. District Court for the District of Connecticut. The plaintiff sued the Town of East Haven and the East Haven Board of Police Commissioners under 42 U.S.C. § 14141. The Department of Justice asked the court for (1) a declaration that defendants' law enforcement practices violated the U.S. Constitution and 42 U.S.C. § 14141, and (2) an injunctive order that defendants cease engaging in such practices, implement procedures to remedy the unlawful policing, and adopt measures to identify, correct, and prevent future unlawful policing.

The complaint alleged the East Haven Police Department ("EHPD") enforced traffic and immigration laws against Latinos in a discriminatory fashion and demonstrated anti-Latino bias through officials' derogatory statements made to that effect. Such practices, according to the complaint, violated the Fourteenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution, namely the rights to due process and equal protection. The USA further claimed the EHPD, in violation of the Fourth Amendment, violated Latinos' constitutional rights by subjecting them to unreasonable searches and seizures and exposed them to unjustified excessive use of force.

The same day the complaint was filed, the parties--having entered into an Agreement for Effective and Constitutional Policing--filed a Joint Motion for Conditional Dismissal. U.S. District Court Judge Alvin W. Thompson approved the agreement and conditionally dismissed the case on December 21, 2012.

The agreement entailed, among other features, implementing remedial training relating to the use of force, stops and searches and seizures, bias-free policing, supervisory review, and the complaint-review process. The agreement would terminate after the city had been in compliance with the provisions for two consecutive years. The parties anticipated that this would take four years to achieve.

As stipulated by the agreement, the parties selected a compliance expert to report on the implementation of the terms of the agreement. In a joint status report filed June 28, 2013, the parties noted implementation was proceeding "very well."

Between 2012 and 2014, the parties file joint motions to amend or correct the agreement a number of times; each was granted by the court. The Town continued to be monitored by a Compliance Expert.

On November 30, 2017, both parties moved for the termination of the Settlement Agreement, which was granted on December 13, 2017. The case is now closed.

David Postel - 10/25/2013
Saeeda Joseph-Charles - 11/06/2016
Averyn Lee - 03/12/2019


compress summary

- click to show/hide ALL -
Issues and Causes of Action
click to show/hide detail
Issues
Constitutional Clause
Due Process
Equal Protection
Unreasonable search and seizure
Content of Injunction
Develop anti-discrimination policy
Monitor/Master
Monitoring
Provide antidiscrimination training
Recordkeeping
Reporting
Defendant-type
Law-enforcement
Discrimination-basis
Immigration status
National origin discrimination
Race discrimination
General
Disparate Impact
Disparate Treatment
Excessive force
Failure to discipline
Failure to supervise
Failure to train
Inadequate citizen complaint investigations and procedures
Language access/needs
Over/Unlawful Detention
Pattern or Practice
Racial profiling
Record-keeping
Search policies
Language
Spanish
National Origin/Ethnicity
Hispanic
Plaintiff Type
U.S. Dept of Justice plaintiff
Causes of Action 34 U.S.C. § 12601 (previously 42 U.S.C. § 14141)
Defendant(s) Town of East Haven
Plaintiff Description United States of America
Indexed Lawyer Organizations U.S. Dept. of Justice Civil Rights Division
Class action status sought No
Class action status outcome Not sought
Filed Pro Se No
Prevailing Party Plaintiff
Public Int. Lawyer Yes
Nature of Relief Injunction / Injunctive-like Settlement
Source of Relief Settlement
Form of Settlement Court Approved Settlement or Consent Decree
Order Duration 2012 - 2017
Filed 11/20/2012
Case Closing Year 2017
Case Ongoing No
Case Listing PN-CT-0002 : Chacon v. East Haven Police Department (D. Conn.)
Additional Resources
click to show/hide detail
  See this case at CourtListener.com (May provide additional documents and, for active cases, real-time alerts)
  Review of the Use of Monitors in Civil Settlement Agreements and Consent Decrees Involving State and Local Government Entities
U.S. Department of Justice
Date: 9/13/2021
By: Attorney General Merrick Garland and Assoc. AG Vanita Gupta (U.S. Department of Justice)
[ Detail ] [ PDF ] [ External Link ]

  Policing the Police: The Impact of "Pattern-or-Practice" Investigations on Crime
https://www.nber.org/papers/w27324
Date: June 2020
By: Tanaya Devi, Roland G. Fryer Jr (Harvard Faculty)
[ Detail ]

  Data examining the Department of Justice's civil rights investigations of local and state police departments
Marshall Project
Date: Jan. 17, 2017
By: Tom Meagher (Marshall Project)
[ Detail ] [ External Link ]

  The Civil Rights Division’s Pattern and Practice Police Reform Work: 1994-Present
https://www.justice.gov/
Date: Jan. 4, 2017
By: U.S. Department of Justice
[ Detail ] [ External Link ]

  An Interactive Guide to the Civil Rights Division’s Police Reforms
https://www.justice.gov/
Date: Jan. 4, 2017
By: U.S. Department of Justice Civil Rights Division (U.S. Department of Justice)
[ Detail ] [ External Link ]

  What Happens When Police Are Forced to Reform?
Date: Nov. 13, 2015
By: Kimbriell Kelly, Sarah Childress and Steven Rich (Frontline/Post)
Citation: Washington Post (Nov. 13, 2015)
[ Detail ] [ External Link ]

Court Docket(s)
D. Conn.
07/13/2017
3:12-cv-01652
PN-CT-0001-9000.pdf | Detail
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
General Documents
not recorded
12/19/2011
Findings Letter: Investigation of East Haven Police Department
PN-CT-0001-0007.pdf | Detail
Source: U.S. Department of Justice, Civil Rights Division, Special Litigation Section
not recorded
12/19/2011
Department of Justice Releases Investigative Findings on the East Haven, Connecticut, Police Department
PN-CT-0001-0012.pdf | External Link | Detail
Source: U.S. Department of Justice, Civil Rights Division, Special Litigation Section
not recorded
12/19/2011
Investigación del Departamento de Policía de East Haven [Findings Letter (Spanish)]
PN-CT-0001-0017.pdf | Detail
Source: U.S. Department of Justice, Civil Rights Division, Special Litigation Section
not recorded
10/22/2012
Correspondence Re: Investigation of East Haven Police Department
PN-CT-0001-0010.pdf | External Link | Detail
D. Conn.
11/20/2012
Complaint [ECF# 1]
PN-CT-0001-0001.pdf | Detail
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
D. Conn.
11/20/2012
Settlement Agreement and [Proposed] Order [ECF# 2-1]
PN-CT-0001-0016.pdf | Detail
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
D. Conn.
12/21/2012
Agreement for Effective and Constitutional Policing [ECF# 11]
PN-CT-0001-0004.pdf | Detail
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
D. Conn.
06/28/2013
Joint Status Report [Re: Implementation of Settlement Agreement] [ECF# 17]
PN-CT-0001-0005.pdf | Detail
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
D. Conn.
07/19/2013
Joint Compliance Expert Report [ECF# 20-1]
PN-CT-0001-0006.pdf | Detail
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
not recorded
01/24/2014
Agreement for Effective and Constitutional Policing 365 Day Compliance Report [ECF# 25]
PN-CT-0001-0008.pdf | External Link | Detail
D. Conn.
08/29/2014
Notice of Filing of the 18-Month Compliance Report [With Report Attached] [ECF# 31]
PN-CT-0001-0009.pdf | External Link | Detail
D. Conn.
03/24/2015
Agreement for Effective and Constitutional Policing (Two-Year Comprehensive Report and 24 Month Compliance Report) [ECF# 35-1]
PN-CT-0001-0015.pdf | Detail
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
D. Conn.
09/25/2015
Notice of Filing of Joint Compliance Expert's 30 Month Compliance Report [Report Attached] [ECF# 37]
PN-CT-0001-0011.pdf | External Link | Detail
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
not recorded
08/17/2016
Justice Department Reaches Proposed Agreement with the Town of East Haven, Connecticut, to Resolve Allegations of Misconduct by the East Haven Police Department
PN-CT-0001-0013.pdf | External Link | Detail
Source: U.S. Department of Justice, Civil Rights Division, Special Litigation Section
D. Conn.
09/26/2016
Notice of Filing of 42-Month Compliance Report [ECF# 44]
PN-CT-0001-0014.pdf | Detail
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
show all people docs
Judges Thompson, Alvin W. (D. Conn.) show/hide docs
PN-CT-0001-0004 | PN-CT-0001-9000
Monitors/Masters Ruiz, Rafael (Connecticut) show/hide docs
PN-CT-0001-0015
Plaintiff's Lawyers Austin, Roy L. (District of Columbia) show/hide docs
PN-CT-0001-0001 | PN-CT-0001-0005
Daly, Deirdre M. (Connecticut) show/hide docs
PN-CT-0001-0005 | PN-CT-0001-0009 | PN-CT-0001-0011 | PN-CT-0001-0014
Fein, David B. (District of Columbia) show/hide docs
PN-CT-0001-0001 | PN-CT-0001-0004 | PN-CT-0001-0010 | PN-CT-0001-0012 | PN-CT-0001-0013 | PN-CT-0001-0016
Fleisher, Aaron S (District of Columbia) show/hide docs
PN-CT-0001-0001 | PN-CT-0001-0011 | PN-CT-0001-0016 | PN-CT-0001-9000
Gunston, Emily A. (District of Columbia) show/hide docs
PN-CT-0001-0011 | PN-CT-0001-0014
Gupta, Vanita (District of Columbia) show/hide docs
PN-CT-0001-0011 | PN-CT-0001-0014
Gzifa, Anika (District of Columbia) show/hide docs
PN-CT-0001-0001 | PN-CT-0001-0005 | PN-CT-0001-0009 | PN-CT-0001-0016 | PN-CT-0001-9000
Holder, Eric H. Jr. (District of Columbia) show/hide docs
PN-CT-0001-0016
Hughes, John B. (Connecticut) show/hide docs
PN-CT-0001-0001 | PN-CT-0001-0005 | PN-CT-0001-0011 | PN-CT-0001-0014 | PN-CT-0001-0016 | PN-CT-0001-9000
Kappelhoff, Mark (District of Columbia) show/hide docs
PN-CT-0001-0009 | PN-CT-0001-0011
McConaghy, Michelle Lynn (Connecticut) show/hide docs
PN-CT-0001-0001 | PN-CT-0001-0005 | PN-CT-0001-0009 | PN-CT-0001-0011 | PN-CT-0001-0014 | PN-CT-0001-0016 | PN-CT-0001-9000
Moran, Molly J. (District of Columbia) show/hide docs
PN-CT-0001-0009
Perez, Thomas E. (District of Columbia) show/hide docs
PN-CT-0001-0001 | PN-CT-0001-0004 | PN-CT-0001-0005 | PN-CT-0001-0007 | PN-CT-0001-0010 | PN-CT-0001-0012 | PN-CT-0001-0013 | PN-CT-0001-0016 | PN-CT-0001-0017
Rosenbaum, Steven H. (District of Columbia) show/hide docs
PN-CT-0001-0014
Ryals, Stephen M. (Missouri) show/hide docs
PN-CT-0001-0014
Saucedo, Luis E. (District of Columbia) show/hide docs
PN-CT-0001-0001 | PN-CT-0001-0005 | PN-CT-0001-0009 | PN-CT-0001-0016
Smith, Jonathan Mark (District of Columbia) show/hide docs
PN-CT-0001-0001 | PN-CT-0001-0005 | PN-CT-0001-0009 | PN-CT-0001-0011 | PN-CT-0001-0016
Defendant's Lawyers Hall, Shelia J. (Connecticut) show/hide docs
PN-CT-0001-0005 | PN-CT-0001-0009 | PN-CT-0001-0011 | PN-CT-0001-0014 | PN-CT-0001-9000
Sgrignari, Lawrence C. (Connecticut) show/hide docs
PN-CT-0001-0005 | PN-CT-0001-0009 | PN-CT-0001-0011 | PN-CT-0001-0014 | PN-CT-0001-9000

- click to show/hide ALL -

new search
view search results
page permalink

- top of page -