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Case Name DeBoer v. Snyder PB-MI-0004
Docket / Court 2:12-cv-10285-BAF-MJH ( E.D. Mich. )
Additional Docket(s) 14-01341  [ 14-1341 ]
State/Territory Michigan
Case Type(s) Public Benefits / Government Services
Special Collection Same-Sex Marriage
Attorney Organization GLAD (GLBTQ Legal Advocates & Defenders)
Case Summary
On January 23, 2012, a same-sex couple, individually and on behalf of their three adopted children, filed a lawsuit in the U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of Michigan, against the State of Michigan. The case proceeded under 42 U.S.C. § 1983, and began by challenging the Michigan law ... read more >
On January 23, 2012, a same-sex couple, individually and on behalf of their three adopted children, filed a lawsuit in the U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of Michigan, against the State of Michigan. The case proceeded under 42 U.S.C. § 1983, and began by challenging the Michigan law preventing adoption by unmarried parents. The plaintiffs, represented by private counsel (including a professor at Wayne State law school), asked the court for both declaratory and injunctive relief. Specifically, the plaintiffs asked the court to declare that the provisions of MCL 710.24, which prohibited second parent adoptions by unmarried persons, violateed the Equal Protection Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment. Accordingly, the plaintiffs argued, the court should prohibit judges in Michigan from blocking second-parent adoptions based on the unmarried status of the couple.

The case was assigned to Judge Bernard Friedman. News reports recount that on August 29, 2012, at a hearing on the State's motion to dismiss, he encouraged the plaintiffs to broaden their case to challenge, as well, the Michigan Marriage Amendment, which prohibited same-sex couples from marrying. Mich. Const. 1963, art. 1, § 25. He gave them 10 days to decide whether to file an amended complaint addressing this issue. They did file such an amended complaint on September 7, 2012, adding a claim that under the federal Constitution, the state must permit the issuance of marriage licenses to same-sex couples.

On September 24, 2012, Judge Friedman granted the formal motion to amend and then denied pending motions to dismiss and for summary judgment as moot. The state renewed its motion to dismiss, but the District Court denied it on July 1, 2013, based on the Supreme Court's decision the prior week in United States v. Windsor. Both plaintiffs and defendants then filed motions for summary judgment.

In his opinion denying the motions on October 16, 2013, Judge Friedman explained that the State was proposing several justifications in support of Michigan's exclusive recognition of opposite-sex marriages: "(1) providing children with 'biologically connected' role models of both genders that are necessary to foster healthy psychological development; (2) forestalling the unintended consequences that would result from the redefinition of marriage; (3) tradition or morality; and (4) promoting the transition of 'naturally procreative relationships into stable unions.'" These depended on facts that needed to be presented and contested at trial, he held.

The trial occurred over eight days in February and March 2014. On Friday, March 21, 2014, Judge Friedman ruled for the plaintiffs, finding that the Michigan Marriage Amendment violated the federal Equal Protection Clause. He entered an injunction against the ban on same-sex marriage. 973 F.Supp.2d 757.

The state immediately sought a stay in the Sixth Circuit. Because Judge Friedman's order was docketed after 5 pm on Friday, it appears that the state's county clerks offices were already closed. Several county clerks' offices (Washtenaw, Ingham, Oakland, Muskegon) were open and issuing marriage licenses on Saturday, March 22; the statutory three-day waiting period is frequently waived in Michigan, and was waived by some county clerks' offices. The first wedding took place at 8 am, in Ingham County. The district court's injunction was stayed that afternoon by the 6th Circuit; the motions panel soon extended the stay to last until the case was resolved on appeal. However, on March 28, U.S. Attorney General Eric Holder announced that the federal government would recognize the marriages that took place on March 22.

The defendants appealed to the 6th Circuit Court of Appeals on May 9th, 2014. On November 6, 2014, the Sixth Circuit ruled on this and other cases from four states. Obergefell v. Hodges (PB-OH-0003 in this Clearinghouse); Henry v. Hodges (PB-OH-0004 in this Clearinghouse); Love v. Beshear (PB-KY-0001 in this Clearinghouse); Tanco v. Haslam (PB-TN-0005 in this Clearinghouse). It was unwilling to find a Constitutional basis to deny states' authority to define marriage. On the Due Process and Equal Protection claims raised in this case, the court found that the bans were plausibly rational, and neither in violation of the Constitution nor due to illegal animus or discrimination. It also held that "[i]f it is constitutional for a State to define marriage as a relationship between a man and a woman, it is also constitutional for the State to stand by that definition with respect to couples married in other States or countries." (DeBoer v. Snyder Page p. 38). Accordingly, the Sixth Circuit upheld the same-sex marriage bans in Ohio, Michigan, Kentucky, and Tennessee. 772 F.3d 388.

The Supreme Court granted certiorari review of cases consolidated into Obergefell v. Hodges. The Court rephrased the questions presented as: 1) Does the Fourteenth Amendment require a state to license marriage between two people of the same sex? 2) Does the Fourteenth Amendment require a state to recognize a marriage between two people of the same sex when their marriage was lawfully licensed and performed out-of-state?

On June 26, 2015, the Court reversed, in an opinion by Justice Kennedy. The right to marry is fundamental, the Court held, and it demeans gay and lesbian couples to deprive them of access to marriage. The 14th Amendment therefore does not allow states to ban same-sex marriage. Kennedy was joined without further writing by Justices Ginsburg, Breyer, Kagan, and Sotomayor. Each of the four dissenters--Chief Justice Roberts, and Justices Scalia, Thomas, and Alito--wrote a dissent.

On July 28, 2015, the Supreme Court ordered $34,209.80 in attorney's fees.

The case is now closed.

Carlyn Williams - 10/16/2013
Nadji Allan - 11/12/2014
Virginia Weeks - 02/11/2018


compress summary

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Issues and Causes of Action
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Issues
Affected Gender
Female
Male
Constitutional Clause
Due Process
Equal Protection
Content of Injunction
Discrimination Prohibition
Defendant-type
Jurisdiction-wide
Discrimination-basis
Sexual orientatation
General
Adoption
Disparate Treatment
Gay/lesbian/transgender
Marriage
Public benefits (includes, e.g., in-state tuition, govt. jobs)
Plaintiff Type
Private Plaintiff
Causes of Action 42 U.S.C. § 1983
Defendant(s) County Clerk
State of Michigan
Plaintiff Description Same-sex couple challenging Michigan laws prohibiting second parent adoption by unmarried persons and the Michigan Marriage Amendment prohibiting same-sex couples from marrying.
Indexed Lawyer Organizations GLAD (GLBTQ Legal Advocates & Defenders)
Class action status sought No
Class action status granted No
Filed Pro Se No
Prevailing Party Plaintiff
Public Int. Lawyer Yes
Nature of Relief Injunction / Injunctive-like Settlement
Source of Relief Litigation
Order Duration 2015 - n/a
Filing Year 2012
Case Closing Year 2015
Case Ongoing No
Case Listing PB-MI-0008 : Morgan v. Snyder (W.D. Mich.)
PB-OH-0003 : Obergefell v. Hodges (S.D. Ohio)
PB-OH-0004 : Henry v. Wymyslo (S.D. Ohio)
PB-KY-0001 : Love v. Beshear (W.D. Ky.)
PB-TN-0005 : Tanco v. Haslam (M.D. Tenn.)
PB-MI-0005 : Caspar v. Snyder (E.D. Mich.)
Additional Resources
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Docket(s)
14-1341 (U.S. Court of Appeals)
PB-MI-0004-9001.pdf | Detail
Date: 08/06/2014
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
2:12-CV-10285-BAF-MJH (E.D. Mich.)
PB-MI-0004-9000.pdf | Detail
Date: 10/07/2015
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
General Documents
Adoption and Co-parenting of Children by Same-sex Couples [ECF# 25-8]
PB-MI-0004-0016.pdf | Detail
Date: 11/01/2002
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Deposition of Loren Dean Marks [ECF# 81-2]
PB-MI-0004-0019.pdf | Detail
Date: 10/30/2009
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Complaint for Declaratory and Injunctive Relief [ECF# 1]
PB-MI-0004-0001.pdf | Detail
Date: 01/23/2012
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Declaration of April Deboer Under 28 USC §1746 [ECF# 25-2]
PB-MI-0004-0010.pdf | Detail
Date: 03/09/2012
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Declaration of Wendy Deboer Under 28 USC §1746 [ECF# 25-4]
PB-MI-0004-0012.pdf | Detail
Date: 03/09/2012
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Declaration of Jayne Rowse Under 28 USC §1746 [ECF# 25-3]
PB-MI-0004-0011.pdf | Detail
Date: 03/10/2012
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Declaration of Kathi Nelson, M.S.W., L.M.S.W, Under 28 USC §1746 [ECF# 25-6]
PB-MI-0004-0014.pdf | Detail
Date: 03/12/2012
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Declaration of Jeanne A. Howard, Ph.D. Under 28 USC §1746 [ECF# 25-7]
PB-MI-0004-0015.pdf | Detail
Date: 03/12/2012
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Plaintiffs' Motion for Summary Judgment Pursuant to Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 56 [ECF# 25]
PB-MI-0004-0009.pdf | Detail
Date: 03/19/2012
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Declaration of Cynthia Bostwick Under 28 USC §1746 [ECF# 25-5]
PB-MI-0004-0013.pdf | Detail
Date: 03/19/2012
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Amended Complaint for Declaratory and Injunctive Relief [ECF# 38]
PB-MI-0004-0002.pdf | Detail
Date: 09/07/2012
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Amended Complaint for Declaratory and Injunctive Relief [ECF# 38]
PB-MI-0004-0017.pdf | Detail
Date: 09/07/2012
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Order Granting Plaintiffs' Motion for Leave to File an Amended Complaint, Denying Defendants' Motion to Dismiss the Complaint and Denying Plaintiffs' Motion for Summary Judgment [ECF# 36] (E.D. Mich.)
PB-MI-0004-0003.pdf | Detail
Date: 09/24/2012
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Opinion and Order Denying Defendants' Motion to Dismiss the Amended Complaint [ECF# 54] (E.D. Mich.)
PB-MI-0004-0004.pdf | Detail
Date: 07/01/2013
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Declaration of Jeanne A. Howard, Ph.D. Under 28 USC §1746 [2nd Declaration] [ECF# 76-3]
PB-MI-0004-0018.pdf | Detail
Date: 09/09/2013
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Opinion and Order Denying Cross-Motions for Summary Judgment [ECF# 89] (E.D. Mich.)
PB-MI-0004-0005.pdf | Detail
Date: 10/16/2013
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Volume 1 - AM Session [ECF# 143]
PB-MI-0004-0020.pdf | Detail
Date: 02/25/2014
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Volume 1 [ECF# 164]
PB-MI-0004-0030.pdf | Detail
Date: 02/25/2014
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Volume 2 -- AM Session [ECF# 144]
PB-MI-0004-0021.pdf | Detail
Date: 02/26/2014
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Volume 3 [ECF# 145]
PB-MI-0004-0022.pdf | Detail
Date: 02/27/2014
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Volume 4 [ECF# 149]
PB-MI-0004-0026.pdf | Detail
Date: 02/28/2014
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Volume 3 [ECF# 146]
PB-MI-0004-0023.pdf | Detail
Date: 03/03/2014
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Volume 5 - Part B [ECF# 157]
PB-MI-0004-0028.pdf | Detail
Date: 03/03/2014
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
[Transcript] [ECF# 165]
PB-MI-0004-0031.pdf | Detail
Date: 03/03/2014
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Volume 6 - AM Session [ECF# 147]
PB-MI-0004-0024.pdf | Detail
Date: 03/04/2014
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
[Transcript] [ECF# 166]
PB-MI-0004-0032.pdf | Detail
Date: 03/04/2014
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Volume 7 [ECF# 150]
PB-MI-0004-0027.pdf | Detail
Date: 03/05/2014
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
[Transcript] [ECF# 167]
PB-MI-0004-0033.pdf | Detail
Date: 03/05/2014
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Volume 8 [ECF# 148]
PB-MI-0004-0025.pdf | Detail
Date: 03/06/2014
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Volume 9 [ECF# 158]
PB-MI-0004-0029.pdf | Detail
Date: 03/07/2014
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Findings of Fact and Conclusions of Law [ECF# 151] (973 F.Supp.2d 757) (E.D. Mich.)
PB-MI-0004-0006.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 03/21/2014
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Order [Temporarily Staying District Court's Judgment] [Ct. of App. ECF# 006111998445]
PB-MI-0004-0034.pdf | Detail
Date: 03/22/2014
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Opinion {Response to Michigan's Stay Motion} [Ct. of App. ECF# 22-1]
PB-MI-0004-0008.pdf | Detail
Date: 03/25/2014
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Order [Arguing that a Stay is not Warranted] [Ct. of App. ECF# 22-1]
PB-MI-0004-0035.pdf | Detail
Date: 03/25/2014
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Statement by Attorney General Eric Holder on Federal Recognition of Same-Sex Marriages in Michigan
PB-MI-0004-0007.pdf | External Link | Detail
Date: 03/28/2014
Brief for Michigan Defendants-Appellants [Ct. of App. ECF# 46]
PB-MI-0004-0036.pdf | Detail
Date: 05/07/2014
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Plaintiffs' Appellees Brief on Appeal [Ct. of App. ECF# 91]
PB-MI-0004-0037.pdf | Detail
Date: 06/09/2014
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Opinion of the Sixth Circuit (772 F.3d 388)
PB-MI-0004-0039.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | External Link | Detail
Date: 11/06/2014
Source: U.S. Court of Appeals website
Supreme Court Opinion (135 S.Ct. 2584)
PB-MI-0004-0040.pdf | WESTLAW | Detail
Date: 06/26/2015
Source: Supreme Court website
Judgment [ECF# 186]
PB-MI-0004-0041.pdf | Detail
Date: 07/28/2015
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
show all people docs
Judges Alito, Samuel A. Jr. (Third Circuit, SCOTUS) show/hide docs
PB-MI-0004-0040
Caldwell, Karen K. (E.D. Ky.) show/hide docs
PB-MI-0004-0035
Cook, Deborah L. (Sixth Circuit) show/hide docs
PB-MI-0004-0039
Daughtrey, Martha Craig (Sixth Circuit) show/hide docs
PB-MI-0004-0039
Friedman, Bernard A. (E.D. Mich.) show/hide docs
PB-MI-0004-0002 | PB-MI-0004-0003 | PB-MI-0004-0004 | PB-MI-0004-0005 | PB-MI-0004-0006 | PB-MI-0004-0020 | PB-MI-0004-0021 | PB-MI-0004-0022 | PB-MI-0004-0023 | PB-MI-0004-0024 | PB-MI-0004-0025 | PB-MI-0004-0026 | PB-MI-0004-0027 | PB-MI-0004-0028 | PB-MI-0004-0029 | PB-MI-0004-0030 | PB-MI-0004-0031 | PB-MI-0004-0032 | PB-MI-0004-0033 | PB-MI-0004-9000 | PB-MI-0004-9001
Hluchaniuk, Michael J. (E.D. Mich.) [Magistrate] show/hide docs
PB-MI-0004-9000
Kennedy, Anthony McLeod (Ninth Circuit, SCOTUS) show/hide docs
PB-MI-0004-0040
Roberts, John Glover Jr. (D.C. Circuit, SCOTUS) show/hide docs
PB-MI-0004-0040
Rogers, John M. (Sixth Circuit) [Magistrate] show/hide docs
PB-MI-0004-0008 | PB-MI-0004-0035
Scalia, Antonin (D.C. Circuit, SCOTUS) show/hide docs
PB-MI-0004-0040
Sutton, Jeffrey S. (Sixth Circuit) show/hide docs
PB-MI-0004-0039
Thomas, Clarence (D.C. Circuit, SCOTUS) show/hide docs
PB-MI-0004-0040
White, Helene N. (Sixth Circuit) [Magistrate] show/hide docs
PB-MI-0004-0008 | PB-MI-0004-0035
Plaintiff's Lawyers Block, Joshua A (New York) show/hide docs
PB-MI-0004-9000 | PB-MI-0004-9001
Bonauto, Mary L. (Massachusetts) show/hide docs
PB-MI-0004-9000
Cooper, Leslie (New York) show/hide docs
PB-MI-0004-0020 | PB-MI-0004-0021 | PB-MI-0004-0023 | PB-MI-0004-0024 | PB-MI-0004-0025 | PB-MI-0004-0026 | PB-MI-0004-0027 | PB-MI-0004-0028 | PB-MI-0004-0029 | PB-MI-0004-0031 | PB-MI-0004-9000
Henry, Vickie L. (Massachusetts) show/hide docs
PB-MI-0004-0020 | PB-MI-0004-0021 | PB-MI-0004-0023 | PB-MI-0004-0024 | PB-MI-0004-0025 | PB-MI-0004-0026 | PB-MI-0004-0027 | PB-MI-0004-0028 | PB-MI-0004-0029 | PB-MI-0004-0030 | PB-MI-0004-0031 | PB-MI-0004-0032 | PB-MI-0004-0033 | PB-MI-0004-9000
Mogill, Kenneth M. (Michigan) show/hide docs
PB-MI-0004-0002 | PB-MI-0004-0009 | PB-MI-0004-0017 | PB-MI-0004-0020 | PB-MI-0004-0022 | PB-MI-0004-0023 | PB-MI-0004-0025 | PB-MI-0004-0026 | PB-MI-0004-0027 | PB-MI-0004-0028 | PB-MI-0004-0029 | PB-MI-0004-0030 | PB-MI-0004-0031 | PB-MI-0004-0032 | PB-MI-0004-0033 | PB-MI-0004-0037 | PB-MI-0004-9000 | PB-MI-0004-9001
Nessel, Dana M. (Michigan) show/hide docs
PB-MI-0004-0001 | PB-MI-0004-0002 | PB-MI-0004-0009 | PB-MI-0004-0017 | PB-MI-0004-0020 | PB-MI-0004-0021 | PB-MI-0004-0022 | PB-MI-0004-0023 | PB-MI-0004-0024 | PB-MI-0004-0025 | PB-MI-0004-0026 | PB-MI-0004-0027 | PB-MI-0004-0028 | PB-MI-0004-0029 | PB-MI-0004-0030 | PB-MI-0004-0031 | PB-MI-0004-0032 | PB-MI-0004-0033 | PB-MI-0004-0037 | PB-MI-0004-9000 | PB-MI-0004-9001
Sedler, Robert A. (Michigan) show/hide docs
PB-MI-0004-0001 | PB-MI-0004-0002 | PB-MI-0004-0009 | PB-MI-0004-0017 | PB-MI-0004-0020 | PB-MI-0004-0022 | PB-MI-0004-0023 | PB-MI-0004-0024 | PB-MI-0004-0025 | PB-MI-0004-0026 | PB-MI-0004-0027 | PB-MI-0004-0028 | PB-MI-0004-0029 | PB-MI-0004-0030 | PB-MI-0004-0031 | PB-MI-0004-0032 | PB-MI-0004-0033 | PB-MI-0004-0037 | PB-MI-0004-9000 | PB-MI-0004-9001
Stanyar, Carole M. (Michigan) show/hide docs
PB-MI-0004-0001 | PB-MI-0004-0002 | PB-MI-0004-0009 | PB-MI-0004-0017 | PB-MI-0004-0020 | PB-MI-0004-0022 | PB-MI-0004-0023 | PB-MI-0004-0024 | PB-MI-0004-0025 | PB-MI-0004-0026 | PB-MI-0004-0027 | PB-MI-0004-0028 | PB-MI-0004-0029 | PB-MI-0004-0030 | PB-MI-0004-0031 | PB-MI-0004-0032 | PB-MI-0004-0033 | PB-MI-0004-0037 | PB-MI-0004-9000 | PB-MI-0004-9001
Defendant's Lawyers Brya, Michelle M. (Michigan) show/hide docs
PB-MI-0004-0020 | PB-MI-0004-0026 | PB-MI-0004-0027 | PB-MI-0004-0028 | PB-MI-0004-0030 | PB-MI-0004-0031 | PB-MI-0004-0032 | PB-MI-0004-9000
Bullard, Bill Jr. (Michigan) show/hide docs
PB-MI-0004-9000
Heyse, Kristin M. (Michigan) show/hide docs
PB-MI-0004-0020 | PB-MI-0004-0021 | PB-MI-0004-0022 | PB-MI-0004-0023 | PB-MI-0004-0024 | PB-MI-0004-0025 | PB-MI-0004-0026 | PB-MI-0004-0027 | PB-MI-0004-0028 | PB-MI-0004-0029 | PB-MI-0004-0030 | PB-MI-0004-0031 | PB-MI-0004-0032 | PB-MI-0004-0033 | PB-MI-0004-0036 | PB-MI-0004-9000 | PB-MI-0004-9001
Jeter, Tonya C. (Michigan) show/hide docs
PB-MI-0004-0020 | PB-MI-0004-0022 | PB-MI-0004-0023 | PB-MI-0004-0024 | PB-MI-0004-0025 | PB-MI-0004-0026 | PB-MI-0004-0027 | PB-MI-0004-0028 | PB-MI-0004-0029 | PB-MI-0004-0030 | PB-MI-0004-0031 | PB-MI-0004-0032 | PB-MI-0004-0033 | PB-MI-0004-9000
Johnson, Andrea J. (Michigan) show/hide docs
PB-MI-0004-0020 | PB-MI-0004-0021 | PB-MI-0004-0023 | PB-MI-0004-0024 | PB-MI-0004-0025 | PB-MI-0004-0026 | PB-MI-0004-0027 | PB-MI-0004-0028 | PB-MI-0004-0029 | PB-MI-0004-0030 | PB-MI-0004-0031 | PB-MI-0004-0032 | PB-MI-0004-0033 | PB-MI-0004-9000
Lerminiaux, Keith J. (Michigan) show/hide docs
PB-MI-0004-9000
Lindstrom, Aaron D. (Michigan) show/hide docs
PB-MI-0004-0036 | PB-MI-0004-9001
Pitt, Michael L. (Michigan) show/hide docs
PB-MI-0004-0022 | PB-MI-0004-0023 | PB-MI-0004-0024 | PB-MI-0004-0025 | PB-MI-0004-0026 | PB-MI-0004-0027 | PB-MI-0004-0028 | PB-MI-0004-0029 | PB-MI-0004-0030 | PB-MI-0004-0031 | PB-MI-0004-0032 | PB-MI-0004-0033 | PB-MI-0004-9000
Potchen, Joseph E. (Michigan) show/hide docs
PB-MI-0004-0021 | PB-MI-0004-0022 | PB-MI-0004-0023 | PB-MI-0004-0024 | PB-MI-0004-0025 | PB-MI-0004-0026 | PB-MI-0004-0027 | PB-MI-0004-0028 | PB-MI-0004-0029 | PB-MI-0004-0030 | PB-MI-0004-0031 | PB-MI-0004-0032 | PB-MI-0004-0033 | PB-MI-0004-9000
Rivers, Beth M. (Michigan) show/hide docs
PB-MI-0004-0020 | PB-MI-0004-0021 | PB-MI-0004-0022 | PB-MI-0004-0023 | PB-MI-0004-0024 | PB-MI-0004-0025 | PB-MI-0004-0026 | PB-MI-0004-0027 | PB-MI-0004-0028 | PB-MI-0004-0029 | PB-MI-0004-0030 | PB-MI-0004-0031 | PB-MI-0004-0032 | PB-MI-0004-0033 | PB-MI-0004-9000 | PB-MI-0004-9001
Schuette, Bill (Michigan) show/hide docs
PB-MI-0004-0036
Other Lawyers Anderson, Christy L. (Colorado) show/hide docs
PB-MI-0004-9001
Bartel, Sara (California) show/hide docs
PB-MI-0004-9001
Boccuzzi, Carmine Daniel (New York) show/hide docs
PB-MI-0004-9001
Bowser, Joseph Paul (District of Columbia) show/hide docs
PB-MI-0004-9001
Bristow, Kyle James (Michigan) show/hide docs
PB-MI-0004-9001
Campbell, James A. (Arizona) show/hide docs
PB-MI-0004-9000
Carter, Hunter Thompson (New York) show/hide docs
PB-MI-0004-9001
Carter, George David Jr. (District of Columbia) show/hide docs
PB-MI-0004-9001
Davis, Andrew (California) show/hide docs
PB-MI-0004-9001
Dewart, Deborah Jane (North Carolina) show/hide docs
PB-MI-0004-9001
Dushku, Alexander (Utah) show/hide docs
PB-MI-0004-9001
Ellsworth, Felicia H. (Massachusetts) show/hide docs
PB-MI-0004-9001
Esbeck, Carl H. (Missouri) show/hide docs
PB-MI-0004-9001
Fisher, Thomas M. (Indiana) show/hide docs
PB-MI-0004-9001
Fleming, Mark C. (Massachusetts) show/hide docs
PB-MI-0004-9001
Gallagher, Sean (Colorado) show/hide docs
PB-MI-0004-9001
Gerhardstein, Alphonse A. (Ohio) show/hide docs
PB-MI-0004-9001
Gershel, Alan (Michigan) show/hide docs
PB-MI-0004-9000 | PB-MI-0004-9001
Goldberg, Suzanne B. (New York) show/hide docs
PB-MI-0004-9001
Greenberger, Marcia D. (District of Columbia) show/hide docs
PB-MI-0004-9001
Gunnarson, R. Shawn (Utah) show/hide docs
PB-MI-0004-9001
Hamid, Jyotin R. (New York) show/hide docs
PB-MI-0004-9001
Holder, Eric H. Jr. (District of Columbia) show/hide docs
PB-MI-0004-0007
Joseph, Lawrence J (District of Columbia) show/hide docs
PB-MI-0004-9001
Joyce, Stephanie A. (District of Columbia) show/hide docs
PB-MI-0004-9001
Kaplan, Jay (Michigan) show/hide docs
PB-MI-0004-9000
Lane, Daniel McNeel (Texas) show/hide docs
PB-MI-0004-9001
Linton, Paul Benjamin (Illinois) show/hide docs
PB-MI-0004-9001
Man, Christopher (District of Columbia) show/hide docs
PB-MI-0004-9001
Mar, Ria Tabacco (New York) show/hide docs
PB-MI-0004-9001
Martin, Emily J. (New York) show/hide docs
PB-MI-0004-9001
McAlister, Mary Elizabeth (Virginia) show/hide docs
PB-MI-0004-9001
Mersino, Erin Elizabeth (Michigan) show/hide docs
PB-MI-0004-9001
Miller, Jonathan B. (Massachusetts) show/hide docs
PB-MI-0004-9001
Mishra, Dina Bernick (District of Columbia) show/hide docs
PB-MI-0004-9001
Moon, Jeffrey Hunter (District of Columbia) show/hide docs
PB-MI-0004-9001
Moses, Michael F. (District of Columbia) show/hide docs
PB-MI-0004-9001
O'Donnell, Nicholas M. (Massachusetts) show/hide docs
PB-MI-0004-9001
Olson, William J. (Virginia) show/hide docs
PB-MI-0004-9001
Pepping, Matthew (Texas) show/hide docs
PB-MI-0004-9001
Phillis, Nicole Susan (California) show/hide docs
PB-MI-0004-9001
Picarello, Anthony R Jr (District of Columbia) show/hide docs
PB-MI-0004-9001
Raimi, Diana (Michigan) show/hide docs
PB-MI-0004-9001
Rassbach, Eric C (District of Columbia) show/hide docs
PB-MI-0004-9001
Rheaume, Thomas J. Jr. (Michigan) show/hide docs
PB-MI-0004-9000 | PB-MI-0004-9001
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