University of Michigan Law School
Civil Rights Litigation Clearinghouse
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Case Name United States v. Virginia PB-VA-0003
Docket / Court 3:12-cv-059 ( E.D. Va. )
State/Territory Virginia
Case Type(s) Disability Rights-Pub. Accom.
Public Benefits / Government Services
Special Collection Olmstead Cases
Attorney Organization Bazelon Center
NDRN/Protection & Advocacy Organizations
U.S. Dept. of Justice Civil Rights Division
Case Summary
On February 10, 2011, the United States Department of Justice (Civil Rights Division, Special Litigation Section) released a letter of findings detailing the results of its investigation into the institutionalization of individuals with intellectual and developmental disabilities in Virginia. The ... read more >
On February 10, 2011, the United States Department of Justice (Civil Rights Division, Special Litigation Section) released a letter of findings detailing the results of its investigation into the institutionalization of individuals with intellectual and developmental disabilities in Virginia. The investigation focused specifically on the Central Virginia Training Center (CVTC), one intermediate care facility for persons with developmental disabilities (ICF/DD) but also considered the statewide institutionalization of this population (DOJ's involvement began as an investigation of CVTC pursuant to the Civil Rights of Institutionalized Persons Act but later expanded to include the statewide system's compliance with the ADA). DOJ concluded that Virginia is systematically violating the Americans with Disabilities Act under the 1999 Supreme Court precedent, Olmstead v. LC, in forcing the unnecessary institutionalization of people with disabilities. DOJ found a lack of sufficient community-based services available to this population, an unreasonably long waiting list for Medicaid waiver services, inadequate discharge planning at CVTC, and other deficiencies. According to DOJ, these policies lead to a situation in which individuals with developmental disabilities are housed unnecessarily in institutions and are unable to either remain in the community or transition from an institution to a community placement.

Nearly one year later, DOJ and Virginia entered into a settlement agreement seeking to remedy the deficiencies outlined in the findings letter. DOJ filed a complaint in the U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of Virginia and settlement agreement on January 26, 2012. The court (Judge John A. Gibney, Jr.) gave preliminary approval to the agreement and allowed interested parties to submit letters and amici curiae briefs to the court in advance of the final approval of the settlement. On March 2, 2012, several individuals currently living in institutions filed a motion to intervene in the litigation, claiming that they wished to remain in institutions and that the proposed settlement would force the closing of their institutions. The court found that they had adequately demonstrated that they stand to be affected by the outcome of the litigation and granted their intervention in the case on May 9, 2012. The intervenors then filed a motion to dismiss, challenging the United States' authority to bring the claim to enforce the ADA.

On June 5, 2012, the court denied the intervenors' motion to dismiss, finding that DOJ's ADA enforcement authority included the ability to investigate and file suit in federal court as had occurred here, and that the government had followed all necessary procedures.

On August 23, 2012, the court gave its final approval to the settlement between the United States and Virginia. Under the settlement, Virginia has agreed to increase its community-based services for people with intellectual and developmental disabilities. This will serve both to prevent individuals currently living in the community from being forced to move to institutions and will allow those currently living in institutions to transition to the community. Virginia will create additional slots on its Home and Community Based Services Medicaid waiver programs and allow those on the waitlist to begin receiving services. The state has also agreed to provide crisis services and employment training.

A December 2012 report from the independent monitor noted considerable progress on the part of Virginia in implementing the settlement.

Beth Kurtz - 03/11/2013


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Issues and Causes of Action
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Issues
Benefit Source
Medicaid
Content of Injunction
Discrimination Prohibition
Monitoring
Preliminary relief granted
Reasonable Accommodation
Reporting
Defendant-type
Jurisdiction-wide
Disability
disability, unspecified
Integrated setting
Least restrictive environment
Mental impairment
Discrimination-basis
Disability (inc. reasonable accommodations)
General
Deinstitutionalization/decarceration
Habilitation (training/treatment)
Public benefits (includes, e.g., in-state tuition, govt. jobs)
Wait lists
Medical/Mental Health
Intellectual/Developmental Disability
Mental Disability
Intellectual/developmental disability, unspecified
Causes of Action Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA), 42 U.S.C. §§ 12111 et seq.
Civil Rights of Institutionalized Persons Act (CRIPA), 42 U.S.C. § 1997 et seq.
Defendant(s) Commonwealth of Virginia
Plaintiff Description The United States Department of Justice (Civil Rights Division).
Indexed Lawyer Organizations Bazelon Center
NDRN/Protection & Advocacy Organizations
U.S. Dept. of Justice Civil Rights Division
Class action status sought No
Class action status granted No
Prevailing Party Plaintiff
Public Int. Lawyer No
Nature of Relief Preliminary injunction / Temp. restraining order
Injunction / Injunctive-like Settlement
Source of Relief Settlement
Form of Settlement Court Approved Settlement or Consent Decree
Order Duration 2012 - 2021
Case Ongoing Yes
Additional Resources
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Links William G. v. Pataki
http://www.bazelon.org/william-g-v-pataki/
By: The Bazelon Center (The Bazelon Center)
[ Detail ] [ External Link ]

  Disability Rights New Jersey v. Velez
http://www.bazelon.org/drnj-v-velez/
By: The Bazelon Center (The Bazelon Center)
[ Detail ] [ External Link ]

  Williams v. Quinn
http://www.bazelon.org/williams-v-quinn/
By: The Bazelon Center (The Bazelon Center)
[ Detail ] [ External Link ]

  United States of America v. Commonwealth of Virginia
http://www.bazelon.org/u-s-v-virginia/
By: The Bazelon Center (The Bazelon Center)
[ Detail ] [ External Link ]

  United States of America v. North Carolina
http://www.bazelon.org/u-s-v-north-carolina/
By: The Bazelon Center (The Bazelon Center)
[ Detail ] [ External Link ]

  U.S. v. Georgia
http://www.bazelon.org/u-s-v-georgia/
By: The Bazelon Center (The Bazelon Center)
[ Detail ] [ External Link ]

  O'Toole v. Cuomo [Formerly DAI v. Cuomo]
http://www.bazelon.org/otoole-v-cuomo/
By: The Bazelon Center (The Bazelon Center)
[ Detail ] [ External Link ]

  Amanda D. v. Hassan
http://www.bazelon.org/amanda-d-v-hassan/
By: The Bazelon Center (The Bazelon Center)
[ Detail ] [ External Link ]

Docket(s)
3:12-cv-00059-JAG (E.D. Va.)
PB-VA-0003-9000.pdf | Detail
Date: 01/08/2016
Source: Non-web U.S. District Court Clerk's Office
General Documents
Virginia ADA Settlement Fact Sheet
PB-VA-0003-0019.pdf | External Link | Detail
Date:
Source: U.S. Department of Justice, Civil Rights Division, Special Litigation Section
DOJ Findings Letter
PB-VA-0003-0017.pdf | Detail
Date: 02/10/2011
Source: U.S. Department of Justice, Civil Rights Division, Special Litigation Section
Complaint [ECF# 1]
PB-VA-0003-0001.pdf | Detail
Date: 01/26/2012
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Settlement Agreement [ECF# 2-2]
PB-VA-0003-0003.pdf | Detail
Date: 01/26/2012
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Joint Motion for Entry of Settlement Agreement and Brief in Support Thereof [ECF# 2]
PB-VA-0003-0026.pdf | Detail
Date: 01/26/2012
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Motion to Intervene [ECF# 19]
PB-VA-0003-0002.pdf | Detail
Date: 03/02/2012
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Intervenor's Motion to Dismiss [ECF# 19-1]
PB-VA-0003-0027.pdf | Detail
Date: 03/02/2012
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Memorandum of Law in Support of Motion for Intervention by Proposed Intervenors [ECF# 20]
PB-VA-0003-0028.pdf | Detail
Date: 03/02/2012
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Order [ECF# 22] (E.D. Va.)
PB-VA-0003-0004.pdf | Detail
Date: 03/06/2012
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Defendant's Response in Opposition to Motion to Intervene [ECF# 27]
PB-VA-0003-0005.pdf | Detail
Date: 03/16/2012
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
The United States' Opposition to Proposed Intervenor's Motion for Intervention [ECF# 28]
PB-VA-0003-0006.pdf | Detail
Date: 03/16/2012
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Brief Amici Curiae of the Arc of Virginia, ASCV, ASNV, AS, VDSA [ECF# 37]
PB-VA-0003-0007.pdf | Detail
Date: 03/22/2012
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
The Virginia Office for Protection and Advocacy's Memorandum as Amicus Curiae in Support of Entry of the Parties' Settlement Agreement [ECF# 50]
PB-VA-0003-0029.pdf | Detail
Date: 04/03/2012
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Brief Amici Curiae on Behalf of the National Association of State Directors of Developmental Disability Services, the American Association of Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities, the Association of University Center on Disabilities, the Assoc [ECF# 52]
PB-VA-0003-0008.pdf | Detail
Date: 04/05/2012
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Statement on Behalf of Stakeholders in Support of Settlement Agreement
PB-VA-0003-0032.pdf | Detail
Date: 04/06/2012
Memorandum Order Granting Motion to Intervene [ECF# 65] (282 F.R.D. 403) (E.D. Va.)
PB-VA-0003-0009.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 05/09/2012
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Intervenors' Motion to Dismiss [ECF# 66]
PB-VA-0003-0010.pdf | Detail
Date: 05/09/2012
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Defendant Commonwealth's Response to Intervenor's Motion to Dismiss [ECF# 75]
PB-VA-0003-0011.pdf | Detail
Date: 05/21/2012
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
United State's Opposition to Intervenors' Motion to Dismiss [ECF# 76]
PB-VA-0003-0012.pdf | Detail
Date: 05/21/2012
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Memorandum Order Denying Intervenors' Motion to Dismiss [ECF# 90] (E.D. Va.)
PB-VA-0003-0013.pdf | Detail
Date: 06/05/2012
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Settlement Agreement [ECF# 100]
PB-VA-0003-0014.pdf | Detail
Date: 06/13/2012
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
The United States' Memorandum in Response to the Court's Proposed Amendments to the Settlement Agreement [ECF# 105]
PB-VA-0003-0031.pdf | Detail
Date: 06/26/2012
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
The Commonwealth's Response to the Court's Proposed Amendments to the Settlement Agreement
PB-VA-0003-0030.pdf | Detail
Date: 06/29/2012
Order Approving Consent Decree [ECF# 112] (E.D. Va.)
PB-VA-0003-0015.pdf | Detail
Date: 08/23/2012
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Report of the Independent Reviewer on Compliance with the Settlement Agreement [ECF# 120]
PB-VA-0003-0016.pdf | Detail
Date: 12/07/2012
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Report of the Independent Reviewer on Compliance with the Settlement Agreement [2nd] [ECF# 130]
PB-VA-0003-0018.pdf | External Link | Detail
Date: 06/11/2013
Source: U.S. Department of Justice, Civil Rights Division, Special Litigation Section
Report of the Independent Reviewer on Compliance with the Settlement Agreement [3rd.]
PB-VA-0003-0020.pdf | External Link | Detail
Date: 12/06/2013
Source: U.S. Department of Justice, Civil Rights Division, Special Litigation Section
Report of the Independent Reviewer on Compliance with the Settlement Agreement [4th.]
PB-VA-0003-0021.pdf | External Link | Detail
Date: 06/06/2014
Source: U.S. Department of Justice, Civil Rights Division, Special Litigation Section
Report of the Independent Reviewer on Compliance with the Settlement Agreement [5th.] [ECF# 158]
PB-VA-0003-0022.pdf | External Link | Detail
Date: 12/08/2014
Source: U.S. Department of Justice, Civil Rights Division, Special Litigation Section
Report of the Independent Reviewer on Compliance with the Settlement Agreement [6th.] [ECF# 177]
PB-VA-0003-0023.pdf | External Link | Detail
Date: 06/06/2015
Source: U.S. Department of Justice, Civil Rights Division, Special Litigation Section
Report of the Independent Reviewer on Compliance with the Settlement Agreement [7th.] [ECF# 204]
PB-VA-0003-0024.pdf | External Link | Detail
Date: 12/06/2015
Source: U.S. Department of Justice, Civil Rights Division, Special Litigation Section
Report of the Independent Reviewer on Compliance with the Settlement Agreement [8th.] [ECF# 208]
PB-VA-0003-0025.pdf | External Link | Detail
Date: 06/06/2016
Source: U.S. Department of Justice, Civil Rights Division, Special Litigation Section
Judges Gibney, John Adrian Jr. Court not on record
PB-VA-0003-0004 | PB-VA-0003-0009 | PB-VA-0003-0013 | PB-VA-0003-0015 | PB-VA-0003-9000
Plaintiff's Lawyers Barkoff, Alison (District of Columbia)
PB-VA-0003-0001 | PB-VA-0003-0003 | PB-VA-0003-0006 | PB-VA-0003-0012 | PB-VA-0003-0014 | PB-VA-0003-0015 | PB-VA-0003-0026 | PB-VA-0003-0031 | PB-VA-0003-9000
Cuncannan, Jacqueline (District of Columbia)
PB-VA-0003-0001 | PB-VA-0003-0003 | PB-VA-0003-0014 | PB-VA-0003-0015 | PB-VA-0003-0026
Farano, Richard J. (District of Columbia)
PB-VA-0003-9000
Herman, Vincent P. (District of Columbia)
PB-VA-0003-0012 | PB-VA-0003-0015 | PB-VA-0003-0031 | PB-VA-0003-9000
Hill, Eve L. (District of Columbia)
PB-VA-0003-0001 | PB-VA-0003-0003 | PB-VA-0003-0006 | PB-VA-0003-0012 | PB-VA-0003-0015 | PB-VA-0003-0026 | PB-VA-0003-0031
Keen, Jennifer Wu (District of Columbia)
PB-VA-0003-9000
Macbride, Neil H (Virginia)
PB-VA-0003-0001 | PB-VA-0003-0003 | PB-VA-0003-0012 | PB-VA-0003-0014 | PB-VA-0003-0015 | PB-VA-0003-0026 | PB-VA-0003-0031
Mcintosh, Robert P (Virginia)
PB-VA-0003-0001 | PB-VA-0003-0003 | PB-VA-0003-0006 | PB-VA-0003-0012 | PB-VA-0003-0014 | PB-VA-0003-0015 | PB-VA-0003-0026 | PB-VA-0003-9000
Perez, Thomas E. (District of Columbia)
PB-VA-0003-0001 | PB-VA-0003-0003 | PB-VA-0003-0006 | PB-VA-0003-0012 | PB-VA-0003-0015 | PB-VA-0003-0017 | PB-VA-0003-0031
Polansky, Jessica E. (New York)
PB-VA-0003-9000
Smiddie, Kyle (District of Columbia)
PB-VA-0003-9000
Smith, Jonathan Mark (District of Columbia)
PB-VA-0003-0001 | PB-VA-0003-0003 | PB-VA-0003-0006 | PB-VA-0003-0012 | PB-VA-0003-0015 | PB-VA-0003-0017 | PB-VA-0003-0026 | PB-VA-0003-0031 | PB-VA-0003-9000
Tayloe, Benjamin O. (District of Columbia)
PB-VA-0003-0001 | PB-VA-0003-0003 | PB-VA-0003-0006 | PB-VA-0003-0012 | PB-VA-0003-0014 | PB-VA-0003-0015 | PB-VA-0003-0026 | PB-VA-0003-0031 | PB-VA-0003-9000
Zisser, Aaron B. (California)
PB-VA-0003-0001 | PB-VA-0003-0003 | PB-VA-0003-0006 | PB-VA-0003-0012 | PB-VA-0003-0014 | PB-VA-0003-0015 | PB-VA-0003-0026 | PB-VA-0003-0031 | PB-VA-0003-9000
Defendant's Lawyers Burshem, Craig (Virginia)
PB-VA-0003-0011
Cuccinelli, Kenneth T. II (Virginia)
PB-VA-0003-0003 | PB-VA-0003-0005 | PB-VA-0003-0011 | PB-VA-0003-0014 | PB-VA-0003-0015
Elias, Cordelia M. (Pennsylvania)
PB-VA-0003-0002 | PB-VA-0003-0010 | PB-VA-0003-0028 | PB-VA-0003-9000
Johnson, David E. (Virginia)
PB-VA-0003-0005 | PB-VA-0003-0014
Schafer, Gerald (Virginia)
PB-VA-0003-0002 | PB-VA-0003-0010 | PB-VA-0003-0027 | PB-VA-0003-0027 | PB-VA-0003-0028 | PB-VA-0003-9000
Tysinger, Allyson (Virginia)
PB-VA-0003-0003 | PB-VA-0003-0005 | PB-VA-0003-0011 | PB-VA-0003-0014 | PB-VA-0003-0015 | PB-VA-0003-0026 | PB-VA-0003-0030 | PB-VA-0003-9000
York, Thomas B. (Pennsylvania)
PB-VA-0003-0002 | PB-VA-0003-0010 | PB-VA-0003-0027 | PB-VA-0003-0027 | PB-VA-0003-0028 | PB-VA-0003-9000
Zaycosky, Donald B. (Pennsylvania)
PB-VA-0003-0002 | PB-VA-0003-0010 | PB-VA-0003-0028 | PB-VA-0003-9000
Other Lawyers Burnim, Ira Abraham (District of Columbia)
PB-VA-0003-0032
Dorfman, Deborah A. (Washington)
PB-VA-0003-0007 | PB-VA-0003-0008 | PB-VA-0003-9000
Fawk, Sara (Massachusetts)
PB-VA-0003-0007
Fleischner, Robert D. (Massachusetts)
PB-VA-0003-0007 | PB-VA-0003-0008 | PB-VA-0003-9000
Glasberg, Victor Michael (Virginia)
PB-VA-0003-0007 | PB-VA-0003-0008 | PB-VA-0003-9000
Graff, Julia (District of Columbia)
PB-VA-0003-0032
Martinis, Jonathan Gerald (Virginia)
PB-VA-0003-0029 | PB-VA-0003-9000
Mathis, Jennifer (District of Columbia)
PB-VA-0003-0032
O'Toole, Brendan D. (Virginia)
PB-VA-0003-0032
Rae, J. Paterson (Massachusetts)
PB-VA-0003-0008
Schwartz, Steven J. (Massachusetts)
PB-VA-0003-0007 | PB-VA-0003-0008 | PB-VA-0003-9000

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