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Case Name Lynn E. v. Lynch PB-NH-0003
Docket / Court 1:12-CV-00053-SM ( D.N.H. )
State/Territory New Hampshire
Case Type(s) Disability Rights-Pub. Accom.
Nursing Home Conditions
Public Benefits / Government Services
Special Collection Olmstead Cases
Attorney Organization Bazelon Center
NDRN/Protection & Advocacy Organizations
U.S. Dept. of Justice Civil Rights Division
Case Summary
Filed in 2012, this class-action lawsuit challenged New Hampshire's mental health system, in the U.S. District Court for the District of New Hampshire. The Plaintiffs, individuals with mental illness, alleged that the state's inadequate services led to unnecessary institutionalization primarily in ... read more >
Filed in 2012, this class-action lawsuit challenged New Hampshire's mental health system, in the U.S. District Court for the District of New Hampshire. The Plaintiffs, individuals with mental illness, alleged that the state's inadequate services led to unnecessary institutionalization primarily in two state psychiatric hospitals, New Hampshire Hospital and the Glencliff Home. They claimed that the inadequacies in mental health services amountedto violations of the Americans with Disabilities Act, Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act, and the Nursing Home Reform Act. The Plaintiffs were represented by the Bazelon Center for Mental Health Law, the Center for Public Representation, the New Hampshire Disabilities Rights Center, and private counsel.

The U.S. Department of Justice had earlier investigated the issues raised by this lawsuit and detailed its findings in an April 2011 letter. The DOJ found that the state lacked community-based services that would allow individuals with mental illness to avoid institutionalization. It found that many individuals who could live in the community resided in institutions or stayed much longer than they needed to because the support available upon discharge were insufficient. After this lawsuit was filed, the United States received the court's permission to intervene and filed its complaint in intervention on April 4, 2012.

On June 11, 2012, the court (Judge Steven J. McAuliffe) declined to grant the Plaintiffs' first motion for class certification, instead recommending that the parties proceed to discovery in order to gather the facts necessary to certify the class. The parties then proceeded with discovery. The Plaintiffs submitted a renewed motion for class certification on January 29, 2013. On September 17, 2013, Judge McAuliffe granted the Plaintiffs' motion for class certification with respect to their ADA and Section 504 claims, but denied the motion with respect to their PASSAR claim. The court defined the class as all persons with mental illness who were unnecessarily institutionalized in New Hampshire Hospital or Glencliff or who were at serious risk of being unnecessarily institutionalized at one of those hospitals.

In October 2013, the parties initiated settlement negotiations. On December 19, 2013, the parties submitted a proposed settlement agreement. The agreement stipulated specific measures the State would take to improve its services to persons with mental illness, including providing mobile crisis response units, expanding on community treatment services, increasing supported housing for those with serious mental illness, expanding supported employment services, developing a transition planning service for those currently institutionalized, and developing systems for monitoring and reviewing the quality of community support services. The agreement further provided that an Expert Reviewer would be appointed to monitor implementation of its terms and that the court should maintain its jurisdiction over the matter until the State had achieved and maintained compliance for at least one year.

On January 2, 2014, the District Court granted preliminary approval of the settlement agreement and ordered the State to notify class members of the proposed settlement. On February 12, Judge McAuliffe granted final approval of the agreement, finding it to be fair, reasonable, and in the best interests of the class. In accordance with the agreement, he awarded a total of $2.4 million to the Plaintiffs in attorneys' fees, costs, and monitoring.

As of October 29, 2017, status reports indicated that the State had made continual progress toward compliance with the terms of the settlement, but had not yet achieved full compliance. The State continued to be monitored by the Expert Reviewer, with the court maintaining jurisdiction for the purposes of enforcing the settlement.

Beth Kurtz - 02/14/2013
Lauren Latterell Powell - 10/29/2017


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Issues and Causes of Action
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Issues
Benefit Source
Medicaid
Content of Injunction
Monitor/Master
Monitoring
Reasonable Accommodation
Recordkeeping
Reporting
Defendant-type
Hospital/Health Department
Jurisdiction-wide
Disability
disability, unspecified
Integrated setting
Least restrictive environment
Mental impairment
Discrimination-basis
Disability (inc. reasonable accommodations)
General
Classification / placement
Deinstitutionalization/decarceration
Government Services (specify)
Housing
Placement in mental health facilities
Public benefits (includes, e.g., in-state tuition, govt. jobs)
Reasonable Accommodations
Medical/Mental Health
Mental health care, general
Mental health care, unspecified
Mental Disability
Depression
Developmental disability without intellectual disability
Intellectual/developmental disability, unspecified
Mental Illness, Unspecified
Plaintiff Type
Private Plaintiff
U.S. Dept of Justice plaintiff
Type of Facility
Government-run
Causes of Action Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA), 42 U.S.C. §§ 12111 et seq.
Nursing Care Reform Act of 1987/ Omnibus Reconciliation Act
Section 504 (Rehabilitation Act), 29 U.S.C. § 701
Defendant(s) New Hampshire Department of Health and Human Services
State of New Hampshire
Plaintiff Description Plaintiffs are individuals with mental illness in New Hampshire who are either institutionalized or at risk of institutionalization.
Indexed Lawyer Organizations Bazelon Center
NDRN/Protection & Advocacy Organizations
U.S. Dept. of Justice Civil Rights Division
Class action status sought Yes
Class action status granted Yes
Prevailing Party Plaintiff
Public Int. Lawyer Yes
Nature of Relief Attorneys fees
Injunction / Injunctive-like Settlement
Source of Relief Settlement
Form of Settlement Court Approved Settlement or Consent Decree
Order Duration 2014 - n/a
Case Ongoing Yes
Additional Resources
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  Amanda D. v. Hassan
http://www.bazelon.org/amanda-d-v-hassan/
Date: 2017
By: The Bazelon Center
[ Detail ] [ External Link ]

Docket(s)
1:12−cv−00053 (D.N.H.)
PB-NH-0003-9000.pdf | Detail
Date: 07/20/2017
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
General Documents
DOJ Findings Letter
PB-NH-0003-0010.pdf | Detail
Date: 04/07/2011
Class Action Complaint [ECF# 1]
PB-NH-0003-0006.pdf | Detail
Date: 02/09/2012
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Plaintiffs' Motion for Class Certification [ECF# 19]
PB-NH-0003-0007.pdf | Detail
Date: 03/23/2012
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
United States' Memorandum in Support of its Assented-to Motion to Intervene
PB-NH-0003-0016.pdf | External Link | Detail
Date: 03/27/2012
Source: U.S. Department of Justice, Civil Rights Division, Special Litigation Section
Order (D.N.H.)
PB-NH-0003-0017.pdf | External Link | Detail
Date: 03/27/2012
Source: U.S. Department of Justice, Civil Rights Division, Special Litigation Section
United States' Proposed Complaint-in-Intervention
PB-NH-0003-0025.pdf | Detail
Date: 03/27/2012
United States' Assented-to Motion to Intervene [ECF# 20]
PB-NH-0003-0008.pdf | Detail
Date: 03/27/2012
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
United States' Complaint-in-Intervention [ECF# 21]
PB-NH-0003-0009.pdf | Detail
Date: 04/04/2012
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
United States' Memorandum in Support of Plaintiffs' Motion for Class Certification [ECF# 33]
PB-NH-0003-0001.pdf | Detail
Date: 04/20/2012
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Plaintiffs' Renewed Motion for Class Certification [ECF# 73]
PB-NH-0003-0013.pdf | Detail
Date: 01/29/2013
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
United States' Reply to Defendants' Opposition to and Support of Plaintiffs' Renewed Motion for Class Certification
PB-NH-0003-0018.pdf | External Link | Detail
Date: 03/21/2013
Source: U.S. Department of Justice, Civil Rights Division, Special Litigation Section
Order [ECF# 90] (D.N.H.)
PB-NH-0003-0019.pdf | External Link | Detail
Date: 09/17/2013
Source: U.S. Department of Justice, Civil Rights Division, Special Litigation Section
Settlement Agreement Fact Sheet
PB-NH-0003-0020.pdf | External Link | Detail
Date: 01/08/2014
Source: U.S. Department of Justice, Civil Rights Division, Special Litigation Section
Order for Final Approval of Proposed Settlement and Entry of Judgment [ECF# 104] (D.N.H.)
PB-NH-0003-0021.pdf | External Link | Detail
Date: 02/12/2014
Source: U.S. Department of Justice, Civil Rights Division, Special Litigation Section
Class Action Settlement Agreement [ECF# 105]
PB-NH-0003-0015.pdf | Detail
Date: 02/12/2014
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Plaintiffs' and United States' Status Report on Expert Reviewers' First Report [ECF# 110]
PB-NH-0003-0022.pdf | External Link | Detail
Date: 12/29/2014
Source: U.S. Department of Justice, Civil Rights Division, Special Litigation Section
Plaintiffs' and United States' Status Report on Expert Reviewer's Second Report [ECF# 112]
PB-NH-0003-0023.pdf | External Link | Detail
Date: 07/02/2015
Source: U.S. Department of Justice, Civil Rights Division, Special Litigation Section
Expert Reviewer Report Number Three [ECF# 113-1]
PB-NH-0003-0024.pdf | External Link | Detail
Date: 01/05/2016
Source: U.S. Department of Justice, Civil Rights Division, Special Litigation Section
Judges McAuliffe, Steven J. (D.N.H.)
PB-NH-0003-0015 | PB-NH-0003-0019 | PB-NH-0003-0021 | PB-NH-0003-9000
Plaintiff's Lawyers Barkoff, Alison (District of Columbia)
PB-NH-0003-0001 | PB-NH-0003-0008 | PB-NH-0003-0009 | PB-NH-0003-0016 | PB-NH-0003-0025
Blanchette, Kristen Renae (New Hampshire)
PB-NH-0003-0006 | PB-NH-0003-0007 | PB-NH-0003-0007 | PB-NH-0003-9000
Brown, Michael K. (New Hampshire)
PB-NH-0003-0010
Burnim, Ira Abraham (District of Columbia)
PB-NH-0003-0006 | PB-NH-0003-0007 | PB-NH-0003-0007 | PB-NH-0003-0013 | PB-NH-0003-0015 | PB-NH-0003-0022 | PB-NH-0003-9000
Farano, Richard J. (District of Columbia)
PB-NH-0003-0001 | PB-NH-0003-0008 | PB-NH-0003-0009 | PB-NH-0003-0015 | PB-NH-0003-0016 | PB-NH-0003-0022 | PB-NH-0003-0023 | PB-NH-0003-0025 | PB-NH-0003-9000
Farley, John (New Hampshire)
PB-NH-0003-0001 | PB-NH-0003-0008 | PB-NH-0003-0009 | PB-NH-0003-0010 | PB-NH-0003-0015 | PB-NH-0003-0016 | PB-NH-0003-0025
Fox, Deena (District of Columbia)
PB-NH-0003-0001 | PB-NH-0003-0008 | PB-NH-0003-0009 | PB-NH-0003-0016 | PB-NH-0003-0018 | PB-NH-0003-0025 | PB-NH-0003-9000
Ginsberg, Aaron Jesse (New Hampshire)
PB-NH-0003-0006 | PB-NH-0003-0007 | PB-NH-0003-0007 | PB-NH-0003-0013 | PB-NH-0003-0022 | PB-NH-0003-0023 | PB-NH-0003-9000
Hill, Eve L. (District of Columbia)
PB-NH-0003-0001 | PB-NH-0003-0008 | PB-NH-0003-0009 | PB-NH-0003-0015 | PB-NH-0003-0016 | PB-NH-0003-0025
Houston, Katherine (District of Columbia)
PB-NH-0003-9000
Kacavas, John P (New Hampshire)
PB-NH-0003-0001 | PB-NH-0003-0008 | PB-NH-0003-0009 | PB-NH-0003-0010 | PB-NH-0003-0015 | PB-NH-0003-0016 | PB-NH-0003-0025
Mallinson, Catharine A. (New Hampshire)
PB-NH-0003-0006 | PB-NH-0003-0007 | PB-NH-0003-0007 | PB-NH-0003-0013 | PB-NH-0003-0022 | PB-NH-0003-0023 | PB-NH-0003-9000
Mathis, Jennifer (District of Columbia)
PB-NH-0003-0006 | PB-NH-0003-0007 | PB-NH-0003-0007 | PB-NH-0003-0013 | PB-NH-0003-0022 | PB-NH-0003-9000
Messer, Amy Beth (New Hampshire)
PB-NH-0003-0006 | PB-NH-0003-0007 | PB-NH-0003-0007 | PB-NH-0003-0013 | PB-NH-0003-0015 | PB-NH-0003-0022 | PB-NH-0003-0023 | PB-NH-0003-9000
Michaud, Elaine M. (New Hampshire)
PB-NH-0003-0006 | PB-NH-0003-0007 | PB-NH-0003-0007 | PB-NH-0003-0013 | PB-NH-0003-0023 | PB-NH-0003-9000
Milne, Andrew Laurence (New Hampshire)
PB-NH-0003-9000
Perez, Thomas E. (District of Columbia)
PB-NH-0003-0001 | PB-NH-0003-0008 | PB-NH-0003-0009 | PB-NH-0003-0010 | PB-NH-0003-0016 | PB-NH-0003-0025
Preston, Judith C. (District of Columbia)
PB-NH-0003-0001 | PB-NH-0003-0008 | PB-NH-0003-0009 | PB-NH-0003-0015 | PB-NH-0003-0016 | PB-NH-0003-0025
Rucker, Kathryn L (Massachusetts)
PB-NH-0003-0006 | PB-NH-0003-0007 | PB-NH-0003-0007 | PB-NH-0003-0013 | PB-NH-0003-0022 | PB-NH-0003-9000
Sahl, Benjamin (New Hampshire)
PB-NH-0003-9000
Schwartz, Steven J. (Massachusetts)
PB-NH-0003-0006 | PB-NH-0003-0007 | PB-NH-0003-0007 | PB-NH-0003-0013 | PB-NH-0003-0015 | PB-NH-0003-0022 | PB-NH-0003-9000
Shandell, Alexandra L. (District of Columbia)
PB-NH-0003-9000
Smith, Jonathan Mark (District of Columbia)
PB-NH-0003-0001 | PB-NH-0003-0008 | PB-NH-0003-0009 | PB-NH-0003-0015 | PB-NH-0003-0016
Will, Daniel E. (New Hampshire)
PB-NH-0003-0006 | PB-NH-0003-0007 | PB-NH-0003-0007 | PB-NH-0003-0013 | PB-NH-0003-0015 | PB-NH-0003-0023 | PB-NH-0003-9000
Wyatt, Joshua M. (New Hampshire)
PB-NH-0003-0006 | PB-NH-0003-0007 | PB-NH-0003-0007 | PB-NH-0003-0013 | PB-NH-0003-0022 | PB-NH-0003-0023 | PB-NH-0003-9000
Defendant's Lawyers Edwards, Anne M. (New Hampshire)
PB-NH-0003-0010 | PB-NH-0003-0015 | PB-NH-0003-9000
Foster, Joseph A. (New Hampshire)
PB-NH-0003-0015
McGrath, David W. (New Hampshire)
PB-NH-0003-9000
Shirley, James Q. (New Hampshire)
PB-NH-0003-9000
Thomas, Brian David (New Hampshire)
PB-NH-0003-9000
Turner, John-Mark (New Hampshire)
PB-NH-0003-0015 | PB-NH-0003-9000
Woodard, Rebecca L. (New Hampshire)
PB-NH-0003-9000

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