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Case Name J.H. v. Hinds County JI-MS-0008
Docket / Court 3:11-cv-00327-DPJ-FKB ( S.D. Miss. )
State/Territory Mississippi
Case Type(s) Juvenile Institution
Special Collection Post-PLRA enforceable consent decrees
Attorney Organization Southern Poverty Law Center
Case Summary
On June 1, 2011, a child imprisoned at the Henley-Young Juvenile Justice Center filed this class action in the U.S. District Court for the Southern District of Mississippi against Hinds County, Mississippi under 42 U.S.C § 1983. The plaintiff, represented by attorneys from the Southern Poverty Law ... read more >
On June 1, 2011, a child imprisoned at the Henley-Young Juvenile Justice Center filed this class action in the U.S. District Court for the Southern District of Mississippi against Hinds County, Mississippi under 42 U.S.C § 1983. The plaintiff, represented by attorneys from the Southern Poverty Law Center, alleged that the county's confinement policies and practices violated the Eighth and Fourteenth Amendments. Specifically, the plaintiff alleged excessive confinement in cells, inadequate mental health care, verbal abuse, and inadequate rehabilitation efforts. The plaintiff sought class certification, injunctive relief, declaratory relief, and damages.

Within the same week of filing, the complaint was amended to include two plaintiffs (Disability Rights Mississippi and an additional child imprisoned at Henley-Young) and additional causes of action under the Protection and Advocacy for Individuals with Mental Illness Act of 1986, the Protection and Advocacy of Individual Rights Program, and of the Protection and Advocacy Developmental Disabilities Program (together, these are the Protection and Advocacy statutes). The amended complaint also alleged that, by preventing plaintiffs from speaking to their attorneys, the defendant violated their First and Fourteenth Amendment Rights by denying them access to the courts.

On July 25, 2011, the Court (Judge Daniel P. Jordan) granted a preliminary injunction, making previous state court orders that limited Disability Rights Mississippi’s access to youth in the Henley-Young Juvenile Center unenforceable because of the Protection and Advocacy statutes mentioned above. The Court ordered the parties to agree on and submit a draft for a preliminary injunction. The next month, the Court signed an injunction giving Disability Rights Mississippi much greater access to the Henley-Young Juvenile Center and its residents.

The parties began settlement negotiations, and in early 2012, the parties reached a settlement. On March 28, 2012, the Court approved the settlement agreement and certified a settlement class of "all children who are currently, or who will in the future be, confined at the Henley-Young Juvenile Justice Center." In accordance with the Prison Litigation Reform Act (18 U.S.C.S. § 3626), the agreement would terminate at the end of two years unless the Court made written findings that relief remained necessary to correct a current and ongoing violation. The settlement agreement required Henley-Young Juvenile Center to change its intake procedures to include health screening and provide greater access to medication; to improve staffing and lower crowding; to allow youth more time out of their cells and provide educational and rehabilitative programming; to make punishment/discipline less severe; to provide for better hygiene, food and clothing; to allow more visitation with family and implement policies preventing verbal abuse by staff and suicide by youth; and to allow for continued access to the center by the plaintiffs.

In February of 2014, the plaintiffs moved the Court to extend the agreement and require defendants to pay attorneys' fees to the plaintiffs for not complying with the settlement agreement. On April 25, 2014, the Court extended the agreement, finding that the defendants had not substantially complied with its provisions. It also found that because the agreement was a consent decree, and not a private agreement between the parties, it could hold the defendants in contempt of the Court and require them to pay attorneys' fees to the plaintiffs. However, the Court decided that it would hold defendants in contempt, but not require them to pay fees on that date. The defendants were given until March 28, 2016 to comply, and the plaintiffs would be able to file another motion for the fees if the defendants did not comply.

In August 2014, the court's monitor issued his first status report recognizing significant but partial progress in compliance with the terms of the consent decree. Status reports were issued through the rest of 2014, 2015, and the first part of 2016. On January 27, 2016, the monitor noted continued compliance with the agreement and that it was the first time that the defendant institution had "adequate and stable leadership."

On March 25, 2016, Judge Jordan extended the consent decree to March 28, 2018 at the request of both parties. On April 15, 2016, the Hinds County Youth Court, led by Judge Skinner, filed a motion to intervene, arguing that the settlement agreement's provision allowing Henley-Young Juvenile Justice Center to release juveniles without the Hinds County Youth Court’s authority violated Mississippi law. He also filed a related lawsuit in state court. The parties then jointly filed a motion for an injunction enjoining any state court action, arguing that the consent decree was no broader than needed to effectuate federal law. On May 25, 2016, Judge Jordan issued an agreed order maintaining the status quo and enjoining the state court proceeding until a ruling on the merits was issued.

The Hinds County Youth Court then sought to execute subpoenas but both parties resisted, filing motions to quash on June 16, 2016. On June 21, 2016, Judge Jordan granted the motion to quash, finding that the Hinds County Youth Court had no standing to issue subpoenas.

On June 27, 2016, the parties and the Hinds County Youth Court came to a settlement. Hinds County Youth Court agreed to withdraw as intervenor. The original settlement agreement was also amended to delete a provision restricting stays at the facility to 21 days and allocating funding to the facility for mental health services. The parties agreed that the Hinds County Youth Court would have jurisdiction over releases after the 21-day period at the facility and only allow detention beyond the 21-day period if no other facilities were available and the child was referred for health services.

As evidenced in the tenth and eleventh Monitoring Reports, Hinds County made meaningful progress during 2017 to address the issues identified. Hinds County had still not met all of the required objectives by the end of the extended two-year decree, so on March 30, 2018, Judge Jordan granted a joint motion to extend the consent decree. Disability Rights Mississippi also filed a motion to extend the consent decree on November 14, 2018 in anticipation of unremediated issues.

At a settlement conference on March 19, 2019, the Court found that the Thirteenth Monitoring Report included recommendations straying from the core objective of the remedy (removing constitutional violations at the facility through narrowly drawn means). The parties thereafter met to revise and issue a Third Amended Consent Decree, which removed some objectives determined to be nonessential. The Court approved the Third Amended Consent Decree and extended the enforcement period until March 28, 2021. The case is ongoing.

Maurice Youkanna - 06/12/2014
Craig Streit - 10/30/2016
Erica Becker - 03/14/2019
Justin Hill - 10/30/2019


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Issues and Causes of Action
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Issues
Constitutional Clause
Cruel and Unusual Punishment
Due Process
Content of Injunction
Monitor/Master
Monitoring
Preliminary relief denied
Recordkeeping
Reporting
Required disclosure
Training
Defendant-type
Jurisdiction-wide
Disability
Mental impairment
General
Assault/abuse by staff
Conditions of confinement
Confinement/isolation
Disciplinary segregation
Education
Excessive force
Family reunification
Juveniles
Parents (visitation, involvement)
Records Disclosure
Staff (number, training, qualifications, wages)
Suicide prevention
Totality of conditions
Visiting
Medical/Mental Health
Mental health care, general
Mental health care, unspecified
Suicide prevention
Plaintiff Type
Non-profit NON-religious organization
Private Plaintiff
Type of Facility
Government-run
Causes of Action 42 U.S.C. § 1983
Declaratory Judgment Act, 28 U.S.C. § 2201
Defendant(s) Hinds County
Plaintiff Description Children who are currently, or who will in the future, be confined at the Henley-Young Juvenile Justice Center.
Indexed Lawyer Organizations Southern Poverty Law Center
Class action status sought Yes
Class action status granted Yes
Filed Pro Se No
Prevailing Party Plaintiff
Public Int. Lawyer Yes
Nature of Relief Injunction / Injunctive-like Settlement
Source of Relief Settlement
Form of Settlement Court Approved Settlement or Consent Decree
Order Duration 2012 - 2021
Filing Year 2011
Case Ongoing Yes
Additional Resources
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  See this case at CourtListener.com (May provide additional documents and, for active cases, real-time alerts)
Docket(s)
1:69-cv-14430-DDD (W.D. La.)
JI-MS-0008-9001.pdf | Detail
Date: 02/10/1969
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
3:11-cv-327 (S.D. Miss.)
JI-MS-0008-9000.pdf | Detail
Date: 10/18/2019
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
General Documents
Complaint for Injunctive and Declaratory Relief [ECF# 1]
JI-MS-0008-0001.pdf | Detail
Date: 06/01/2011
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Amended Complaint for Injunctive and Declaratory Relief [ECF# 6]
JI-MS-0008-0002.pdf | Detail
Date: 06/06/2011
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Order (2011 WL 3047667) (S.D. Miss.)
JI-MS-0008-0003.pdf | WESTLAW | Detail
Date: 07/25/2011
Preliminary Injunction Order [ECF# 24] (S.D. Miss.)
JI-MS-0008-0005.pdf | Detail
Date: 09/12/2011
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Agreed Order Granting Approval of Settlement and Certifying a Certifying a Settlement Class [ECF# 32] (S.D. Miss.)
JI-MS-0008-0004.pdf | Detail
Date: 03/28/2012
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Judgment [ECF# 34] (S.D. Miss.)
JI-MS-0008-0007.pdf | Detail
Date: 03/28/2012
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Settlement Agreement [ECF# 33]
JI-MS-0008-0006.pdf | Detail
Date: 05/27/2012
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
First Monitor's Report [ECF# 35]
JI-MS-0008-0027.pdf | Detail
Date: 08/15/2012
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Third Monitor's Report [ECF# 37]
JI-MS-0008-0026.pdf | Detail
Date: 04/15/2013
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Fourth Monitor's Report [ECF# 39]
JI-MS-0008-0025.pdf | Detail
Date: 07/09/2013
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Fifth Monitor's Report [ECF# 40]
JI-MS-0008-0024.pdf | Detail
Date: 10/09/2013
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Sixth Monitor's Report [ECF# 43]
JI-MS-0008-0023.pdf | Detail
Date: 02/27/2014
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Order [Granting in Part and Denying in Part Plaintiffs' Motion for Contempt] [ECF# 50] (S.D. Miss.)
JI-MS-0008-0008.pdf | Detail
Date: 04/25/2014
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Seventh Monitor's Report [ECF# 53]
JI-MS-0008-0022.pdf | Detail
Date: 08/11/2014
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Eighth Monitor's Report [ECF# 58]
JI-MS-0008-0021.pdf | Detail
Date: 01/28/2015
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Ninth Monitor's Report [ECF# 61]
JI-MS-0008-0020.pdf | Detail
Date: 01/27/2016
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Amended Consent Decree [ECF# 64] (S.D. Miss.)
JI-MS-0008-0009.pdf | Detail
Date: 03/25/2016
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Hinds County Youth Court's Motion to Intervene [ECF# 65]
JI-MS-0008-0010.pdf | Detail
Date: 04/15/2016
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Agreed Order Recognizing Temporary Arrangement [ECF# 74] (S.D. Miss.)
JI-MS-0008-0011.pdf | Detail
Date: 05/25/2016
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Order [ECF# 102] (S.D. Miss.)
JI-MS-0008-0012.pdf | Detail
Date: 06/21/2016
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Memorandum of Understanding [ECF# 106]
JI-MS-0008-0013.pdf | Detail
Date: 06/27/2016
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Tenth Monitor's Report [ECF# 112]
JI-MS-0008-0019.pdf | Detail
Date: 02/27/2017
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Eleventh Monitor's Report [ECF# 113]
JI-MS-0008-0018.pdf | Detail
Date: 09/25/2017
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Twelfth Montior's Report [ECF# 118]
JI-MS-0008-0017.pdf | Detail
Date: 03/22/2018
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Thirteenth Monitor's Report [ECF# 140]
JI-MS-0008-0016.pdf | Detail
Date: 01/02/2019
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Order [ECF# 144] (S.D. Miss.)
JI-MS-0008-0014.pdf | Detail
Date: 04/03/2019
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Third Amended Consent Decree [ECF# 145] (S.D. Miss.)
JI-MS-0008-0015.pdf | Detail
Date: 04/03/2019
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
show all people docs
Judges Ball, F. Keith (S.D. Miss.) show/hide docs
JI-MS-0008-9000
Jordan, Daniel Porter III (S.D. Miss.) show/hide docs
JI-MS-0008-0003 | JI-MS-0008-0004 | JI-MS-0008-0005 | JI-MS-0008-0007 | JI-MS-0008-0008 | JI-MS-0008-0009 | JI-MS-0008-0011 | JI-MS-0008-0012 | JI-MS-0008-0013 | JI-MS-0008-0014 | JI-MS-0008-0015 | JI-MS-0008-9000
Monitors/Masters Dixon, Leonard (Michigan) show/hide docs
JI-MS-0008-0016 | JI-MS-0008-0017 | JI-MS-0008-0018 | JI-MS-0008-0019 | JI-MS-0008-0020 | JI-MS-0008-0021 | JI-MS-0008-0022 | JI-MS-0008-0023 | JI-MS-0008-0024 | JI-MS-0008-0025 | JI-MS-0008-0026 | JI-MS-0008-0027
Plaintiff's Lawyers Bedi, Sheila A. (Mississippi) show/hide docs
JI-MS-0008-0001 | JI-MS-0008-0002 | JI-MS-0008-0006 | JI-MS-0008-9000
Carroll, Vanessa (Mississippi) show/hide docs
JI-MS-0008-9000
Cockrell, Corrie Wynette (Mississippi) show/hide docs
JI-MS-0008-0001 | JI-MS-0008-0002 | JI-MS-0008-0006 | JI-MS-0008-9000
Douglas, Nathaniel (District of Columbia) show/hide docs
JI-MS-0008-9001
Juneja, Poonam (California) show/hide docs
JI-MS-0008-0001 | JI-MS-0008-0002 | JI-MS-0008-9000
Mitchell, John W. (District of Columbia) show/hide docs
JI-MS-0008-9001
Owens, Jody E. II (Mississippi) show/hide docs
JI-MS-0008-0001 | JI-MS-0008-0002 | JI-MS-0008-0006 | JI-MS-0008-9000
White, Wendy Wilson (Mississippi) show/hide docs
JI-MS-0008-0001 | JI-MS-0008-0002 | JI-MS-0008-0006 | JI-MS-0008-9000
Wu, Paloma (Mississippi) show/hide docs
JI-MS-0008-0015
Defendant's Lawyers Johnson, John (Louisiana) show/hide docs
JI-MS-0008-9001
Ross, Lisa Mishune (Mississippi) show/hide docs
JI-MS-0008-0006 | JI-MS-0008-9000
Teeuwissen, Pieter (Mississippi) show/hide docs
JI-MS-0008-0015
Other Lawyers Williams, Kelly G (Mississippi) show/hide docs
JI-MS-0008-0010

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