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Case Name Lavin v. Husted FA-OH-0003
Docket / Court 1:10-cv-01986-DCN ( N.D. Ohio )
State/Territory Ohio
Case Type(s) Election/Voting Rights
Speech and Religious Freedom
Case Summary
This case was brought by physicians who served poor patients through the Medicaid program in Ohio. They filed a suit in the U.S. District Court for the Northern District of Ohio on September 3, 2010, against the Secretary of State, challenging a state law that made it a crime for attorney-general ... read more >
This case was brought by physicians who served poor patients through the Medicaid program in Ohio. They filed a suit in the U.S. District Court for the Northern District of Ohio on September 3, 2010, against the Secretary of State, challenging a state law that made it a crime for attorney-general or county-prosecutor candidates to accept campaign contributions from Medicaid providers or any person having an ownership interest in the provider. The plaintiffs intended to donate money to then-candidate for Ohio Attorney General Cordray's campaign but feared prosecution. The cause of action in this case was 42 U.S.C. § 1983. The plaintiffs were represented by private counsel, seeking declaratory and injunctive relief. They also alleged that the Statute in question violated the First and Fourteenth Amendments.

On October 27, 2010, the District Court (Judge Donald C. Nugent) denied the plaintiffs' motion for a preliminary injunction. Lavin v. Brunner, 2010 WL 4340981 (N.D. Ohio Oct. 27, 2010). After discovery, both parties filed motions for summary judgment.

On July 22, 2011, Judge Nugent granted summary judgment for the defendant and the plaintiffs appealed. Lavin v. Husted, 803 F. Supp. 2d 756 (N.D. Ohio 2011) rev'd and remanded, 689 F.3d 543 (6th Cir. 2012). The Sixth Circuit Court of Appeals (Judge Raymond M. Kethledge) reversed the lower court's decision on August 3, 2012, holding that the Statute here violated the plaintiffs' First Amendment interests. Lavin v. Husted, 689 F.3d 543 (6th Cir. 2012). As a general rule for contribution limits to be permissible, the government needs to show that the limits are closely drawn to serve a sufficiently important state interest. The Court found that the contribution ban that applied to all Medicaid providers was not closely drawn to serve the important state interests to prevent corruption and fraud committed by only a handful of them.

On September 11, 2012, the District Court in its Judgment declared the Statute unconstitutional in its entirety, in violation of the First and Fourteenth Amendments. The Court further issued a permanent injunction, prohibiting the Secretary of State from enforcing the Statute against candidates to whom the named plaintiffs may elect to donate money or the plaintiffs themselves.

On June 13, 2013, the Court awarded attorneys' fees and litigation costs in sum of $135,223.74 to the plaintiffs. Lavin v. Husted, 2013 WL 2950334 (N.D. Ohio June 13, 2013). This ended the case.

Emma Bao - 07/03/2013


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Issues and Causes of Action
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Issues
Constitutional Clause
Freedom of speech/association
Content of Injunction
Preliminary relief denied
Defendant-type
Law-enforcement
General
Funding
Plaintiff Type
Private Plaintiff
Causes of Action 42 U.S.C. § 1983
Defendant(s) State of Ohio
Plaintiff Description Physicians who served poor patients through the Medicaid program in Ohio.
Class action status sought No
Class action status outcome Not sought
Filed Pro Se No
Prevailing Party Plaintiff
Public Int. Lawyer No
Nature of Relief Declaratory Judgment
Attorneys fees
Injunction / Injunctive-like Settlement
Source of Relief Litigation
Order Duration 2012 - n/a
Filed 09/03/2010
Case Closing Year 2013
Case Ongoing No
Additional Resources
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  See this case at CourtListener.com (May provide additional documents and, for active cases, real-time alerts)
Court Docket(s)
N.D. Ohio
06/13/2013
1:10-cv-01986-DCN
FA-OH-0003-9001.pdf | Detail
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
General Documents
N.D. Ohio
09/03/2010
Complaint for Declaratory Judgment, Preliminary and Permanent Injunctive Relief, and Attorneys' Fees and Costs [ECF# 1]
FA-OH-0003-0002.pdf | Detail
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
N.D. Ohio
09/04/2010
Plaintiffs' Motion for Preliminary Injunction [ECF# 2]
FA-OH-0003-0004.pdf | Detail
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
N.D. Ohio
10/12/2010
Report and Recommendation [Advocating Granting Preliminary Injunction] [ECF# 17] (2010 WL 4341158)
FA-OH-0003-0005.pdf | WESTLAW | Detail
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
N.D. Ohio
10/19/2010
Plaintiffs' Objections to Magistrate Judge's Report and Reccommendation [ECF# 20]
FA-OH-0003-0006.pdf | Detail
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
N.D. Ohio
10/27/2010
Memorandum Order and Judgment [Denying Motion for Preliminary Injunction] [ECF# 24] (2010 WL 4340981)
FA-OH-0003-0003.pdf | WESTLAW | Detail
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
N.D. Ohio
03/16/2011
Defendants' Motion for Summary Judgment [ECF# 51]
FA-OH-0003-0008.pdf | Detail
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
N.D. Ohio
03/16/2011
Plaintiffs' Motion for Summary Judgment and Permenent Injunction [ECF# 52]
FA-OH-0003-0007.pdf | Detail
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
N.D. Ohio
05/16/2011
Order [Granting Motion to Quash Subpoenas] [ECF# 72]
FA-OH-0003-0010.pdf | Detail
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
N.D. Ohio
07/22/2011
Memorandum Opinion [Granting Defendant's Motion for Summary Judgment] [ECF# 79] (803 F.Supp.2d 756)
FA-OH-0003-0011.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
U.S. Court of Appeals
08/03/2012
Opinion [USCA Reversing Judgment and Remanding Case] (689 F.3d 543)
FA-OH-0003-0001.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
U.S. Court of Appeals
08/03/2012
[No Title, Corrected Pages to USCA Opinion] [Ct. of App. ECF# 91] (689 F.3d 343)
FA-OH-0003-0012.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
not recorded
08/06/2012
Press Release
FA-OH-0003-0009.pdf | Detail
N.D. Ohio
09/10/2012
Judgment [ECF# 96]
FA-OH-0003-0013.pdf | Detail
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
N.D. Ohio
06/13/2013
Memorandum Opinion and Order [Adopting Report and Recommendation of Magistrate and Granting Plaintiffs' Motion for Attorneys' Fees] [ECF# 139] (2013 WL 2950334)
FA-OH-0003-0014.pdf | WESTLAW | Detail
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
show all people docs
Judges Daughtrey, Martha Craig (Sixth Circuit) show/hide docs
FA-OH-0003-0001 | FA-OH-0003-0012
Donald, Bernice Bouie (W.D. Tenn., Sixth Circuit) show/hide docs
FA-OH-0003-0001 | FA-OH-0003-0012
Kethledge, Raymond M. (Sixth Circuit) show/hide docs
FA-OH-0003-0001 | FA-OH-0003-0012
Nugent, Donald C. (N.D. Ohio) show/hide docs
FA-OH-0003-0003 | FA-OH-0003-0010 | FA-OH-0003-0011 | FA-OH-0003-0013 | FA-OH-0003-0014
Vecchiarelli, Nancy A. (N.D. Ohio) [Magistrate] show/hide docs
FA-OH-0003-0005
Plaintiff's Lawyers Chandra, Subodh (Ohio) show/hide docs
FA-OH-0003-0002 | FA-OH-0003-0004 | FA-OH-0003-0006 | FA-OH-0003-0007 | FA-OH-0003-9001
Gupta, Sandhya (Ohio) show/hide docs
FA-OH-0003-0004 | FA-OH-0003-0007 | FA-OH-0003-9001
Murray, J. Michael (Ohio) show/hide docs
FA-OH-0003-0002 | FA-OH-0003-0004 | FA-OH-0003-0006 | FA-OH-0003-0007 | FA-OH-0003-9001
Screen, Donald P. (Ohio) show/hide docs
FA-OH-0003-0002 | FA-OH-0003-0004 | FA-OH-0003-0006 | FA-OH-0003-0007 | FA-OH-0003-9001
Sletvold, Ashlie Case (Ohio) show/hide docs
FA-OH-0003-9001
Vasvari, Raymond V. Jr. (Ohio) show/hide docs
FA-OH-0003-0002 | FA-OH-0003-0004 | FA-OH-0003-0006 | FA-OH-0003-0007 | FA-OH-0003-9001
Defendant's Lawyers Coglianese, Richard N. (Ohio) show/hide docs
FA-OH-0003-9001
Meterko, Mark R. (Ohio) show/hide docs
FA-OH-0003-0008 | FA-OH-0003-9001
Richardson, Ryan L (Ohio) show/hide docs
FA-OH-0003-9001
Schneider, Karl H. (Ohio) show/hide docs
FA-OH-0003-0008 | FA-OH-0003-9001
Schuler, Michael J. (Ohio) show/hide docs
FA-OH-0003-9001
Other Lawyers Bashein, W. Craig (Ohio) show/hide docs
FA-OH-0003-9001
King, James A. (Ohio) show/hide docs
FA-OH-0003-9001

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