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Case Name Radaszewski v. Garner PB-IL-0003
Docket / Court 1:01-cv-09551 ( N.D. Ill. )
Additional Docket(s) 00CH 1475  [ 00-1475 ]
1:00-cv-05391  [ 00-5391 ]
State/Territory Illinois
Case Type(s) Disability Rights-Pub. Accom.
Public Benefits / Government Services
Special Collection Olmstead Cases
Attorney Organization Legal Services/Legal Aid
NDRN/Protection & Advocacy Organizations
Case Summary
On September 1, 2000, the mother of a physically and developmentally disabled individual filed a lawsuit under § 1983 against the Director of Illinois Department of Public Aid (IDPA) in the U.S. District Court for the Northern District of Illinois. The Plaintiff, represented by Prairie State Legal ... read more >
On September 1, 2000, the mother of a physically and developmentally disabled individual filed a lawsuit under § 1983 against the Director of Illinois Department of Public Aid (IDPA) in the U.S. District Court for the Northern District of Illinois. The Plaintiff, represented by Prairie State Legal Services, alleged that a reduction in the level of private-duty nursing provided to her son at home would violate the federal Medicaid statute and deprive her son of due process of the law in violation of the Fourteenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution. The Plaintiff sought declaratory and injunctive relief.

The Plaintiff's son was diagnosed with brain cancer as a child; as a result of the cancer, a stroke, and subsequent treatment, he presented a very complex medical case requiring round-the-clock care and about 25 medications per day. From the time between when the Plaintiff's private medical insurance terminated and the time her son turned twenty-one, the Plaintiff's son received sixteen hours of in-home nursing per day under the Medicaid Program for Medically Fragile, Technology Dependent Children (MFTDC program). After he turned twenty-one, the Department of Healthcare and Family Services (HFS) reduced this to five hours of in-home nursing per day. The Plaintiff desired community-based treatment, and state treatment professionals found that it was appropriate. The cost of care for the Plaintiff's son in a hospital ($29,000 per month) would exceed the cost of care in his home ($20,000 per month).

On September 1, 2000, the district court (Judge James B. Zagel) granted the Plaintiff's motion for a temporary restraining order, requiring IDPA to continue funding at-home care. However, on November 6, 2000 the court denied the Plaintiff’s request for a preliminary injunction, holding that her complaint did not state a viable federal claim. The Plaintiff appealed to the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Seventh Circuit, also requesting an injunction pending appeal. However, in February 2001, amendments to the Illinois State Medicaid Plan eliminated private duty nursing care as a service provided under the state plan. Consequently, the Seventh Circuit ordered the District Court to vacate its judgment on the merits and dismiss all previous orders as moot.

On December 1, 2001, the Plaintiff again filed suit against IDPA, this time in the Circuit Court of the Eighteenth Judicial Circuit, DuPage County, Illinois. The original claim alleged violations of various Illinois state laws. After adding claims under the Americans with Disabilities Act ("ADA") and Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act ("RA"), the Plaintiff moved the case to the U.S. District Court for the Northern District of Illinois on December 14, 2001.

On April 30, 2002, the Court (Judge John W. Darrah) granted in part and denied in part the Plaintiffs' motion to remand to state court. The Court remanded Plaintiffs' state law claims and retained jurisdiction of Plaintiffs' federal law claims.

The Federal Court granted Defendants' motion for judging on the pleadings on September 10, 2002. The Court held that the Seventh Circuit Court of Appeals' holding in Walker v. Snyder, 213 F.3d 344 (7th Cir. 2000), required that Plaintiffs' ADA claim under Title II fail. The Court also dismissed Plaintiffs' RA claims, holding that the RA does not require the State to create and fund a program that does not already exist; instead, the RA requires even-handed treatment of developmentally and physically disabled persons relative to persons who do not have disabilities.

On September 8, 2004, the Seventh Circuit Court of Appeals (Judge Ilana Rovner) reversed the District Court and remanded the case for further proceedings. Radaszewski v. Garner, 383 F.3d 599 (7th Cir. 2004). First, the Court recognized that the Supreme Court's holding in Board of Trustees of Univ. of Alabama v. Garrett, 531 U.S. 356 (2001) recognized the right of a private plaintiff to assert an ADA claim for injunctive relief against a state official in federal court. The Court then proceeded to the merits of Plaintiff's claim and concluded that the Court held that the District Court erred in entering judgment on the pleadings in Defendants' favor.

On March 29, 2006, the District Court found that there was no final enforceable settlement agreement between the parties. Radaszewski v. Maram, 2006 WL 861243 (N.D. Ill. Mar. 29, 2006). The parties had exchanged numerous settlement offers, both written and verbal, and had submitted memoranda regarding the status of the settlement proceedings. The parties had disagreed about whether an enforceable settlement agreement had been reached.

There was a bench trial beginning September 10, 2007. At the time of trial, the Plaintiff's son was receiving 16 hours of private-duty nursing per day pursuant to the injunction entered by the state court.

The Court issued its findings of fact and conclusions of law after the bench trial on March 26, 2008. Radaszewski v. Maram, 2008 WL 2097382 (N.D. Ill. Mar. 26, 2008). The Court held that Plaintiff had sufficiently stated and proved a claim under the ADA and RA. The Court entered judgment in Plaintiff's favor; the parties were ordered to meet, confer, and submit a proposed order setting forth appropriate relief consistent with the Court's opinion.

On May 9, 2008, the Court issued a permanent injunction. The order enjoined the Defendant from reducing coverage for Plaintiff's son to fewer than sixteen hours per day of skilled nursing services at his parents' home. Plaintiff was also awarded costs and fees, and the Court retained jurisdiction for purposes of enforcing the injunction.

The case is now closed, and there has been no further litigation.

Haley Waller - 02/18/2011
Lauren Latterell Powell - 10/25/2017


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Issues and Causes of Action
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Issues
Benefit Source
Medicaid
Constitutional Clause
Due Process
Defendant-type
Hospital/Health Department
Disability
disability, unspecified
General
Funding
Government Services (specify)
Payment for care
Medical/Mental Health
Medical care, general
Medical care, unspecified
Plaintiff Type
Private Plaintiff
Causes of Action 42 U.S.C. § 1983
Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA), 42 U.S.C. §§ 12111 et seq.
Section 504 (Rehabilitation Act), 29 U.S.C. § 701
State law
Defendant(s) Director of the Illinois Department of Public Aid
Plaintiff Description Individual with developmental and physical disabilities.
Indexed Lawyer Organizations Legal Services/Legal Aid
NDRN/Protection & Advocacy Organizations
Class action status sought No
Class action status granted No
Filed Pro Se No
Prevailing Party Plaintiff
Public Int. Lawyer Yes
Nature of Relief Injunction / Injunctive-like Settlement
Source of Relief Litigation
Order Duration 2008 - n/a
Filing Year 2001
Case Closing Year 2008
Case Ongoing No
Docket(s)
1:01-cv-09551 (N.D. Ill.)
PB-IL-0003-9000.pdf | Detail
Date: 05/09/2008
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
General Documents
REPLY BRIEF OF PLAINTIFF-APPELLANT
PB-IL-0003-0030.pdf | Detail
Date:
Source: Westlaw
AFFIDAVIT
PB-IL-0003-0014.pdf | Detail
Date: 09/01/2000
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Complaint [ECF# 1]
PB-IL-0003-0034.pdf | Detail
Date: 09/01/2000
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Order (2 Fed.Appx. 565)
PB-IL-0003-0035.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 03/08/2001
Source: Westlaw
DEFENDANT’S ANSWER TO PLAINTIFF’S SUPPLEMENTAL COMPLAINT FOR INJUNCTIVE RELIEF [ECF# 4]
PB-IL-0003-0020.pdf | Detail
Date: 12/10/2001
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
NOTICE OF REMOVAL [ECF# 1]
PB-IL-0003-0025.pdf | Detail
Date: 12/14/2001
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
MEMORANDUM IN SUPPORT OF PLAINTIFF'S MOTION TO REMAND [ECF# 3]
PB-IL-0003-0001.pdf | Detail
Date: 01/30/2002
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
MEMORANDUM IN SUPPORT OF PLAINTIFF’S MOTION FOR REMAND [ECF# 3]
PB-IL-0003-0002.pdf | Detail
Date: 01/30/2002
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
DEFENDANT’S MEMORANDUM IN OPPOSITION TO PLAINTIFF’S MOTION FOR REMAND [ECF# 6]
PB-IL-0003-0004.pdf | Detail
Date: 02/20/2002
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
PLAINTIFF'S REPLY BRIEF - MOTION FOR REMAND [ECF# 7]
PB-IL-0003-0006.pdf | Detail
Date: 03/07/2002
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
DEFENDANT'S MEMORANDUM IN SUPPORT OF HER MOTION FOR JUDGMENT ON THE PLEADINGS [ECF# 10]
PB-IL-0003-0008.pdf | Detail
Date: 05/20/2002
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
DEFENDANT’S MOTION FOR JUDGMENT ON THE PLEADINGS [ECF# 10]
PB-IL-0003-0009.pdf | Detail
Date: 05/20/2002
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Response to Defendant’s Motion for Judgment on the Pleadings [ECF# 12]
PB-IL-0003-0010.pdf | Detail
Date: 06/18/2002
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
DEFENDANT’S REPLY MEMORANDUM IN SUPPORT OF HER MOTION FOR JUDGMENT ON THE PLEADINGS [ECF# 13]
PB-IL-0003-0011.pdf | Detail
Date: 07/09/2002
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
MEMORANDUM OPINION AND ORDER [ECF# 16] (2002 WL 832598) (N.D. Ill.)
PB-IL-0003-0028.pdf | WESTLAW | Detail
Date: 09/10/2002
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
BRIEF AND REQUIRED SHORT APPENDIX OF PLAINTIFF-APPELLANT
PB-IL-0003-0024.pdf | Detail
Date: 10/09/2002
Source: Westlaw
MEMORANDUM OPINION AND ORDER [ECF# 22] (N.D. Ill.)
PB-IL-0003-0029.pdf | Detail
Date: 10/16/2002
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
BRIEF OF AMICI CURIAE ACCESS LIVING, THE AMERICAN CIVIL LIBERTIES UNION OF ILLINOIS, EQUIP FOR EQUALITY, INC. AND THE ILLINOIS NETWORK OF CENTERS FOR INDEPENDENT LIVING IN SUPPORT OF PLAINTIFFS-APPELLANTS AND REQUESTING REVERSAL
PB-IL-0003-0022.pdf | Detail
Date: 11/27/2002
Source: Westlaw
BRIEF FOR THE UNITED STATES AS AMICUS CURIAE SUPPORTING APPELLANTS AND URGING REVERSAL
PB-IL-0003-0021.pdf | Detail
Date: 11/29/2002
Source: Westlaw
BRIEF OF DEFENDANT-APPELLEE BARRY MARAM
PB-IL-0003-0023.pdf | Detail
Date: 05/16/2003
Source: Westlaw
[7th Circuit Opinion] (383 F.3d 599)
PB-IL-0003-0031.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 09/08/2004
Source: U.S. Court of Appeals website
DEFENDANT’S RESPONSE TO PLAINTIFF’S MEMORANDUM REGARDING ENFORCEMENT OF SETTLEMENT AGREEMENT [ECF# 51]
PB-IL-0003-0003.pdf | Detail
Date: 02/10/2006
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Plaintiff’s Reply Memorandum Concerning Enforcement of the Settlement Agreement [ECF# 54]
PB-IL-0003-0005.pdf | Detail
Date: 02/24/2006
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
MEMORANDUM OPINION AND ORDER (2006 WL 861243) (N.D. Ill.)
PB-IL-0003-0027.pdf | WESTLAW | Detail
Date: 03/29/2006
Source: Westlaw
Response to the Supplemental Expert Report of Samuel S. Flint, Ph.D. June 8, 2007 [ECF# 134-15]
PB-IL-0003-0012.pdf | Detail
Date: 07/03/2007
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Plaintiff’s Motion in Limine to Limit Testimony of Barbara Ginder [ECF# 127]
PB-IL-0003-0013.pdf | Detail
Date: 08/23/2007
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
REPORT of SAMUEL S. FLINT, Ph.D. [ECF# 141-2]
PB-IL-0003-0032.pdf | Detail
Date: 08/23/2007
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Plaintiff’s Proposed Findings of Fact and Conclusions of Law [ECF# 164]
PB-IL-0003-0016.pdf | Detail
Date: 10/17/2007
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Closing Argument: Plaintiff’s Case [ECF# 165]
PB-IL-0003-0015.pdf | Detail
Date: 10/17/2007
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
DEFENDANT’S CLOSING ARGUMENT [ECF# 166]
PB-IL-0003-0018.pdf | Detail
Date: 11/07/2007
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
DEFENDANT’S RESPONSE TO PLAINTIFF’S PROPOSED FINDINGS OF FACT AND DEFENDANT’S PROPOSED FINDINGS OF FACT [ECF# 167]
PB-IL-0003-0017.pdf | Detail
Date: 11/07/2007
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Plaintiff’s Reply to Defendant’s Closing Argument [ECF# 170]
PB-IL-0003-0019.pdf | Detail
Date: 11/11/2007
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
OPINION AND ORDER [ECF# 172] (2008 WL 2097382) (N.D. Ill.)
PB-IL-0003-0026.pdf | WESTLAW | Detail
Date: 03/26/2008
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
ORDER [ECF# 175] (N.D. Ill.)
PB-IL-0003-0007.pdf | Detail
Date: 05/09/2008
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Judges Bauer, William Joseph (N.D. Ill., Seventh Circuit)
PB-IL-0003-0035
Darrah, John W. (N.D. Ill.)
PB-IL-0003-0007 | PB-IL-0003-0026 | PB-IL-0003-0027 | PB-IL-0003-0028 | PB-IL-0003-0029 | PB-IL-0003-9000
Kanne, Michael Stephen (N.D. Ind., Seventh Circuit)
PB-IL-0003-0031
Manion, Daniel Anthony (Seventh Circuit)
PB-IL-0003-0035
Rovner, Ilana Kara Diamond (Seventh Circuit, N.D. Ill.)
PB-IL-0003-0031 | PB-IL-0003-0035
Wood, Diane Pamela (Seventh Circuit)
PB-IL-0003-0031
Plaintiff's Lawyers Abarbanel, Eliot (Illinois)
PB-IL-0003-0001 | PB-IL-0003-0002 | PB-IL-0003-0005 | PB-IL-0003-0006 | PB-IL-0003-0010 | PB-IL-0003-0024 | PB-IL-0003-0030 | PB-IL-0003-0034 | PB-IL-0003-9000
Megan, Sarah (Illinois)
PB-IL-0003-0001 | PB-IL-0003-0002 | PB-IL-0003-0005 | PB-IL-0003-0006 | PB-IL-0003-0010 | PB-IL-0003-0013 | PB-IL-0003-0016 | PB-IL-0003-0019 | PB-IL-0003-0024 | PB-IL-0003-0030 | PB-IL-0003-0034 | PB-IL-0003-9000
Severin, Linda (Illinois)
PB-IL-0003-0034
Shapiro, Bernard H. (Illinois)
PB-IL-0003-0001 | PB-IL-0003-0002 | PB-IL-0003-0005 | PB-IL-0003-0006 | PB-IL-0003-0010 | PB-IL-0003-0015 | PB-IL-0003-0024 | PB-IL-0003-0030 | PB-IL-0003-0034 | PB-IL-0003-9000
Defendant's Lawyers Adler, David (Illinois)
PB-IL-0003-0004 | PB-IL-0003-0008 | PB-IL-0003-0009 | PB-IL-0003-0011 | PB-IL-0003-0020 | PB-IL-0003-0025 | PB-IL-0003-9000
Gange, Christopher (Illinois)
PB-IL-0003-0003 | PB-IL-0003-0004 | PB-IL-0003-0008 | PB-IL-0003-0009 | PB-IL-0003-0011 | PB-IL-0003-0017 | PB-IL-0003-0018 | PB-IL-0003-0025 | PB-IL-0003-9000
Huston, John E. (Illinois)
PB-IL-0003-0003 | PB-IL-0003-0017 | PB-IL-0003-0018 | PB-IL-0003-9000
Konieczny, Karen (Illinois)
PB-IL-0003-0003 | PB-IL-0003-0017 | PB-IL-0003-0018 | PB-IL-0003-9000
Madigan, Lisa (Illinois)
PB-IL-0003-0003 | PB-IL-0003-0017 | PB-IL-0003-0018 | PB-IL-0003-0023
O'Connell, James C. (Illinois)
PB-IL-0003-0004 | PB-IL-0003-0008 | PB-IL-0003-0009 | PB-IL-0003-0011 | PB-IL-0003-0020 | PB-IL-0003-0025 | PB-IL-0003-9000
Ryan, James E. (Illinois)
PB-IL-0003-0004 | PB-IL-0003-0008 | PB-IL-0003-0009 | PB-IL-0003-0011 | PB-IL-0003-0020 | PB-IL-0003-0025
Welsh, Mary E. (Illinois)
PB-IL-0003-0023
Other Lawyers Boyd, Ralph F. Jr. (District of Columbia)
PB-IL-0003-0021
Harrington, Sarah E. (District of Columbia)
PB-IL-0003-0021
Lapertosa, Max (Pennsylvania)
PB-IL-0003-0022
Miller, Laura J. (Illinois)
PB-IL-0003-0022
Silver, Jessica Dunsay (District of Columbia)
PB-IL-0003-0021
Taylor, Barry Charlton (Illinois)
PB-IL-0003-0022
Walden, Kenneth M. (Illinois)
PB-IL-0003-0022
Whitcomb, John W. (Illinois)
PB-IL-0003-0022
Wolf, Benjamin S. (Illinois)
PB-IL-0003-0022

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