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Case Name Shreve v. Franklin County JC-OH-0016
Docket / Court 2:10-cv-644 ( S.D. Ohio )
State/Territory Ohio
Case Type(s) Jail Conditions
Attorney Organization Legal Services/Legal Aid
NDRN/Protection & Advocacy Organizations
U.S. Dept. of Justice Civil Rights Division
Case Summary
On July 16, 2010, arrestees/inmates held in Franklin County Ohio Corrections Centers filed this lawsuit in the United States District Court for the Southern District of Ohio. The plaintiffs, represented by Ohio Legal Rights Service, challenged the excessive use of force by deputies at the ... read more >
On July 16, 2010, arrestees/inmates held in Franklin County Ohio Corrections Centers filed this lawsuit in the United States District Court for the Southern District of Ohio. The plaintiffs, represented by Ohio Legal Rights Service, challenged the excessive use of force by deputies at the Corrections Centers. The plaintiffs brought claims under 42 U.S.C. § 1983 and alleged that corrections deputies routinely used tasers to inflict pain, fear, corporal punishment, and humiliation in violation of the arrestees' Fourth, Eighth, and Fourteenth Amendment rights. The plaintiffs sought injunctive relief and money damages.

On December 14, 2010, the court (U.S. District Judge Edmund A. Sargus) granted plaintiffs' motion for class certification and permitted the U.S. Department of Justice (DOJ) to intervene as a full party. 2010 WL 5173162. The court provisionally certified a class consisting of "all persons who, now or at any future time during the pendency of this litigation, are or will be placed in the custody of the Franklin County Sheriff's Department at the Franklin County Corrections Centers."

On January 25, 2011, the court permitted the intervention of the Fraternal Order of the Police, Capital City Lodge No. 9, which is the collective bargaining representative of the Franklin County Deputy Sheriffs. Shreve v. Franklin Cnty., Ohio, 2:10-cv-644, 2011 WL 250407 (S.D. Ohio 2011).

On February 4, 2011, the plaintiffs and the DOJ agreed to separate settlement agreements with the Franklin County Sheriff's Office. The terms of the agreement between the plaintiffs and the DOJ required that the Sheriff's Office provide and enforce policies prohibiting the use of tasers except in exigent circumstances when other alternatives have been exhausted. The DOJ settlement also provided details around what alternative measures are and factors to consider before resorting to the use of tasers, and prohibited the use of tasers on restrained subjects. The DOJ settlement further provided for a reporting policy in instances of use of force and medical evaluation for those that have been tasered. The DOJ settlement established standards for training and internal accountability the Sheriff's Office must meet, as well as provisions around implementation of and compliance with the agreement. The terms of the agreement between the plaintiffs and the defendants incorporated the provisions of the settlement with the DOJ, but modified the provisions around implementation and compliance.

The court approved the settlement agreement between the DOJ and the defendants the same day. On March 10, 2011, the court also approved the plaintiff's and defendant's settlement agreement and conditionally dismissed the plaintiffs' complaint subject to the defendants achieving substantial compliance with the terms of the agreement.

The plaintiffs issued an order of non-compliance with the settlement agreement to the Sheriff's Office in August 2011. The Sheriff's Office responded stating that the cited instances of non-compliance occurred prior to the settlement's effective date. The Sheriff's Office also indicated that it would have to delay implementing the training required by the settlement agreement. The plaintiffs requested mediation, though it is unclear what proceeded as a result of this request.

On September 7, 2011, the court consolidated this case with two other related cases (11-cv-261 and 11-cv-415), and with a third in March 2012 (2:12-cv-70). Litigation continued as the defendants sought to dismiss the claims of the various plaintiffs. In September 2012, the defendants filed a motion for summary judgment, which the court granted on January 2, 2013, thereby dismissing the claims of one of the outstanding plaintiffs. The plaintiff appealed to the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Sixth Circuit on January 24, 2013, which affirmed the district court's decision on February 6, 2014. Meanwhile, four of the other plaintiffs settled in January 2013.

There is no further activity on the docket until December 2015, when the Court granted the parties motion to terminate the Court's authority to enforce the settlement agreement on the grounds that the Sheriff's Office achieved compliance with the agreement.

The case is now closed.

Joe Reiter - 03/22/2011
Virginia Weeks - 11/05/2016


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Issues and Causes of Action
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Issues
Constitutional Clause
Cruel and Unusual Punishment
Content of Injunction
Implement complaint/dispute resolution process
Monitoring
Preliminary relief granted
Recordkeeping
Reporting
Training
Defendant-type
Law-enforcement
General
Assault/abuse by staff
Excessive force
Plaintiff Type
Private Plaintiff
U.S. Dept of Justice plaintiff
Type of Facility
Government-run
Causes of Action 42 U.S.C. § 1983
Defendant(s) Franklin County, Ohio
Plaintiff Description The plaintiffs were incarcerated at Franklin County Corrections Centers and were subjected to excessive force from sheriffs deputies with tasers.
Indexed Lawyer Organizations Legal Services/Legal Aid
NDRN/Protection & Advocacy Organizations
U.S. Dept. of Justice Civil Rights Division
Class action status sought Yes
Class action status granted Yes
Prevailing Party Plaintiff
Public Int. Lawyer Yes
Nature of Relief Damages
Injunction / Injunctive-like Settlement
Source of Relief Settlement
Form of Settlement Court Approved Settlement or Consent Decree
Order Duration 2011 - 2015
Case Closing Year 2015
Case Ongoing No
Additional Resources
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  Bravo v. Board of Commissioners of Dona Ana County
http://www.bazelon.org/
Date: 2017
By: The Bazelon Center (The Bazelon Center)
[ Detail ] [ External Link ]

Docket(s)
2:10−cv−00644 (S.D. Ohio)
JC-OH-0016-9001.pdf | Detail
Date: 12/28/2015
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
General Documents
Complaint [ECF# 1]
JC-OH-0016-0002.pdf | Detail
Date: 07/16/2010
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
MOTION FOR PARTIAL SUMMARY JUDGMENT OF THE COUNTY DEFENDANTS
JC-OH-0016-0007.pdf | Detail
Date: 10/26/2010
Opinion and Order (certifying class and granting DOJ Motion to Intervene) [ECF# 69] (2010 WL 5173162 / 2010 U.S.Dist.LEXIS 131911) (S.D. Ohio)
JC-OH-0016-0001.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 12/14/2010
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
United States' Complaint in Intervention Pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 14141 [ECF# 70]
JC-OH-0016-0010.pdf | Detail
Date: 12/14/2010
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Second Amended Individual Complaint for Damages and Second Amended Class Action Complaint for Declaratory and Injunctive Relief [ECF# 71]
JC-OH-0016-0003.pdf | Detail
Date: 12/15/2010
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
OPINION AND ORDER [ECF# 93] (2011 WL 250407 / 2011 U.S.Dist.LEXIS 6833) (S.D. Ohio)
JC-OH-0016-0009.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 01/25/2011
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
AGREEMENT BETWEEN THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA AND THE SHERIFF OF FRANKLIN COUNTY, OHIO [ECF# 94-1]
JC-OH-0016-0005.pdf | Detail
Date: 02/04/2011
AGREEMENT BETWEEN PLAINTIFFS AND DEFENDANTS [ECF# 95-1]
JC-OH-0016-0004.pdf | Detail
Date: 02/04/2011
ORDER [ECF# 96] (S.D. Ohio)
JC-OH-0016-0008.pdf | Detail
Date: 02/04/2011
ORDER [ECF# 100] (S.D. Ohio)
JC-OH-0016-0006.pdf | Detail
Date: 03/10/2011
Third Amended Individual Complaint for Damages and Third Amended Class Action Complaint for Declaratory and Injunctive Relief [ECF# 104]
JC-OH-0016-0011.pdf | Detail
Date: 04/29/2011
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Opinion [Ct. of App. ECF# 175] (743 F.3d 126)
JC-OH-0016-0012.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 02/07/2014
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Judges Abel, Mark R. (S.D. Ohio) [Magistrate]
JC-OH-0016-9001
Clay, Eric L. (Sixth Circuit)
JC-OH-0016-0012
Gilman, Ronald Lee (Sixth Circuit)
JC-OH-0016-0012
Sargus, Edmund A. Jr. (S.D. Ohio)
JC-OH-0016-0001 | JC-OH-0016-0006 | JC-OH-0016-0008 | JC-OH-0016-0009 | JC-OH-0016-9001
Plaintiff's Lawyers Alo, Mohammed Noure (Ohio)
JC-OH-0016-9001
Bagenstos, Samuel R. (District of Columbia)
JC-OH-0016-0005 | JC-OH-0016-0010
D'Alessandro, Mark Thomas (Ohio)
JC-OH-0016-0010 | JC-OH-0016-9001
Dean, Kerry Krentler (District of Columbia)
JC-OH-0016-0005 | JC-OH-0016-9001
Fleisher, Aaron S (District of Columbia)
JC-OH-0016-0005 | JC-OH-0016-0010 | JC-OH-0016-9001
Gregg, Tammie (District of Columbia)
JC-OH-0016-0005 | JC-OH-0016-0010 | JC-OH-0016-9001
Gzifa, Anika (District of Columbia)
JC-OH-0016-0005 | JC-OH-0016-9001
Henry, Kristen N. (Ohio)
JC-OH-0016-0002 | JC-OH-0016-0003 | JC-OH-0016-0004 | JC-OH-0016-0011 | JC-OH-0016-9001
Leung, Michelle (District of Columbia)
JC-OH-0016-9001
Myrthil, Marlysha (District of Columbia)
JC-OH-0016-0005 | JC-OH-0016-0010 | JC-OH-0016-9001
Perez, Sergio (District of Columbia)
JC-OH-0016-0005 | JC-OH-0016-9001
Perez, Thomas E. (District of Columbia)
JC-OH-0016-0005 | JC-OH-0016-0010
Perry, Jane P. (Ohio)
JC-OH-0016-0002 | JC-OH-0016-0003 | JC-OH-0016-0004 | JC-OH-0016-0011 | JC-OH-0016-9001
Sjoberg-Witt, Kerstin S. (Ohio)
JC-OH-0016-0002 | JC-OH-0016-0003 | JC-OH-0016-0004 | JC-OH-0016-0011 | JC-OH-0016-9001
Smith, Jonathan Mark (District of Columbia)
JC-OH-0016-0005 | JC-OH-0016-0010
Stark, John J. (Ohio)
JC-OH-0016-9001
Trepel, Samantha Kay (District of Columbia)
JC-OH-0016-9001
Defendant's Lawyers Brave, Michael (Arizona)
JC-OH-0016-9001
Jackson, John Jay Jr. (West Virginia)
JC-OH-0016-9001
Martin, Mary Jane (Ohio)
JC-OH-0016-0007 | JC-OH-0016-9001
Martin, Adam W. (Ohio)
JC-OH-0016-9001
O'Brien, Ronald Joseph (Ohio)
JC-OH-0016-0007 | JC-OH-0016-9001
Smith, Jeremy David (Ohio)
JC-OH-0016-9001
Soulas, Nick A. Jr. (Ohio)
JC-OH-0016-0007 | JC-OH-0016-9001
Other Lawyers Carnahan, Russell Earl (Ohio)
JC-OH-0016-9001
Corl, Christina (Ohio)
JC-OH-0016-9001
James, Larry Holliday (Ohio)
JC-OH-0016-9001

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