University of Michigan Law School
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Case Name Jackson v. Dezember PC-CA-0048
Docket / Court 2:08-cv-01954 ( E.D. Cal. )
Additional Docket(s) 2:08-cv-04454-GHK-FMO   [ 08-4454 ]
State/Territory California
Case Type(s) Prison Conditions
Case Summary
On July 8, 2008, Kevin Jackson, a California inmate suffering from hepatitis C, filed this class action suit in U.S. District Court against the California Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation, under 42 U.S.C. § 1983. Jackson filed in the Central District of California (Docket No. 2:08-cv-04 ... read more >
On July 8, 2008, Kevin Jackson, a California inmate suffering from hepatitis C, filed this class action suit in U.S. District Court against the California Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation, under 42 U.S.C. § 1983. Jackson filed in the Central District of California (Docket No. 2:08-cv-04454), but on 8/19/2008, the matter was transferred to the Eastern District of California, and given a new docket number (2:08-cv-01954)/ The class, represented by private counsel, asked the court for both declaratory and injunctive relief, alleging that the state's deficiencies in treatment constituted cruel and unusual punishment under the Eighth Amendment. The suit charged that the Department of Corrections excluded thousands of inmates from liver biopsies and other treatments, allowing the hepatitis to progress. The plaintiff later amended the complaint, no longer seeking a class action but instead seeking damages for the specific harm done to him.

The CDCR filed a motion to dismiss, alleging that the plaintiff had not sought out the proper remedies before filing the suit, violating the Prison Litigation Reform Act, 42 U.S.C. 1997e. The district court (Judge Morrison England) denied the motion, ruling that it was misplaced (2009 WL 3296677). He held that, even though the plaintiff had not yet exhausted his remedies, the amended complaint properly addressed the issues raised by the defendants.

Over time, it appears that the plaintiff's attorney stopped pursuing this action. On March 12, 2012, Judge England dismissed the claims under Rule 41(b) for failure to prosecute. The court cited failure to comply with an order of the court (to show cause why it should not dismiss for failure to prosecute) as the grounds for dismissal.

Jonathan Forman - 07/17/2013


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Issues and Causes of Action
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Issues
Constitutional Clause
Cruel and Unusual Punishment
Defendant-type
Corrections
Medical/Mental Health
Hepatitis
Medical care, general
Plaintiff Type
Private Plaintiff
Type of Facility
Government-run
Causes of Action 42 U.S.C. § 1983
Defendant(s) California Department of Corrections
Plaintiff Description California prisoner with hepatitis C
Class action status sought Yes
Class action status granted No
Filed Pro Se No
Prevailing Party Defendant
Public Int. Lawyer No
Nature of Relief None
Source of Relief None
Filing Year 2008
Case Closing Year 2012
Case Ongoing No
Additional Resources
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  See this case at CourtListener.com (May provide additional documents and, for active cases, real-time alerts)
  Civil Rights Injunctions Over Time: A Case Study of Jail and Prison Court Orders
N.Y.U. Law Review
Date: May 2006
By: Margo Schlanger (Washington University Faculty)
Citation: 81 N.Y.U. L. Rev. 550 (2006)
[ Detail ] [ PDF ] [ External Link ]

  Judicial Policy Making and the Modern State: How the Courts Reformed America's Prisons
Book
Date: Jan. 1, 1998
By: Malcolm M. Feeley & Edward Rubin (UC Berkeley Boalt Hall School of Law & Vanderbilt School of Law Faculty Faculty)
Citation: (1998)
[ Detail ]

Docket(s)
2:08-cv-4454 (C.D. Cal.)
PC-CA-0048-9000.pdf | Detail
Date: 11/06/2008
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
2:08-cv-1954 (E.D. Cal.)
PC-CA-0048-9001.pdf | Detail
Date: 04/05/2012
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
General Documents
Complaint for Injunctive Relief for Violation of Civil Rights [ECF# 1]
PC-CA-0048-0001.pdf | Detail
Date: 07/08/2008
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Order to Show Cause [ECF# 3] (C.D. Cal.)
PC-CA-0048-0002.pdf | Detail
Date: 07/18/2008
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Order Transferring Action [ECF# 8] (C.D. Cal.)
PC-CA-0048-0003.pdf | Detail
Date: 08/19/2008
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Defendant's Notice of Motion and Motion that the Court Screen Plaintiff's Complaint Under R 28 U.S.C. § 1915A [ECF# 12]
PC-CA-0048-0005.pdf | Detail
Date: 08/26/2008
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Defendant Dezember's Response to Order to Show Cause [ECF# 24]
PC-CA-0048-0010.pdf | Detail
Date: 09/19/2008
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
First Amended Complaint for Damages for Cruel and Unusual Punishment Based on Denial of Medical Care in Violation of the Eighth Amendment to the United States Constitution [ECF# 27]
PC-CA-0048-0006.pdf | Detail
Date: 10/10/2008
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Defendants' Notice of Motion and Motion to Dismiss; Memorandum of Points and Authorities [ECF# 31]
PC-CA-0048-0009.pdf | Detail
Date: 11/20/2008
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Order [ECF# 35] (E.D. Cal.)
PC-CA-0048-0004.pdf | Detail
Date: 03/11/2009
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Order [ECF# 43] (E.D. Cal.)
PC-CA-0048-0007.pdf | Detail
Date: 06/02/2009
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Memorandum and Order [ECF# 58] (2009 WL 3296677) (E.D. Cal.)
PC-CA-0048-0008.pdf | WESTLAW | Detail
Date: 10/02/2009
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Order [ECF# 74] (E.D. Cal.)
PC-CA-0048-0011.pdf | Detail
Date: 02/21/2012
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Order [ECF# 75] (E.D. Cal.)
PC-CA-0048-0012.pdf | Detail
Date: 03/12/2012
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Judgment in a Civil Case [ECF# 76] (E.D. Cal.)
PC-CA-0048-0013.pdf | Detail
Date: 03/13/2012
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
show all people docs
Judges England, Morrison C. Jr. (E.D. Cal.) show/hide docs
PC-CA-0048-0004 | PC-CA-0048-0007 | PC-CA-0048-0008
King, George H. (C.D. Cal.) show/hide docs
PC-CA-0048-0002 | PC-CA-0048-0003 | PC-CA-0048-9000
Moulds, John F. (E.D. Cal.) [Magistrate] show/hide docs
PC-CA-0048-9001
Mueller, Kimberly Jo (E.D. Cal.) show/hide docs
PC-CA-0048-0011 | PC-CA-0048-0012 | PC-CA-0048-9001
Plaintiff's Lawyers Kammerling, Rebecca (California) show/hide docs
PC-CA-0048-9000 | PC-CA-0048-9001
Khorrami, Shawn (California) show/hide docs
PC-CA-0048-0001 | PC-CA-0048-9000 | PC-CA-0048-9001
Ravis, Mark S. (California) show/hide docs
PC-CA-0048-0001 | PC-CA-0048-0006 | PC-CA-0048-9000 | PC-CA-0048-9001
Travis, Karen (California) show/hide docs
PC-CA-0048-0001 | PC-CA-0048-0006 | PC-CA-0048-9000 | PC-CA-0048-9001
Defendant's Lawyers Becker, Christopher James (California) show/hide docs
PC-CA-0048-0009 | PC-CA-0048-9001
Brown, Edmund G. Jr. (California) show/hide docs
PC-CA-0048-0005 | PC-CA-0048-0009 | PC-CA-0048-0010
Chaney, David S. (California) show/hide docs
PC-CA-0048-0005 | PC-CA-0048-0009 | PC-CA-0048-0010
East, Rochelle C. (California) show/hide docs
PC-CA-0048-0005 | PC-CA-0048-0009 | PC-CA-0048-0010
Gomez, Gregory George (California) show/hide docs
PC-CA-0048-9001
Kwong, William C (California) show/hide docs
PC-CA-0048-0005 | PC-CA-0048-0010
Patterson, Thomas S. (California) show/hide docs
PC-CA-0048-0005 | PC-CA-0048-0010
Steele, Jeffery (California) show/hide docs
PC-CA-0048-9001
Tillman, Lisa Anne (California) show/hide docs
PC-CA-0048-9001
Williams, Kenneth R. (California) show/hide docs
PC-CA-0048-0009

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