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Case Name Jenkins v. Kansas City Missouri School District SD-MO-0004
Docket / Court No. 77-0420-CV-W-1 ( W.D. Mo. )
State/Territory Missouri
Case Type(s) Education
School Desegregation
Attorney Organization NAACP Legal Defense Fund
Case Summary
On 05/26/1977, the Kansas City, Missouri School District (KCMSD) and four members of the school board and their children (KCMSD students), brought this school desegregation lawsuit under 42 U.S.C. § 1983 against the States of Kansas and Missouri, three federal agencies, and several suburban school ... read more >
On 05/26/1977, the Kansas City, Missouri School District (KCMSD) and four members of the school board and their children (KCMSD students), brought this school desegregation lawsuit under 42 U.S.C. § 1983 against the States of Kansas and Missouri, three federal agencies, and several suburban school districts in Kansas and Missouri. The Kansas-Missouri state border forms the western boundary of the KCMSD, so the districts surrounding KCMSD were in both states. The plaintiffs alleged that the defendants had created and perpetuated a system of racial segregation in the Kansas City metropolitan area schools, and sought declaratory and injunctive relief.

The case was assigned to Chief Judge John W. Oliver of the U.S. District Court for the Western District of Missouri, then transferred to Judge Russell G. Clark after the defendants challenged Judge Oliver’s impartiality (due to his representation of KCMSD prior to his appointment to the bench fifteen years earlier). Sch. Dist. v. Missouri, 438 F. Supp. 830, 832, 839 (W.D. Mo. 1977). The district court certified a plaintiff class of present and future KCMSD students, and the plaintiff class was represented by Arthur Benson and the NAACP Legal Defense Fund. In 1978, the district court dismissed the claims against the State of Kansas and the Kansas suburban districts for want of personal jurisdiction, and “realigned” the school district as a defendant. Sch. Dist. v. Missouri, 460 F. Supp. 421, 427–28 (W.D. Mo. 1978).

Until Brown v. Board of Education, 347 U.S. 483 (1954), the Missouri Constitution mandated racially segregated schools. The plaintiffs argued that after 1954, Missouri failed to take the required affirmative steps to eliminate the vestiges of its prior racially segregated dual school system, and in fact perpetuated racial segregation through discriminatory housing practices. Jenkins v. Missouri, 593 F. Supp. 1485, 1488 (W.D. Mo. 1984).

After a seven-month trial on liability, on Sept. 17, 1984, the district court found that the State of Missouri and KCMSD had unconstitutionally failed to eliminate the vestiges of the prior dual school system and thus had joint and several liability for desegregation expenses. Id. at 1493. The court made findings, in its liability decision and in a series of subsequent orders, that unlike most other desegregation cases, the most notable effect of KCMSD’s segregation was not racial imbalances in areas such as student and faculty assignments, rather, it was that “segregation had caused a system wide reduction in student achievement in the schools of the KCMSD.” Jenkins v. Missouri, 639 F. Supp. 19, 24 (W.D. Mo. 1985). The court had also dismissed the claims against the suburban school districts and two of the federal defendants (Department of Transportation and Department of Health, Education, and Welfare) during the trial, finding that none of those defendants had acted in a racially discriminatory manner that "substantially" caused racial segregation in KCMSD. Jenkins v. Missouri, 593 F. Supp. at 1490, 1495. The claims against the third federal agency, Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD), went to trial, after which the court found that HUD was not liable. Id. at 1506. The defendants were ordered to submit a proposed plan to remove the vestiges of the dual school system to the court. Id.

On June 14, 1985, the district court held that past segregation and need to attract and maintain white enrollment justified a remedy that included reduction in class sizes, implementation of summer school program, full-day kindergarten, before and after school tutoring, early childhood development programs, magnet school program, staff development program, volunteer interdistrict transfer program, and capital improvements. Jenkins v. Missouri, 639 F. Supp. 19, 26, 32–41 (W.D. Mo. 1985). The court also ordered the formation of a monitoring committee to oversee the plan’s implementation. Id. at 41–42.

This was the first court-ordered intradistrict remedy to be paid for by the State and KCMSD. Over the next several years, the district court ordered various other remedies, some of which were modified or vacated by the Eighth Circuit or Supreme Court. In total, the plans included $260 million in capital improvements and a magnet school plan costing over $200 million.  See Jenkins v. Missouri, 807 F.2d 657 (8th Cir. 1986) (en banc), cert. denied, 484 U.S. 816 (1987); Jenkins v. Missouri, 855 F.2d 1295 (8th Cir. 1988), cert. granted, 490 U.S. 1034 (1989).

One of the district court’s orders that was challenged had established a desegregation plan and the methods by which the plan would be funded. Jenkins v. State of Missouri, 672 F.Supp 400 (1987). The state, county, and taxpayers appealed, and the Eighth Circuit affirmed in part and reversed in part. 855 F.2d 1295 (1988). The Eighth Circuit held, among other things, that the use of magnet schools to attract minority students was proper, and that the increase of property tax levy was appropriate; however, it reversed the state income tax surcharge, finding that the district court had exceeded its authority in ordering one. Id. at 1301–03, 1308–11, 1315–16. In 1990, the Supreme Court, in an opinion written by Justice White, affirmed in part and reversed in part. Missouri v. Jenkins, 495 U.S. 33 (1990). The court held that the order imposing an increase in property taxes levied by school district to insure funding for desegregation plan violated principles of federal and state comity, and that courts could require the school district to levy taxes above the limits set by state statute in order to fund the desegregation plan. Id.

Litigation continued for several years on various other issues, including attorneys’ fees, the voluntary interdistrict transfer plan, and the State’s obligation to pay for salary increases and remedial education programs, among other costs.

For services provided from 1979 to 1986, the district court awarded the plaintiffs’ attorneys’ fees in the amount of $4 million. The Eighth Circuit affirmed. Jenkins by Agyei v. Missouri, 838 F.2d 260 (8th Cir. 1988). On appeal, the Supreme Court also affirmed. Missouri v. Jenkins, 491 U.S. 274 (1989). First, the Court affirmed the district court’s calculation of attorneys’ fees, which used current market rates—rather than those applicable at the time the services were rendered—in order to account for the years-long delay in payment. Id. at 274. The Court held that the Eleventh Amendment does not prohibit enhancement of a fee award under § 1988 against a State to compensate for a delay in payment. Id. Second, the Court upheld the district court’s compensation for the work of paralegals, law clerks, and recent law school graduates at the market rate for their services, rather than their cost to the plaintiffs’ attorneys. Id.

The first remedy order provided for a voluntary interdistrict transfer plan, though the design and implementation of the plan was a “long, laborious process.” Jenkins by Agyei v. Missouri, 981 F.2d 1009, 1011 (8th Cir. 1992). Funding over the plan was disputed, and black KCMSD students unsuccessfully trying to enroll as non-residents in nearby suburban school districts, then sued those districts. Id.; see Naylor v. Lee's Summit Reorganized School District R–VII, 703 F. Supp. 803 (W.D. Mo. 1989).

In 1993, the Eighth Circuit affirmed the district court’s orders for the State to fund salary increases and remedial education programs. Jenkins by Agyei v. Missouri, 11 F.3d 755 (8th Cir. 1993). However, the Supreme Court granted review and reversed in a 5-4 decision, finding that the orders sought goals which were beyond the scope of the constitutional violation and beyond the scope of the court’s remedial authority. Missouri v. Jenkins, 515 U.S. 70 (1995). The Court also held that whether students’ performance was at or below national norms was not the appropriate test to determine whether the district had achieved partially unitary status. Id.

In 1996, the State of Missouri moved for a determination of unitary status and approval of a transition plan and settlement with KCMSD that would result in the State’s dismissal from the case. The plaintiffs were opposed. On Mar. 25, 1997, the district court denied the motion to declare the district unitary as to assignment of students and faculty, facilities, and transportation, but granted the motion as to extracurricular activities. Jenkins v. Missouri, 959 F. Supp. 1151, 1179–80 (W.D. Mo. 1997). The court nevertheless approved the settlement agreement permitting the State to satisfy any further obligations to the KCMSD by the payment of $320 million.  Id. The Eighth Circuit affirmed.  Jenkins by Jenkins v. Missouri, 122 F.3d 588 (8th Cir. 1997).

Most recently, the district, students, and teachers’ union obtained an injunction against the state’s requirement that the district use property tax levy proceeds to fund charter schools. 516 F.3d 1074 (8th Cir. 2008).

The most recent activity on the docket was in 2008, so the case appears to be closed, or at least long-dormant.

Available Opinions
Sch. Dist. of Kansas City, Missouri v. Missouri, 438 F. Supp. 830 (W.D. Mo. 1977).
Sch. Dist. of Kansas City, Missouri v. Missouri, 460 F. Supp. 421 (W.D. Mo. 1978).
Sch. Dist. of Kansas City, Missouri v. Missouri, 592 F.2d 493 (8th Cir. 1979).
Black v. Missouri, 492 F. Supp. 848 (W.D. Mo. 1980).
Jenkins v. Missouri, 593 F. Supp. 1485 (W.D. Mo. 1984).
Jenkins v. Missouri, 639 F. Supp. 19 (W.D. Mo. 1985).
Jenkins by Agyei v. Missouri, 807 F.2d 657 (8th Cir. 1986).
Jenkins v. Missouri, 672 F. Supp. 400 (W.D. Mo. 1987).
Jenkins v. Missouri, 484 U.S. 816 (1987) (denying certiorari).
Jenkins by Agyei v. Missouri, 838 F.2d 260 (8th Cir. 1988).
Jenkins by Agyei v. Missouri, 855 F.2d 1295 (8th Cir. 1988).
Missouri v. Jenkins by Agyei, 488 U.S. 888 (1988) (granting certiorari).
Jenkins v. Missouri, 488 U.S. 889 (1988) (denying certiorari).
Jenkins by Agyei v. Missouri, 862 F.2d 677 (8th Cir. 1988).
Jenkins v. Missouri, No. 77-0420-CV-W-4, 1989 WL 299246 (W.D. Mo. Jan. 3, 1989).
Jenkins v. Missouri, 864 F.2d 1454 (8th Cir. 1989).
Jenkins v. Missouri, 490 U.S. 1034 (1989) (denying certiorari).
Missouri v. Jenkins by Agyei, 491 U.S. 274 (1989).
Jenkins by Agyei v. Missouri, 890 F.2d 65 (8th Cir. 1989).
Jenkins v. Missouri, 731 F. Supp. 1437 (W.D. Mo. 1990).
Missouri v. Jenkins, 495 U.S. 33 (1990).
Jenkins by Agyei v. Missouri, 904 F.2d 415 (8th Cir. 1990).
Jenkins v. Missouri, No. 77-0420-CV-W-4, 1990 WL 515176 (W.D. Mo. June 26, 1990).
Jenkins v. Missouri, No. 77-0420-CV-W-4, 1990 WL 362044 (W.D. Mo. Oct. 29, 1990).
Jenkins by Agyei v. Missouri, 931 F.2d 470 (8th Cir. 1991).
Jenkins by Agyei v. Missouri, 931 F.2d 1273 (8th Cir. 1991).
Jenkins v. Missouri, No. 77-0420-CV-W-4, 1991 WL 346392 (W.D. Mo. May 28, 1991).
Jenkins v. Missouri, No. 77-0420-CV-W-4, 1991 WL 538841 (W.D. Mo. July 5, 1991).
Jenkins by Agyei v. Missouri, 942 F.2d 487 (8th Cir. 1991).
Jenkins by Agyei v. Missouri, 943 F.2d 840 (8th Cir. 1991).
Missouri v. Jenkins, 502 U.S. 925 (1991) (denying certiorari).
Missouri v. Jenkins, 502 U.S. 967 (1991) (denying certiorari).
Jenkins by Agyei v. Missouri, 981 F.2d 1009 (8th Cir. 1992).
Jenkins by Agyei v. Missouri, 965 F.2d 654 (8th Cir. 1992).
Jenkins v. Missouri, No. 77–0420–CV–W–4, 1992 WL 551569 (W.D. Mo. June 17, 1992).
Jenkins v. Missouri, No. 77–0420–CV–W–4, 1992 WL 551568 (W.D. Mo. June 25, 1992).
Jenkins by Agyei v. Missouri, 967 F.2d 1245 (8th Cir. 1992).
Clark v. Jenkins, 506 U.S. 915 (1992) (denying certiorari).
Clark v. Jenkins, 506 U.S. 1033 (1992) (denying certiorari).
Jenkins by Agyei v. Missouri, 981 F.2d 1009 (8th Cir. 1992).
Jenkins v. Missouri, No. 77–0420–CV–W–4, 1993 WL 546576 (W.D. Mo. June 30, 1993).
Jenkins v. Missouri, No. 77–0420–CV–W–4, 1993 WL 566488 (W.D. Mo. July 30, 1993).
Jenkins by Agyei v. Missouri, 11 F.3d 755 (8th Cir. 1993).
Jenkins by Agyei v. Missouri, 13 F.3d 1170 (8th Cir. 1993).
Jenkins by Agyei v. Missouri, 19 F.3d 393 (8th Cir. 1994) (denying rehearing en banc).
Jenkins by Agyei v. Missouri, 23 F.3d 1297 (8th Cir. 1994).
Missouri v. Jenkins, 512 U.S. 1287 (1994) (granting certiorari).
Jenkins by Agyei v. Missouri, 38 F.3d 960 (8th Cir. 1994).
Missouri v. Jenkins, 515 U.S. 70 (1995).
Missouri v. Jenkins, 515 U.S. 1139 (1995) (granting certiorari).
Jenkins by Agyei v. Missouri, 73 F.3d 201 (8th Cir. 1996).
Jenkins by Jenkins v. Missouri, 78 F.3d 1270 (8th Cir. 1996).
Jenkins by Jenkins v. Missouri, 103 F.3d 731 (8th Cir. 1997).
Jenkins v. Missouri, 959 F. Supp. 1151 (W.D. Mo. 1997).
Jenkins v. Missouri, 965 F. Supp. 1295 (W.D. Mo. 1997).
Jenkins by Jenkins v. Missouri, 122 F.3d 588 (8th Cir. 1997).
Jenkins v. Missouri, No. 97-2626, 1997 WL 464173 (8th Cir. Aug. 14, 1997).
Jenkins v. Missouri, 124 F.3d 1310 (8th Cir. 1997) (granting petition for rehearing en banc).
Jenkins v. Missouri, 133 F.3d 559 (8th Cir. 1997) (granting petition for rehearing en banc).
Jenkins by Jenkins v. Missouri, 127 F.3d 709 (8th Cir. 1997).
Jenkins by Jenkins v. Missouri, 131 F.3d 716 (8th Cir. 1997).
Jenkins v. Missouri, 133 F.3d 560 (8th Cir. 1997).
Jenkins by Jenkins v. Missouri, 158 F.3d 980 (8th Cir. 1998).
Jenkins by Jenkins v. Missouri, 158 F.3d 984 (8th Cir. 1998).
Jenkins ex rel. Jenkins v. Missouri, 170 F.3d 846 (8th Cir. 1999).
Jenkins v. Sch. Dist. of Kansas City, Missouri, 73 F. Supp. 2d 1058 (W.D. Mo. 1999).
Jenkins ex rel. Jenkins v. Missouri, 205 F.3d 361 (8th Cir. 2000).
Jenkins v. Missouri, 216 F.3d 720 (8th Cir. 2000).
Jenkins v. Kansas City Missouri Sch. Dist., No. 77-0420-CV-W-DW, 2006 WL 3386563 (W.D. Mo. Nov. 21, 2006).
Jenkins v. Kansas City Missouri Sch. Dist., 516 F.3d 1074 (8th Cir. 2008).
Jenkins v. Kansas City Missouri Sch. Dist., 525 F.3d 682 (8th Cir. 2008).

Elizabeth Greiter - 05/11/2018


compress summary

- click to show/hide ALL -
Issues and Causes of Action
click to show/hide detail
Issues
Constitutional Clause
Equal Protection
Content of Injunction
Discrimination Prohibition
Magnet school
Monitoring
Remedial education
Student assignment
Defendant-type
Elementary/Secondary School
Jurisdiction-wide
Discrimination-basis
Race discrimination
General
Buildings
Classification / placement
Disparate Treatment
Education
Language access/needs
Racial segregation
School/University Facilities
School/University policies
Staff (number, training, qualifications, wages)
Transportation
Plaintiff Type
Private Plaintiff
Race
Black
Type of Facility
Government-run
Causes of Action 42 U.S.C. § 1983
Defendant(s) Kansas City Missouri School District
State of Kansas
State of Missouri
U.S. Department of Health, Education, and Welfare
U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development
U.S. Department of Transportation
Plaintiff Description Present and future students in the Kansas City, Missouri School District.
Indexed Lawyer Organizations NAACP Legal Defense Fund
Class action status sought Yes
Class action status outcome Granted
Filed Pro Se No
Prevailing Party Plaintiff
Public Int. Lawyer Yes
Nature of Relief Attorneys fees
Injunction / Injunctive-like Settlement
Source of Relief Settlement
Form of Settlement Court Approved Settlement or Consent Decree
Order Duration 1985 - 2008
Filed 05/26/1977
Case Ongoing Perhaps, but long-dormant
Case Listing SD-KS-0001 : Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka (D. Kan.)
Additional Resources
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  See this case at CourtListener.com (May provide additional documents and, for active cases, real-time alerts)
  Complex Justice: The Case of Missouri v. Jenkins
Date: 2008
By: Joshua M. Dunn (University of Colorado-Colorado Springs Faculty)
Citation: (U.N.C. Press 2008)
[ Detail ] [ External Link ]

  Breaking Up is Hard to Do: The Dissolution of Judicial Supervision of Public Services
Date: March - April 2003
By: Charles R. Wise & Rosemary O'Leary (Indiana University Faculty)
Citation: Public Administration Review, Vol. 63, No. 2 (Mar. - Apr., 2003), pp. 177-191
[ Detail ] [ External Link ]

  Money and School Performance: Lessons from the Kansas City School Desegregation Experiment
Cato Institute
Date: Mar. 16, 1998
By: Paul Ciotti (Cato Institute)
[ Detail ] [ External Link ]

  Missouri v. Jenkins and the De Facto Abandonment of Court-Enforced Desegregation
Santa Clara Law Digital Commons
Date: Jan. 1, 1996
By: Bradley W. Joondeph (Santa Clara University School of Law)
[ Detail ] [ External Link ]

  Public Managers, Judges, and Legislators: Redefining the "New Partnership"
Date: July-August 1991
By: Rosemary O'Leary & Charles R. Wise (Syracuse University Faculty)
Citation: Public Administration Review, Vol. 51, No. 4 (Jul. - Aug., 1991), pp. 316-327
[ Detail ] [ External Link ]

  The Oyez Project, Missouri v. Jenkins
www.oyez.org
Date: Apr. 19, 1990
By: Oyez Project
[ Detail ] [ External Link ]

Court Docket(s)
W.D. Mo.
06/02/2008
4:77-cv-00420-DW
SD-MO-0004-9000.pdf | Detail
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
General Documents
not recorded
Progress of Desegregation by Schools
SD-MO-0004-0011.pdf | Detail
Source: Papers of Joshua Dunn
W.D. Mo.
Memorandum Submitted by Missouri School District Defendant, Showing that under Missouri Law School District (1)
SD-MO-0004-0029.pdf | Detail
Source: Papers of Joshua Dunn
not recorded
Coalition for Educational and Economic Justice Community Based School - An Alternative to Expansion
SD-MO-0004-0041.pdf | Detail
Source: Papers of Joshua Dunn
not recorded
Coalition for Educational and Economic Justice Retreat Highlights
SD-MO-0004-0043.pdf | Detail
Source: Papers of Joshua Dunn
not recorded
Voluntary Interdistrict Transfer Plan
SD-MO-0004-0053.pdf | Detail
Source: Papers of Joshua Dunn
not recorded
Kansas City Missouri School District Organizational Chart
SD-MO-0004-0055.pdf | Detail
Source: Papers of Joshua Dunn
not recorded
Coalition for Educational and Economic Justice - Seige Mentality Besets School District Leadership
SD-MO-0004-0059.pdf | Detail
Source: Papers of Joshua Dunn
not recorded
Coalition for Educational and Economic Justice - Resolution in Opposition to Expansion of the Long Range Magnet Plan
SD-MO-0004-0062.pdf | Detail
Source: Papers of Joshua Dunn
not recorded
Coalition for Educational and Economic Justice - Agenda
SD-MO-0004-0064.pdf | Detail
Source: Papers of Joshua Dunn
not recorded
Coalition for Educational and Economic Justice - Press Release - system of apartheid
SD-MO-0004-0067.pdf | Detail
Source: Papers of Joshua Dunn
not recorded
Coalition for Educational and Economic Justice - Large Number of African-American Children Sent Back Home
SD-MO-0004-0069.pdf | Detail
Source: Papers of Joshua Dunn
not recorded
09/08/1955
Integration Data (1)
SD-MO-0004-0035.pdf | Detail
Source: Papers of Joshua Dunn
not recorded
09/18/1957
Kansas City, Missouri, Public Schools (1)
SD-MO-0004-0020.pdf | Detail
Source: Papers of Joshua Dunn
W.D. Mo.
01/26/1973
Complaint for Injunctive Relief and Damages
SD-MO-0004-0038.pdf | Detail
Source: Papers of Joshua Dunn
not recorded
06/30/1974
School Operating Levy Elections
SD-MO-0004-0001.pdf | Detail
Source: Papers of Joshua Dunn
not recorded
11/04/1974
Memo - Office for Civil Rights' request for explanation of changes in minority and non-minority group enrollments in selected District schools
SD-MO-0004-0013.pdf | Detail
Source: Papers of Joshua Dunn
not recorded
03/20/1977
School Integration Program for the School District of Kansas City, Missouri
SD-MO-0004-0006.pdf | Detail
Source: Papers of Joshua Dunn
not recorded
05/05/1977
Department of Health, Education and Welfare Draft Letter to Robert Wheeler
SD-MO-0004-0039.pdf | Detail
Source: Papers of Joshua Dunn
W.D. Mo.
05/26/1977
Complaint
SD-MO-0004-0007.pdf | Detail
Source: Papers of Joshua Dunn
W.D. Mo.
10/04/1977
Memorandum and Orders in Regard to Motion to Disqualify (438 F.Supp. 830)
SD-MO-0004-0070.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Source: Westlaw
not recorded
01/12/1978
Re: Application for ESAA Waiver by the School District of Kansas City, Missouri
SD-MO-0004-0010.pdf | Detail
Source: Papers of Joshua Dunn
not recorded
02/22/1978
Plan to Reach the 15% Nonminority Enrollment as Specified in the Agreement Received February 22, 1978 From the Office for Civil Rights
SD-MO-0004-0012.pdf | Detail
Source: Papers of Joshua Dunn
not recorded
02/22/1978
Letter to Samuel Carpenter from David Tatel received 22 February 1978
SD-MO-0004-0014.pdf | Detail
Source: Papers of Joshua Dunn
not recorded
02/22/1978
Letter to Samuel Carpenter from David Tatel
SD-MO-0004-0057.pdf | Detail
Source: Papers of Joshua Dunn
not recorded
02/27/1978
Letter to David Tatel from Samuel J. Carpenter dated 27 February 1978 (1)
SD-MO-0004-0018.pdf | Detail
Source: Papers of Joshua Dunn
not recorded
03/24/1978
Letter to Robert Wheeler from Joseph Califano dated 24 March 1978
SD-MO-0004-0015.pdf | Detail
Source: Papers of Joshua Dunn
W.D. Mo.
10/06/1978
Memorandum and Order (460 F.Supp. 421)
SD-MO-0004-0071.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Source: Westlaw
U.S. Court of Appeals
02/16/1979
Opinion (592 F.2d 493)
SD-MO-0004-0072.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Source: Westlaw
W.D. Mo.
05/02/1980
The ST. Louis Desegregation Plan
SD-MO-0004-0054.pdf | Detail
Source: Papers of Joshua Dunn
W.D. Mo.
06/19/1980
Memorandum and Order (492 F.Supp. 848)
SD-MO-0004-0073.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Source: Westlaw
not recorded
06/22/1984
LDF Letter to Benson (1)
SD-MO-0004-0019.pdf | Detail
Source: Papers of Joshua Dunn
W.D. Mo.
09/17/1984
Order (593 F.Supp. 1485)
SD-MO-0004-0074.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Source: Westlaw
W.D. Mo.
01/25/1985
Intradistrict Plan Submitted by School District of Kansas City, Missouri in Response to Court Order of January 25, 1985 (1)
SD-MO-0004-0032.pdf | Detail
Source: Papers of Joshua Dunn
not recorded
03/01/1985
Tax Rates 1974-85
SD-MO-0004-0068.pdf | Detail
Source: Papers of Joshua Dunn
W.D. Mo.
04/29/1985
Kansas City Missouri School District Desegregation Implementation Plan (1)
SD-MO-0004-0022.pdf | Detail
Source: Papers of Joshua Dunn
W.D. Mo.
06/14/1985
Memorandum Opinion (639 F.Supp. 19)
SD-MO-0004-0075.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Source: Westlaw
not recorded
03/03/1986
A Qualitative Report on Attitudes Toward Magnet Schools
SD-MO-0004-0052.pdf | Detail
Source: Papers of Joshua Dunn
W.D. Mo.
08/13/1986
KCMSD Motion for Approval of Long-range Magnet School Plan (1)
SD-MO-0004-0031.pdf | Detail
Source: Papers of Joshua Dunn
U.S. Court of Appeals
02/05/1987
Opinion (807 F.2d 657)
SD-MO-0004-0076.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Source: Westlaw
not recorded
03/31/1987
Summary School Levy Election
SD-MO-0004-0002.pdf | Detail
Source: Papers of Joshua Dunn
W.D. Mo.
05/06/1987
Opposition of the State of Missouri to KCMSD Motion for Approval of Long Range Capital Improvement Plan (1)
SD-MO-0004-0028.pdf | Detail
Source: Papers of Joshua Dunn
not recorded
07/02/1987
Recommended Revisions in the Facilities Renovation Requirements for the Long-Range Magnet School Plan
SD-MO-0004-0009.pdf | Detail
Source: Papers of Joshua Dunn
W.D. Mo.
09/15/1987
Order (672 F.Supp. 400)
SD-MO-0004-0077.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Source: Westlaw
U.S. Court of Appeals
04/13/1988
Opinion (838 F.2d 260)
SD-MO-0004-0078.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Source: Westlaw
U.S. Court of Appeals
10/14/1988
Opinion (855 F.2d 1295)
SD-MO-0004-0079.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Source: Westlaw
U.S. Court of Appeals
12/01/1988
Opinion (862 F.2d 677)
SD-MO-0004-0080.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Source: Westlaw
W.D. Mo.
01/03/1989
Order (1989 WL 299246)
SD-MO-0004-0081.pdf | WESTLAW | Detail
Source: Westlaw
U.S. Court of Appeals
01/10/1989
Order (864 F.2d 1454)
SD-MO-0004-0082.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Source: Westlaw
U.S. Supreme Court
06/19/1989
Opinion (109 S.Ct. 2463)
SD-MO-0004-0083.pdf | WESTLAW | Detail
Source: Westlaw
W.D. Mo.
07/01/1989
Report of the Desegregation Monitoring Committee for the Period July 1, 1988 - June 30, 1989
SD-MO-0004-0008.pdf | Detail
Source: Papers of Joshua Dunn
W.D. Mo.
09/21/1989
Mark Anthony Nevels, et al.'s Motion to Modify Long Range Magnet School Plan (1)
SD-MO-0004-0030.pdf | Detail
Source: Papers of Joshua Dunn
W.D. Mo.
09/21/1989
Amici Curiae Greater Kansas City Chapter of the SCLC, Memorandum (1)
SD-MO-0004-0034.pdf | Detail
Source: Papers of Joshua Dunn
U.S. Court of Appeals
11/20/1989
Opinion (890 F.2d 65)
SD-MO-0004-0084.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Source: Westlaw
W.D. Mo.
02/26/1990
Order (731 F.Supp. 1437)
SD-MO-0004-0085.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Source: Westlaw
U.S. Supreme Court
04/18/1990
Opinion (110 S.Ct. 1651)
SD-MO-0004-0086.pdf | WESTLAW | Detail
Source: Westlaw
U.S. Court of Appeals
05/23/1990
Order on Denial of Rehearing and Rehearing En Banc (904 F.2d 415)
SD-MO-0004-0087.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Source: Westlaw
W.D. Mo.
06/26/1990
Order (1990 WL 515176)
SD-MO-0004-0088.pdf | WESTLAW | Detail
Source: Westlaw
W.D. Mo.
10/29/1990
Order (1990 WL 362044)
SD-MO-0004-0089.pdf | WESTLAW | Detail
Source: Westlaw
not recorded
02/07/1991
Special Review of Desegregation Payments to Kansas City, Missouri School District
SD-MO-0004-0005.pdf | Detail
Source: Papers of Joshua Dunn
U.S. Court of Appeals
04/22/1991
Opinion (931 F.2d 470)
SD-MO-0004-0090.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Source: Westlaw
U.S. Court of Appeals
04/29/1991
Opinion (931 F.2d 1273)
SD-MO-0004-0091.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Source: Westlaw
W.D. Mo.
05/28/1991
Order (1991 WL 346392)
SD-MO-0004-0092.pdf | WESTLAW | Detail
Source: Westlaw
W.D. Mo.
06/30/1991
Report of the Desegregation Monitoring Committee for the Period July 1, 1990 - June 30, 1991
SD-MO-0004-0024.pdf | Detail
Source: Papers of Joshua Dunn
W.D. Mo.
07/05/1991
Order (1991 WL 538841)
SD-MO-0004-0093.pdf | WESTLAW | Detail
Source: Westlaw
U.S. Court of Appeals
08/14/1991
Opinion (942 F.2d 487)
SD-MO-0004-0094.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Source: Westlaw
U.S. Court of Appeals
08/30/1991
Opinion (943 F.2d 840)
SD-MO-0004-0095.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Source: Westlaw
W.D. Mo.
01/07/1992
Order
SD-MO-0004-0026.pdf | Detail
Source: Papers of Joshua Dunn
not recorded
06/01/1992
Proposal for an AFRICAN CENTERED Theme School
SD-MO-0004-0040.pdf | Detail
Source: Papers of Joshua Dunn
U.S. Court of Appeals
06/02/1992
Opinion (965 F.2d 654)
SD-MO-0004-0097.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Source: Westlaw
W.D. Mo.
06/17/1992
Order (1992 WL 551569)
SD-MO-0004-0098.pdf | WESTLAW | Detail
Source: Westlaw
W.D. Mo.
06/25/1992
Order (1992 WL 551568)
SD-MO-0004-0099.pdf | WESTLAW | Detail
Source: Westlaw
not recorded
06/29/1992
Coalition for Educational and Economic Justice - Don't Be Misled by the School District's Lies and Sophistry
SD-MO-0004-0046.pdf | Detail
Source: Papers of Joshua Dunn
W.D. Mo.
06/30/1992
Report of the Desegregation Monitoring Committee for the period July 1, 1991 - June 30, 1992
SD-MO-0004-0037.pdf | Detail
Source: Papers of Joshua Dunn
U.S. Court of Appeals
06/30/1992
Opinion (967 F.2d 1245)
SD-MO-0004-0100.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Source: Westlaw
not recorded
07/10/1992
Coalition for Educational and Economic Justice KCMSD Proposed Resolution Insultingly Non-Responsive
SD-MO-0004-0045.pdf | Detail
Source: Papers of Joshua Dunn
not recorded
07/13/1992
Presentation to School Board by Clinton Adams, Jr
SD-MO-0004-0056.pdf | Detail
Source: Papers of Joshua Dunn
not recorded
07/13/1992
This chart clearly establishes that Dr. Walter Marks is unfair and discriminatory toward his African-American Director level employees
SD-MO-0004-0063.pdf | Detail
Source: Papers of Joshua Dunn
not recorded
08/21/1992
Coalition for Educational and Economic Justice
SD-MO-0004-0058.pdf | Detail
Source: Papers of Joshua Dunn
not recorded
08/25/1992
Coalition for Educational and Economic Justice -Superintendent Apparently Lied About Budget Crunch
SD-MO-0004-0061.pdf | Detail
Source: Papers of Joshua Dunn
not recorded
09/04/1992
Coalition for Educational and Economic Justice - Dr. Walter Marks Calls Jim Crow Practices Progress
SD-MO-0004-0066.pdf | Detail
Source: Papers of Joshua Dunn
not recorded
09/15/1992
Coalition for Educational and Economic Justice - Minutes from September 15, 1992
SD-MO-0004-0065.pdf | Detail
Source: Papers of Joshua Dunn
U.S. Supreme Court
10/01/1992
Petition for Writ of Certiorari to the United States Court of Appeals for the Eighth Circuit
SD-MO-0004-0047.pdf | Detail
Source: Papers of Joshua Dunn
U.S. Supreme Court
10/01/1992
Joint Brief in Opposition of Respondents Kansas City
SD-MO-0004-0048.pdf | Detail
Source: Papers of Joshua Dunn
U.S. Supreme Court
10/01/1992
Brief of Respondents State of Missouri in Opposition to Petition for Writ of Certiorari
SD-MO-0004-0049.pdf | Detail
Source: Papers of Joshua Dunn
not recorded
10/17/1992
Coalition for Educational and Economic Justice - School District Facing Multi-Million Dollar Deficit
SD-MO-0004-0042.pdf | Detail
Source: Papers of Joshua Dunn
not recorded
10/17/1992
Coalition for Educational and Economic Justice
SD-MO-0004-0044.pdf | Detail
Source: Papers of Joshua Dunn
not recorded
10/17/1992
Extra Extra Extra Extra
SD-MO-0004-0060.pdf | Detail
Source: Papers of Joshua Dunn
U.S. Court of Appeals
12/31/1992
Opinion (981 F.2d 1009)
SD-MO-0004-0096.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Source: Westlaw
W.D. Mo.
03/13/1993
State of Missouri Post-Hearing Memorandum in Opposition to Joint Motion of KCMSD and Plaintiffs for Approval of Long-Range Magnet Renewal Plan
SD-MO-0004-0004.pdf | Detail
Source: Papers of Joshua Dunn
W.D. Mo.
04/16/1993
Order
SD-MO-0004-0027.pdf | Detail
Source: Papers of Joshua Dunn
W.D. Mo.
06/30/1993
Report of the Desegregation Monitoring Committee for the period July 1, 1992 - June 30, 1993
SD-MO-0004-0036.pdf | Detail
Source: Papers of Joshua Dunn
W.D. Mo.
06/30/1993
Order (1993 WL 546576)
SD-MO-0004-0101.pdf | WESTLAW | Detail
Source: Westlaw
W.D. Mo.
06/30/1993
Order (1993 WL 566488)
SD-MO-0004-0102.pdf | WESTLAW | Detail
Source: Westlaw
U.S. Court of Appeals
12/08/1993
Opinion (13 F.3d 1170)
SD-MO-0004-0104.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Source: Westlaw
U.S. Court of Appeals
03/15/1994
Opinion (11 F.3d 755)
SD-MO-0004-0103.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Source: Westlaw
U.S. Court of Appeals
05/03/1994
Opinion (23 F.3d 1297)
SD-MO-0004-0105.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Source: Westlaw
U.S. Court of Appeals
10/13/1994
Opinion (38 F.3d 960)
SD-MO-0004-0106.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Source: Westlaw
W.D. Mo.
12/01/1994
Suggestions in Support of Motion to Intervene
SD-MO-0004-0023.pdf | Detail
Source: Papers of Joshua Dunn
W.D. Mo.
12/18/1994
Complaint in Intervention
SD-MO-0004-0033.pdf | Detail
Source: Papers of Joshua Dunn
W.D. Mo.
01/18/1995
Prosepctive Plaintiff-Intervenors' Consolidated Reply to the Parties' Suggestions in Opposition to Motion to Intervene (1)
SD-MO-0004-0025.pdf | Detail
Source: Papers of Joshua Dunn
U.S. Supreme Court
06/12/1995
Opinion (115 S.Ct. 2038)
SD-MO-0004-0107.pdf | WESTLAW | Detail
Source: Westlaw
not recorded
12/06/1995
Statement of Educational Directives
SD-MO-0004-0003.pdf | Detail
Source: Papers of Joshua Dunn
not recorded
01/01/1996
Kansas City School District Awareness and Attitudes Survey (1)
SD-MO-0004-0021.pdf | Detail
Source: Papers of Joshua Dunn
not recorded
01/03/1996
Letter to Dr. Ramsey from Edward Newsome
SD-MO-0004-0017.pdf | Detail
Source: Papers of Joshua Dunn
U.S. Court of Appeals
03/04/1996
Opinion (73 F.3d 201)
SD-MO-0004-0108.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Source: Westlaw
U.S. Court of Appeals
04/24/1996
Opinion (78 F.3d 1270)
SD-MO-0004-0109.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Source: Westlaw
not recorded
05/21/1996
Agreement
SD-MO-0004-0051.pdf | Detail
Source: Papers of Joshua Dunn
not recorded
08/08/1996
Board Adops Principles Signaling New Direction
SD-MO-0004-0050.pdf | Detail
Source: Papers of Joshua Dunn
W.D. Mo.
03/25/1997
Opinion and Order (959 F.Supp. 1151)
SD-MO-0004-0111.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Source: Westlaw
W.D. Mo.
05/22/1997
Order (965 F.Supp. 1295)
SD-MO-0004-0112.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Source: Westlaw
not recorded
07/09/1997
Letter to Judge Whipple July 9, 1997
SD-MO-0004-0016.pdf | Detail
Source: Papers of Joshua Dunn
U.S. Court of Appeals
08/12/1997
Opinion (122 F.3d 588)
SD-MO-0004-0113.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Source: Westlaw
U.S. Court of Appeals
08/14/1997
Opinion (1997 WL 464173)
SD-MO-0004-0114.pdf | WESTLAW | Detail
Source: Westlaw
U.S. Court of Appeals
09/10/1997
Opinion (124 F.3d 1310)
SD-MO-0004-0115.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Source: Westlaw
U.S. Court of Appeals
10/10/1997
Amended Order (133 F.3d 559)
SD-MO-0004-0116.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Source: Westlaw
U.S. Court of Appeals
10/14/1997
Order (127 F.3d 709)
SD-MO-0004-0117.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Source: Westlaw
U.S. Court of Appeals
12/01/1997
Opinion (103 F.3d 731)
SD-MO-0004-0110.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Source: Westlaw
U.S. Court of Appeals
12/01/1997
Opinion (131 F.3d 716)
SD-MO-0004-0118.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Source: Westlaw
U.S. Court of Appeals
12/01/1997
Opinion (133 F.3d 560)
SD-MO-0004-0119.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Source: Westlaw
U.S. Court of Appeals
10/19/1998
Opinion (158 F.3d 980)
SD-MO-0004-0120.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Source: Westlaw
U.S. Court of Appeals
10/19/1998
Opinion (158 F.3d 984)
SD-MO-0004-0121.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Source: Westlaw
U.S. Court of Appeals
03/15/1999
Opinion (170 F.3d 846)
SD-MO-0004-0122.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Source: Westlaw
W.D. Mo.
11/17/1999
Order (73 F.Supp.2d 1058)
SD-MO-0004-0123.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Source: Westlaw
U.S. Court of Appeals
02/29/2000
Opinion (205 F.3d 361)
SD-MO-0004-0124.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Source: Westlaw
U.S. Court of Appeals
06/15/2000
Opinion (216 F.3d 720)
SD-MO-0004-0125.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Source: Westlaw
W.D. Mo.
11/21/2006
Amended Order (2006 WL 3386563)
SD-MO-0004-0126.pdf | WESTLAW | Detail
Source: Westlaw
U.S. Court of Appeals
04/21/2008
Opinion (516 F.3d 1074)
SD-MO-0004-0127.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Source: Westlaw
U.S. Court of Appeals
05/05/2008
Order (525 F.3d 682)
SD-MO-0004-0128.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Source: Westlaw
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SD-MO-0004-0127
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SD-MO-0004-0086
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Kelly, Margaret (Missouri) show/hide docs
SD-MO-0004-0005
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SD-MO-0004-9000
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SD-MO-0004-0010
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Benson, Arthur A. (Missouri) show/hide docs
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SD-MO-0004-0028
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SD-MO-0004-9000
Farr, H. Bartow III (District of Columbia) show/hide docs
SD-MO-0004-0028
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SD-MO-0004-0028
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SD-MO-0004-9000
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SD-MO-0004-0038
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SD-MO-0004-0019
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SD-MO-0004-9000
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SD-MO-0004-9000
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SD-MO-0004-9000
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SD-MO-0004-0029
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SD-MO-0004-9000
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SD-MO-0004-0029
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SD-MO-0004-0049
Fields, Taylor (Missouri) show/hide docs
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SD-MO-0004-0029
Hanson, Hayley Elizabeth (Missouri) show/hide docs
SD-MO-0004-9000
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SD-MO-0004-0029
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SD-MO-0004-0051
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SD-MO-0004-0051
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SD-MO-0004-9000
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