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Case Name Swann v. Charlotte-Mecklenburg County Board of Education SD-NC-0001
Docket / Court 3:65-cv-01974 ( W.D.N.C. )
State/Territory North Carolina
Case Type(s) Education
School Desegregation
Attorney Organization NAACP Legal Defense Fund
Case Summary
Case summary not yet recorded

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Issues and Causes of Action
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Issues
Constitutional Clause
Equal Protection
Content of Injunction
Discrimination Prohibition
Goals (e.g., for hiring, admissions)
Monitor/Master
Monitoring
Other requirements regarding hiring, promotion, retention
Reporting
Defendant-type
Elementary/Secondary School
Discrimination-basis
Race discrimination
General
Racial segregation
School/University Facilities
School/University policies
Staff (number, training, qualifications, wages)
Transportation
Wait lists
Plaintiff Type
Private Plaintiff
Race
Black
Type of Facility
Government-run
Causes of Action 42 U.S.C. ยง 1983
Defendant(s) Charlotte-Mecklenburg County Board of Education
Plaintiff Description Parents on behalf of their minor schoolchildren
Indexed Lawyer Organizations NAACP Legal Defense Fund
Class action status sought Yes
Class action status outcome Granted
Filed Pro Se No
Prevailing Party Plaintiff
Public Int. Lawyer Yes
Nature of Relief Injunction / Injunctive-like Settlement
Source of Relief Litigation
Settlement
Order Duration 1970 - 1999
Filed 1965
Case Closing Year 1999
Case Ongoing No
Case Listing SD-NC-0016 : Scott v. Winston-Salem/Forsyth Cty. Bd. of Educ. (M.D. N.C.)
SD-MI-0001 : Milliken v. Bradley (E.D. Mich.)
Additional Resources
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  Swann's Way: The School Busing Case and the Supreme Court
Date: Apr. 17, 1986
By: Bernard Schwartz (NYU Law School Faculty)
Citation: (1986)
[ Detail ] [ External Link ]

Court Docket(s)
W.D.N.C.
04/22/2002
3:65-cv-01974
SD-NC-0001-9000.pdf | Detail
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
General Documents
U.S. Court of Appeals
Memorandum for the United States as Amicus Curiae
SD-NC-0001-0065.pdf | Detail
W.D.N.C.
07/14/1965
Opinion (243 F.Supp. 667)
SD-NC-0001-0013.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Source: Westlaw
U.S. Court of Appeals
10/24/1966
Opinion (369 F.2d 29)
SD-NC-0001-0058.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Source: Westlaw
W.D.N.C.
04/23/1969
Opinion and Order Regarding Desegregation of Schools of Charlotte and Mecklenburg Country, North Carolina (300 F.Supp. 1358)
SD-NC-0001-0052.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Source: Westlaw
W.D.N.C.
06/03/1969
Order
SD-NC-0001-0014.pdf | Detail
Source: Univ. of Michigan Law Library
W.D.N.C.
06/20/1969
Opinion and Order
SD-NC-0001-0015.pdf | Detail
W.D.N.C.
08/15/1969
Order
SD-NC-0001-0017.pdf | Detail
W.D.N.C.
08/29/1969
Order
SD-NC-0001-0019.pdf | Detail
W.D.N.C.
10/10/1969
Order
SD-NC-0001-0016.pdf | Detail
W.D.N.C.
11/07/1969
Order
SD-NC-0001-0018.pdf | Detail
W.D.N.C.
12/01/1969
Opinion and Order
SD-NC-0001-0020.pdf | Detail
W.D.N.C.
02/05/1970
Opinion and Order (311 F.Supp. 265)
SD-NC-0001-0053.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Source: Westlaw
W.D.N.C.
03/03/1970
Order
SD-NC-0001-0021.pdf | Detail
U.S. Court of Appeals
03/05/1970
Court of Appeals Order Granting Stay Order
SD-NC-0001-0022.pdf | Detail
U.S. Supreme Court
03/16/1970
Opinion (397 U.S. 978)
SD-NC-0001-0037.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Source: Westlaw
W.D.N.C.
03/21/1970
Supplementary Findings of Fact
SD-NC-0001-0023.pdf | Detail
W.D.N.C.
03/21/1970
Supplemental Memorandum
SD-NC-0001-0024.pdf | Detail
W.D.N.C.
03/25/1970
Order
SD-NC-0001-0025.pdf | Detail
W.D.N.C.
04/03/1970
Further Findings of Fact on Matters Raised by the Motions of Defendants
SD-NC-0001-0026.pdf | Detail
U.S. Court of Appeals
04/07/1970
135 Order of Disqualification and Memorandum of Decision (431 F.2d 135)
SD-NC-0001-0059.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Source: Westlaw
W.D.N.C.
04/29/1970
Order of Three-Judges District Court
SD-NC-0001-0011.pdf | Detail
U.S. Court of Appeals
05/26/1970
Opinions of Court of Appeals (431 F.2d 138)
SD-NC-0001-0027.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
U.S. Supreme Court
06/18/1970
Petition for Writ of Certiorari and Motion to Advance and for Pendente Lite Relief
SD-NC-0001-0001.pdf | Detail
U.S. Supreme Court
06/18/1970
Appendix to Petition for Certiorari: Opinions Below (402 U.S. 1)
SD-NC-0001-0002.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Source: Univ. of Michigan Law Library
W.D.N.C.
08/03/1970
Memorandum of Decision and Order (318 F.Supp. 786)
SD-NC-0001-0054.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Source: Westlaw
U.S. Supreme Court
10/01/1970
Brief for the United States as Amicus Curiae
SD-NC-0001-0066.pdf | Detail
Source: Papers of Alexander (Sandy) Ross
U.S. Supreme Court
10/08/1970
Opinion (400 U.S. 805)
SD-NC-0001-0038.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Source: Westlaw
U.S. Supreme Court
10/13/1970
Opinion (402 U.S. 43)
SD-NC-0001-0061.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Source: Westlaw
U.S. Supreme Court
04/20/1971
Opinion (402 U.S. 47)
SD-NC-0001-0062.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Source: Westlaw
W.D.N.C.
06/29/1971
Opinion and Order (328 F.Supp. 1346)
SD-NC-0001-0055.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Source: Westlaw
W.D.N.C.
10/21/1971
Memorandum of Decision and Order (334 F.Supp. 623)
SD-NC-0001-0056.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Source: Westlaw
U.S. Court of Appeals
02/17/1972
Memorandum Decisions (453 F.2d 1377)
SD-NC-0001-0029.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Source: Westlaw
W.D.N.C.
08/16/1973
Memorandum of Decision and Order (362 F.Supp. 1223)
SD-NC-0001-0057.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Source: Westlaw
U.S. Court of Appeals
01/15/1974
Opinion (489 F.2d 966)
SD-NC-0001-0030.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Source: Westlaw
U.S. Court of Appeals
07/23/1974
Opinion (501 F.2d 383)
SD-NC-0001-0036.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Source: Westlaw
W.D.N.C.
07/30/1974
Order (379 F.Supp. 1102)
SD-NC-0001-0035.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Source: Westlaw
W.D.N.C.
07/11/1975
Opinion (67 F.R.D. 648)
SD-NC-0001-0033.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Source: Westlaw
U.S. Court of Appeals
03/18/1976
Opinion (535 F.2d 1249)
SD-NC-0001-0063.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Source: Westlaw
U.S. Supreme Court
10/04/1976
Opinion (429 U.S. 831)
SD-NC-0001-0064.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Source: Westlaw
W.D.N.C.
08/10/1979
Opinion (475 F.Supp. 1318)
SD-NC-0001-0028.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Source: Westlaw
U.S. Court of Appeals
07/23/1980
Opinion (626 F.2d 1165)
SD-NC-0001-0032.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Source: Westlaw
W.D.N.C.
03/06/1998
Opinion and Order Regarding Desegregation of Schools of Charlotte and Mecklenburg County, North Carolina [ECF# 374] (179 F.R.D. 177)
SD-NC-0001-0003.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Source: State Court Website
W.D.N.C.
05/04/1998
Opinion [ECF# 401] (179 F.R.D. 502)
SD-NC-0001-0005.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Source: Westlaw
W.D.N.C.
09/16/1998
Memorandum and Order [ECF# 428] (182 F.R.D. 486)
SD-NC-0001-0006.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Source: Westlaw
W.D.N.C.
11/23/1998
Opinion/ Order (186 F.R.D. 335)
SD-NC-0001-0007.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Source: Westlaw
W.D.N.C.
02/22/1999
Opinion and Order (186 F.R.D. 338)
SD-NC-0001-0008.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Source: Westlaw
W.D.N.C.
04/12/1999
Defendants' Trial Brief [ECF# 490]
SD-NC-0001-0040.pdf | Detail
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
W.D.N.C.
04/12/1999
Swann Plaintiffs' Trial Brief [ECF# 497]
SD-NC-0001-0041.pdf | Detail
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
W.D.N.C.
04/12/1999
Plaintiff-Intervenors and Plaintiff Capacchione's Joint Trial Memorandum [ECF# 499]
SD-NC-0001-0039.pdf | Detail
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
W.D.N.C.
04/19/1999
Swann Plaintiffs Supplemental Brief on Damages [ECF# 511]
SD-NC-0001-0042.pdf | Detail
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
W.D.N.C.
04/23/1999
Order [ECF# 517]
SD-NC-0001-0043.pdf | Detail
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
W.D.N.C.
05/28/1999
Order [ECF# 534]
SD-NC-0001-0044.pdf | Detail
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
W.D.N.C.
09/09/1999
Judgment [ECF# 554] (57 F.Supp.2d 228)
SD-NC-0001-0045.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
W.D.N.C.
09/10/1999
Order [ECF# 555]
SD-NC-0001-0046.pdf | Detail
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
W.D.N.C.
11/15/1999
Opinion and Order [ECF# 586] (190 F.R.D. 170)
SD-NC-0001-0009.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Source: Westlaw
W.D.N.C.
12/16/1999
Order Amending Opinion [ECF# 588] (80 F.Supp.2d 557)
SD-NC-0001-0034.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Source: Westlaw
W.D.N.C.
03/06/2000
Judgment [ECF# 600]
SD-NC-0001-0047.pdf | Detail
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
U.S. Court of Appeals
05/08/2000
Opinion and Order (211 F.3d 853)
SD-NC-0001-0010.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
U.S. Court of Appeals
01/17/2001
Opinion (233 F.3d 232)
SD-NC-0001-0012.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Source: Westlaw
U.S. Court of Appeals
09/21/2001
Order [Ct. of App. ECF# 606]
SD-NC-0001-0048.pdf | Detail
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
U.S. Court of Appeals
09/21/2001
Appeal for the United States District Court for the Western District of North Carolina at Charlotte [Ct. of App. ECF# 606] (269 F.3d 305)
SD-NC-0001-0049.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
U.S. Court of Appeals
12/14/2001
Order (274 F.3d 814)
SD-NC-0001-0051.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Source: Westlaw
U.S. Court of Appeals
04/22/2002
[Order notifying court of denial of cert] [Ct. of App. ECF# 610]
SD-NC-0001-0050.pdf | Detail
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
show all people docs
Judges Bryan, Albert Vickers Jr. (E.D. Va.) show/hide docs
SD-NC-0001-0029
Burger, Warren Earl (D.C. Circuit, SCOTUS) show/hide docs
SD-NC-0001-0061
Butzner, John Decker Jr. (E.D. Va., Fourth Circuit) show/hide docs
SD-NC-0001-0011 | SD-NC-0001-0027 | SD-NC-0001-0029 | SD-NC-0001-0030 | SD-NC-0001-0032 | SD-NC-0001-0036
Craven, James Braxton Jr. (W.D.N.C., Fourth Circuit) show/hide docs
SD-NC-0001-0011 | SD-NC-0001-0013 | SD-NC-0001-0059
Field, John A. Jr. (FISCR, S.D. W. Va., Fourth Circuit) show/hide docs
SD-NC-0001-0029 | SD-NC-0001-0030 | SD-NC-0001-0036
Haynsworth, Clement Furman Jr. (Fourth Circuit) show/hide docs
SD-NC-0001-0022 | SD-NC-0001-0029 | SD-NC-0001-0030 | SD-NC-0001-0032 | SD-NC-0001-0036 | SD-NC-0001-0058
King, Robert Bruce (Fourth Circuit) show/hide docs
SD-NC-0001-0010 | SD-NC-0001-0012 | SD-NC-0001-0048
Luttig, J. Michael (Fourth Circuit) show/hide docs
SD-NC-0001-0010
McMillan, James Bryan (W.D.N.C.) show/hide docs
SD-NC-0001-0003 | SD-NC-0001-0011 | SD-NC-0001-0014 | SD-NC-0001-0015 | SD-NC-0001-0016 | SD-NC-0001-0017 | SD-NC-0001-0018 | SD-NC-0001-0019 | SD-NC-0001-0020 | SD-NC-0001-0021 | SD-NC-0001-0023 | SD-NC-0001-0024 | SD-NC-0001-0025 | SD-NC-0001-0026 | SD-NC-0001-0028 | SD-NC-0001-0033 | SD-NC-0001-0035 | SD-NC-0001-0052 | SD-NC-0001-0053 | SD-NC-0001-0054 | SD-NC-0001-0055 | SD-NC-0001-0056 | SD-NC-0001-0057
Michael, M. Blane (Fourth Circuit) show/hide docs
SD-NC-0001-0010
Motz, Diana Jane Gribbon (Fourth Circuit) show/hide docs
SD-NC-0001-0010 | SD-NC-0001-0012 | SD-NC-0001-0048
Murnaghan, Francis Dominic Jr. (Fourth Circuit) show/hide docs
SD-NC-0001-0010
Niemeyer, Paul Victor (D. Md., Fourth Circuit) show/hide docs
SD-NC-0001-0010
Phillips, James Dickson Jr. (Fourth Circuit) show/hide docs
SD-NC-0001-0032
Potter, Robert Daniel (W.D.N.C.) show/hide docs
SD-NC-0001-0005 | SD-NC-0001-0006 | SD-NC-0001-0007 | SD-NC-0001-0008 | SD-NC-0001-0009 | SD-NC-0001-0034 | SD-NC-0001-0043 | SD-NC-0001-0044 | SD-NC-0001-0045 | SD-NC-0001-0046 | SD-NC-0001-0047 | SD-NC-0001-9000
Russell, Donald Stuart (D.S.C., Fourth Circuit) show/hide docs
SD-NC-0001-0029 | SD-NC-0001-0030 | SD-NC-0001-0036
Traxler, William Byrd Jr. (D.S.C., Fourth Circuit) show/hide docs
SD-NC-0001-0010 | SD-NC-0001-0048
Widener, Hiram Emory Jr. (W.D. Va., Fourth Circuit) show/hide docs
SD-NC-0001-0010 | SD-NC-0001-0030 | SD-NC-0001-0036
Wilkins, William Walter (D.S.C., Fourth Circuit) show/hide docs
SD-NC-0001-0010
Wilkinson, James Harvie III (Fourth Circuit) show/hide docs
SD-NC-0001-0010 | SD-NC-0001-0051
Williams, Karen J. (Fourth Circuit) show/hide docs
SD-NC-0001-0010
Winter, Harrison Lee (D. Md., Fourth Circuit) show/hide docs
SD-NC-0001-0029 | SD-NC-0001-0030 | SD-NC-0001-0036
Plaintiff's Lawyers Adams, K. Lee (Georgia) show/hide docs
SD-NC-0001-0039 | SD-NC-0001-0041 | SD-NC-0001-9000
Ashcraft, Thomas J. (North Carolina) show/hide docs
SD-NC-0001-0039 | SD-NC-0001-0041 | SD-NC-0001-9000
Browne, Gloria J. (New York) show/hide docs
SD-NC-0001-0042 | SD-NC-0001-9000
Chachkin, Norman J. (New York) show/hide docs
SD-NC-0001-0001 | SD-NC-0001-0002 | SD-NC-0001-0042 | SD-NC-0001-9000
Chambers, Julius LeVonne (New York) show/hide docs
SD-NC-0001-0001 | SD-NC-0001-0002
Earls, Anita S. (North Carolina) show/hide docs
SD-NC-0001-9000
Ferguson, James E. (North Carolina) show/hide docs
SD-NC-0001-0042 | SD-NC-0001-9000
Greenberg, Jack (New York) show/hide docs
SD-NC-0001-0001 | SD-NC-0001-0002 | SD-NC-0001-0037
Helfand, William Scott (Texas) show/hide docs
SD-NC-0001-0039 | SD-NC-0001-0041
Jones, Elaine R. (New York) show/hide docs
SD-NC-0001-0042 | SD-NC-0001-9000
Largess, S. Luke (North Carolina) show/hide docs
SD-NC-0001-0042 | SD-NC-0001-9000
Meyers, Lee (North Carolina) show/hide docs
SD-NC-0001-9000
Nabrit, James M. III (New York) show/hide docs
SD-NC-0001-0001 | SD-NC-0001-0002 | SD-NC-0001-0037
Parks, Allan Leroy Jr. (Georgia) show/hide docs
SD-NC-0001-0039 | SD-NC-0001-9000
Parsons, Kevin V (North Carolina) show/hide docs
SD-NC-0001-0039 | SD-NC-0001-0041 | SD-NC-0001-9000
Pearson, C. O. (North Carolina) show/hide docs
SD-NC-0001-0001 | SD-NC-0001-0002 | SD-NC-0001-0037
Pollard, John O. (North Carolina) show/hide docs
SD-NC-0001-0039 | SD-NC-0001-0041 | SD-NC-0001-9000
Stein, Adam (North Carolina) show/hide docs
SD-NC-0001-0001 | SD-NC-0001-0002 | SD-NC-0001-0042 | SD-NC-0001-9000
Defendant's Lawyers Audette, Rose Marie L. (District of Columbia) show/hide docs
SD-NC-0001-9000 | SD-NC-0001-9000
Borkowski, John W. (District of Columbia) show/hide docs
SD-NC-0001-0040 | SD-NC-0001-0041 | SD-NC-0001-9000
Brenner, Irving M. (District of Columbia) show/hide docs
SD-NC-0001-0040 | SD-NC-0001-0041 | SD-NC-0001-9000
Lanigan, Kevin J. (District of Columbia) show/hide docs
SD-NC-0001-0041 | SD-NC-0001-9000
Middlebrooks, James G. (North Carolina) show/hide docs
SD-NC-0001-0040 | SD-NC-0001-0041 | SD-NC-0001-9000
Newmann, David B. (District of Columbia) show/hide docs
SD-NC-0001-0041 | SD-NC-0001-9000
Sneed, Maree F. (District of Columbia) show/hide docs
SD-NC-0001-0040 | SD-NC-0001-0041 | SD-NC-0001-9000
Snyder, Allen R. (District of Columbia) show/hide docs
SD-NC-0001-0040 | SD-NC-0001-0041 | SD-NC-0001-9000
Winner, Leslie J. (North Carolina) show/hide docs
SD-NC-0001-0040 | SD-NC-0001-0041 | SD-NC-0001-9000
Other Lawyers Gregory, David D. (District of Columbia) show/hide docs
SD-NC-0001-0065
Griswold, Erwin N. (District of Columbia) show/hide docs
SD-NC-0001-0066
Landsberg, Brian K. (District of Columbia) show/hide docs
SD-NC-0001-0065
Leonard, Jerris (District of Columbia) show/hide docs
SD-NC-0001-0065 | SD-NC-0001-0066
Norman, David L. (District of Columbia) show/hide docs
SD-NC-0001-0065

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