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Case Name Swann v. Charlotte-Mecklenburg County Board of Education SD-NC-0001
Docket / Court 3:65-cv-01974 ( W.D.N.C. )
State/Territory North Carolina
Case Type(s) Education
School Desegregation
Attorney Organization NAACP Legal Defense Fund
Case Summary
Case summary not yet recorded

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Issues and Causes of Action
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Issues
Constitutional Clause
Equal Protection
Content of Injunction
Discrimination Prohibition
Goals and Timekeeping
Monitor/Master
Monitoring
Other requirements regarding hiring, promotion, retention
Reporting
Defendant-type
Elementary/Secondary School
Discrimination-basis
Race discrimination
General
Racial segregation
School/University Facilities
School/University policies
Staff (number, training, qualifications, wages)
Transportation
Wait lists
Plaintiff Type
Private Plaintiff
Race
Black
Type of Facility
Government-run
Causes of Action 42 U.S.C. ยง 1983
Defendant(s) Charlotte-Mecklenburg County Board of Education
Plaintiff Description Parents on behalf of their minor schoolchildren
Indexed Lawyer Organizations NAACP Legal Defense Fund
Class action status sought Yes
Class action status granted Yes
Prevailing Party Plaintiff
Public Int. Lawyer Yes
Nature of Relief Injunction / Injunctive-like Settlement
Source of Relief Litigation
Settlement
Order Duration 1970 - 1999
Case Closing Year 1999
Case Ongoing No
Additional Resources
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Case Studies Swann's Way: The School Busing Case and the Supreme Court
Written: Apr. 17, 1986
By: Bernard Schwartz (NYU Law School)
Citation: (1986)
[ Detail ] [ External Link ]

Docket(s)
3:65-cv-01974 (W.D.N.C.)
SD-NC-0001-9000.pdf | Detail
Date: 04/22/2002
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
General Documents
Memorandum for the United States as Amicus Curiae
SD-NC-0001-0065.pdf | Detail
Date:
Opinion (243 F.Supp. 667) (W.D.N.C.)
SD-NC-0001-0013.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 07/14/1965
Source: Westlaw
Opinion (369 F.2d 29)
SD-NC-0001-0058.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 10/24/1966
Source: Westlaw
Opinion and Order Regarding Desegregation of Schools of Charlotte and Mecklenburg Country, North Carolina (300 F.Supp. 1358) (W.D.N.C.)
SD-NC-0001-0052.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 04/23/1969
Source: Westlaw
Order (W.D.N.C.)
SD-NC-0001-0014.pdf | Detail
Date: 06/03/1969
Source: Univ. of Michigan Law Library
Opinion and Order (W.D.N.C.)
SD-NC-0001-0015.pdf | Detail
Date: 06/20/1969
Order (W.D.N.C.)
SD-NC-0001-0017.pdf | Detail
Date: 08/15/1969
Order (W.D.N.C.)
SD-NC-0001-0019.pdf | Detail
Date: 08/29/1969
Order (W.D.N.C.)
SD-NC-0001-0016.pdf | Detail
Date: 10/10/1969
Order (W.D.N.C.)
SD-NC-0001-0018.pdf | Detail
Date: 11/07/1969
Opinion and Order (W.D.N.C.)
SD-NC-0001-0020.pdf | Detail
Date: 12/01/1969
Opinion and Order (311 F.Supp. 265) (W.D.N.C.)
SD-NC-0001-0053.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 02/05/1970
Source: Westlaw
Order (W.D.N.C.)
SD-NC-0001-0021.pdf | Detail
Date: 03/03/1970
Court of Appeals Order Granting Stay Order
SD-NC-0001-0022.pdf | Detail
Date: 03/05/1970
Opinion (397 U.S. 978)
SD-NC-0001-0037.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 03/16/1970
Source: Westlaw
Supplementary Findings of Fact (W.D.N.C.)
SD-NC-0001-0023.pdf | Detail
Date: 03/21/1970
Supplemental Memorandum (W.D.N.C.)
SD-NC-0001-0024.pdf | Detail
Date: 03/21/1970
Order (W.D.N.C.)
SD-NC-0001-0025.pdf | Detail
Date: 03/25/1970
Further Findings of Fact on Matters Raised by the Motions of Defendants (W.D.N.C.)
SD-NC-0001-0026.pdf | Detail
Date: 04/03/1970
135 Order of Disqualification and Memorandum of Decision (431 F.2d 135)
SD-NC-0001-0059.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 04/07/1970
Source: Westlaw
Order of Three-Judges District Court (W.D.N.C.)
SD-NC-0001-0011.pdf | Detail
Date: 04/29/1970
Opinions of Court of Appeals (431 F.2d 138)
SD-NC-0001-0027.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 05/26/1970
Petition for Writ of Certiorari and Motion to Advance and for Pendente Lite Relief
SD-NC-0001-0001.pdf | Detail
Date: 06/18/1970
Appendix to Petition for Certiorari: Opinions Below (402 U.S. 1)
SD-NC-0001-0002.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 06/18/1970
Source: Univ. of Michigan Law Library
Memorandum of Decision and Order (318 F.Supp. 786) (W.D.N.C.)
SD-NC-0001-0054.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 08/03/1970
Source: Westlaw
Brief for the United States as Amicus Curiae
SD-NC-0001-0066.pdf | Detail
Date: 10/01/1970
Source: Papers of Alexander (Sandy) Ross
Opinion (400 U.S. 805)
SD-NC-0001-0038.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 10/08/1970
Source: Westlaw
Opinion (402 U.S. 43)
SD-NC-0001-0061.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 10/13/1970
Source: Westlaw
Opinion (402 U.S. 47)
SD-NC-0001-0062.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 04/20/1971
Source: Westlaw
Opinion and Order (328 F.Supp. 1346) (W.D.N.C.)
SD-NC-0001-0055.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 06/29/1971
Source: Westlaw
Memorandum of Decision and Order (334 F.Supp. 623) (W.D.N.C.)
SD-NC-0001-0056.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 10/21/1971
Source: Westlaw
Memorandum Decisions (453 F.2d 1377)
SD-NC-0001-0029.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 02/17/1972
Source: Westlaw
Memorandum of Decision and Order (362 F.Supp. 1223) (W.D.N.C.)
SD-NC-0001-0057.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 08/16/1973
Source: Westlaw
Opinion (489 F.2d 966)
SD-NC-0001-0030.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 01/15/1974
Source: Westlaw
Opinion (501 F.2d 383)
SD-NC-0001-0036.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 07/23/1974
Source: Westlaw
Order (379 F.Supp. 1102) (W.D.N.C.)
SD-NC-0001-0035.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 07/30/1974
Source: Westlaw
Opinion (67 F.R.D. 648) (W.D.N.C.)
SD-NC-0001-0033.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 07/11/1975
Source: Westlaw
Opinion (535 F.2d 1249)
SD-NC-0001-0063.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 03/18/1976
Source: Westlaw
Opinion (429 U.S. 831)
SD-NC-0001-0064.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 10/04/1976
Source: Westlaw
Opinion (475 F.Supp. 1318) (W.D.N.C.)
SD-NC-0001-0028.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 08/10/1979
Source: Westlaw
Opinion (626 F.2d 1165)
SD-NC-0001-0032.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 07/23/1980
Source: Westlaw
Opinion and Order Regarding Desegregation of Schools of Charlotte and Mecklenburg County, North Carolina (179 F.R.D. 177) (W.D.N.C.)
SD-NC-0001-0003.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 03/06/1998
Source: State Court Website
Opinion (179 F.R.D. 502) (W.D.N.C.)
SD-NC-0001-0005.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 05/04/1998
Source: Westlaw
Memorandum and Order (182 F.R.D. 486) (W.D.N.C.)
SD-NC-0001-0006.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 09/16/1998
Source: Westlaw
Opinion/ Order (186 F.R.D. 335) (W.D.N.C.)
SD-NC-0001-0007.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 11/23/1998
Source: Westlaw
Opinion and Order (186 F.R.D. 338) (W.D.N.C.)
SD-NC-0001-0008.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 02/22/1999
Source: Westlaw
Defendants' Trial Brief [ECF# 490]
SD-NC-0001-0040.pdf | Detail
Date: 04/12/1999
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Swann Plaintiffs' Trial Brief [ECF# 497]
SD-NC-0001-0041.pdf | Detail
Date: 04/12/1999
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Plaintiff-Intervenors and Plaintiff Capacchione's Joint Trial Memorandum [ECF# 499]
SD-NC-0001-0039.pdf | Detail
Date: 04/12/1999
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Swann Plaintiffs Supplemental Brief on Damages [ECF# 511]
SD-NC-0001-0042.pdf | Detail
Date: 04/19/1999
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Order [ECF# 517] (W.D.N.C.)
SD-NC-0001-0043.pdf | Detail
Date: 04/23/1999
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Order [ECF# 534] (W.D.N.C.)
SD-NC-0001-0044.pdf | Detail
Date: 05/28/1999
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Judgment [ECF# 554] (57 F.Supp.2d 228) (W.D.N.C.)
SD-NC-0001-0045.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 09/09/1999
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Order [ECF# 555] (W.D.N.C.)
SD-NC-0001-0046.pdf | Detail
Date: 09/10/1999
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Opinion and Order (190 F.R.D. 170) (W.D.N.C.)
SD-NC-0001-0009.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 11/15/1999
Source: Westlaw
Order Amending Opinion (80 F.Supp.2d 557) (W.D.N.C.)
SD-NC-0001-0034.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 12/16/1999
Source: Westlaw
Judgment [ECF# 600] (W.D.N.C.)
SD-NC-0001-0047.pdf | Detail
Date: 03/06/2000
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Opinion and Order (211 F.3d 853)
SD-NC-0001-0010.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 05/08/2000
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Opinion (233 F.3d 232)
SD-NC-0001-0012.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 01/17/2001
Source: Westlaw
Order [Ct. of App. ECF# 606]
SD-NC-0001-0048.pdf | Detail
Date: 09/21/2001
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Appeal for the United States District Court for the Western District of North Carolina at Charlotte [Ct. of App. ECF# 606] (269 F.3d 305)
SD-NC-0001-0049.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 09/21/2001
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Order (274 F.3d 814)
SD-NC-0001-0051.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 12/14/2001
Source: Westlaw
[Order notifying court of denial of cert] [Ct. of App. ECF# 610]
SD-NC-0001-0050.pdf | Detail
Date: 04/22/2002
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Judges Bryan, Albert Vickers Jr. Court not on record
SD-NC-0001-0029
Burger, Warren Earl Court not on record
SD-NC-0001-0061
Butzner, John Decker Jr. Court not on record
SD-NC-0001-0011 | SD-NC-0001-0027 | SD-NC-0001-0029 | SD-NC-0001-0030 | SD-NC-0001-0032 | SD-NC-0001-0036
Craven, James Braxton Jr. Court not on record
SD-NC-0001-0011 | SD-NC-0001-0013 | SD-NC-0001-0059
Field, John A. Jr. (FISCR)
SD-NC-0001-0029 | SD-NC-0001-0030 | SD-NC-0001-0036
Haynsworth, Clement Furman Jr. Court not on record
SD-NC-0001-0022 | SD-NC-0001-0029 | SD-NC-0001-0030 | SD-NC-0001-0032 | SD-NC-0001-0036 | SD-NC-0001-0058
King, Robert Bruce Court not on record
SD-NC-0001-0010 | SD-NC-0001-0012 | SD-NC-0001-0048
Luttig, J. Michael Court not on record
SD-NC-0001-0010
McMillan, James Bryan Court not on record
SD-NC-0001-0003 | SD-NC-0001-0011 | SD-NC-0001-0014 | SD-NC-0001-0015 | SD-NC-0001-0016 | SD-NC-0001-0017 | SD-NC-0001-0018 | SD-NC-0001-0019 | SD-NC-0001-0020 | SD-NC-0001-0021 | SD-NC-0001-0023 | SD-NC-0001-0024 | SD-NC-0001-0025 | SD-NC-0001-0026 | SD-NC-0001-0028 | SD-NC-0001-0033 | SD-NC-0001-0035 | SD-NC-0001-0052 | SD-NC-0001-0053 | SD-NC-0001-0054 | SD-NC-0001-0055 | SD-NC-0001-0056 | SD-NC-0001-0057
Michael, M. Blane Court not on record
SD-NC-0001-0010
Motz, Diana Jane Gribbon Court not on record
SD-NC-0001-0010 | SD-NC-0001-0012 | SD-NC-0001-0048
Murnaghan, Francis Dominic Jr. Court not on record
SD-NC-0001-0010
Niemeyer, Paul Victor Court not on record
SD-NC-0001-0010
Phillips, James Dickson Jr. Court not on record
SD-NC-0001-0032
Potter, Robert Daniel Court not on record
SD-NC-0001-0005 | SD-NC-0001-0006 | SD-NC-0001-0007 | SD-NC-0001-0008 | SD-NC-0001-0009 | SD-NC-0001-0034 | SD-NC-0001-0043 | SD-NC-0001-0044 | SD-NC-0001-0045 | SD-NC-0001-0046 | SD-NC-0001-0047 | SD-NC-0001-9000
Russell, Donald Stuart Court not on record
SD-NC-0001-0029 | SD-NC-0001-0030 | SD-NC-0001-0036
Traxler, William Byrd Jr. Court not on record
SD-NC-0001-0010 | SD-NC-0001-0048
Widener, Hiram Emory Jr. Court not on record
SD-NC-0001-0010 | SD-NC-0001-0030 | SD-NC-0001-0036
Wilkins, William Walter Court not on record
SD-NC-0001-0010
Wilkinson, James Harvie III Court not on record
SD-NC-0001-0010 | SD-NC-0001-0051
Williams, Karen J. Court not on record
SD-NC-0001-0010
Winter, Harrison Lee Court not on record
SD-NC-0001-0029 | SD-NC-0001-0030 | SD-NC-0001-0036
Plaintiff's Lawyers Adams, K. Lee (Georgia)
SD-NC-0001-0039 | SD-NC-0001-0041 | SD-NC-0001-9000
Ashcraft, Thomas J. (North Carolina)
SD-NC-0001-0039 | SD-NC-0001-0041 | SD-NC-0001-9000
Audette, Rose Marie L. (District of Columbia)
SD-NC-0001-9000 | SD-NC-0001-9000
Browne, Gloria J. (New York)
SD-NC-0001-0042 | SD-NC-0001-9000
Chachkin, Norman J. (New York)
SD-NC-0001-0001 | SD-NC-0001-0002 | SD-NC-0001-0042 | SD-NC-0001-9000
Chambers, Julius LeVonne (New York)
SD-NC-0001-0001 | SD-NC-0001-0002
Earls, Anita S. (North Carolina)
SD-NC-0001-9000
Ferguson, James E. (North Carolina)
SD-NC-0001-0042 | SD-NC-0001-9000
Greenberg, Jack (New York)
SD-NC-0001-0001 | SD-NC-0001-0002 | SD-NC-0001-0037
Helfand, William Scott (Texas)
SD-NC-0001-0039 | SD-NC-0001-0041
Jones, Elaine R. (New York)
SD-NC-0001-0042 | SD-NC-0001-9000
Largess, S. Luke (North Carolina)
SD-NC-0001-0042 | SD-NC-0001-9000
Meyers, Lee (North Carolina)
SD-NC-0001-9000
Nabrit, James M. III (New York)
SD-NC-0001-0001 | SD-NC-0001-0002 | SD-NC-0001-0037
Parks, Allan Leroy Jr. (Georgia)
SD-NC-0001-0039 | SD-NC-0001-9000
Parsons, Kevin V (North Carolina)
SD-NC-0001-0039 | SD-NC-0001-0041 | SD-NC-0001-9000
Pearson, C. O. (North Carolina)
SD-NC-0001-0001 | SD-NC-0001-0002 | SD-NC-0001-0037
Pollard, John O. (North Carolina)
SD-NC-0001-0039 | SD-NC-0001-0041 | SD-NC-0001-9000
Stein, Adam (North Carolina)
SD-NC-0001-0001 | SD-NC-0001-0002 | SD-NC-0001-0042 | SD-NC-0001-9000
Defendant's Lawyers Borkowski, John W. (District of Columbia)
SD-NC-0001-0040 | SD-NC-0001-0041 | SD-NC-0001-9000
Brenner, Irving M. (District of Columbia)
SD-NC-0001-0040 | SD-NC-0001-0041 | SD-NC-0001-9000
Lanigan, Kevin J. (District of Columbia)
SD-NC-0001-0041 | SD-NC-0001-9000
Middlebrooks, James G. (North Carolina)
SD-NC-0001-0040 | SD-NC-0001-0041 | SD-NC-0001-9000
Newmann, David B. (District of Columbia)
SD-NC-0001-0041 | SD-NC-0001-9000
Sneed, Maree F. (District of Columbia)
SD-NC-0001-0040 | SD-NC-0001-0041 | SD-NC-0001-9000
Snyder, Allen R. (District of Columbia)
SD-NC-0001-0040 | SD-NC-0001-0041 | SD-NC-0001-9000
Winner, Leslie J. (North Carolina)
SD-NC-0001-0040 | SD-NC-0001-0041 | SD-NC-0001-9000
Other Lawyers Gregory, David D. (District of Columbia)
SD-NC-0001-0065
Griswold, Erwin N. (District of Columbia)
SD-NC-0001-0066
Landsberg, Brian K. (District of Columbia)
SD-NC-0001-0065
Leonard, Jerris (District of Columbia)
SD-NC-0001-0065 | SD-NC-0001-0066
Norman, David L. (District of Columbia)
SD-NC-0001-0065

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