University of Michigan Law School
Civil Rights Litigation Clearinghouse
new search
page permalink
Case Name Gautreaux v. Chicago Housing Authority PH-IL-0001
Docket / Court Civ. A. No. 66 C 1459 ( N.D. Ill. )
State/Territory Illinois
Case Type(s) Fair Housing/Lending/Insurance
Public Housing
Special Collection Court-ordered receiverships
Attorney Organization ACLU Chapters (any)
Case Summary
On August 9, 1966, a group of African American public housing residents brought suit against the Chicago Housing Authority ("CHA") in the U.S. District Court for the Northern District of Illinois. Plaintiffs, represented by the ACLU, alleged that CHA had segregated its public housing complexes ... read more >
On August 9, 1966, a group of African American public housing residents brought suit against the Chicago Housing Authority ("CHA") in the U.S. District Court for the Northern District of Illinois. Plaintiffs, represented by the ACLU, alleged that CHA had segregated its public housing complexes through discriminatory site selection procedures. They brought suit on behalf of all African American Chicago residents who were in or had applied to Chicago public housing, which included approximately 43,000 individuals. Plaintiffs filed suit under 42 U.S.C. § 1983, and Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, 42 U.S.C. § 2000d et seq. Specifically, plaintiffs alleged that CHA intentionally chose sites for family public housing and adopted tenant assignment procedures in a racially discriminatory manner, which maintained existing patterns of racial residential separation throughout Chicago. Plaintiffs claimed that this violated their right to equal protection and against discriminatory impact protected by Title VI. Additionally, plaintiffs alleged that CHA violated these rights by failing to remedy the current housing segregation. Plaintiffs' requested relief included: (1) declaratory judgment that CHA had selected development sites in violation of plaintiffs' constitutional and statutory rights, (2) a permanent injunction against the racially discriminatory aspects of the public housing system, and (3) an order directing defendants to submit and carry out a plan for selection of future sites to eliminate those discriminatory practices.

In a companion case, Gautreaux et al. v. Romney (66-1460), plaintiffs brought suit against the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development ("HUD"). In the HUD suit, plaintiffs alleged that by approving funds for the development plans of the CHA (which violated plaintiffs' constitutional and statutory rights), HUD was liable for such violations as well. Since HUD's liability depended on plaintiffs' claims against CHA, District Court Judge Richard B. Austin stayed the HUD case until the CHA claims were addressed.

On March 2, 1967, Judge Austin denied in part and granted in part CHA's motion to dismiss. 265 F. Supp. 582 (N.D. Ill. 1967). Judge Austin denied the motion to dismiss for plaintiffs' counts regarding the placement of housing development sites. However, he granted the motion to dismiss for the claims that CHA violated plaintiffs' rights by failing to remedy the current racial separation. After years of significant discovery efforts on both sides, both parties moved for summary judgment.

On February 20, 1969, Judge Austin granted plaintiffs' motion for summary judgment. 296 F. Supp. 907 (N.D. Ill. 1969). Judge Austin ruled that CHA's actions violated the Fourteenth Amendment and the Civil Rights Act with a policy of taking the racial character of the neighborhood into account when selecting sites for public housing development. While Judge Austin did not assert that CHA necessarily harbored a "subjectively racist attitude," he stated that CHA had intentionally maintained a system of public housing which discriminated against African Americans through racial segregation.

On July 1, 1969, Judge Austin entered a judgment order setting out the conditions of the injunction. 304 F. Supp. 736 (N.D. Ill. 1969). This order listed procedures CHA was to follow when selecting sites for new development, including using census data to ensure areas did not exceed certain minority density maximums. The order also required CHA to affirmatively desegregate current public housing and to report such efforts to the Department of Justice and the District Court, enjoined current development of housing projects in areas that had high minority density, and required that CHA alter its development procedures so that aldermen of white neighborhoods could not prevent development in their areas.

Months later, plaintiffs argued that CHA had failed to fulfill the court's reporting requirements to demonstrate best efforts of compliance. After a series of conferences with Judge Austin, the court entered an order on July 20, 1970, which required CHA to submit a proposal for certain HUD-approved developments with an altered timetable. CHA appealed this order. On December 16, 1970, the Court of Appeals for the 7th Circuit (Judge F. Ryan Duffy) affirmed Judge Austin's order. 436 F.2d 306 (7th Cir. 1970). The U.S. Supreme Court denied CHA's petition for a writ of certiorari on April 19, 1971. 402 U.S. 922 (1971).

After the adjudication of the CHA case, Judge Austin dismissed all claims against HUD on September 1, 1970. Plaintiffs appealed, asserting that their claims against HUD were valid, given their victory against CHA. On September 10, 1971, the Court of Appeals (Judge F. Ryan Duffy) reversed Judge Austin's dismissal, ruling that HUD's approval of the discriminatory housing developments similarly violated plaintiffs' constitutional and statutory rights. 448 F.2d 731 (7th Cir. 1971).

On September 11, 1973, Judge Austin ruled that the injunctive relief provided to plaintiffs was to be enforced only within the city limits. 363 F. Supp. 690 (N.D. Ill. 1973). Plaintiffs appealed to the Court of Appeals. On August 26, 1974, the Court of Appeals reversed, stating that the entire metropolitan area must be involved in the injunction. 503 F.2d 930 (7th Cir. 1974) (Justice Tom C. Clark, sitting by designation). CHA (with HUD joining) sought review in the U.S. Supreme Court, which granted certiorari. On April 20, 1976, the Court affirmed the Court of Appeals in an opinion by Justice Potter Stewart. 425 U.S. 284 (1976). The Court found that no rule prevented the court from ordering correction action beyond a municipal boundary when a constitutional violation had occurred. Plaintiffs and HUD immediately entered into a one-year "letter of intent," in which the parties agreed to investigate the possibilities of metropolitan-wide relief.

On September 30, 1982, District Court Judge John P. Crowley approved a consent decree between plaintiffs and HUD. 523 F. Supp. 665 (N.D. Ill. 1981). This consent decree provided metropolitan area-wide relief by placing 7,100 individuals in assisted units in new areas (mainly in white suburbs), setting aside authority for 500 Section 8 certificates, reallocating development block grants funds, and placing an outside contractor (chosen by HUD and approved by plaintiffs), and court supervision of further development efforts. A large group of objectors appealed. On September 30, 1982, the Court of Appeals (Judge Wilbur F. Pell, Jr.) affirmed the consent decree, stating that it was reasonable and did not violate fair housing laws.

The case is still ongoing today, as CHA and HUD continue efforts to desegregate and achieve the requirements of the consent decree and Judge Austin's order.

Dan Osher - 08/04/2013
Asma Husain - 01/31/2016


compress summary

- click to show/hide ALL -
Issues and Causes of Action
click to show/hide detail
Issues
Constitutional Clause
Equal Protection
Content of Injunction
Discrimination Prohibition
Goals and Timekeeping
Monitor/Master
Monitoring
Receivership
Recordkeeping
Reporting
Defendant-type
Housing Authority
Discrimination-basis
Race discrimination
General
Disparate Impact
Disparate Treatment
Housing
Racial segregation
Plaintiff Type
Private Plaintiff
Race
Black
Causes of Action 42 U.S.C. § 1983
Title VI, Civil Rights Act of 1964, 42 U.S.C. § 2000d et seq.
Defendant(s) Chicago Housing Authority
U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development
Plaintiff Description African Americans in Chicago who are in or have applied to Chicago public housing.
Indexed Lawyer Organizations ACLU Chapters (any)
Class action status sought Yes
Class action status granted Unknown
Prevailing Party Plaintiff
Public Int. Lawyer Yes
Nature of Relief Declaratory Judgment
Injunction / Injunctive-like Settlement
Source of Relief Litigation
Settlement
Form of Settlement Court Approved Settlement or Consent Decree
Order Duration 1969 - n/a
Case Ongoing Yes
Additional Resources
click to show/hide detail
  Waiting for Gautreaux: A Story of Segregation, Housing, and the Black Ghetto
Date: May 11, 2007
By: Alexander Polikoff
Citation: Northwestern University Press, 2006
[ Detail ]

  Urban Institute Baseline Assessment of Public Housing Desegregation Cases
By: George Galster et al. (Urban Institute, Housing and Urban Development (HUD))
Citation: (2000)
[ Detail ] [ PDF ] [ External Link ]

  Rewriting Beginnings: The Lessons of Gautreaux
By: Janet Koven Levit (Yale Law School)
Citation: 28 J. Marshall L. Rev. 57 (1994)
[ Detail ] [ External Link ]

  Gautreaux and Institutional Litigation
By: Alexander Polikoff
Citation: 64 Chi.-Kent L. Rev. 451 (1998)
[ Detail ]

Docket(s)
1:66-cv-1459 (N.D. Ill.)
PH-IL-0001-9001.pdf | Detail
Date: 12/03/2015
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
General Documents
Opinion (504 F.2d 930)
PH-IL-0001-0051.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 08/26/1964
Source: Westlaw
Opinion (265 F.Supp. 582) (N.D. Ill.)
PH-IL-0001-0045.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 03/02/1967
Source: Westlaw
Memorandum Opinion (296 F.Supp. 907) (N.D. Ill.)
PH-IL-0001-0046.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 02/10/1969
Source: Westlaw
Judgment Order (304 F.Supp. 736) (N.D. Ill.)
PH-IL-0001-0047.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 07/01/1969
Source: Westlaw
Opinion (436 F.2d 306)
PH-IL-0001-0048.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 12/16/1970
Source: Westlaw
Opinion (448 F.2d 731)
PH-IL-0001-0049.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 09/10/1971
Source: Westlaw
Memorandum Opinion and Judgment Order (363 F.Supp. 690) (N.D. Ill.)
PH-IL-0001-0050.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 09/11/1973
Source: Westlaw
Opinion (425 U.S. 284)
PH-IL-0001-0052.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 04/20/1976
Source: Westlaw
Corrected Memorandum Opinion and Order (498 F.Supp. 1072) (N.D. Ill.)
PH-IL-0001-0001.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 07/30/1980
Source: Westlaw
Memorandum Opinion and Order (523 F.Supp. 665) (N.D. Ill.)
PH-IL-0001-0002.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 06/16/1981
Source: Westlaw
Memorandum Opinion and Order (523 F.Supp. 684) (N.D. Ill.)
PH-IL-0001-0005.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 06/30/1981
Source: Westlaw
Memorandum Opinion and Order (535 F.Supp. 423) (N.D. Ill.)
PH-IL-0001-0003.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 01/25/1982
Source: Westlaw
Memorandum Opinion and Order (538 F.Supp. 1004) (N.D. Ill.)
PH-IL-0001-0008.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 05/11/1982
Source: Westlaw
Memorandum Opinion and Order (538 F.Supp. 1009) (N.D. Ill.)
PH-IL-0001-0009.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 05/11/1982
Source: Westlaw
Memorandum Opinion and Order (548 F.Supp. 1284) (N.D. Ill.)
PH-IL-0001-0010.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 08/25/1982
Source: Westlaw
Opinion (690 F.2d 601)
PH-IL-0001-0006.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 08/30/1982
Source: Westlaw
Memorandum Opinion and Order (548 F.Supp. 1294) (N.D. Ill.)
PH-IL-0001-0012.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 08/31/1982
Source: Westlaw
Memorandum Opinion and Order (548 F.Supp. 1298) (N.D. Ill.)
PH-IL-0001-0013.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 09/01/1982
Source: Westlaw
Opinion (690 F.2d 616)
PH-IL-0001-0004.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 09/30/1982
Source: Westlaw
Opinion (707 F.2d 265)
PH-IL-0001-0011.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 03/14/1983
Source: Westlaw
Opinion (539 U.S. 244)
PH-IL-0001-0007.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 05/31/1983
Source: Westlaw
Memorandum Order (101 F.R.D. 704) (N.D. Ill.)
PH-IL-0001-0014.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 03/14/1984
Source: Westlaw
Opinion (743 F.2d 526)
PH-IL-0001-0015.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 09/07/1984
Source: Westlaw
Memorandum Opinion and Order (610 F.Supp. 29) (N.D. Ill.)
PH-IL-0001-0016.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 02/26/1985
Source: Westlaw
Memorandum Order (1987 WL 13590) (N.D. Ill.)
PH-IL-0001-0017.pdf | WESTLAW | Detail
Date: 07/09/1987
Source: Westlaw
Memorandum Opinion and Order (132 F.R.D. 193) (N.D. Ill.)
PH-IL-0001-0018.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 08/15/1990
Source: Westlaw
Memorandum Opinion and Order (981 F.Supp. 1091) (N.D. Ill.)
PH-IL-0001-0019.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 08/26/1997
Source: Westlaw
Memorandum Opinion and Order (4 F.Supp.2d 757) (N.D. Ill.)
PH-IL-0001-0020.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 02/23/1998
Source: Westlaw
Opinion (178 F.3d 951)
PH-IL-0001-0021.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 06/22/1999
Source: Westlaw
Memorandum Opinion and Order (1999 WL 1023916) (N.D. Ill.)
PH-IL-0001-0022.pdf | WESTLAW | Detail
Date: 11/08/1999
Source: Westlaw
Memorandum Opinion and Order (2004 WL 1427107) (N.D. Ill.)
PH-IL-0001-0023.pdf | WESTLAW | Detail
Date: 06/23/2004
Source: Westlaw
Agreed Order [ECF# 73] (N.D. Ill.)
PH-IL-0001-0030.pdf | Detail
Date: 01/20/2005
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Memorandum Opinion and Order (2005 WL 1910849) (N.D. Ill.)
PH-IL-0001-0024.pdf | WESTLAW | Detail
Date: 08/09/2005
Source: Westlaw
Circuit Rule Notice [Ct. of App. ECF# 177]
PH-IL-0001-0032.pdf | Detail
Date: 10/12/2005
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Proposed Order [ECF# 204] (N.D. Ill.)
PH-IL-0001-0033.pdf | Detail
Date: 03/13/2006
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Stipulation of the Parties [ECF# 212] (N.D. Ill.)
PH-IL-0001-0034.pdf | Detail
Date: 04/24/2006
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Opinion (475 F.3d 845)
PH-IL-0001-0026.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 01/19/2007
Source: Westlaw
Memorandum [ECF# 237]
PH-IL-0001-0028.pdf | Detail
Date: 01/20/2007
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Agreed Order [ECF# 245] (N.D. Ill.)
PH-IL-0001-0027.pdf | Detail
Date: 05/10/2007
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Opinion (491 F.3d 649)
PH-IL-0001-0025.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 06/26/2007
Source: Westlaw
Order [ECF# 350] (N.D. Ill.)
PH-IL-0001-0038.pdf | Detail
Date: 07/21/2010
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Order [ECF# 355] (N.D. Ill.)
PH-IL-0001-0029.pdf | Detail
Date: 08/24/2010
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Agreed Order [ECF# 367] (N.D. Ill.)
PH-IL-0001-0039.pdf | Detail
Date: 05/31/2011
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Agreed Order [ECF# 390] (N.D. Ill.)
PH-IL-0001-0040.pdf | Detail
Date: 09/07/2011
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Agreed Order [ECF# 404] (N.D. Ill.)
PH-IL-0001-0043.pdf | Detail
Date: 05/31/2012
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Agreed Order [ECF# 409] (N.D. Ill.)
PH-IL-0001-0042.pdf | Detail
Date: 10/30/2012
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Agreed Order [ECF# 415] (N.D. Ill.)
PH-IL-0001-0044.pdf | Detail
Date: 04/02/2013
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Memorandum Opinion and Order [Motion for Reassignment] [ECF# 427] (N.D. Ill.)
PH-IL-0001-0055.pdf | Detail
Date: 10/09/2013
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Agreed Order [ECF# 431] (N.D. Ill.)
PH-IL-0001-0057.pdf | Detail
Date: 10/17/2013
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Agreed Order [ECF# 435] (N.D. Ill.)
PH-IL-0001-0058.pdf | Detail
Date: 02/26/2014
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Agreed Order [ECF# 446] (N.D. Ill.)
PH-IL-0001-0059.pdf | Detail
Date: 06/11/2014
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Agreed Order [ECF# 457] (N.D. Ill.)
PH-IL-0001-0060.pdf | Detail
Date: 11/06/2014
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Order [ECF# 470] (N.D. Ill.)
PH-IL-0001-0062.pdf | Detail
Date: 12/12/2014
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Agreed Order [ECF# 462] (N.D. Ill.)
PH-IL-0001-0061.pdf | Detail
Date: 12/30/2014
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Agreed Order [ECF# 480] (N.D. Ill.)
PH-IL-0001-0063.pdf | Detail
Date: 04/17/2015
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Agreed Order [ECF# 517] (N.D. Ill.)
PH-IL-0001-0064.pdf | Detail
Date: 12/03/2015
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Judges Aspen, Marvin E. (N.D. Ill.)
PH-IL-0001-0003 | PH-IL-0001-0008 | PH-IL-0001-0009 | PH-IL-0001-0010 | PH-IL-0001-0012 | PH-IL-0001-0013 | PH-IL-0001-0014 | PH-IL-0001-0016 | PH-IL-0001-0017 | PH-IL-0001-0018 | PH-IL-0001-0019 | PH-IL-0001-0020 | PH-IL-0001-0022 | PH-IL-0001-0023 | PH-IL-0001-0024 | PH-IL-0001-0027 | PH-IL-0001-0029 | PH-IL-0001-0030 | PH-IL-0001-0033 | PH-IL-0001-0034 | PH-IL-0001-0038 | PH-IL-0001-0039 | PH-IL-0001-0040 | PH-IL-0001-0042 | PH-IL-0001-0043 | PH-IL-0001-0044 | PH-IL-0001-0055 | PH-IL-0001-0057 | PH-IL-0001-0058 | PH-IL-0001-0059 | PH-IL-0001-0060 | PH-IL-0001-0061 | PH-IL-0001-0062 | PH-IL-0001-0063 | PH-IL-0001-0064 | PH-IL-0001-9001
Austin, Richard Bevan (N.D. Ill.)
PH-IL-0001-0045 | PH-IL-0001-0046 | PH-IL-0001-0047 | PH-IL-0001-0050
Bauer, William Joseph (N.D. Ill., Seventh Circuit)
PH-IL-0001-0011
Crowley, John Powers (N.D. Ill.)
PH-IL-0001-0001 | PH-IL-0001-0002 | PH-IL-0001-0005
Cummings, Walter Joseph (Seventh Circuit)
PH-IL-0001-0006 | PH-IL-0001-0015
Duffy, Francis Ryan (E.D. Wis., Seventh Circuit)
PH-IL-0001-0048 | PH-IL-0001-0049
Kiley, Roger Joseph (Seventh Circuit)
PH-IL-0001-0048
Pell, Wilbur Frank Jr. (Seventh Circuit)
PH-IL-0001-0004 | PH-IL-0001-0006
Posner, Richard A. Court not on record
PH-IL-0001-0011
Ripple, Kenneth Francis (Seventh Circuit)
PH-IL-0001-0026
Stevens, John Paul (Seventh Circuit, SCOTUS)
PH-IL-0001-0007
Stewart, Potter (Sixth Circuit, SCOTUS)
PH-IL-0001-0052
Wood, Diane Pamela (Seventh Circuit)
PH-IL-0001-0021 | PH-IL-0001-0025
Plaintiff's Lawyers Anderson, Mary E. (Illinois)
PH-IL-0001-9001
Bourgeois, Yolande (Illinois)
PH-IL-0001-9001
Brown, Julie Elena (Illinois)
PH-IL-0001-0034 | PH-IL-0001-9001
Fair, Timothy (Illinois)
PH-IL-0001-9001
Gross, Adam Edward (Illinois)
PH-IL-0001-9001
Hendrickson, Cara (Illinois)
PH-IL-0001-9001
Jahns, Jeffrey (Illinois)
PH-IL-0001-9001
Polikoff, Alexander L (Illinois)
PH-IL-0001-9001
Rosella, Kristin Jean (Illinois)
PH-IL-0001-9001
Rosenthal, R. Elizabeth (Illinois)
PH-IL-0001-9001
Defendant's Lawyers Ammarell, Scott William (Illinois)
PH-IL-0001-9001
Burtschi, Kathleen E. (District of Columbia)
PH-IL-0001-9001
Butler, Jerome (Illinois)
PH-IL-0001-9001
Caruso, F. Willis (Illinois)
PH-IL-0001-9001
Cazares, Jorge V. (Illinois)
PH-IL-0001-9001
Chapman, James (Illinois)
PH-IL-0001-9001
Davis, Allison S. (Illinois)
PH-IL-0001-9001
Eisenhauer, Nancy S. (Illinois)
PH-IL-0001-9001
Flando, Richard J. (Illinois)
PH-IL-0001-9001
Getzendanner, Susan Christine O'Meara (Illinois)
PH-IL-0001-9001
Hoellen, John J. (Illinois)
PH-IL-0001-9001
Jacobs, Maurice (Illinois)
PH-IL-0001-9001
Johns, Jeffrey Harold (Illinois)
PH-IL-0001-9001
Johnson, Thomas Edward (Illinois)
PH-IL-0001-0034 | PH-IL-0001-9001
Lucansky, Patrick Alex (Illinois)
PH-IL-0001-9001
Mine, Andrew S. (Illinois)
PH-IL-0001-9001
Murphy, Clyde E. (Illinois)
PH-IL-0001-9001
Nixon, Lewis M. (Illinois)
PH-IL-0001-9001
O'Brien, Patrick W. (Illinois)
PH-IL-0001-9001
Pascal, Roger (Illinois)
PH-IL-0001-9001
Rosing, William G. (Illinois)
PH-IL-0001-9001
Ruddy, Clarence John Jr. (Illinois)
PH-IL-0001-9001
Welsh, Kelly Raymond (Illinois)
PH-IL-0001-9001
Whitfield, Robert D. (Illinois)
PH-IL-0001-9001
Other Lawyers Hassan, Michael R. (Illinois)
PH-IL-0001-9001
Hirshman, Harold C. (Illinois)
PH-IL-0001-9001
Levin, Daniel C. (Pennsylvania)
PH-IL-0001-0028
Wheelock, Richard M. (Illinois)
PH-IL-0001-9001
Wilen, William Paul (Illinois)
PH-IL-0001-9001

- click to show/hide ALL -

new search
page permalink

- top of page -