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Case Name Gautreaux v. Chicago Housing Authority PH-IL-0001
Docket / Court 1:66-cv-01459 ( N.D. Ill. )
Additional Docket(s) Civ. A. No. 66 C 1460  [ 66-1460 ]
State/Territory Illinois
Case Type(s) Fair Housing/Lending/Insurance
Public Housing
Special Collection Court-ordered receiverships
Attorney Organization ACLU Chapters (any)
Case Summary
Background
This longstanding chase chronicles efforts to stop racial discrimination by the Chicago Housing Authority (“CHA”).

On August 9, 1966, a group of African American public housing residents brought suit against the CHA in the U.S. District Court for the Northern ... read more >
Background
This longstanding chase chronicles efforts to stop racial discrimination by the Chicago Housing Authority (“CHA”).

On August 9, 1966, a group of African American public housing residents brought suit against the CHA in the U.S. District Court for the Northern District of Illinois. The plaintiffs, represented by the ACLU, alleged that the CHA had segregated its public housing complexes through discriminatory site selection procedures. They brought suit on behalf of all the approximately 43,000 African American Chicagoans who lived in or had applied to Chicago public housing. The plaintiffs filed the suit under 42 U.S.C. §§ 1981, 1983, and Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, 42 U.S.C. § 2000d et seq.

Specifically, the plaintiffs alleged that CHA intentionally chose sites for family public housing and adopted tenant assignment procedures in a racially discriminatory manner, which maintained existing patterns of racial residential separation throughout Chicago. The plaintiffs claimed that this violated their right to equal protection under the Fourteenth Amendment and right against discriminatory impact protected by Title VI. Additionally, the plaintiffs alleged that the CHA violated these rights by failing to remedy the current housing segregation. The plaintiffs' requested relief included: (1) declaratory judgment that CHA had selected development sites in violation of plaintiffs' constitutional and statutory rights; (2) a permanent injunction against the racially discriminatory aspects of the public housing system; and (3) an order directing defendants to submit and carry out a plan for selection of future sites to eliminate those discriminatory practices.

In a companion case, Gautreaux v. Romney (66-1460), the plaintiffs sued the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development ("HUD"). In the HUD suit, the plaintiffs alleged that by approving funds for the development plans of the CHA (which violated plaintiffs' constitutional and statutory rights), HUD was liable for such violations as well. Since HUD's liability depended on plaintiffs' claims against CHA, District Court Judge Richard B. Austin stayed the HUD case until the CHA claims were addressed.

Judgment Order
On March 2, 1967, Judge Austin denied in part and granted in part the CHA's motion to dismiss. 265 F. Supp. 582. Judge Austin denied the motion to dismiss the plaintiffs' claims regarding the placement of housing development sites. However, he granted the motion to dismiss the claims that the CHA violated the plaintiffs' rights by failing to remedy the current racial segregation. After years of significant discovery efforts on both sides, both parties moved for summary judgment.

Judge Austin granted the plaintiffs' motion for summary judgment on February 20, 1969. 296 F. Supp. 907. Specifically, Judge Austin ruled that CHA's actions violated the Fourteenth Amendment and the Civil Rights Act with a policy of taking the racial character of the neighborhood into account when selecting sites for public housing development. While Judge Austin did not assert that CHA necessarily harbored a "subjectively racist attitude," he stated that CHA had intentionally maintained a system of public housing which discriminated against African Americans.

On July 1, 1969, Judge Austin entered a judgment order setting out the conditions of the injunction. 304 F. Supp. 736. This order listed procedures that the CHA was to follow when selecting sites for new development, including using census data to ensure areas did not exceed certain minority density maximums. The order also required the CHA to affirmatively desegregate current public housing and to report such efforts to the Department of Justice and the District Court, enjoined current development of housing projects in areas that had high minority density, and required that the CHA alter its development procedures so that aldermen of white neighborhoods could not prevent development in their areas.

Months later, the plaintiffs argued that CHA had failed to fulfill the court's reporting requirements to demonstrate best efforts of compliance. After a series of conferences with Judge Austin, the court entered an order on July 20, 1970 that required CHA to submit a proposal for certain HUD-approved developments with an altered timetable. The CHA appealed this order. On December 16, 1970, the Court of Appeals for the 7th Circuit (Judge F. Ryan Duffy) affirmed Judge Austin's order. 436 F.2d 306. The U.S. Supreme Court denied the CHA's appeal on April 19, 1971. 402 U.S. 922 (1971).

After the adjudication of the CHA case, Judge Austin dismissed all claims against HUD on September 1, 1970. The plaintiffs appealed, asserting that their claims against HUD were valid, given their victory against CHA. On September 10, 1971, the Court of Appeals (Judge F. Ryan Duffy) reversed Judge Austin's dismissal, ruling that HUD's approval of the discriminatory housing developments similarly violated plaintiffs' constitutional and statutory rights. 448 F.2d 731.

On September 11, 1973, Judge Austin ruled that the injunctive relief would be enforced only within the city limits. 363 F. Supp. 690. The plaintiffs appealed. On August 26, 1974, the Court of Appeals reversed, stating that the entire metropolitan area must be involved in the injunction. 503 F.2d 930 (Justice Tom C. Clark). The CHA (with HUD joining) sought review in the U.S. Supreme Court, which affirmed in an April 20, 1976 opinion by Justice Potter Stewart. 425 U.S. 284 (1976). The Court found that no rule prevented the court from ordering correction action beyond a municipal boundary when a constitutional violation had occurred. The plaintiffs and HUD immediately entered into a one-year "letter of intent," in which the parties agreed to investigate the possibilities of metropolitan-wide relief, and the parties attempted to implement the Judgment Order.

Consent Decree
On June 16, 1981, District Court Judge John P. Crowley described progress towards desegregated housing since 1966 as “negligible” and approved a new consent decree between the plaintiffs and HUD. 523 F. Supp. 665. This consent decree provided metropolitan area-wide relief by placing 7,100 individuals in assisted units in new areas (mainly in white suburbs), setting aside authority for 500 Section 8 certificates, reallocating development block grants funds, appointing an outside contractor (chosen by HUD and approved by plaintiffs), and court supervision of further development efforts. A large group of objectors appealed.

On September 30, 1982, the Court of Appeals (Judge Wilbur F. Pell, Jr.) affirmed the consent decree, stating that it was reasonable and did not violate fair housing laws.

Almost immediately, a dispute broke out about the consent decree’s scope. Property developers wanted to use Section 8 funding from HUD to finance a new construction project. But the consent decree prohibited HUD from spending Section 8 funds on developments that would (with other subsidized housing) constitute more than 15% of the total housing in a census tract; here, the new development would represent 18.25% of the relevant tract’s dwelling units. Nevertheless, Judge Marvin E. Aspen allowed the development. In an August 25, 1982 order, Judge Aspen explained that the decree “was not intended to prevent HUD from attempting to aid the development of housing in an area that might be well on its way to becoming an urban wasteland without such aid,” but rather “to prevent the dumping or clustering of assisted housing.” The district court also issued a waiver that would allow development even if the court of appeals found that the consent decree conflicted with the project. 548 F. Supp. 1284.

The Seventh Circuit affirmed in a per curiam opinion issued on April 29, 1983, in which it found that the district court’s decision to issue a waiver was not clearly erroneous. Gautreaux v. Pierce, 707 F.2d 265.

A group of intervenors then asked for a system of resident placement in that same development designed to reach a racial balance, which the district court characterized as one of racial quotas. On March 14, 1984, the district court denied the motion both on the merits and because the intervenors lacked standing. 101 F.R.D. 704. The Seventh Circuit agreed that intervention was not proper on September 7, 1984. 743 F.2d 526.

On August 15, 1990, Judge Aspen also denied intervention to two community groups that sought to prevent the construction of subsidized housing in their neighborhoods for lack of standing and failure to show that the existing plaintiffs did not represent their interests. 132 F.R.D. 193.

The court then denied the plaintiffs’ motion to stay rehabilitation of four high-rise public housing buildings so that the money could be spent on scattered developments instead. In an opinion issued on April 4, 1991, Judge Aspen explained that the plaintiffs had failed to show that rehabilitation work would prevent the scattered developments they sought to protect. 1991 WL 49568.

Shift to Rent Subsidies
By the late 1990s, subsidized housing was largely provided by Section 8 vouchers rather than new construction projects. As a result, the plaintiffs argued that the judgment order should be reformed to include Section 8 vouchers as well as new construction. The district court disagreed. Judge Aspen wrote that the judgment order was designed to remedy past discrimination in site selection for public housing, and that there was no evidence that past discrimination prevented Section 8 recipients from finding housing in majority-white neighborhoods. In addition, Judge Aspen terminated the 1981 consent decree because HUD had successfully placed 7,100 subsidized dwelling units in non-segregated areas. Finally, Judge Aspen declined the plaintiffs’ request to enforce a section of the consent decree that limited the proportion of Section 8 vouchers that could be applied in minority neighborhoods because it had been violated for years without complaint by the plaintiffs, who in any event did not want the vouchers to be cut off. 981 F. Supp. 1091 (1997). (The 1969 Judgment Order remained in place, however.)

The district also declined to consolidate a separate challenge to the Gautreaux parties’ decision to expand subsidized housing using Section 8 funds with this case. In a July 6, 2006 order, the court explained that the separate challenge was not closely related to Gautreaux because it focused on poor quality of subsidized housing and lack of resident input into development projects. Thomas v. U.S. Dep’t of Hous. & Urban Dev., 2006 WL 1886178.

Revitalization Programs
The parties’ next major dispute centered on the use of Home Ownership and Opportunity for People Everywhere (HOPE) funds. The defendants believed that they could spend HOPE construction funds only in the most depressed areas. But the plaintiffs said that would violate the Judgment Order, which limited construction of subsidized housing in minority neighborhoods without corresponding construction in white neighborhoods. On February 23, 1998, Judge Aspen agreed with the plaintiffs because HOPE allowed funds to be spent on “off-site housing” and “scattered-site development.” 4 F. Supp. 2d 757. The defendants appealed, but the Seventh Circuit determined that the decision was not a final order and thus not appealable. 178 F.3d 951 (1999).

Actual construction of subsidized housing under HOPE was limited, however. For example, local opposition to redeveloping the Cabrini-Green area triggered another lawsuit. 1999 WL 1023916. And a citizens’ group unhappy with the plans to use HOPE money to revitalize the ALBA homes unsuccessfully moved to intervene in this case. 2004 WL 1427107.

Disputes also emerged about how to allocate space in newly revitalized subsidized housing. For example, the court directed that half of the new units in the North Kenwood-Oakland neighborhood be reserved for families earning from 0 to 50% of the area median income, and the other half reserved for families earning from 50% to 80% of the area median income. That caused a problem when too few individuals in the 50% to 80% range applied. A citizens’ group asked the court to allow lower-income families to move in, worried that the developer would bypass ordinary waitlists for public housing. The parties generally resisted, due in part to promises they had made that the development would be mixed-income. The district court generally left the original plan intact, but on July 14, 2005, it did allow the developer to solicit applications from families earning from 50% to 60% of the area median income regardless of whether they were on a Chicago Housing Authority waitlist already. The citizens’ group appealed, but the Seventh Circuit dismissed the appeal for lack of standing on January 19, 2007. 475 F.3d 845.

The Cabrini-Green development continued to attract controversy. A group called the Local Advisory Council (“Council”) sued the Chicago Housing Authority to enforce this case’s consent decree. The Council objected to a provision in residents’ leases that provided for eviction upon conviction of a felony. The court agreed, finding that the leases’ language was unnecessarily broad and not justified under the Public Housing Act of 1937. Cabrini-Green Local Advisory Council v. Chi. Hous. Auth., 2007 WL 294253.

The Council also objected to a 2011 CHA plan to revitalize rowhouses in the Cabrini-Green area but maintain only about one-third as public housing. It sued to force the CHA to keep all of the development as public housing. The CHA then moved to reassign the case to Judge Aspen and relate it to Gautreaux. It also moved to dismiss the case entirely.

On October 9, 2013, Judge Aspen granted the CHA’s motion to reassign the case. Judge Aspen found that the cases were related because they both involved how the Authority should develop Cabrini-Green properties. Since the Cabrini-Green litigation was relatively new, Judge Aspen also determined that efficiency concerns weighed in favor of reassignment. However, Judge Aspen denied the motion to dismiss while allowing the Authority to re-file it later. 2013 WL 5567771.

The parties worked to settle the Cabrini-Green litigation. They eventually reached an agreement that Judge Aspen approved on September 16, 2015. The settlement provided that the CHA would redevelop a collection of about 400 vacant units as 40% public housing and at least 15% affordable housing. The CHA also agreed to consult with the Council before redeveloping another collection of about 150 public housing units. And the CHA promised to provide 1800 subsidized units in the Near North Area, targeted for completion by the end of 2022. However, the CHA was allowed to develop the remainder of the site with only one-third public housing.

Settlement Modification
With the litigation now more than fifty years old, the parties began to work on a settlement to replace the 1969 Judgment Order and eventually bring the case to a close. They submitted a proposed Settlement Agreement to the court on January 16, 2019. The parties argued that the court should modify the Judgment Order because intentional discrimination had dissipated over time and all the parties were now working to desegregate Chicago’s housing.

The Settlement Agreement:
  • provided detailed development plans for specific housing complexes and initiatives to help residents escape housing segregation;
  • limited the CHA’s ability to develop new non-elderly public housing in areas where it would result in racial segregation;
  • provided early learning programs to CHA residents at no cost; and
  • required the CHA to meet quarterly with the plaintiff's class counsel for monitoring.
On January 23, 2019, Judge Aspen approved the Settlement Agreement, which was set to remain in effect until July 31, 2024, subject to extension if the CHA failed to meet its development goals.

Attorney’s Fees
Throughout the case, the plaintiffs have obtained multiple fee awards that total approximately $9 million. Many recent awards have been uncontested. But in the early 2000s, the CHA resisted paying fee awards because “its relationship with the plaintiffs [was] one of cooperation.” The Seventh Circuit, however, found that “a judicially sanctioned consent decree is a firm basis for a fee award,” especially due to the parties’ ongoing disputes about how best to implement the Judgement Order. 491 F.3d 649 (2007).

The case is ongoing as the 2019 settlement agreement remains in force.

Available Opinions
265 F. Supp. 582 (1967)
296 F. Supp. 907 (1969)
304 F. Supp. 736 (1969)
436 F.2d 306 (1970)
448 F.2d 731 (1971)
363 F. Supp. 690 (1973)
503 F.2d 930 (1974)
523 F. Supp. 665 (1981)
548 F. Supp. 1284 (1982)
Gautreaux v. Pierce, 707 F.2d 265 (1983)
101 F.R.D. 704 (1984)
743 F.2d 526 (1984)
132 F.R.D. 193 (1990)
1991 WL 49568
981 F. Supp. 1091 (1997)
4 F. Supp. 2d 757 (1998)
178 F.3d 951 (1999)
1999 WL 1023916
2004 WL 1427107
Thomas v. U.S. Dep’t of Hous. & Urban Dev., 2006 WL 1886178
475 F.3d 845 (2007)
491 F.3d 649 (2007)
Cabrini-Green Local Advisory Council v. Chi. Hous. Auth., 2007 WL 294253
2013 WL 5567771

Dan Osher - 08/04/2013
Lisa Koo - 03/04/2019
Richa Bijlani - 11/07/2019
Timothy Leake - 02/06/2020


compress summary

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Issues and Causes of Action
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Issues
Constitutional Clause
Equal Protection
Content of Injunction
Discrimination Prohibition
Goals (e.g., for hiring, admissions)
Monitor/Master
Monitoring
Receivership
Recordkeeping
Reporting
Defendant-type
Housing Authority
Discrimination-basis
Race discrimination
General
Disparate Impact
Disparate Treatment
Housing
Housing assistance
Public assistance grants
Public benefits (includes, e.g., in-state tuition, govt. jobs)
Racial segregation
Plaintiff Type
Private Plaintiff
Race
Black
Causes of Action 42 U.S.C. § 1981
42 U.S.C. § 1983
Title VI, Civil Rights Act of 1964, 42 U.S.C. § 2000d et seq.
Defendant(s) Chicago Housing Authority
U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development
Plaintiff Description African Americans in Chicago who are in or have applied to Chicago public housing.
Indexed Lawyer Organizations ACLU Chapters (any)
Class action status sought Yes
Class action status granted Yes
Filed Pro Se No
Prevailing Party Plaintiff
Public Int. Lawyer Yes
Nature of Relief Declaratory Judgment
Attorneys fees
Injunction / Injunctive-like Settlement
Source of Relief Litigation
Settlement
Form of Settlement Court Approved Settlement or Consent Decree
Order Duration 1969 - 2024
Filed 1966
Case Ongoing Yes
Additional Resources
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  See this case at CourtListener.com (May provide additional documents and, for active cases, real-time alerts)
  Waiting for Gautreaux: A Story of Segregation, Housing, and the Black Ghetto
Date: May 11, 2007
By: Alexander Polikoff
Citation: Northwestern University Press, 2006
[ Detail ]

  Urban Institute Baseline Assessment of Public Housing Desegregation Cases
Date: 2000
By: George Galster et al. (Urban Institute, Housing and Urban Development (HUD) Faculty)
Citation: (2000)
[ Detail ] [ PDF ]

  Rewriting Beginnings: The Lessons of Gautreaux
Date: Fall 1994
By: Janet Koven Levit (Yale Law School Law Student)
Citation: 28 J. Marshall L. Rev. 57 (1994)
[ Detail ] [ External Link ]

  Gautreaux and Institutional Litigation
Date: 1988
By: Alexander Polikoff
Citation: 64 Chi.-Kent L. Rev. 451 (1998)
[ Detail ]

Docket(s)
1:66-cv-1459 (N.D. Ill.)
PH-IL-0001-9001.pdf | Detail
Date: 12/09/2019
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
General Documents
Opinion (504 F.2d 930)
PH-IL-0001-0051.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 08/26/1964
Source: Westlaw
Opinion (265 F.Supp. 582) (N.D. Ill.)
PH-IL-0001-0045.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 03/02/1967
Source: Westlaw
Memorandum Opinion (296 F.Supp. 907) (N.D. Ill.)
PH-IL-0001-0046.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 02/10/1969
Source: Westlaw
Judgment Order (304 F.Supp. 736) (N.D. Ill.)
PH-IL-0001-0047.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 07/01/1969
Source: Westlaw
Opinion (436 F.2d 306)
PH-IL-0001-0048.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 12/16/1970
Source: Westlaw
Opinion (448 F.2d 731)
PH-IL-0001-0049.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 09/10/1971
Source: Westlaw
Memorandum Opinion and Judgment Order (363 F.Supp. 690) (N.D. Ill.)
PH-IL-0001-0050.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 09/11/1973
Source: Westlaw
Opinion (425 U.S. 284)
PH-IL-0001-0052.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 04/20/1976
Source: Westlaw
Corrected Memorandum Opinion and Order (498 F.Supp. 1072) (N.D. Ill.)
PH-IL-0001-0001.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 07/30/1980
Source: Westlaw
Memorandum Opinion and Order (523 F.Supp. 665) (N.D. Ill.)
PH-IL-0001-0002.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 06/16/1981
Source: Westlaw
Memorandum Opinion and Order (523 F.Supp. 684) (N.D. Ill.)
PH-IL-0001-0005.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 06/30/1981
Source: Westlaw
Memorandum Opinion and Order (535 F.Supp. 423) (N.D. Ill.)
PH-IL-0001-0003.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 01/25/1982
Source: Westlaw
Memorandum Opinion and Order (538 F.Supp. 1004) (N.D. Ill.)
PH-IL-0001-0008.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 05/11/1982
Source: Westlaw
Memorandum Opinion and Order (538 F.Supp. 1009) (N.D. Ill.)
PH-IL-0001-0009.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 05/11/1982
Source: Westlaw
Memorandum Opinion and Order (548 F.Supp. 1284) (N.D. Ill.)
PH-IL-0001-0010.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 08/25/1982
Source: Westlaw
Opinion (690 F.2d 601)
PH-IL-0001-0006.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 08/30/1982
Source: Westlaw
Memorandum Opinion and Order (548 F.Supp. 1294) (N.D. Ill.)
PH-IL-0001-0012.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 08/31/1982
Source: Westlaw
Memorandum Opinion and Order (548 F.Supp. 1298) (N.D. Ill.)
PH-IL-0001-0013.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 09/01/1982
Source: Westlaw
Opinion (690 F.2d 616)
PH-IL-0001-0004.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 09/30/1982
Source: Westlaw
Opinion (707 F.2d 265)
PH-IL-0001-0011.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 03/14/1983
Source: Westlaw
Opinion (539 U.S. 244)
PH-IL-0001-0007.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 05/31/1983
Source: Westlaw
Memorandum Order (101 F.R.D. 704) (N.D. Ill.)
PH-IL-0001-0014.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 03/14/1984
Source: Westlaw
Opinion (743 F.2d 526)
PH-IL-0001-0015.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 09/07/1984
Source: Westlaw
Memorandum Opinion and Order (610 F.Supp. 29) (N.D. Ill.)
PH-IL-0001-0016.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 02/26/1985
Source: Westlaw
Memorandum Order (1987 WL 13590) (N.D. Ill.)
PH-IL-0001-0017.pdf | WESTLAW | Detail
Date: 07/09/1987
Source: Westlaw
Memorandum Opinion and Order (132 F.R.D. 193) (N.D. Ill.)
PH-IL-0001-0018.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 08/15/1990
Source: Westlaw
Memorandum Opinion and Order (1991 WL 49568) (N.D. Ill.)
PH-IL-0001-0066.pdf | WESTLAW | Detail
Date: 04/04/1991
Source: Westlaw
Memorandum Opinion and Order (981 F.Supp. 1091) (N.D. Ill.)
PH-IL-0001-0019.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 08/26/1997
Source: Westlaw
Memorandum Opinion and Order (4 F.Supp.2d 757) (N.D. Ill.)
PH-IL-0001-0020.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 02/23/1998
Source: Westlaw
Opinion (178 F.3d 951)
PH-IL-0001-0021.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 06/22/1999
Source: Westlaw
Memorandum Opinion and Order (1999 WL 1023916) (N.D. Ill.)
PH-IL-0001-0022.pdf | WESTLAW | Detail
Date: 11/08/1999
Source: Westlaw
Memorandum Opinion and Order (2004 WL 1427107) (N.D. Ill.)
PH-IL-0001-0023.pdf | WESTLAW | Detail
Date: 06/23/2004
Source: Westlaw
Agreed Order [ECF# 73] (N.D. Ill.)
PH-IL-0001-0030.pdf | Detail
Date: 01/20/2005
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Memorandum Opinion and Order [ECF# 145] (2005 WL 1910849) (N.D. Ill.)
PH-IL-0001-0067.pdf | WESTLAW | Detail
Date: 08/09/2005
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Circuit Rule Notice [Ct. of App. ECF# 177]
PH-IL-0001-0032.pdf | Detail
Date: 10/12/2005
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Proposed Order [ECF# 204] (N.D. Ill.)
PH-IL-0001-0033.pdf | Detail
Date: 03/13/2006
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Stipulation of the Parties [ECF# 212] (N.D. Ill.)
PH-IL-0001-0034.pdf | Detail
Date: 04/24/2006
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Memorandum Opinion and Order (2006 WL 1886178) (N.D. Ill.)
PH-IL-0001-0070.pdf | WESTLAW | Detail
Date: 07/06/2006
Source: Westlaw
Opinion (475 F.3d 845)
PH-IL-0001-0026.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 01/19/2007
Source: Westlaw
Memorandum [ECF# 237]
PH-IL-0001-0028.pdf | Detail
Date: 01/20/2007
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Memorandum Opinion and Order (2007 WL 29425) (N.D. Ill.)
PH-IL-0001-0071.pdf | WESTLAW | Detail
Date: 01/29/2007
Source: Westlaw
Agreed Order [ECF# 245] (N.D. Ill.)
PH-IL-0001-0027.pdf | Detail
Date: 05/10/2007
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Opinion (491 F.3d 649)
PH-IL-0001-0025.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 06/26/2007
Source: Westlaw
Order [ECF# 350] (N.D. Ill.)
PH-IL-0001-0038.pdf | Detail
Date: 07/21/2010
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Order [ECF# 355] (N.D. Ill.)
PH-IL-0001-0029.pdf | Detail
Date: 08/24/2010
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Agreed Order [ECF# 367] (N.D. Ill.)
PH-IL-0001-0039.pdf | Detail
Date: 05/31/2011
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Agreed Order [ECF# 390] (N.D. Ill.)
PH-IL-0001-0040.pdf | Detail
Date: 09/07/2011
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Agreed Order [ECF# 404] (N.D. Ill.)
PH-IL-0001-0043.pdf | Detail
Date: 05/31/2012
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Agreed Order [ECF# 409] (N.D. Ill.)
PH-IL-0001-0042.pdf | Detail
Date: 10/30/2012
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Agreed Order [ECF# 415] (N.D. Ill.)
PH-IL-0001-0044.pdf | Detail
Date: 04/02/2013
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Memorandum Opinion and Order [Motion for Reassignment] [ECF# 427] (2013 WL 5567771) (N.D. Ill.)
PH-IL-0001-0055.pdf | WESTLAW | Detail
Date: 10/09/2013
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Agreed Order [ECF# 431] (N.D. Ill.)
PH-IL-0001-0057.pdf | Detail
Date: 10/17/2013
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Agreed Order [ECF# 435] (N.D. Ill.)
PH-IL-0001-0058.pdf | Detail
Date: 02/26/2014
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Agreed Order [ECF# 446] (N.D. Ill.)
PH-IL-0001-0059.pdf | Detail
Date: 06/11/2014
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Agreed Order [ECF# 457] (N.D. Ill.)
PH-IL-0001-0060.pdf | Detail
Date: 11/06/2014
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Order [ECF# 470] (N.D. Ill.)
PH-IL-0001-0062.pdf | Detail
Date: 12/12/2014
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Agreed Order [ECF# 462] (N.D. Ill.)
PH-IL-0001-0061.pdf | Detail
Date: 12/30/2014
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Agreed Order [ECF# 480] (N.D. Ill.)
PH-IL-0001-0063.pdf | Detail
Date: 04/17/2015
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Joint Motion by Proposed Intervenor Plaintiffs, Plaintiffs, and the Chicago Housing Authority for Entry of an Order Settling Related Litigation [ECF# 497]
PH-IL-0001-0068.pdf | Detail
Date: 09/10/2015
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Agreed Order [ECF# 517] (N.D. Ill.)
PH-IL-0001-0064.pdf | Detail
Date: 12/03/2015
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Agreed Order [ECF# 715] (N.D. Ill.)
PH-IL-0001-0069.pdf | Detail
Date: 02/01/2018
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Settlement Agreement [ECF# 824-1]
PH-IL-0001-0065.pdf | Detail
Date: 01/23/2019
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
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Judges Aspen, Marvin E. (N.D. Ill.) show/hide docs
PH-IL-0001-0003 | PH-IL-0001-0008 | PH-IL-0001-0009 | PH-IL-0001-0010 | PH-IL-0001-0012 | PH-IL-0001-0013 | PH-IL-0001-0014 | PH-IL-0001-0016 | PH-IL-0001-0017 | PH-IL-0001-0018 | PH-IL-0001-0019 | PH-IL-0001-0020 | PH-IL-0001-0022 | PH-IL-0001-0023 | PH-IL-0001-0027 | PH-IL-0001-0029 | PH-IL-0001-0030 | PH-IL-0001-0033 | PH-IL-0001-0034 | PH-IL-0001-0038 | PH-IL-0001-0039 | PH-IL-0001-0040 | PH-IL-0001-0042 | PH-IL-0001-0043 | PH-IL-0001-0044 | PH-IL-0001-0055 | PH-IL-0001-0057 | PH-IL-0001-0058 | PH-IL-0001-0059 | PH-IL-0001-0060 | PH-IL-0001-0061 | PH-IL-0001-0062 | PH-IL-0001-0063 | PH-IL-0001-0064 | PH-IL-0001-0066 | PH-IL-0001-0067 | PH-IL-0001-0069 | PH-IL-0001-0070 | PH-IL-0001-9001
Austin, Richard Bevan (N.D. Ill.) show/hide docs
PH-IL-0001-0045 | PH-IL-0001-0046 | PH-IL-0001-0047 | PH-IL-0001-0050
Bauer, William Joseph (N.D. Ill., Seventh Circuit) show/hide docs
PH-IL-0001-0011
Coar, David H. (N.D. Ill.) show/hide docs
PH-IL-0001-0071
Crowley, John Powers (N.D. Ill.) show/hide docs
PH-IL-0001-0001 | PH-IL-0001-0002 | PH-IL-0001-0005
Cummings, Walter Joseph (Seventh Circuit) show/hide docs
PH-IL-0001-0006 | PH-IL-0001-0015
Duffy, Francis Ryan (E.D. Wis., Seventh Circuit) show/hide docs
PH-IL-0001-0048 | PH-IL-0001-0049
Kiley, Roger Joseph (Seventh Circuit) show/hide docs
PH-IL-0001-0048
Pell, Wilbur Frank Jr. (Seventh Circuit) show/hide docs
PH-IL-0001-0004 | PH-IL-0001-0006
Posner, Richard A. Court not on record show/hide docs
PH-IL-0001-0011
Ripple, Kenneth Francis (Seventh Circuit) show/hide docs
PH-IL-0001-0026
Stevens, John Paul (Seventh Circuit, SCOTUS) show/hide docs
PH-IL-0001-0007
Stewart, Potter (Sixth Circuit, SCOTUS) show/hide docs
PH-IL-0001-0052
Wood, Diane Pamela (Seventh Circuit) show/hide docs
PH-IL-0001-0021 | PH-IL-0001-0025
Monitors/Masters Levin, Daniel E. (Illinois) show/hide docs
PH-IL-0001-0028
Plaintiff's Lawyers Anderson, Mary E. (Illinois) show/hide docs
PH-IL-0001-9001
Brown, Julie Elena (Illinois) show/hide docs
PH-IL-0001-0034 | PH-IL-0001-0068 | PH-IL-0001-9001
Gross, Adam Edward (Illinois) show/hide docs
PH-IL-0001-9001
Gursahani, Veena K (Illinois) show/hide docs
PH-IL-0001-0068
Hendrickson, Cara (Illinois) show/hide docs
PH-IL-0001-9001
Horowitz, Steven J (Illinois) show/hide docs
PH-IL-0001-0068
Jahns, Jeffrey (Illinois) show/hide docs
PH-IL-0001-9001
O’Malley, Richard F Jr (Illinois) show/hide docs
PH-IL-0001-0068
Polikoff, Alexander L (Illinois) show/hide docs
PH-IL-0001-0065 | PH-IL-0001-0068 | PH-IL-0001-9001
Rosella, Kristin Jean (Illinois) show/hide docs
PH-IL-0001-9001
Rosenthal, R. Elizabeth (Illinois) show/hide docs
PH-IL-0001-0068 | PH-IL-0001-9001
Weems, Lea (Illinois) show/hide docs
PH-IL-0001-0068
Defendant's Lawyers Ammarell, Scott William (Illinois) show/hide docs
PH-IL-0001-9001
Bebley, James Lavell (Illinois) show/hide docs
PH-IL-0001-9001
Bourgeois, Yolande (Illinois) show/hide docs
PH-IL-0001-9001 | PH-IL-0001-9001
Burtschi, Kathleen E. (District of Columbia) show/hide docs
PH-IL-0001-9001
Butler, Jerome (Illinois) show/hide docs
PH-IL-0001-9001 | PH-IL-0001-9001
Caruso, F. Willis (Illinois) show/hide docs
PH-IL-0001-9001
Cazares, Jorge V. (Illinois) show/hide docs
PH-IL-0001-9001
Chapman, James (Illinois) show/hide docs
PH-IL-0001-9001
Colston, Cheryl J. (Illinois) show/hide docs
PH-IL-0001-9001
Davis, Allison S. (Illinois) show/hide docs
PH-IL-0001-9001
Eisenhauer, Nancy S. (Illinois) show/hide docs
PH-IL-0001-9001
Fair, Timothy (Illinois) show/hide docs
PH-IL-0001-9001 | PH-IL-0001-9001
Flando, Richard J. (Illinois) show/hide docs
PH-IL-0001-9001
Getzendanner, Susan Christine O'Meara (Illinois) show/hide docs
PH-IL-0001-9001
Gilbert, Jeffrey (Illinois) show/hide docs
PH-IL-0001-0068
Hoellen, John J. (Illinois) show/hide docs
PH-IL-0001-9001
Holmes, Patricia Brown (Illinois) show/hide docs
PH-IL-0001-9001
Jacobs, Maurice (Illinois) show/hide docs
PH-IL-0001-9001
Johns, Jeffrey Harold (Illinois) show/hide docs
PH-IL-0001-9001
Johnson, Thomas Edward (Illinois) show/hide docs
PH-IL-0001-0034 | PH-IL-0001-0068 | PH-IL-0001-9001
Krugly, Ruth E (Illinois) show/hide docs
PH-IL-0001-9001
Lucansky, Patrick Alex (Illinois) show/hide docs
PH-IL-0001-9001
Mine, Andrew S. (Illinois) show/hide docs
PH-IL-0001-9001
Murphy, Clyde E. (Illinois) show/hide docs
PH-IL-0001-9001
Nixon, Lewis M. (Illinois) show/hide docs
PH-IL-0001-9001
O'Brien, Patrick W. (Illinois) show/hide docs
PH-IL-0001-9001
Osran, Thomas Neil (Illinois) show/hide docs
PH-IL-0001-9001
Pascal, Roger (Illinois) show/hide docs
PH-IL-0001-9001
Rosing, William G. (Illinois) show/hide docs
PH-IL-0001-9001
Ruddy, Clarence John Jr. (Illinois) show/hide docs
PH-IL-0001-9001
Silas, Elizabeth Marie (Illinois) show/hide docs
PH-IL-0001-9001
Theis, John Kenneth (Illinois) show/hide docs
PH-IL-0001-9001
Welsh, Kelly Raymond (Illinois) show/hide docs
PH-IL-0001-9001
Whitfield, Robert D. (Illinois) show/hide docs
PH-IL-0001-9001
Other Lawyers Hassan, Michael R. (Illinois) show/hide docs
PH-IL-0001-9001
Hirshman, Harold C. (Illinois) show/hide docs
PH-IL-0001-9001
Walz, Katherine Elizabeth (Illinois) show/hide docs
PH-IL-0001-9001
Wheelock, Richard M. (Illinois) show/hide docs
PH-IL-0001-9001
Wilen, William Paul (Illinois) show/hide docs
PH-IL-0001-9001

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