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Case Name Milliken v. Bradley SD-MI-0001
Docket / Court 70-35257 ( E.D. Mich. )
State/Territory Michigan
Case Type(s) Education
School Desegregation
Attorney Organization NAACP Legal Defense Fund
Case Summary
Case summary not yet recorded

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Issues and Causes of Action
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Constitutional Clause
Due Process
Equal Protection
Elementary/Secondary School
Race discrimination
Disparate Treatment
Language/ethnic/minority needs
Racial segregation
School/University Facilities
School/University policies
Staff (number, training, qualifications, wages)
Plaintiff Type
Private Plaintiff
Type of Facility
Causes of Action 42 U.S.C. ยง 1983
Defendant(s) Concerned Citizens for Better Education (CCBE)
Detroit Board of Education
Detroit Federation of Teachers (DFT)
Frank G. Kelley
Michigan State Board of Education
Norman Drachler
William G. Milliken
Plaintiff Description Plaintiffs are the Detroit branch of the NAACP and "all parents of minor children" attending Detroit public schools, "on their own behalf and on behalf of their minor children."
Indexed Lawyer Organizations NAACP Legal Defense Fund
Class action status sought Yes
Class action status granted Yes
Prevailing Party Plaintiff
Public Int. Lawyer Yes
Nature of Relief Declaratory Judgment
Injunction / Injunctive-like Settlement
Source of Relief Litigation
Order Duration 1972 - 1989
Case Closing Year 1995
Case Ongoing No
Case Listing SD-NC-0001 : Swann v. Charlotte-Mecklenburg County Board of Education (W.D.N.C.)
SD-KS-0001 : Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka (D. Kan.)
Additional Resources
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  Milliken v. Bradley: The Northern Battle for Desegregation
Date: Sep. 1, 2011
By: Samantha Meinke (State Bar of Michigan)
[ Detail ] [ External Link ]

  Sealing Off the City: School Desegregation in Detroit
Date: 1978
By: Elwood Hain (Wayne State University Law School Faculty)
Citation: In Limits of Justice: The Courts' Role in School Desegregation 223 (Howard I. Kalodner & James J. Fishman eds., 1978)
[ Detail ]

  School Desegregation in Detroit: Domestic Tranquility and Judicial Futility
Date: November 1976
By: Elwood Hain (Wayne State University Law School Faculty)
Citation: 23 Wayne L. Rev. 65 (1976)
[ Detail ] [ External Link ]

  The Detroit School Case: An historical Overview
Date: March 1975
By: William R. Grant
Citation: 21 Wayne L. Rev. 851 (1975)
[ Detail ] [ External Link ]

  The Oyez Project, Milliken v. Bradley
Date: Feb. 27, 1974
By: Oyez Project
[ Detail ] [ External Link ]

2:70-cv-35257-AC (E.D. Mich.)
SD-MI-0001-9000.pdf | Detail
Date: 01/06/1995
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
General Documents
Order and Opinion (433 F.2d 897)
SD-MI-0001-0014.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 10/13/1970
Source: Google Scholar
Opinion (438 F.2d 945)
SD-MI-0001-0004.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 02/22/1971
Source: Google Scholar
Ruling on Issue of Segregation (338 F.Supp. 582) (E.D. Mich.)
SD-MI-0001-0019.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 09/27/1971
Source: Google Scholar
Ruling on Desegregation Area and Order for Development of Plan of Desegregation (345 F.Supp. 914) (E.D. Mich.)
SD-MI-0001-0016.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 06/14/1972
Source: Google Scholar
Memorandum for the United States as Amicus Curiae
SD-MI-0001-0002.pdf | Detail
Date: 10/01/1973
Source: Papers of Alexander (Sandy) Ross
Opinion (484 F.2d 215)
SD-MI-0001-0020.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 11/19/1973
Source: Google Scholar
Opinion (418 U.S. 717)
SD-MI-0001-0017.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 07/25/1974
Source: Google Scholar
Memorandum Opinion and Remedial Decree (402 F.Supp. 1096) (E.D. Mich.)
SD-MI-0001-0011.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 08/15/1975
Source: Google Scholar
Memorandum and Order (411 F.Supp. 943) (E.D. Mich.)
SD-MI-0001-0012.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 11/04/1975
Source: Google Scholar
Memorandum and Order (411 F.Supp. 937) (E.D. Mich.)
SD-MI-0001-0013.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 12/19/1975
Source: Google Scholar
Opinion (540 F.2d 229)
SD-MI-0001-0007.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 08/04/1976
Source: Google Scholar
Brief for the United States as Amicus Curiae
SD-MI-0001-0001.pdf | Detail
Date: 03/01/1977
Source: Papers of David Norman
Order and Opinion (433 U.S. 267)
SD-MI-0001-0015.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 06/27/1977
Source: Google Scholar
Opinion (460 F.Supp. 299) (E.D. Mich.)
SD-MI-0001-0005.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 08/07/1978
Source: Google Scholar
Memorandum Opinion (460 F.Supp. 325) (E.D. Mich.)
SD-MI-0001-0006.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 11/17/1978
Source: Google Scholar
Opinion (620 F.2d 1143)
SD-MI-0001-0008.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 04/14/1980
Source: Google Scholar
Memorandum Opinion (495 F.Supp. 217) (E.D. Mich.)
SD-MI-0001-0018.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 08/08/1980
Source: Google Scholar
Opinion (772 F.2d 266)
SD-MI-0001-0009.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 09/16/1985
Source: Google Scholar
Opinion (828 F.2d 1186)
SD-MI-0001-0010.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 08/18/1987
Source: Google Scholar
Opinion (918 F.2d 178)
SD-MI-0001-0003.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 11/14/1990
Source: Westlaw
Judges Burger, Warren Earl (SCOTUS, D.C. Circuit)
SD-MI-0001-0015 | SD-MI-0001-0017
Celebrezze, Anthony Joseph (Sixth Circuit)
Cohn, Avern Levin (E.D. Mich.)
Contie, Leroy John Jr. (Sixth Circuit, N.D. Ohio)
SD-MI-0001-0009 | SD-MI-0001-0010
DeMascio, Robert Edward (E.D. Mich.)
SD-MI-0001-0005 | SD-MI-0001-0006 | SD-MI-0001-0011 | SD-MI-0001-0012 | SD-MI-0001-0013 | SD-MI-0001-0018
Edwards, George Clifton Jr. (Sixth Circuit)
SD-MI-0001-0004 | SD-MI-0001-0007 | SD-MI-0001-0008 | SD-MI-0001-0014 | SD-MI-0001-0020
McCree, Wade Hampton Jr. (Sixth Circuit, E.D. Mich.)
Merritt, Gilbert Stroud Jr. (Sixth Circuit)
SD-MI-0001-0003 | SD-MI-0001-0009 | SD-MI-0001-0010
Miller, William Ernest (Sixth Circuit, M.D. Tenn.)
Norris, Alan Eugene (Sixth Circuit)
Peck, John Weld II (Sixth Circuit, S.D. Ohio)
SD-MI-0001-0004 | SD-MI-0001-0007 | SD-MI-0001-0008 | SD-MI-0001-0014 | SD-MI-0001-0020
Roth, Stephen John (E.D. Mich.)
SD-MI-0001-0016 | SD-MI-0001-0019
Ryan, James Leo (Sixth Circuit)
SD-MI-0001-0003 | SD-MI-0001-0010
Weick, Paul Charles (Sixth Circuit, N.D. Ohio)
Plaintiff's Lawyers Stone, Horace (Michigan)
Defendant's Lawyers Roumell, George T. Jr. (Michigan)
Sachs, Theodore (Michigan)
SD-MI-0001-9000 | SD-MI-0001-9000
Zimmer, Paul J. (Michigan)
Other Lawyers Bork, Robert Heron (District of Columbia)
Days, Drew S. III (District of Columbia)
Easterbrook, Frank Hoover (Illinois)
Friedman, Daniel Mortimer (District of Columbia)
Landsberg, Brian K. (District of Columbia)
Pottinger, J. Stanley (District of Columbia)
Wallace, Lawrence G. (District of Columbia)
Wolf, Judith E. (District of Columbia)

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