University of Michigan Law School
Civil Rights Litigation Clearinghouse
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Case Name Knight v. Alabama SD-AL-0004
Docket / Court 2:83-cv-01676 ( N.D. Ala. )
State/Territory Alabama
Case Type(s) Education
School Desegregation
Attorney Organization NAACP Legal Defense Fund
Case Summary
Case summary not yet recorded

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Issues and Causes of Action
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Issues
Affected Gender
Female
Male
Constitutional Clause
Equal Protection
Content of Injunction
Develop anti-discrimination policy
Discrimination Prohibition
Implement complaint/dispute resolution process
Other requirements regarding hiring, promotion, retention
Recordkeeping
Reporting
Student assignment
Defendant-type
College/University
Jurisdiction-wide
Discrimination-basis
Race discrimination
General
Disparate Treatment
Education
Funding
Racial segregation
School/University Facilities
School/University policies
Staff (number, training, qualifications, wages)
Plaintiff Type
Private Plaintiff
U.S. Dept of Justice plaintiff
Race
Black
Type of Facility
Government-run
Causes of Action 42 U.S.C. ยง 1983
Title VI, Civil Rights Act of 1964, 42 U.S.C. § 2000d et seq.
Defendant(s) State of Alabama
Plaintiff Description United States + All African-American students, alumni, faculty, and staff of state universities
Indexed Lawyer Organizations NAACP Legal Defense Fund
Class action status sought Yes
Class action status granted Yes
Prevailing Party Mixed
Public Int. Lawyer Yes
Nature of Relief Injunction / Injunctive-like Settlement
Source of Relief Litigation
Settlement
Form of Settlement Court Approved Settlement or Consent Decree
Order Duration 1995 - 2008
Case Closing Year 2008
Case Ongoing No
Additional Resources
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  Litigation Trends in the Desegregation of Higher Education
Date: May 18, 2007
By: Laura Uberti Hughes (Washington University in St. Louis)
[ Detail ] [ PDF ]

Docket(s)
2:83-cv-01676-HLM (N.D. Ala.)
SD-AL-0004-9001.pdf | Detail
Date: 02/06/2002
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
2:83−cv−0167 (N.D. Ala.)
SD-AL-0004-9000.pdf | Detail
Date: 08/20/2015
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
General Documents
Complaint [ECF# 1]
SD-AL-0004-0001.pdf | Detail
Date: 07/11/1983
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
[Order] (505 U.S. 717)
SD-AL-0004-0006.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 11/13/1991
Source: Google Scholar
[Order] (787 F.Supp. 1030) (N.D. Ala.)
SD-AL-0004-0003.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 12/30/1991
Source: Westlaw
Order Granting in Part Motions to Alter or Amend Decree (900 F.Supp. 272) (N.D. Ala.)
SD-AL-0004-0004.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 08/01/1995
Source: Westlaw
[Order] (458 F.Supp.2d 1273) (N.D. Ala.)
SD-AL-0004-0005.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 10/05/2004
Source: Westlaw
[Order] (476 F.3d 1219)
SD-AL-0004-0002.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 01/31/2007
Source: Westlaw
[Order] (39 F.3d 1273)
SD-AL-0004-0007.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 01/10/2014
Source: Google Scholar
Judges Anderson, Robert Lanier III (Fifth Circuit, Eleventh Circuit)
SD-AL-0004-0007
Edmondson, James Larry (Eleventh Circuit)
SD-AL-0004-0002
Hill, James Clinkscales (N.D. Ga., Fifth Circuit, Eleventh Circuit)
SD-AL-0004-0002
Hornby, David Brock (D. Me.)
SD-AL-0004-0007
Jordan, Adalberto Jose (S.D. Fla., Eleventh Circuit)
SD-AL-0004-0007
Kravitch, Phyllis A. (Fifth Circuit, Eleventh Circuit)
SD-AL-0004-0002
Murphy, Harold Lloyd (N.D. Ga.)
SD-AL-0004-0003 | SD-AL-0004-0004 | SD-AL-0004-0005 | SD-AL-0004-9000 | SD-AL-0004-9001
Plaintiff's Lawyers Blacksher, James U. (Alabama)
SD-AL-0004-9000 | SD-AL-0004-9001
Crenshaw, Craig M. (District of Columbia)
SD-AL-0004-9000 | SD-AL-0004-9001
Donaldson, Frank W. (Alabama)
SD-AL-0004-0001 | SD-AL-0004-9001
Douglas, Nathaniel (District of Columbia)
SD-AL-0004-9001
Glassman, Jeremiah (District of Columbia)
SD-AL-0004-9000 | SD-AL-0004-9001
Handley, Harvey L. III (District of Columbia)
SD-AL-0004-0001 | SD-AL-0004-9001
Heubert, Jay P. (District of Columbia)
SD-AL-0004-0001 | SD-AL-0004-9001
Keeling, Thomas M. (District of Columbia)
SD-AL-0004-0001 | SD-AL-0004-9001
Kelly, Sharon D. (Alabama)
SD-AL-0004-9000
Marshall, Franz (District of Columbia)
SD-AL-0004-9001
Martin, Alice H. (Alabama)
SD-AL-0004-9000
Meese, Edwin III (District of Columbia)
SD-AL-0004-9001
Miller, Pauline A. (District of Columbia)
SD-AL-0004-9001
Newton, Demetrius C. (Alabama)
SD-AL-0004-9000 | SD-AL-0004-9001 | SD-AL-0004-9001
North, James L. (Alabama)
SD-AL-0004-9000
Patrick, Deval L. (District of Columbia)
SD-AL-0004-9000
Pettenati, Jeanne K. (District of Columbia)
SD-AL-0004-9001
Privett, Caryl P (Alabama)
SD-AL-0004-9001
Proll, Leslie M. (District of Columbia)
SD-AL-0004-9000
Reynolds, William Bradford (District of Columbia)
SD-AL-0004-0001 | SD-AL-0004-9001
Schmidt, Angela G. (District of Columbia)
SD-AL-0004-9001
Smith, William French (District of Columbia)
SD-AL-0004-0001 | SD-AL-0004-9001
Thompson, Sarah L (Alabama)
SD-AL-0004-9000
Truman, Naomi H. (Alabama)
SD-AL-0004-9000
Watkins, Donald Varnardo (Alabama)
SD-AL-0004-9001
Watterson, Susan J (Alabama)
SD-AL-0004-9000
Younger, Levern M. (District of Columbia)
SD-AL-0004-9001
Defendant's Lawyers Allen, Edward Smith (Alabama)
SD-AL-0004-9000 | SD-AL-0004-9001
Azar, Denise B. (Alabama)
SD-AL-0004-9001
Biggs, Gregory Marion (Alabama)
SD-AL-0004-9000
Blanton, M. Stanford (Alabama)
SD-AL-0004-9000 | SD-AL-0004-9001
Blasingame, Ernest N (Alabama)
SD-AL-0004-9000 | SD-AL-0004-9001
Boyd, David R. (Alabama)
SD-AL-0004-9000 | SD-AL-0004-9001 | SD-AL-0004-9001
Calhoun, Richard F. (Alabama)
SD-AL-0004-9000 | SD-AL-0004-9001
Campbell, J. Russell (Alabama)
SD-AL-0004-9000
Carrigan, John Richard (Alabama)
SD-AL-0004-9001
Cates, John O. (Alabama)
SD-AL-0004-9001
Davis, Terry G. (Alabama)
SD-AL-0004-9000 | SD-AL-0004-9001
Davis, Milton C (Alabama)
SD-AL-0004-9000
DeMent, Ira (Alabama)
SD-AL-0004-9001
Derfner, Armand Georges (South Carolina)
SD-AL-0004-9000 | SD-AL-0004-9001
Ellis, Frank C. Jr. (Alabama)
SD-AL-0004-9001
Engel, Mylan R. (Alabama)
SD-AL-0004-9001
Falkenberry, John C. (Alabama)
SD-AL-0004-9001
Foshee, Jeff (Alabama)
SD-AL-0004-9000 | SD-AL-0004-9001
Gardner, William F. (Alabama)
SD-AL-0004-9000 | SD-AL-0004-9001
Gardner, Cecil (Alabama)
SD-AL-0004-9000
George, Edward (Alabama)
SD-AL-0004-9000 | SD-AL-0004-9001
Gray, Fred David Sr. (Alabama)
SD-AL-0004-9000 | SD-AL-0004-9001
Greene, J. Scott (Alabama)
SD-AL-0004-9001
Haden, Edgar Robert (Alabama)
SD-AL-0004-9000 | SD-AL-0004-9000
Hill, Robert M. Jr. (Alabama)
SD-AL-0004-9000
Hunter, Robert D. (Alabama)
SD-AL-0004-9000 | SD-AL-0004-9001
Ingram, J. Fredric (Alabama)
SD-AL-0004-9001
Ippolito, Jim Robert Jr. (Alabama)
SD-AL-0004-9000 | SD-AL-0004-9001
Johnson, Carl E. Jr. (Alabama)
SD-AL-0004-9000
Kendrick, Michael G. (Alabama)
SD-AL-0004-9000
Laurie, Robin Garrett (Alabama)
SD-AL-0004-9000
Lemley, Norma M (Alabama)
SD-AL-0004-9000
Levin, Joseph J. Jr. (Alabama)
SD-AL-0004-9001
Lovett, Thomas M. (Alabama)
SD-AL-0004-9000
Meadows, Richard N. (Alabama)
SD-AL-0004-9000 | SD-AL-0004-9001
Menefee, Larry T. (Alabama)
SD-AL-0004-9000 | SD-AL-0004-9001
Merrill, Walter J. (Alabama)
SD-AL-0004-9001
Murphy, Stanley J. (Alabama)
SD-AL-0004-9000 | SD-AL-0004-9001
Murray, Wiliam F. (Alabama)
SD-AL-0004-9000 | SD-AL-0004-9001
Pearson, J. Richmond (Alabama)
SD-AL-0004-9001
Potts, Robert L. (Alabama)
SD-AL-0004-9001
Powell, C Glenn (Alabama)
SD-AL-0004-9000 | SD-AL-0004-9001
Putnam, T. Michael (Alabama)
SD-AL-0004-9001
Rieder, Robert W. Jr (Alabama)
SD-AL-0004-9000 | SD-AL-0004-9001
Roberts, Maxey J. (Alabama)
SD-AL-0004-9001
Samford, Thomas D. III (Alabama)
SD-AL-0004-9001
Schell, Braxton Jr. (Alabama)
SD-AL-0004-9000
Seay, Solomon S. Jr. (Alabama)
SD-AL-0004-9000 | SD-AL-0004-9001
Self, Charles (Alabama)
SD-AL-0004-9001
Somerville, William G. Jr. (Alabama)
SD-AL-0004-9001
Sorrells, Reginald Lee (Alabama)
SD-AL-0004-9000
Stewart, Donald W (Alabama)
SD-AL-0004-9001
Tally, John B. (Alabama)
SD-AL-0004-9000
Templeton, Gerald (Alabama)
SD-AL-0004-9000
Thagard, Thomas W. Jr. (Alabama)
SD-AL-0004-9001
Thomas, William Kenneth (Alabama)
SD-AL-0004-9000
Todd, Thomas N. (Illinois)
SD-AL-0004-9001
Tucker, Jean Walker (Alabama)
SD-AL-0004-9000
Waggoner, Mark T (Alabama)
SD-AL-0004-9000
Wallace, Joseph A (West Virginia)
SD-AL-0004-9000
Whatley, Joe R. Jr. (Alabama)
SD-AL-0004-9000 | SD-AL-0004-9001
White, Michael Ronald (Alabama)
SD-AL-0004-9000
Wise, Ronald W. (Alabama)
SD-AL-0004-9001
Woodrow, R M (Alabama)
SD-AL-0004-9000
Other Lawyers Cohen, Daniel S. (District of Columbia)
SD-AL-0004-9001
Hassett, Joseph (District of Columbia)
SD-AL-0004-9001
Tatel, David S. (District of Columbia)
SD-AL-0004-9001

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