University of Michigan Law School
Civil Rights Litigation Clearinghouse
new search
page permalink
Case Name Crum v. State of Alabama EE-AL-0100
Docket / Court 2:94-cv-00356 ( M.D. Ala. )
State/Territory Alabama
Case Type(s) Equal Employment
Special Collection Private Employment Class Actions
Case Summary
On November 21, 1991, employees of the State of Alabama filed this case against numerous state agencies and departments, claiming racial discrimination in hiring, discipline, layoffs and other terms and conditions of employment. This was the first of many similar complaints to be filed in ... read more >
On November 21, 1991, employees of the State of Alabama filed this case against numerous state agencies and departments, claiming racial discrimination in hiring, discipline, layoffs and other terms and conditions of employment. This was the first of many similar complaints to be filed in subsequent years against various Alabama State boards and departments, including the Department of Public Health and the Alabama Labor Board. Multiple amended versions were filed for each complaint. Beginning on March 8, 1994, various motions to dismiss were filed by the defendants to dismiss the claims listed in the complaints, including a claim of sovereign immunity.

On March 24, 1994, U.S. District Court Judge Myron H. Thompson ordered consolidation of all these cases and proceeded under the new civil action 94-T-356-N, and thus transferred everything from the past cases into a single jurisdiction. The plaintiffs then filed an all-encompassing amended complaint on May 2, 1994 under 42 U.S.C. § 1981 against the government in the United States District Court for the Middle District of Alabama. Later, charges under Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, 42 U.S.C. § 2000e et seq. were added to the case.

On September 15, 1994, the plaintiffs filed motions to certify both a defendant class of all agencies and departments of Alabama, and a plaintiff class consisting of all African-Americans who applied for employment opportunities with the State of Alabama, or would have applied for such opportunities in the absence of the racial discrimination challenged in defendant's selection procedure. After discovery and extensive litigation, Judge Thompson issued an order on June 21, 2001 denying both motions, however did so with leave to be renewed at the appropriate time in accordance with set scheduling orders.

On March 17, 2003, the plaintiffs again filed motions for certification of both a plaintiff class and a defendant class. On December 27, 2004, the defendant filed motion for summary judgment, which was denied by Judge Thompson on May 3, 2005. On March 24, 2006, the defendant filed a motion for a ruling on the class certification claims of 2003.

Starting on May 2, 2007, Judge Thompson granted multiple motions to intervene that were filed throughout the 15-year litigation period. In doing so, Judge Thompson converted any related complaints-in-intervention to separate lawsuits. At this point, nearly all the attorneys filed individual motions to withdraw, and all such motions were granted. This lasted through the year 2009. On November 30, 2009, Judge Thompson denied class certification, turning this case into a single plaintiff action. The Clearinghouse will therefore no longer follow it.

Joshua Arocho - 06/26/2012


compress summary

- click to show/hide ALL -
Issues and Causes of Action
click to show/hide detail
Issues
Constitutional Clause
Equal Protection
Discrimination-area
Discharge / Constructive Discharge / Layoff
Discipline
Hiring
Other Conditions of Employment (including assignment, transfer, hours, working conditions, etc)
Pay / Benefits
Promotion
Training
Discrimination-basis
Race discrimination
General
Disparate Treatment
Pattern or Practice
Race
Black
Causes of Action 42 U.S.C. § 1981
42 U.S.C. § 1983
Title VII (including PDA), 42 U.S.C. § 2000e
Defendant(s) State of Alabama
Plaintiff Description Class certification denied. Attempted class was: all African-Americans who applied for employment opportunities with the State of Alabama, or would have applied for such opportunities in the absence of the racial discrimination challenged in defendant’s selection procedure.
Class action status sought Yes
Class action status granted No
Filed Pro Se No
Prevailing Party None Yet / None
Public Int. Lawyer No
Nature of Relief None yet
Source of Relief None yet
Filing Year 1994
Case Ongoing No
Additional Resources
click to show/hide detail
  See this case at CourtListener.com (May provide additional documents and, for active cases, real-time alerts)
Docket(s)
2:94-cv-00356 (M.D. Ala.)
EE-AL-0100-9000.pdf | Detail
Date: 01/09/2012
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
General Documents
Motion for Certification of a Defendant Class of All Agencies and Departments at the State of Alabama [ECF# 122]
EE-AL-0100-0002.pdf | Detail
Date: 09/15/1994
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Motion for Certification of a Plaintiff Class [ECF# 124]
EE-AL-0100-0001.pdf | Detail
Date: 09/15/1994
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Opinion (11th Circuit) (198 F.3d 1305)
EE-AL-0100-0013.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 12/29/1999
Source: Google Scholar
Judgment from USCA 11th Circuit Affirming District Court's Decision Denying Defendant's Motion to Dismiss Disparate Impact Claims against State of AL [Ct. of App. ECF# 362]
EE-AL-0100-0004.pdf | Detail
Date: 04/11/2000
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Motion for Certification of Plaintiff Class [ECF# 606]
EE-AL-0100-0012.pdf | Detail
Date: 03/17/2003
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Motion For Certification of a Defendant Class of All Agencies and Departments of the State of Alabama [ECF# 608]
EE-AL-0100-0003.pdf | Detail
Date: 03/17/2003
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Motion for Certification of a Defendant Class of All Agencies and Departments of the State of Alabama [ECF# 608]
EE-AL-0100-0007.pdf | Detail
Date: 03/17/2003
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Order (Denying Defendant's Motion for Summary Judgment) [ECF# 737] (M.D. Ala.)
EE-AL-0100-0005.pdf | Detail
Date: 05/03/2005
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Defendants' Memorandum of Law in Support of Motion for Certification Pursuant to 28 U.S.C. 1292(b) [ECF# 746]
EE-AL-0100-0006.pdf | Detail
Date: 07/15/2005
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Plaintiffs' Response to Defendants' Motion for Rule 54(b) Judgment, or in the Alternative Motion for Certification Pursuant to 28 U.S.C. §1292(b) [ECF# 747]
EE-AL-0100-0008.pdf | Detail
Date: 07/15/2005
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Judgment (Dismissing Individual Claims of Eugene Crum with Prejudice) [ECF# 748] (M.D. Ala.)
EE-AL-0100-0009.pdf | Detail
Date: 07/21/2005
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Opinion (2006 WL 2841081) (M.D. Ala.)
EE-AL-0100-0014.pdf | WESTLAW | Detail
Date: 10/02/2006
Source: Westlaw
Request for a Ruling on the Motion for Class Certification [ECF# 829]
EE-AL-0100-0011.pdf | Detail
Date: 07/28/2009
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
Order (Denying Certification of Plaintiff and Defendant Class) [ECF# 834] (M.D. Ala.)
EE-AL-0100-0010.pdf | Detail
Date: 11/30/2009
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
show all people docs
Judges Anderson, Robert Lanier III (Fifth Circuit, Eleventh Circuit) show/hide docs
EE-AL-0100-0004
Coody, Charles S. (M.D. Ala.) show/hide docs
EE-AL-0100-9000
Fay, Peter Thorp (S.D. Fla., Fifth Circuit, Eleventh Circuit) show/hide docs
EE-AL-0100-0004
Thompson, Myron Herbert (N.D. Ala., M.D. Ala.) show/hide docs
EE-AL-0100-0005 | EE-AL-0100-0009 | EE-AL-0100-0010 | EE-AL-0100-0014 | EE-AL-0100-9000
Tjoflat, Gerald Bard (M.D. Fla., Fifth Circuit, Eleventh Circuit) show/hide docs
EE-AL-0100-0004 | EE-AL-0100-0013
Plaintiff's Lawyers Adams, Russell Wayne (Alabama) show/hide docs
EE-AL-0100-0012 | EE-AL-0100-9000
Alstyne, Abigail Pruyn Van (Alabama) show/hide docs
EE-AL-0100-0012 | EE-AL-0100-9000
Blizzard, Henry Wallace III (Alabama) show/hide docs
EE-AL-0100-9000
Calamusa, Rocco Jr. (Alabama) show/hide docs
EE-AL-0100-0003 | EE-AL-0100-0007 | EE-AL-0100-0008 | EE-AL-0100-0012 | EE-AL-0100-9000
Childs, Robert F. Jr. (Alabama) show/hide docs
EE-AL-0100-0003 | EE-AL-0100-0007 | EE-AL-0100-0008 | EE-AL-0100-0012 | EE-AL-0100-9000
Donahue, Susan Gale (Alabama) show/hide docs
EE-AL-0100-0012 | EE-AL-0100-9000
Ebbinghouse, Richard J (Alabama) show/hide docs
EE-AL-0100-9000
Gallion, Thomas T. III (Alabama) show/hide docs
EE-AL-0100-0012 | EE-AL-0100-9000
Grider, Ricky (Alabama) show/hide docs
EE-AL-0100-9000
Griffith, Amelia Haines (Alabama) show/hide docs
EE-AL-0100-0012 | EE-AL-0100-9000
Perkins, Byron Renard (Alabama) show/hide docs
EE-AL-0100-9000
Simon, Kell Ascher (Texas) show/hide docs
EE-AL-0100-0008 | EE-AL-0100-0012 | EE-AL-0100-9000
Tepley, Peter John (Alabama) show/hide docs
EE-AL-0100-0012 | EE-AL-0100-9000
Walston, Richard H. (Alabama) show/hide docs
EE-AL-0100-0012 | EE-AL-0100-9000
Wiggins, Ann K. (Alabama) show/hide docs
EE-AL-0100-0008 | EE-AL-0100-0012 | EE-AL-0100-9000
Wiggins, Gregory O'Dell (Alabama) show/hide docs
EE-AL-0100-0012 | EE-AL-0100-9000
Wiggins, Robert L Jr. (Alabama) show/hide docs
EE-AL-0100-0001 | EE-AL-0100-0002 | EE-AL-0100-0008 | EE-AL-0100-0012 | EE-AL-0100-9000
Defendant's Lawyers Abbot, Richard Taylor Jr. (Alabama) show/hide docs
EE-AL-0100-9000
Allen, Edward Smith (Alabama) show/hide docs
EE-AL-0100-9000
Avery, Abigail Hood (Alabama) show/hide docs
EE-AL-0100-9000
Barker, Constance S. (Alabama) show/hide docs
EE-AL-0100-9000
Barnett, Henry Clay Jr. (Alabama) show/hide docs
EE-AL-0100-9000
Bates, Roger Lee (Alabama) show/hide docs
EE-AL-0100-9000
Bell, Theodore Patrick (Alabama) show/hide docs
EE-AL-0100-9000
Biggs, Gregory Marion (Alabama) show/hide docs
EE-AL-0100-9000
Borden, Lisa Wright (Alabama) show/hide docs
EE-AL-0100-9000
Bowden, Ronald James (Alabama) show/hide docs
EE-AL-0100-9000
Boyd, David R. (Alabama) show/hide docs
EE-AL-0100-9000
Breckenridge, John J. (Alabama) show/hide docs
EE-AL-0100-9000
Butler, William O. III (Alabama) show/hide docs
EE-AL-0100-9000
Byrne, Alice Ann (Alabama) show/hide docs
EE-AL-0100-9000
Campbell, Andrew P (Alabama) show/hide docs
EE-AL-0100-9000
Clemon, A. Michelle (Alabama) show/hide docs
EE-AL-0100-9000
Coleman, John James III (Alabama) show/hide docs
EE-AL-0100-9000
Corscadden, Scott William (Alabama) show/hide docs
EE-AL-0100-9000
Craven, Larry Eugene (Alabama) show/hide docs
EE-AL-0100-9000
Culberson, Mary Elizabeth (Alabama) show/hide docs
EE-AL-0100-9000
Culverhouse, Renee D. (Alabama) show/hide docs
EE-AL-0100-9000
Davis, Edward Earl (Alabama) show/hide docs
EE-AL-0100-9000
Davis, Philip C. (Alabama) show/hide docs
EE-AL-0100-9000
Dean, David Johnson (Alabama) show/hide docs
EE-AL-0100-9000
Dean, Juliana Faria Teixeira (Alabama) show/hide docs
EE-AL-0100-9000
Dettling, Aaron L. (Alabama) show/hide docs
EE-AL-0100-9000
Dowdy, Kenneth A. (Alabama) show/hide docs
EE-AL-0100-9000
Evans, James Harold (Alabama) show/hide docs
EE-AL-0100-9000
Ficquette, Sharon Elaine (Alabama) show/hide docs
EE-AL-0100-9000
Fillingim, Gary W. (Alabama) show/hide docs
EE-AL-0100-9000
Fleming, Margaret L. (Alabama) show/hide docs
EE-AL-0100-9000
Freeman, Ashley Hawkins (Alabama) show/hide docs
EE-AL-0100-9000
Fuller, Ben A. (Alabama) show/hide docs
EE-AL-0100-9000
Gardner, William F. (Alabama) show/hide docs
EE-AL-0100-9000
Garner, Gwendolyn Bulger (Alabama) show/hide docs
EE-AL-0100-9000
Garrett, Billington Malone (Alabama) show/hide docs
EE-AL-0100-9000
Gerard, Carol Robin (Alabama) show/hide docs
EE-AL-0100-9000
Gillis, Henry Lewis (Alabama) show/hide docs
EE-AL-0100-9000
Givhan, Robert Marc (Alabama) show/hide docs
EE-AL-0100-9000
Gottlieb, Carl Robert Jr. (Alabama) show/hide docs
EE-AL-0100-9000
Hamlett, Ashley (Alabama) show/hide docs
EE-AL-0100-9000
Heidt, Frances (Alabama) show/hide docs
EE-AL-0100-9000
Higgins, Pamela Robinson (Alabama) show/hide docs
EE-AL-0100-9000
Hoaglund, Eric Daniel (Alabama) show/hide docs
EE-AL-0100-9000
Holmes, John Barksdale III (Alabama) show/hide docs
EE-AL-0100-9000
Hosp, Edward Andrew (Alabama) show/hide docs
EE-AL-0100-9000
Huntley, Willie J. Jr. (Alabama) show/hide docs
EE-AL-0100-9000
Hyde, Robbie (Alabama) show/hide docs
EE-AL-0100-9000
Ippolito, Jim Robert Jr. (Alabama) show/hide docs
EE-AL-0100-9000
Isler, Mai Lan Fogal (Alabama) show/hide docs
EE-AL-0100-9000
Jackson, Christina Harris (Alabama) show/hide docs
EE-AL-0100-9000
Jernigan, Adero Solvini (Alabama) show/hide docs
EE-AL-0100-9000
Jones, George E. III (Alabama) show/hide docs
EE-AL-0100-9000
Jordan, Nikaa Baugh (Alabama) show/hide docs
EE-AL-0100-9000
Kauffman, Douglas Brian (Alabama) show/hide docs
EE-AL-0100-9000
Kelley, William Franklin Jr. (Alabama) show/hide docs
EE-AL-0100-9000
Kelly, Anita L. (Alabama) show/hide docs
EE-AL-0100-9000
Laurie, Robin Garrett (Alabama) show/hide docs
EE-AL-0100-9000
Lee, Brandy Murphy (Alabama) show/hide docs
EE-AL-0100-9000
Leitman, Eddie (Alabama) show/hide docs
EE-AL-0100-9000
Lightfoot, Warren B Jr (Alabama) show/hide docs
EE-AL-0100-9000
Long-Daniels, David Wayne (Georgia) show/hide docs
EE-AL-0100-9000
Loper, David M. (Alabama) show/hide docs
EE-AL-0100-9000
Marsh, Frank Decalve (Alabama) show/hide docs
EE-AL-0100-9000
Masters, Daryl L. (Alabama) show/hide docs
EE-AL-0100-9000
McGowin, Dana Wright (Alabama) show/hide docs
EE-AL-0100-9000
McKinney, Ricky J. (Alabama) show/hide docs
EE-AL-0100-9000
Meadows, Richard N. (Alabama) show/hide docs
EE-AL-0100-9000
Miller, Keith S. (Alabama) show/hide docs
EE-AL-0100-0011 | EE-AL-0100-9000
Morrow, Roger Stephen (Alabama) show/hide docs
EE-AL-0100-9000
Musso, Joe (Alabama) show/hide docs
EE-AL-0100-9000
O'Neal, Lynne Stephens (Alabama) show/hide docs
EE-AL-0100-9000
Osborn, James Michael (Alabama) show/hide docs
EE-AL-0100-9000
Park, John J. Jr. (Alabama) show/hide docs
EE-AL-0100-9000
Pilcher, Mary Egleston (Alabama) show/hide docs
EE-AL-0100-9000
Prendergast, William Francis (Alabama) show/hide docs
EE-AL-0100-9000
Proctor, Laura Ellison (Tennessee) show/hide docs
EE-AL-0100-9000
Pryor, William Holcombe Jr. (Alabama) show/hide docs
EE-AL-0100-9000
Redd, Andrew Weldon (Alabama) show/hide docs
EE-AL-0100-9000
Redmond, Wesley Clyde (Alabama) show/hide docs
EE-AL-0100-9000
Reed, Charles R. (California) show/hide docs
EE-AL-0100-9000
Rigsby, Nefertari Sudetta (Alabama) show/hide docs
EE-AL-0100-9000
Robinson, Gregory J. (Alabama) show/hide docs
EE-AL-0100-9000
Romine, John J. (Alabama) show/hide docs
EE-AL-0100-9000
Russell, Robert Jackson (Alabama) show/hide docs
EE-AL-0100-9000
Schmitz, Peggy L. (Alabama) show/hide docs
EE-AL-0100-9000
Shashy, William A. (Alabama) show/hide docs
EE-AL-0100-9000
Sheffield, Erica L. (Alabama) show/hide docs
EE-AL-0100-9000
Simpson, Stephen K. (Alabama) show/hide docs
EE-AL-0100-9000
Sims, Louie Lee Jr. (Alabama) show/hide docs
EE-AL-0100-9000
Sims, Patrick H. (Alabama) show/hide docs
EE-AL-0100-9000
Sinclair, Thomas O'Neal (Alabama) show/hide docs
EE-AL-0100-9000
Sloan, Thomas Dwight (Alabama) show/hide docs
EE-AL-0100-9000
Smith, David Michael (Alabama) show/hide docs
EE-AL-0100-9000
Smith, Jacquelyn Demetrius (Alabama) show/hide docs
EE-AL-0100-9000
Smith, Brenda Flowers (Alabama) show/hide docs
EE-AL-0100-9000
Sorrells, Reginald Lee (Alabama) show/hide docs
EE-AL-0100-9000
Stephens, William Taft (Alabama) show/hide docs
EE-AL-0100-9000
Stuedeman, Amy L. (Alabama) show/hide docs
EE-AL-0100-9000
Tambling, Robert Douglas (Alabama) show/hide docs
EE-AL-0100-9000
Tarver, Courtney W. (Alabama) show/hide docs
EE-AL-0100-9000
Terrell, Christopher Trolson (Alabama) show/hide docs
EE-AL-0100-9000
Thomas, Kim Tobias (Alabama) show/hide docs
EE-AL-0100-9000
Thomas, Kenneth L. (Alabama) show/hide docs
EE-AL-0100-9000
Thomas, William Kenneth (Alabama) show/hide docs
EE-AL-0100-9000
Trawick, Gary R. (Alabama) show/hide docs
EE-AL-0100-9000
Tunstill, Wendy Tyler (Alabama) show/hide docs
EE-AL-0100-9000
Ussery, R. Frank (Alabama) show/hide docs
EE-AL-0100-9000
Vega, Mathew A. (Tennessee) show/hide docs
EE-AL-0100-9000
Waggoner, Mark T (Alabama) show/hide docs
EE-AL-0100-9000
Walker, Jordan Dorman (Alabama) show/hide docs
EE-AL-0100-9000
Wallis, Jenifer Champ (Alabama) show/hide docs
EE-AL-0100-9000
Watson, Kenneth Alan (Alabama) show/hide docs
EE-AL-0100-9000
Weinberg, Robert M. (Alabama) show/hide docs
EE-AL-0100-9000
Weller, Julia J. (Alabama) show/hide docs
EE-AL-0100-9000
Weller, Christopher W. (Alabama) show/hide docs
EE-AL-0100-0006 | EE-AL-0100-9000
Wells, Barbara Jean (Alabama) show/hide docs
EE-AL-0100-9000
Westry, Milton J. (Alabama) show/hide docs
EE-AL-0100-9000
White, Michael Ronald (Alabama) show/hide docs
EE-AL-0100-9000
Wible, John Richard (Alabama) show/hide docs
EE-AL-0100-9000
York, Cinda Ruth (Alabama) show/hide docs
EE-AL-0100-9000
Other Lawyers Bain, Charles Mark (Alabama) show/hide docs
EE-AL-0100-9000
Calvin, Joseph Hiram III (Alabama) show/hide docs
EE-AL-0100-9000 | EE-AL-0100-9000
Cooks, Roderick Twain (Alabama) show/hide docs
EE-AL-0100-9000 | EE-AL-0100-9000
Davis, James William (Alabama) show/hide docs
EE-AL-0100-9000
Garber, Alan H (Georgia) show/hide docs
EE-AL-0100-9000
Gilliland, Scott A. (Alabama) show/hide docs
EE-AL-0100-9000
Mendelsohn, James A. (Alabama) show/hide docs
EE-AL-0100-9000
Page, Kimberly C. (Alabama) show/hide docs
EE-AL-0100-9000
Winston, Lee D (Alabama) show/hide docs
EE-AL-0100-9000

- click to show/hide ALL -

new search
page permalink

- top of page -