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Case Name Keyes v. School District No. 1 SD-CO-0001
Docket / Court 1:69-cv-01499-RPM ( D. Colo. )
State/Territory Colorado
Case Type(s) Education
School Desegregation
Attorney Organization NAACP Legal Defense Fund
Case Summary
Case summary not yet recorded

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Issues and Causes of Action
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Issues
Constitutional Clause
Equal Protection
Content of Injunction
Busing
Monitoring
Preliminary relief granted
Student assignment
Defendant-type
Jurisdiction-wide
Discrimination-basis
Race discrimination
General
Buildings
Classification / placement
Education
School/University Facilities
Plaintiff Type
Private Plaintiff
Race
Black
Type of Facility
Government-run
Causes of Action 42 U.S.C. ยง 1983
Declaratory Judgment Act, 28 U.S.C. § 2201
Defendant(s) Denver Board of Education
Denver Public Schools
Plaintiff Description School children seeking to enjoin implementation of resolution of Denver School Board which rescinded pro-integration resolutions
Indexed Lawyer Organizations NAACP Legal Defense Fund
Class action status sought Yes
Class action status granted Yes
Prevailing Party Plaintiff
Public Int. Lawyer Yes
Nature of Relief Preliminary injunction / Temp. restraining order
Injunction / Injunctive-like Settlement
Source of Relief Litigation
Settlement
Form of Settlement Court Approved Settlement or Consent Decree
Order Duration 1974 - 1995
Case Closing Year 1997
Case Ongoing No
Case Listing SD-KS-0001 : Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka (D. Kan.)
Additional Resources
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  Justice and School Systems: The Role of the Courts in Education Litigation
Date: May 10, 1990
By: Barbara Flicker (Institute of Judicial Administration Inc.)
Citation: (Barbara Flicker, ed.) (1990)
[ Detail ] [ External Link ]

  Keyes v. School District No. 1
Date: Sep. 6, 1978
By: Jessica Pearson and Jeffrey Pearson
Citation: in Limits of Justice: The Courts' Role in School Desegregation (Kalodner, Howard I. and James J. Fishman ed. 1978)
[ Detail ]

  The Oyez Project, Keyes v School District No. 1, 413 U.S. 189 (1973)
www.oyez.org
Date: Jun. 21, 1973
By: Oyez Project (IIT Chicago-Kent College of Law)
[ Detail ] [ External Link ]

Docket(s)
69-C-1499 (D. Colo.)
SD-CO-0001-9000.pdf | Detail
Date: 08/12/1997
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
General Documents
Memorandum Opinion and Order (303 F.Supp. 279) (D. Colo.)
SD-CO-0001-0005.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 07/31/1969
Source: Google Scholar
Supplemental Findings, Conclusions and Temporary Injunction (303 F.Supp. 289) (D. Colo.)
SD-CO-0001-0006.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 08/14/1969
Source: Google Scholar
Memorandum Decision (396 U.S. 1215)
SD-CO-0001-0014.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 08/29/1969
Memorandum Opinion and Order (313 F.Supp. 61) (D. Colo.)
SD-CO-0001-0007.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 03/21/1970
Source: Google Scholar
Decision Re Plan or Remedy (313 F.Supp. 90) (D. Colo.)
SD-CO-0001-0008.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 05/21/1970
Source: Google Scholar
Opinion (445 F.2d 990)
SD-CO-0001-0016.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 06/11/1971
Source: Westlaw
Memorandum for the United States as Amicus Curiae
SD-CO-0001-0015.pdf | Detail
Date: 10/01/1972
Source: Papers of Alexander (Sandy) Ross
Opinion (413 U.S. 189)
SD-CO-0001-0017.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 06/21/1973
Source: Westlaw
Memorandum Opinion and Order (368 F.Supp. 207) (D. Colo.)
SD-CO-0001-0009.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 12/11/1973
Source: Google Scholar
Motion to Intervene as Parties Plaintiffs
SD-CO-0001-0001.pdf | Detail
Date: 01/04/1974
Memorandum Opinion and Order (380 F.Supp. 673) (D. Colo.)
SD-CO-0001-0011.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 04/24/1974
Source: Google Scholar
Opinion (521 F.2d 465)
SD-CO-0001-0018.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 08/11/1975
Source: Westlaw
Memorandum Opinion and Order (474 F.Supp. 1265) (D. Colo.)
SD-CO-0001-0019.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 07/30/1979
Source: Westlaw
Memorandum Opinion and Order (540 F.Supp. 399) (D. Colo.)
SD-CO-0001-0020.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 05/12/1982
Source: Westlaw
Memorandum Opinion and Order on Language Issues (576 F.Supp. 1503) (D. Colo.)
SD-CO-0001-0010.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 12/30/1983
Source: Google Scholar
Memorandum Opinion and Order (609 F.Supp. 1491) (D. Colo.)
SD-CO-0001-0012.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 06/03/1985
Source: Google Scholar
Memorandum Opinion and Order (653 F.Supp. 1536) (D. Colo.)
SD-CO-0001-0021.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 02/25/1987
Source: Westlaw
Memorandum Opinion and Order (670 F.Supp. 1513) (D. Colo.)
SD-CO-0001-0022.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 10/06/1987
Source: Westlaw
Opinion (895 F.2d 659)
SD-CO-0001-0023.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 01/30/1990
Source: Westlaw
Motion for Civil Contempt
SD-CO-0001-0002.pdf | Detail
Date: 10/25/1994
Motion of Defendant to Modify the Language Rights Order of Aug 17, 1984
SD-CO-0001-0003.pdf | Detail
Date: 03/03/1995
Response of the Congress of Hispanic Educators et al., to motion to modify the language rights decree of Aug 17, 1984
SD-CO-0001-0004.pdf | Detail
Date: 03/24/1995
Memorandum Opinion and Order (902 F.Supp. 1274) (D. Colo.)
SD-CO-0001-0013.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 09/12/1995
Source: Google Scholar
Opinion (119 F.3d 1437)
SD-CO-0001-0024.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 07/19/1997
Source: Westlaw
Judges Brennan, William Joseph Jr. (SCOTUS)
SD-CO-0001-0014 | SD-CO-0001-0017
Douglas, William Orville (SCOTUS)
SD-CO-0001-0017
Doyle, William Edward (D. Colo., Tenth Circuit)
SD-CO-0001-0005 | SD-CO-0001-0006 | SD-CO-0001-0007 | SD-CO-0001-0008 | SD-CO-0001-0009 | SD-CO-0001-0011
Matsch, Richard Paul (D. Colo.)
SD-CO-0001-0003 | SD-CO-0001-0010 | SD-CO-0001-0012 | SD-CO-0001-0013 | SD-CO-0001-0019 | SD-CO-0001-0020 | SD-CO-0001-0021 | SD-CO-0001-0022 | SD-CO-0001-9000
Powell, Lewis Franklin Jr. (SCOTUS)
SD-CO-0001-0017
Rehnquist, William Hubbs (SCOTUS)
SD-CO-0001-0017
Plaintiff's Lawyers Alcala, Carlos M. (Colorado)
SD-CO-0001-0001 | SD-CO-0001-0011
Baca, Paul A. (Colorado)
SD-CO-0001-0001 | SD-CO-0001-0011
Baller, Morris J. (California)
SD-CO-0001-0012
Barnes, Craig S. (Colorado)
SD-CO-0001-0005 | SD-CO-0001-0006 | SD-CO-0001-0007 | SD-CO-0001-0008
Cantu, Norma V. (California)
SD-CO-0001-0012
Chachkin, Norman J. (New York)
SD-CO-0001-0003 | SD-CO-0001-0013
Charleston, Frederick P. (Colorado)
SD-CO-0001-0011
Connery, Robert T. (Colorado)
SD-CO-0001-0005 | SD-CO-0001-0006 | SD-CO-0001-0009 | SD-CO-0001-0011
De Baca, Armando C. (Colorado)
SD-CO-0001-0011
Enwall, Mitchell R. (Colorado)
SD-CO-0001-0011
Greenberg, Jack (New York)
SD-CO-0001-0014
Greiner, Gordon G. (Colorado)
SD-CO-0001-0001 | SD-CO-0001-0003 | SD-CO-0001-0004 | SD-CO-0001-0005 | SD-CO-0001-0006 | SD-CO-0001-0007 | SD-CO-0001-0008 | SD-CO-0001-0009 | SD-CO-0001-0011 | SD-CO-0001-0012 | SD-CO-0001-0013 | SD-CO-0001-9000
Harper, Conrad K. (New York)
SD-CO-0001-0007 | SD-CO-0001-0008 | SD-CO-0001-0014
Herrera, Irma (California)
SD-CO-0001-0010
Jensen, Gerald L. (Colorado)
SD-CO-0001-0005 | SD-CO-0001-0006
Kauffman, Albert H. (Texas)
SD-CO-0001-0003 | SD-CO-0001-0013 | SD-CO-0001-9000
Martinez, Vilma S. (California)
SD-CO-0001-0001 | SD-CO-0001-0005 | SD-CO-0001-0011
Martinez, Roy R. (Colorado)
SD-CO-0001-0011
Nabrit, James M. III (New York)
SD-CO-0001-0009 | SD-CO-0001-0011 | SD-CO-0001-0012
Parker, Dennis D. (New York)
SD-CO-0001-9000
Perez-Bustillo, Camilo (Massachusetts)
SD-CO-0001-0010
Rice, Roger L. (Massachusetts)
SD-CO-0001-0010
Roos, Peter D. (California)
SD-CO-0001-0002 | SD-CO-0001-0003 | SD-CO-0001-0004 | SD-CO-0001-0010 | SD-CO-0001-0013 | SD-CO-0001-9000
Rosen, Sanford Jay (California)
SD-CO-0001-0001 | SD-CO-0001-0011
Salazar, Ken (Colorado)
SD-CO-0001-0012
Siegel, Kenneth (Colorado)
SD-CO-0001-0012
Treece, Lawrence W. (Colorado)
SD-CO-0001-0005 | SD-CO-0001-0006
Wilson, James W. (Colorado)
SD-CO-0001-0011
Defendant's Lawyers Benson, Thomas Quentin (Colorado)
SD-CO-0001-0011
Brega, Charles F. (Colorado)
SD-CO-0001-0007
Butz, Ronald C. (Colorado)
SD-CO-0001-0011
Clark, Colin M. (Colorado)
SD-CO-0001-0011
Cockrell, Richard C. (Colorado)
SD-CO-0001-0005 | SD-CO-0001-0006 | SD-CO-0001-0014
Craig, Benjamin L. (Colorado)
SD-CO-0001-0005 | SD-CO-0001-0006 | SD-CO-0001-0007 | SD-CO-0001-0008 | SD-CO-0001-0009 | SD-CO-0001-0014
Creighton, Thomas E. (Colorado)
SD-CO-0001-0005 | SD-CO-0001-0006 | SD-CO-0001-0007 | SD-CO-0001-0008 | SD-CO-0001-0009 | SD-CO-0001-0014
Hobbs, Larry F. (Colorado)
SD-CO-0001-0011
Jackson, Michael Hodges (Colorado)
SD-CO-0001-0001 | SD-CO-0001-0003 | SD-CO-0001-0004 | SD-CO-0001-0005 | SD-CO-0001-0006 | SD-CO-0001-0007 | SD-CO-0001-0008 | SD-CO-0001-0009 | SD-CO-0001-0010 | SD-CO-0001-0011 | SD-CO-0001-0012 | SD-CO-0001-0013 | SD-CO-0001-9000
Manley, Robert E. (Ohio)
SD-CO-0001-0005
Neal, Phil C. (Illinois)
SD-CO-0001-0003 | SD-CO-0001-0004 | SD-CO-0001-0012 | SD-CO-0001-0013 | SD-CO-0001-9000
Norton, Gale A. (Colorado)
SD-CO-0001-0003 | SD-CO-0001-0004
Pfeiffer, John S. (Colorado)
SD-CO-0001-0010
Plock, Richard H. Jr. (Colorado)
SD-CO-0001-0011
Quinn, Victor (Colorado)
SD-CO-0001-0005 | SD-CO-0001-0006
Ris, William K. (Colorado)
SD-CO-0001-0007 | SD-CO-0001-0008 | SD-CO-0001-0009 | SD-CO-0001-0011
Temmer, Robert E. (Colorado)
SD-CO-0001-0007
Thro, William Eugene (Virginia)
SD-CO-0001-0013 | SD-CO-0001-9000
Vols, Jeannine Bradley (Colorado)
SD-CO-0001-0011
Other Lawyers Beard, Hugh Joseph Jr. (District of Columbia)
SD-CO-0001-0012
Carvin, Michael Anthony (District of Columbia)
SD-CO-0001-0012
Cooper, Charles Justin (District of Columbia)
SD-CO-0001-0012
Griswold, Erwin N. (District of Columbia)
SD-CO-0001-0015
Keeling, Thomas M. (District of Columbia)
SD-CO-0001-0015
Landsberg, Brian K. (District of Columbia)
SD-CO-0001-0015
Miller, Robert N. (Colorado)
SD-CO-0001-0012
Norman, David L. (District of Columbia)
SD-CO-0001-0015
Reynolds, William Bradford (District of Columbia)
SD-CO-0001-0012
Turner, James P. (District of Columbia)
SD-CO-0001-0015

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