University of Michigan Law School
Civil Rights Litigation Clearinghouse
new search
page permalink
Case Name United States of America v. City of Garland, Texas EE-TX-0429
Docket / Court 3:98-cv-00307 ( N.D. Tex. )
State/Territory Texas
Case Type(s) Equal Employment
Attorney Organization U.S. Dept. of Justice Civil Rights Division
Case Summary
On February 6, 1998, the U.S. Department of Justice (DOJ) filed a lawsuit in the U.S. District Court for the Northern District of Texas, against the City of Garland under 42 U.S.C. § 2000e, et seq. DOJ sought injunctive relief, alleging that the defendant had maintained a pattern or practice of ... read more >
On February 6, 1998, the U.S. Department of Justice (DOJ) filed a lawsuit in the U.S. District Court for the Northern District of Texas, against the City of Garland under 42 U.S.C. § 2000e, et seq. DOJ sought injunctive relief, alleging that the defendant had maintained a pattern or practice of discriminating against Blacks and Hispanics in the hiring of entry-level police and firefighter positions for the city. It was also alleged that these minorities experienced terms, conditions or privileges of employment less favorable than those provided to white employees.

The employment practices at issue in this case all relate to the use of three different cognitive skill tests used by the City to hire entry-level police officers and firefighters: the ALERT entry-level police officer examination; the International Personnel Management Association ("IPMA") B-4 entry-level firefighter examination; and the ALARM entry-level firefighter examination.

In a Memorandum Opinion and Order issued by the district court (Judge Sam A. Lindsay) on March 31, 2004, the Court ruled in favor of the City of Garland after a two-week bench trial conducted from August 13, 2001 to August 24, 2001. Based on testimony and evidence presented, it was determined that the ALERT and ALARM examinations were job-related and consistent with business necessity.

We have no further information on this case.

Jane Wu - 12/02/2007


compress summary

- click to show/hide ALL -
Issues and Causes of Action
click to show/hide detail
Issues
Defendant-type
Fire
Law-enforcement
Discrimination-area
Hiring
Testing
Discrimination-basis
Sex discrimination
National Origin/Ethnicity
Spanish
Plaintiff Type
U.S. Dept of Justice plaintiff
Race
Black
Causes of Action Title VII (including PDA), 42 U.S.C. § 2000e
Defendant(s) City of Garland
Plaintiff Description U.S. Department of Justice on behalf of African-American and Hispanic claimants
Indexed Lawyer Organizations U.S. Dept. of Justice Civil Rights Division
Class action status sought No
Class action status granted No
Filed Pro Se No
Prevailing Party Defendant
Public Int. Lawyer Yes
Nature of Relief None
Source of Relief Litigation
Filing Year 1998
Case Closing Year 2004
Case Ongoing No
Docket(s)
3:98-cv-00307 (N.D. Tex.)
EE-TX-0429-9000.pdf | Detail
Date: 11/10/2004
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
General Documents
Complaint
EE-TX-0429-0001.pdf | Detail
Date: 02/06/1998
Memorandum Opinion and Order [ECF# 524] (N.D. Tex.)
EE-TX-0429-0002.pdf | Detail
Date: 03/31/2004
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
show all people docs
Judges Kaplan, Jeff (N.D. Tex.) show/hide docs
EE-TX-0429-9000
Lindsay, Sam A. (N.D. Tex.) show/hide docs
EE-TX-0429-0002 | EE-TX-0429-9000
Plaintiff's Lawyers Blustein, Benjamin Jay (District of Columbia) show/hide docs
EE-TX-0429-9000
Burrell, Meredith (District of Columbia) show/hide docs
EE-TX-0429-9000
Burrows, Charlotte (District of Columbia) show/hide docs
EE-TX-0429-9000
Coggins, Paul Edward (Texas) show/hide docs
EE-TX-0429-0001
Gadzichowski, John M. (District of Columbia) show/hide docs
EE-TX-0429-9000
Kirkpatrick, Michael T (District of Columbia) show/hide docs
EE-TX-0429-0001 | EE-TX-0429-9000
Lee, Bill Lann (California) show/hide docs
EE-TX-0429-0001 | EE-TX-0429-9000
McGovern, Katherine Savers (Texas) show/hide docs
EE-TX-0429-0001 | EE-TX-0429-9000
Seeley, Sharon (District of Columbia) show/hide docs
EE-TX-0429-9000
Tarsy, Andrew H (District of Columbia) show/hide docs
EE-TX-0429-0001 | EE-TX-0429-9000
Tejani, Sharyn A. (District of Columbia) show/hide docs
EE-TX-0429-9000
Ugelow, Richard S (District of Columbia) show/hide docs
EE-TX-0429-0001 | EE-TX-0429-9000
Defendant's Lawyers Alvarez, M. Michelle (California) show/hide docs
EE-TX-0429-9000
Bridge, Catherine S (California) show/hide docs
EE-TX-0429-9000
Connelly, Blair G (California) show/hide docs
EE-TX-0429-9000
Eschen, Lisa Von (California) show/hide docs
EE-TX-0429-9000
Feder, Tamar (California) show/hide docs
EE-TX-0429-9000
Flick, Wayne S. (California) show/hide docs
EE-TX-0429-9000
Glazer, William F (Texas) show/hide docs
EE-TX-0429-9000
Hinton, Charles M Jr (Texas) show/hide docs
EE-TX-0429-9000
Jones, Ronald E II (Texas) show/hide docs
EE-TX-0429-9000
Jordan, James R (Texas) show/hide docs
EE-TX-0429-9000
Luti, Anthony N (California) show/hide docs
EE-TX-0429-9000
Malionek, Robert J. (California) show/hide docs
EE-TX-0429-9000
Olson, Steven J (California) show/hide docs
EE-TX-0429-9000
Schulze, Robert J (California) show/hide docs
EE-TX-0429-9000
Sosnow, Kelly J (California) show/hide docs
EE-TX-0429-9000
Other Lawyers Craddock, Michael J (Texas) show/hide docs
EE-TX-0429-9000
Crain, Gayla C. (Texas) show/hide docs
EE-TX-0429-9000 | EE-TX-0429-9000
McKenna, Edmund J (Florida) show/hide docs
EE-TX-0429-9000
Monrose, Jennifer M (Florida) show/hide docs
EE-TX-0429-9000
Velarde, Ray (Texas) show/hide docs
EE-TX-0429-9000

- click to show/hide ALL -

new search
page permalink

- top of page -