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Case Name Tinsley v. Pierce PH-MO-0002
Docket / Court 89-23 ( W.D. Mo. )
State/Territory Missouri
Case Type(s) Public Housing
Special Collection Court-ordered receiverships
Case Summary
On January 17, 1989, residents of T.B. Watkins Homes, a public housing development operated by the Housing Authority of Kansas City, Missouri, filed a class-action lawsuit under 42 U.S.C. §1983 against the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) and the State of Missouri in the U.S ... read more >
On January 17, 1989, residents of T.B. Watkins Homes, a public housing development operated by the Housing Authority of Kansas City, Missouri, filed a class-action lawsuit under 42 U.S.C. §1983 against the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) and the State of Missouri in the U.S. District Court for the Western District of Missouri. The plaintiffs asked the court for declaratory and injunctive relief, alleging that their constitutional rights had been violated by racial discrimination in the provision of public housing. Specifically, the plaintiffs asked the court for an injunction to prevent the defendants from demolishing the T.B. Watkins Homes.

On January 3, 1990, the U.S. District Court for the Western District of Missouri (Judge Dean Whipple) certified the plaintiffs as a class, holding that they had a private cause of action under the U.S. Housing Act section regulating demolitions, and that they had established a prima facie Title VIII claim. Tinsley v. Kemp, 750 F.Supp. 1001 (W.D.Mo. 1990).

On November 21, 1991, the parties entered into a Consent Decree, under which the defendants agreed to a comprehensive modernization and rehabilitation of the T.B. Watkins Homes. They agreed to transform the development into safe, decent, and sanitary housing, without any loss of units, to remain viable for at least twenty additional years. The development was to also see improvements in the areas of the playground, park areas, landscaping, outside lighting, and security.

On July 6, 1993, the District Court (Judge Whipple) appointed Robert E. Larson to be the Special Master for the case. On January 22, 1993, the District Court held the defendants in contempt for failure to comply with the Consent Decree, ordering them to pay $86,000 as well as the plaintiffs' attorneys' fees.

For the next ten years, the parties continued to quibble over the specific terms of the Consent Decree. On October 4, 2004, the District Court ordered them to begin working on a decree.

According to the PACER docket, which is accurate as of 01/12/2007, the District Court continues to oversee the case and is currently awaiting the parties' new Consent Decree proposal.

Kristen Sagar - 01/11/2007


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Issues and Causes of Action
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Issues
Constitutional Clause
Equal Protection
Content of Injunction
Receivership
Discrimination-area
Housing Sales/Rental
Discrimination-basis
Race discrimination
Plaintiff Type
Private Plaintiff
Race
Black
Type of Facility
Government-run
Causes of Action 42 U.S.C. § 1983
Defendant(s) Housing Authority of Kansas City, Missouri
Plaintiff Description Residents of T.B. Watkins Homes, a public housing development operated by the Housing Authority of Kansas City, Missouri
Class action status sought Yes
Class action status granted Yes
Filed Pro Se No
Prevailing Party Plaintiff
Public Int. Lawyer No
Nature of Relief Injunction / Injunctive-like Settlement
Source of Relief Settlement
Form of Settlement Court Approved Settlement or Consent Decree
Order Duration 1991 - n/a
Filing Year 1989
Case Ongoing No
Additional Resources
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  Innovation or Illegitimacy: Remedial Receivership in Tinsley v. Kemp Public Housing Litigation
Date: 2000
By: Carolyn Hoecker Luedtke (Harvard Law Student)
Citation: 65 Missouri L. Rev. 655
[ Detail ] [ External Link ]

  Urban Institute Baseline Assessment of Public Housing Desegregation Cases
Date: 2000
By: George Galster et al. (Urban Institute, Housing and Urban Development (HUD) Faculty)
Citation: (2000)
[ Detail ] [ PDF ]

Docket(s)
89-00023 (W.D. Mo.)
PH-MO-0002-9000.pdf | Detail
Date: 12/26/2007
Source: PACER [Public Access to Court Electronic Records]
General Documents
First Amended Complaint
PH-MO-0002-0001.pdf | Detail
Date: 02/09/1989
Opinion (750 F.Supp. 1001) (W.D. Mo.)
PH-MO-0002-0005.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Date: 01/03/1990
Source: Google Scholar
Consent Decree (W.D. Mo.)
PH-MO-0002-0002.pdf | Detail
Date: 11/25/1991
Order (W.D. Mo.)
PH-MO-0002-0003.pdf | Detail
Date: 07/06/1993
Order (W.D. Mo.)
PH-MO-0002-0004.pdf | Detail
Date: 09/06/1994
show all people docs
Judges Whipple, Dean (W.D. Mo.) show/hide docs
PH-MO-0002-0002 | PH-MO-0002-0003 | PH-MO-0002-0004 | PH-MO-0002-0005 | PH-MO-0002-9000
Monitors/Masters Larsen, Robert E. (Missouri) show/hide docs
PH-MO-0002-9000
Plaintiff's Lawyers Finn, Kelly P. (Missouri) show/hide docs
PH-MO-0002-0001 | PH-MO-0002-0005 | PH-MO-0002-9000
Hauser, Tim (Missouri) show/hide docs
PH-MO-0002-0002
Levin, Julie E. (Missouri) show/hide docs
PH-MO-0002-0001 | PH-MO-0002-0002 | PH-MO-0002-0005 | PH-MO-0002-9000
Siefkas, Sharon Weedin (Missouri) show/hide docs
PH-MO-0002-0001
Wilson, Carole W. (District of Columbia) show/hide docs
PH-MO-0002-9000
Defendant's Lawyers Castellani, Alleen S. (Missouri) show/hide docs
PH-MO-0002-0002
Daniels, James F.B. (Missouri) show/hide docs
PH-MO-0002-9000
Fields, Taylor (Missouri) show/hide docs
PH-MO-0002-0005 | PH-MO-0002-9000
Herold, John W. (District of Columbia) show/hide docs
PH-MO-0002-0002 | PH-MO-0002-9000
James, Joseph (Missouri) show/hide docs
PH-MO-0002-0001 | PH-MO-0002-9000
Lines, Jeff (Massachusetts) show/hide docs
PH-MO-0002-9000
Poschel, Vernon (Missouri) show/hide docs
PH-MO-0002-0005
Thomas, Charles M. (Missouri) show/hide docs
PH-MO-0002-9000
VanBebber, Allen C. (Missouri) show/hide docs
PH-MO-0002-9000
Williams, John (Missouri) show/hide docs
PH-MO-0002-0002 | PH-MO-0002-0005 | PH-MO-0002-9000
Other Lawyers Bath, Thomas J. (Kansas) show/hide docs
PH-MO-0002-9000
Eisenbrandt, James L. (Kansas) show/hide docs
PH-MO-0002-9000
Holtzman, Paul (Massachusetts) show/hide docs
PH-MO-0002-9000
Kurtz, John Wray (Missouri) show/hide docs
PH-MO-0002-9000
Lowndes, Edwin T. (Missouri) show/hide docs
PH-MO-0002-9000
Lundberg, Janet Steckel (Massachusetts) show/hide docs
PH-MO-0002-9000
Mann, Benjamin F. (Missouri) show/hide docs
PH-MO-0002-9000
Pautler, Paul F. Jr. (Missouri) show/hide docs
PH-MO-0002-9000
Shrager, Gail M (Missouri) show/hide docs
PH-MO-0002-9000
Summers, Terrance (Missouri) show/hide docs
PH-MO-0002-9000
Taylor, Andrea (Kansas) show/hide docs
PH-MO-0002-9000
Thum, Terence J. (Missouri) show/hide docs
PH-MO-0002-9000

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