University of Michigan Law School
Civil Rights Litigation Clearinghouse

We have created this digital collection for noncommercial research, educational, and policy purposes. Because the court records included fall within the public domain, users may make use of these materials free of charge. Researchers are encouraged to use this site for their work. If you find this site useful for published work, teaching, advocacy, or policy design, please let us know.

If you wish to use Clearinghouse documents, including republishing them on your website or distributing them in your classroom for any educational or non-commercial purpose we have no objection and indeed encourage you to do so. We do ask two things. First, please let us know. We love to know how the documents are being used. Second, please include a reference to the source—that is, the Clearinghouse—so that others will learn about its availability.

If you wish to cite the documents in a publication, it will be useful for others if, along with the ordinary citation rules, citations include the following "available as case no. XX-ST-nnnn, at" or "available as document no. XX-ST-nnnn-nnnn, at" For example, a blue-book style law review citation to the consent decree in Jackson v. Artison (E.D. Wis.) would read:
Consent Decree, Jackson v. Artisan (No. 88-C-64, E.D. Wis., July 19, 1990), available as document no. JC-WI-0002-0001, at