University of Michigan Law School
Civil Rights Litigation Clearinghouse
 
Name Justice, William Wayne
City Austin
State TX
Role(s) Judge : Federal, Article III
Race White
Gender M
Biographical
Judge Wiliam Wayne Justice was one of the great reforming judges of the South. He oversaw countless civil rights cases, including the three highlighted below. In 2004, the William Wayne Justice Center for Public Interest Law was established in the Judge's honor at the University of Texas at ... read more
Judge Wiliam Wayne Justice was one of the great reforming judges of the South. He oversaw countless civil rights cases, including the three highlighted below. In 2004, the William Wayne Justice Center for Public Interest Law was established in the Judge's honor at the University of Texas at Austin School of Law. He passed away in October 2009.

In November 1970, Judge Justice ordered the Texas Education Agency to desegregate the Texas public schools, in the case of United States v. Texas, which encompassed more than 1,000 school districts and 2 million students.

In 1972, Texas prison inmate David Ruiz filed a fifteen page handwritten civil rights complaint alleging he was confined under unconstitutional conditions, harassed by prison officials, given inadequate medical care, and subjected to unlawful solitary confinement. Judge Justice combined his complaint with a number of others, and appointed counsel in the resulting class action, Ruiz v. Estelle, under the aegis of which he accomplished a complete overhaul of the Texas prison system.

Judge Justice's ruling in Doe v. Plyer in 1982 opened the doors for children of illegal aliens to attend public schools, tuition free, through grade 12.



This additional biographical data was taken from the Federal Judicial Center [link] on Aug 15, 2016:

Justice, William Wayne
Born February 25, 1920, in Athens, TX
Died October 13, 2009, in Austin, TX

Federal Judicial Service:
Judge, U.S. District Court, Eastern District of Texas
Nominated by Lyndon B. Johnson on April 25, 1968, to a seat vacated by Joe W. Sheehy. Confirmed by the Senate on June 6, 1968, and received commission on June 7, 1968. Served as chief judge, 1980-1990. Assumed senior status on June 30, 1998. Service terminated on October 13, 2009, due to death.

Education:
University of Texas School of Law, LL.B., 1942

Professional Career:
U.S. Army, 1942-1946
Private practice, Athens, Texas, 1946-1961
City attorney, Athens, Texas, 1948-1950, 1952-1958
U.S. attorney for the Eastern District of Texas, 1961-1968
Oral History
Bibliography

compress summary

Case(s) EE-TX-0445 : Shipes v. Trinity Industries
ID-TX-0001 : Lelsz v. Kavanaugh
IM-TX-0015 : Ramos v. Thornburgh
JI-TX-0001 : Morales v. Turman
PC-TX-0003 : Ruiz v. Estelle
PC-TX-0008 : Johnson v. Johnson


Additional Resources
 
Case Studies "Writ-Writer"
By: Susanne Mason (New Day Films)
[ Detail ] [ External Link ]

"William Wayne Justice: A Judicial Biography"
By: Frank R. Kemerer (University of San Diego School of Law Faculty)
[ Detail ]

"The Old Regime and the Ruiz Revolution: The Impact of Judicial Intervention on Texas Prisons"
By: John J. DiIulio, Jr. (Princeton Faculty)
[ Detail ]


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