University of Michigan Law School
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Case Name North Carolina Department of Correction v. North Carolina Medical Board CJ-NC-0002
Docket / Court 07CV003574 ( State Court )
State/Territory North Carolina
Case Type(s) Criminal Justice (Other)
Case Summary
On January 18, 2007, the North Carolina Medical Board (NCMB) issued a Position Statement to express their views regarding the participation of North Carolina's licensed physicians in executions. NCMB stated their belief that any physician participation in capital punishment was a violation of ... read more >
On January 18, 2007, the North Carolina Medical Board (NCMB) issued a Position Statement to express their views regarding the participation of North Carolina's licensed physicians in executions. NCMB stated their belief that any physician participation in capital punishment was a violation of medical ethics. However, since NCMB recognized that North Carolina law (specifically N.C. Gen. Stat. ยง 15-190) required the presence of "the surgeon or physician of the penitentiary" during the execution of condemned inmates, they would not discipline licensees for "merely being present during an execution" in conformity with the statute. The NCMB then states, however, that "any physician who engages in any verbal or physical activity, beyond the requirements" of the state law, and any physician that "facilitates the execution" would be "subject to disciplinary action." The Statement specifies that forbidden physician participation would include prescribing or administering tranquilizers and other psychotropic agents and medications, monitoring vital signs in any way, attending or observing the execution as a physician, rendering of technical advice regarding the execution, selecting injection sites, starting intravenous lines as a port for a lethal injection device, prescribing, preparing, administering, or supervising injection drugs or their doses or types, inspecting, testing, or maintaining lethal injection devices, and consulting with or supervising lethal injection personnel.

On February 6, 2007, the Governor and Council of State for North Carolina approved a revised execution protocol, which required the participation of a licensed physician, who was required to "monitor the essential body functions of the condemned inmate" and to "notify the Warden immediately upon his or her determination that the inmate shows no signs of undue pain or suffering."

On March 6, 2007, the North Carolina Department of Corrections (NCDC) filed a lawsuit under state law against the North Carolina Medical Board in the Wake County Superior Court. The NCDC asked the court to enjoin the NCMB from taking disciplinary action against licensed physicians who participated in executions in compliance with the state law. They also asked the court to declare that a judicial execution was not a medical procedure, and therefore that it was outside the authority of the NCMB to oversee or regulate, despite the involvement of a licensed physician.

On the same day, the NCDC also filed a Notice of Inability to Carry Out Sentence of Court," informing the court that they would not be able to obey the court's order to execute Allen Richard Holman on March 9, 2007, due to the fact that no physician was willing to risk being subject to disciplinary action for participating in the procedure. After receiving this notice, the court canceled the execution and ordered that it not be rescheduled until all the requirements of the protocol could be met.

We have no further information on the proceedings in this case.

Kristen Sagar - 09/10/2007


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Issues and Causes of Action
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Issues
Death Penalty
Lethal Injection - General
Causes of Action State law
Defendant(s) North Carolina Medical Board
Plaintiff Description North Carolina Department of Corrections
Indexed Lawyer Organizations None on record
Class action status sought No
Class action status granted No
Prevailing Party None Yet / None
Public Int. Lawyer Yes
Nature of Relief Unknown
Source of Relief Litigation
Form of Settlement None on record
Order Duration not on record
Case Closing Year n/a
Case Ongoing No
Case Listing CJ-NC-0003 : Robinson v. Beck (State Court)
Docket(s)
No docket sheet currently in the collection
General Documents
Capital Punishment: North Carolina Medical Board Position Statement 01/18/2007
CJ-NC-0002-0003 PDF | Detail
Complaint 03/06/2007
CJ-NC-0002-0001 PDF | Detail
Order to Cancel Execution Date 03/06/2007
CJ-NC-0002-0002 PDF | Detail
Judges Stephens, Donald W. (State Trial Court)
CJ-NC-0002-0002
Monitors/Masters None on record
Plaintiff's Lawyers Finarelli, Joseph (North Carolina)
CJ-NC-0002-0001
Pitman, Thomas (North Carolina)
CJ-NC-0002-0001
Defendant's Lawyers None on record
Other Lawyers None on record

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