University of Michigan Law School
Civil Rights Litigation Clearinghouse
new search
page permalink
Case Name Tikalski v. City of Chicago JC-IL-0012
Docket / Court 78 C 3260 ( N.D. Ill. )
State/Territory Illinois
Case Type(s) Jail Conditions
Special Collection Strip Search Cases
Case Summary
Three women who had been subjected to strip and cavity searches in accordance with a blanket policy to strip search all female arrestees regardless of the charges or the likelihood that they are concealing contraband were part of a class action to challenge the constitutionality of the policy, ... read more >
Three women who had been subjected to strip and cavity searches in accordance with a blanket policy to strip search all female arrestees regardless of the charges or the likelihood that they are concealing contraband were part of a class action to challenge the constitutionality of the policy, filed on March 1, 1979. Jane Does v. City of Chicago, No. 79 C 789 (N.D. Ill. Jan. 12, 1982) That case resulted in a settlement in which the City of Chicago was permanently enjoined from instituting strip searches or body cavity searches on women and not on similarly situated men and from performing strip searches of any person charged with a traffic, regulatory, or misdemeanor offense unless police reasonably believed that the arrestee was concealing weapons or contraband.

The three women were selected by the parties as typical cases to separate out for trial on the issue of damages. Jury trials were held and the women were awarded damages in the amounts of $25,000 and $60,000.

The City appealed, and the United States Court of Appeals for the Seventh Circuit upheld the awards and the finding that the policy was unconstitutional.

Denise Heberle - 03/20/2012


compress summary

- click to show/hide ALL -
Issues and Causes of Action
click to show/hide detail
Issues
Affected Gender
Female
General
Strip search policy
Type of Facility
Government-run
Causes of Action 42 U.S.C. ยง 1983
Defendant(s) City of Chicago
Plaintiff Description Four women who were arrested for misdemeanor offenses and were strip searched by matrons while awaiting arrival of bond money.
Indexed Lawyer Organizations None on record
Class action status sought No
Class action status granted No
Prevailing Party Plaintiff
Public Int. Lawyer No
Nature of Relief Damages
Source of Relief Litigation
Form of Settlement None on record
Order Duration 1983 - n/a
Case Closing Year 1984
Case Ongoing No
Case Listing JC-IL-0011 : Jane Does v. City of Chicago (N.D. Ill.)
JC-IL-0018 : Hoffman v. City of Chicago (N.D. Ill.)
Additional Resources
click to show/hide detail
Case Studies After Decision: Implementation of Judicial Decrees in Correctional Settings
Written: Oct. 01, 1977
By: M. Kay Harris & Dudley P. Spiller (Temple University)
Citation: (1977)
[ Detail ] [ PDF ]

  Jail Strip-Search Cases: Patterns and Participants
http://law.duke.edu/journals/lcp
By: Margo Schlanger (Washington University in St. Louis)
Citation: 71 Law & Contemp. Problems 65 (2008)
[ Detail ] [ External Link ]

Docket(s)
No docket sheet currently in the collection
General Documents
Opinion [USCA] 08/02/1982 (687 F.2d 175)
JC-IL-0012-0001.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Google Scholar
Opinion [USCA] 11/29/1983 (723 F.2d 1263)
JC-IL-0012-0003.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Google Scholar
Opinion 03/06/1984 (585 F.Supp. 813) (N.D. Ill.)
JC-IL-0012-0002.pdf | WESTLAW| LEXIS | Detail
Document Source: Google Scholar
Judges Aspen, Marvin E. (N.D. Ill.)
JC-IL-0012-0002
Bauer, William Joseph (Seventh Circuit, N.D. Ill.)
JC-IL-0012-0003
Cudahy, Richard Dickson (Seventh Circuit)
JC-IL-0012-0001
Cummings, Walter Joseph (Seventh Circuit)
JC-IL-0012-0001
Gibson, Floyd Robert (Eighth Circuit, W.D. Mo.)
JC-IL-0012-0001
Neaher, Edward Raymond (E.D.N.Y.)
JC-IL-0012-0003
Wood, Diane Pamela (Seventh Circuit)
JC-IL-0012-0003
Monitors/Masters None on record
Plaintiff's Lawyers Clayton, Fay (Illinois)
JC-IL-0012-0003
Luecke, Mary Rita (Illinois)
JC-IL-0012-0001
Stein, Edward T. (Illinois)
JC-IL-0012-0002 | JC-IL-0012-0003
Taylor, G. Flint (Illinois)
JC-IL-0012-0003
Defendant's Lawyers Montgomery, James D. (Illinois)
JC-IL-0012-0003
Rochford, Mary K. (Illinois)
JC-IL-0012-0003
Siegan, Jerome A (Illinois)
JC-IL-0012-0001 | JC-IL-0012-0003
Other Lawyers None on record

- click to show/hide ALL -

new search
page permalink

- top of page -